Eid ul-Fitr or Id-ul-Fitr often abbreviated to Eid, is a
Arabic/Islamic/Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the
Islamic holy month of fasting. Eid is an Arabic word meaning
"festivity", while Fiṭr means "to break the fast" (and can also
mean "nature", from the word "fitrah"); and so the holiday
symbolizes the breaking of the fasting period. It is celebrated
starting on the first day of the Islamic month of Shawwal.
Eid ul-Fitr is a three day celebration and is sometimes also
known as the "Smaller Eid" as compared to the Eid ul-Adha that
lasts four days and is called the "Greater Eid".
Muslims are commanded by the Qur'an to complete their fast on the
last day of Ramadan and then recite the Takbir all throughout the
period of Eid.
Because the day depends on the sighting of the moon or scientific
calculations of the lunar calendar, the exact date (in the
Gregorian calendar) varies from country to country. However,
Eid-ul-Fitr is always celebrated on the first day of the Islamic
lunar month of Shawwal.
Common greetings during this holiday are the Arabic greeting 'Īd
mubārak ("Blessed Eid") or 'Īd sa'īd ("Happy Eid"). In addition,
many countries have their own greetings based on local language
Typically, Muslims wake up early in the morning and have a small
breakfast (as a sign of not being on a fast on that day) of
preferably the date fruit, before attending a special Eid prayer
(salah) that is performed in congregation at mosques or open
areas like fields, squares etc.
Muslims are encouraged to dress in their best clothes (new if
possible) to attend the Eid prayer. No adhan or iqama is to be
pronounced for this Eid prayer, and it consists of only two
raka'ahs. The Eid prayer is followed by the khutbah (sermon) and
then a supplication (dua') asking for forgiveness, mercy and help
for Muslims across the world.
The khutbah also instructs Muslims as to the performance of
rituals of Eid, such as the zakat. It is then customary to
embrace the persons sitting on either side of oneself, whilst
greeting them. After the prayers, people also visit their
relatives, friends and acquaintances and some people also pay
visits to the graveyards (ziyarat al-qubur).
The Takbir is recited after confirmation that the moon of Shawwal
is sighted on the eve of the last day of Ramadan. It continues
until the start of the Eid prayer. Before the Eid prayer begins,
every Muslim who is able must pay Zakat al-fitr, an alms for the
month of Ramadan.
This equates to about 2 kg of a basic foodstuff (wheat, barley,
dates, raisins, etc.), or its cash equivalent, and is typically
collected at the mosque. This is distributed to needy local
Muslims prior to the start of the Eid prayer. It can be given at
any time during the month of Ramadan and is often given early, so
the recipient can use it for Eid purchases. This is distinct from
Zakat based on wealth, which must be paid to a worthy charity.
The Takbir consists of:
Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar
laa ilaaha illAllaah
Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar
God is the Greatest, God is the Greatest, God is the Greatest,
There is no deity but God
God is the Greatest, God is the Greatest
And to God goes all praise
Islamic tradition: Eid al-Fitr marks the end of the fasting of
Ramadan. This has to do with the communal aspects of the fast,
which expresses many of the basic values of the Muslim community.
Fasting is believed by some scholars to extol fundamental
distinctions, lauding the power of the spiritual realm, while
acknowledging the subordination of the physical realm.
The Islamic tradition also associates events with the occasion.
For example, on Eid al-Fitr, the angel Gabriel descended with
white clothes for each of prophet Muhammad's grandsons.
Although Eid ul-Fitr is always on the same day of the Islamic
calendar, the date on the Gregorian calendar varies from year to
year, since the Islamic calendar is a lunar one and the Gregorian
calendar is a solar one. This difference in calendars means Eid
ul-Fitr moves in the Gregorian calendar approximately 11 days
earlier every year.
Eid may also vary from country to country depending on whether
the moon has been sighted or not.
Eid ul-Fitr begins the night before each of the above dates, at
I wish all my brothers and sister a very happy and peaceful EID