In the story Lord of the Flies by William Golding, Piggy represents intelligence by always bringing up the adults, enforcing ideas and using common sense, and his overall pragmatic perspective that left a great impact on everyone's life on the island.
Since the crash, Piggy is always talking about the adults as a big concern. Annoyed with his perspective, Ralph tries to avoid him as much as possible by running into the island -- resulting a great fall and Piggy right behind him. "My auntie told me not to run," (7). He reveals cautiousness, and the way he looks at things -- he doesn't rush, nor does he overthink. Informing his fastidiousness, we can already tell how he stands as an outcast compared to the other boys. The way he gets picked on when he reveals his name to Ralph and hoping to trust him -- Ralph ends up running around saying "Piggy" mockingly to him. Yet, somehow, Piggy stays by his side. Already acknowledging how meticulous Piggy is when it comes to handling things, further exemplification would be encountering the conch for the first time. "'Careful, you'll break it,'" (13). We can already state that he is a responsible child. Perhaps from a good family who taught him how to be wary with valuable things. The majority of male children lack this ability. Boys tend to have a higher immaturity level than women -- and very few are disciplined as Piggy.
As the story progresses, Piggy's intelligence is slowly becomes recognized, however, it is not respected. "'I got the conch! You just listen! The first thing we ought to have made was shelters down there by the beach,'" (40). The boys slowly begin to see the common sense in his tirade, yet he is still ignored the majority of the time. The children finally letting him speak signifies progress. Except Piggy can only do so much to enforce command -- but it is better to speak and allow one to ponder the words than nothing at all. With Ralph slowly reaching his breaking point -- Piggy encourages him to look on the brighter side of things. For instance, Ralph feels great remorse of Simon's death. "'Look, Ralph. We got to forget this. We can't do no good thinking about it, see?'" (145). He lightens him up by assuring that they will be rescued. Realizing his effort to be supportive, Ralph finally accepts him and takes him under his wing. He allows him as an equal, boosting Ralph's morale by accepting Piggy.
Intelligence seems to be the only way of staying humane. With Piggy's insight, Ralph would rethink and accept the new ideas. Jack, who does not have anyone like Piggy in the tribe, adapts to his surroundings too quickly, and thinks like an animal -- influencing the boys to lessen their ability to be civilized. This displays the sanity Piggy has kept, and is trying to have Ralph keep. Aware of the children's long gone mentality for humanity, Ralph and Piggy still try their best to enforce some kind of moral questioning and consensus. "Which is better -- to have rules and agree, or to hunt and kill?" (166). With initial hatred upon Piggy, persuasion takes little to no sweat for Jack. He wants authority, and he will do anything to achieve it. But of course, with Jack's violent dictatorship, fear and bribe is all the boys need to stay in line with him. With the death of Piggy, intelligence is lost. He represents the compassion that was kept in all the boys in which they suppressed -- and his loss seems to bring them to the next level of immorality. Jack's tribe becomes extremely ballistic and tries to murder Ralph -- who is now helpless. "What was the sensible thing to do? There was no piggy to talk sense," (181). Piggy was in fact useful -- giving a moment of clarity for Ralph. He couldn't think of anything to do to save himself. He was helpless and slowly losing his faith and sanity in which Piggy had fulfilled. Toward the end and escaping his death from Jack's tribe, a sailor came into view on the beach. An adult. They begin to cry at the end, realizing what they became. An adult represents control -- and without it, the boys began creating their own rules and philosophy. This is why Piggy is ignored -- he is not an adult, despite the mature mentality. He is not the eldest and he has no capable power over the children. Whereas an adult, even though they are not a parent or any type of familiar member in their life -- children fear the consequences. They cannot attack an elder and demand authority over them -- they are small and helpless in that extent. The island allows them to surface the suppressed desire from their subconscious to take on authority over another -- which obviously went too far.
In William Golding's story, Lord of the Flies, Piggy's advanced mentality, support, and perspective on the world played an important role to everyone else on the island. People pick on each other because of their appearance -- because it feels good. To bring someone down, it shows that they have the power to harm someone whether it'd be physically or mentally. They are able to taint their life, and they desire that control. However, those who do that, never realize the importance of that person they bullied until it is too late. Or in Piggy's case, until they die. Only then, will they ponder over the decisions they made.