India cultural definition
Republic in southern Asia. Its capital is New Delhi, and its largest city isCalcutta.
India is the second most populous country in the world, after China.
British control of India began in 1757 and did not end until the dissolution of the British regime, or Raj, in 1947, when India was divided into India andPakistan.
Mahatma Gandhi led the movement for Indian independence throughpassive resistance to British rule. He was killed by a fanatic in 1948.
The country is marked by conflict between the Hindu and Muslimpopulations and violence between castes.
Despite world disapproval, in 1998 India successfully conducted nuclear bomb tests. Pakistan did the same two weeks later.
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