Authors note: I have both gained information for this article from sources on the web and from my own imagination. My main source online is known as Encyclopedia Mythica, or http://www.pantheon.org/
While I have used online sources I have on no account copied any of my article from another source. The words here are my own, except for any quotes which I have placed in parentheses so as to avoid any confusion.
I absolutely love myths, and consequently, mythical creatures. That is why I decided to write this article that describes the many different kinds of mythical and magical creatures. Of course I could not even begin to list all magical creatures, but I will write about a few of my favorites.
The Pixie: pixies are creatures of folklore, and are also known as piskies. There are a few different myths about them, one of which saying they are druids who resisted Christianity and grew smaller the more they resisted. Another myth says they are people who are neither evil enough for hell, nor good enough for heaven and were doomed to wander on earth forever. Pixies are very mischievous and love to steal horses and ponies then ride over the heaths and moors at night.
The dragon: There is so very much to tell about the dragon and I am afraid I can tell only a little. The dragon, also known as the wurm, wyrm, and firedrake, exists in almost every culture on Earth. Descriptions of dragons very from tale to tale, from myth to myth. Some picture dragons as hellish monsters, devilish beasts who spout fire from their mouths and eat not only a farmers sheep but perhaps the farmer. Others perspective of dragons is quite different. Some think of them as sweet and docile creatures who help the hero or heroine of the story, and may even be the hero or heroine. And though peoples perspective of dragons may change there is still a very obscure and most common image that will spring to mind when you think of a dragon. They are typically thought of as enormous flying reptiles with long fangs and horns, great leathery wings, and either a scaly body or a leathery one. Eastern dragons vary from this description because they normally have no wings and are more serpentine.
The Fairy: Fairies can also be known as The Little People, The Green Men, The Good Folk, and The Lordly Ones. Queen Titania and her husband Prince Oberon are the rulers of the fairies. In earlier tales fairies originally bestowed gifts upon newborn children, gifts such as kindness, wealth and beauty. Later fairies began to meddle much more in human affairs. Animals can see fairies very clearly while humans seldom see them, although a human might be able to catch a fleeting glimpse. There are however three ways for a human to be able see fairies clearly. The first is if a fairy uses it’s power known as ‘glamour’ so that a human can see them. Second, a human can see the fairies during a full moon on midsummer’s eve when the fairies dance and celebrate. And finally a person can see fairies by looking through a self-bored stone. A self-bored stone is created when a stone tumbles through the waters of a brook.
The Unicorn: The unicorns is usually described as a beautiful, slender and gentle white horse with a spiraling horn on it’s head. Of course, that is not always the case. The unicorns appearance as well as its behavior differ according to location. In the western part of the world it was normally considered wild and untamable, though in the orient it was depicted as being meek and peaceful, as well as the bringer of good luck. In Japan it is known as Kirin, in China it is Ki-lin. In the orient it is usually a goat-like creature with cloven hooves and a beard, while in the west unicorns were depicted as “wild asses which are as big as a horse, even bigger. Their bodies are white, their heads dark red and their eyes are deep blue. They have a single horn on their forehead which is approximately half-a-meter long.”
This description was made by a Greek historian named Ctesius in the year 398 BC and it may have been based on the three animals that live in India: The Indian Rhinoceros, The Himalayan Antelope and the wild ass.
People in the Middle Ages believed that the unicorns horn had healing properties and that if it were ground into dust it could protect against many poisons and diseases and even resurrect the dead.
The Phoenix: The phoenix exists in both Greek and Egyptian mythology and is associated with the Egyptian god of the sun, Ra, and the Greek god of music, Apollo. It lives near a cool well in Arabia and it will bathe in that well every morning at dawn, while singing a song so beautiful that the sun god will stop his chariot to listen.
It is said that there is only ever one phoenix at a time and that when it feels it’s death coming it will build a pyre of wood and, setting it on fire, will burn with the flames. When it is burned then a new phoenix will spring from the ashes and embalm them in an egg. It will then fly to Heliopolis, or The City of the Sun, and leave the egg on the alter of the sun god.
The phoenix was often placed as on sarcophagi because it represents immortality, resurrection, and life after death.
I hope you have enjoyed learning about these amazing creatures as much as I have.
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