What do you think of when you hear Ancient Egypt, mummies? Pharaohs? Pyramids? Hieroglyphs? Well you are right, those were all part of Egypt's history, but they weren't things specially known to Egypt, many ancient civilizations had the same things, of course though, in their form. But Egypt had a very detailed religion, which I'm going to try to explain.
I just want to say before we get into all of this, I feel that it is very important to explain that, I am Catholic and I believe very strongly in my faith, and I am making an effort here not to say anything against anyone's religion, I'm trying to be as respectful as I can. I just want to let you know not to be offended in any way, and if you feel like you may be offended, don't read this.
Read at your own religious risk!
Amun- he was one of the most powerful gods, and when Egypt was at its greatest he was called King of the Gods. Some people find it to be fishy that the name is very close to Amen, which is a phrase that Christians use for religious purpose. In reality I find it to be a coincidence, but to be Devil's advocate I think we just built off of other religious traditions, in order to feel some sense of security towards our own religion.
He is usually depicted as a man wearing an ostrich plumed hat, a ram, or a man with a ram's head. He was a very important god, as you can see. However when he was joined with another god, Ra, he was even more powerful, and thus became known as Amun-Ra.
Anubis- he was the ancient god of mummification, embalming, and oversaw the weighing of the heart. He is not to be mistaken for the god of the dead, which is Osiris. He is seen here, like most gods, holding an ankh symbol. The ankh represents eternal everlasting life, kind of ironic huh? However he does watch over the dead, so he can be considered a god of the dead, but not the god of the dead.
Anubis also helped to embalm Osiris, after Osiris was killed by Set. Preists were the ones who did the embalming in ancient egypt after someone died, so it's no surprise that they often wore a mask of Anubis during the process.