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German Law and Government

Essay By: XxLoveXHateXMexX
Non-fiction



An essay written by me about Germany from 1930 to 1950. Ignore when it says Appendix (if you come upon it), that is a picture, unavailable to you. My apologies my dear reader.


Submitted:Jul 7, 2011    Reads: 170    Comments: 0    Likes: 0   


German Law and Justice, 1930-1950.

Germany from 1930 through 1950, was one of the harshest time periods of the twentieth century; that time was mainly consisting of Nazification, and the deadly secret police of Germany. Newmberge Laws, were created against mainly one race, the race that Hitler did not find appealing. Women, children, teenagers, young adults, Jews, Blacks, Gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, twins, mentally ill, communists, and the disabled, as well as all races that were, "Non-Aryan" (Rosenberg). The vicious time during World War II, known as the Holocaust, and a country that had to be blamed for this one man's cruelty; The man: Adolf Hitler.

Germany's leader, Adolf Hitler was not the most charming of the boys in Germany, when he was young. Adolf Hitler was born April 20th, 1889, in a small Austrian town of Braunau. When Hitler was a young boy, he was very fond of the arts. Hitler begged his parents to let him try and compete for a spot in an Austrian art school. Hitler was out done for this spot, by a young Jewish boy; Hitler found this not to his liking. During this time in Germany, due to Jews and their beliefs about harming their own kind, and that man is always a friend-the Jewish culture was very high class and wealthy; Hitler grew up poor, making his hate for this one race grow (Simkins). Hitler was not the best student in the academic category either; because of his poor grades, his parents let him drop school all together. Hitler did not get into the Academy of Arts in Vienna Germany, and ended up painting postcards until outbreak of World War I. Hitler, thought that it would be a, "Fresh start" for him. Hitler went to sign up for the Austrian army, but was rejected due to his poor health. Hitler's favorite country was Germany, when the news of the war broke out he said, "I was overcome with impetuous enthusiasm, and falling on my knees, wholeheartedly thanked Heaven that I had been granted the happiness to live, live at this time" (Adolf Hitler, 1914). Hitler decided not to fight for Austria, and he volunteered for the German Army; shortly, gaining him five medals and an Iron Cross, during World War I (Simkins).

As a child, Hitler loved to boss his younger siblings around and re-enact the more bloodier of wars, in German history; because of this love, while he was in the war, he became greatly attached to the excitement that you got from war. When Hitler came upon fighting a crowd of Jews that were uprising, he found them , "Weak, and unable to bear arms-not suitable for war" (Simkins). In September of 1919, the German army being using Hitler as a spy, to spy on a small German Worker's Party as known as GWP, led by Anton Drexler. Drexler knew that Hitler was a spy, and shortly became close to Hitler. Drexler allowed Hitler to run for leader of this small Worker's Party; Drexler was Jewish. Once Hitler won the election, he began taking control ("Nazification of Germany"). The workers party now name, National Socialist German Workers Party; the acronym for this group is NSDAP; which later published its first program in February 1920, called, "25 pints." The "25 points" refused all compromises written in the Treaty of Versailles; to uphold their love of Nationalism, they gave all citizens equal rights, "Foreigners and Aliens" were denied these basic human rights (Simkins;Pearson). In the fall of 1921, Hitler challenged Drexler to the leadership of the party; Drexler lost, and Hitler became the president of the new Nazi Party. Hitler's ability to bring up people's emotions and their hate for other races often caused them to create very violent acts; in September of 1921, Hitler was sent to jail for three months, due to the violent acts committed in his Nazi Party against Jews and other races (Simkins).

Hitler's basic strengths were using his audiences' emotions. During the Great Depression, October 1929- early 1940's, the world was in a deppressed state. In Germany alone, as the small country that it is, 1.2 million people were unemployed. People all over Germany were upset about this, creating uprisings to gain jobs back (Johnson). Hitler believed that the German government had failed, in its job to make the people happy; Hitler himself said, "Parliamentary Government is a failure of society". Hitler, as well as other Nazi leaders, travelled around the country, explaining their views on government; many agreed that they were smart men for speaking on what they believed was right. Hitler blamed all of Germanys' problems on the Treaty of Versailles; saying because Germany had to take the blame for WWI, and pay all the expenses of it back to the Allies (mainly France and Britain), that this was the reason Germany was poor (Simkins). Hearing the news about the beginning of WWII after Japan invaded China, and Hitler's love for his military, he became allies with Japan, beginning WWII. Soon after, Germany began becoming alliances with Japan and was already alliances with Italy; forming the Axis Powers, Due to the harsh conditions of the Treaty of Versailles, the Guitly Clause stated in the treaty, Germanys unstable economy, and the bitterness of losing World War I, Hitler was able to slip into peoples minds, and control their emotions; but only, by his speeches and what he promised them-lower taxes, better jobs, happier lives ("World War II"). After Hitler's election, many people immigrated from Germany and Austria to other nations of the world to avoid the horrors that they believed Hitler would cause; they were right(See Appendix A for a Graph).

Hitler ended his life April 30th 1945, in Berlin Germany, after his marvelous defeat of World War II; he got married, and just before they captured him, he and his wife took a poison pill, then bit it and shot themselves in the temple; afterwards, having their bodies burned (Simkins). Hitler left behind his country to take blame for what he did. Because of him, millions died a very painful death in concentration camps all throughout Europe, people were taken from families because they were a certain race, people were punished for things they simply had no control of. Germany was now at a great struggle; their leader had abandoned them, they were forced to hide everything. People of Germany burned all propaganda posters, swastikas, concentration camps, anything Hitler related, and let people go that were in the camps, all on D-Day. ("The Holocaust";"No Room for Holocaust Denial").

While Hitler was alive ruling Germany, he started this socialist party known as, the Nazi Party. Forming from the party, were the Nazi soldiers and the Gestapo; these two groups of men, were Hitler's' soldiers and secret police. The Nazi's and the Gestapo took people by the thousands a day to the concentration camps; such as Auschwitz. The people they took were: Jews, Blacks, Gypsies, or practically, anyone that was not an Aryan, was sent to a work camp ("The Holocaust"). During 1935, the Nuremberg laws were created; the laws took away all basic rights of any non- Aryan. All non- Aryans could not do the following: own a bike, car, a shop, ride trains, go to an Aryan school, be out on the streets after dark, marry German Aryan citizens, raise a national flag but they can show Jewish colors, hire people under the age of 45 that are German as housekeepers. If these rules were not followed, you could be taken to a concentration camp or shot to death. (O' Brien ; "Nuremberg Laws on Race").

Hitler also was truly harsh to children of the Holocaust era. Some children, were not even allowed to attend school, because they were a certain race. Jewish children, before they were arrested and taken away to Concentration camps, were sent home, so they could no longer be educated. All Jewish people, had to wear a gold Star-Of-David on their chest that said "Jude" which is German for Jew, everywhere they went; so that people could see that they were Jewish. Once children were arrested, they were sent to one of the many concentration camps in Germany; upon arrival, some children were told to take off all their clothes and stand in a line, then they were shot in the head, one-by-one. Other children maybe lived one day or more in the camps, before being burned alive in an open pit, that they had dug days before ("Children During the Holocaust").

During the time of a horrible German Government, a group of innocent people were arrested for liking a certain type of music; they were known as the, ""Swing Kids"". The "Swing Kids", were people that enjoyed Swing and Jazz music. In Germany, they banned all Swing and Jazz music that was created by Jews or any other race besides Aryans. Hitler, and his good companion, Joseph Gobbels, used propaganda and speeches, to make the people if Germany believe that Swing, and Jazz music were, "Non-German" (Swing Kids Youth").

"(...) Our Youth must learn nothing else, but only to think like and act like Germans! We must get our boys into a Party organization at the age of 10, where they can be immersed for the very first time in the totality of pure German spirit. Then, after four years, they will be transferred from this Young Folk (Jungvolk) into the Hitler Youth (Hitlerjugend). There we will keep them for another four years. One thing for certain, we will never surrender them back into the clutches of the enemies of our German State. Instead, we will immediately place them into our Party! Following this, we will put our young men into the ranks of the mandatory Labor Front (Arbeitsfront), the Stormtroopers (SA), the Party Guards (SS), the Motorized Party Unit (NSKK) and so on. Then, after they have been members of these organizations for up to two years but failed to become true National Socialists, we will reprocess them back through the mandatory Labor Front for another half-year of curative treatment. Everything will be united under one symbol, the German Spade of the Workers! And, if they still retain smudges of class consciousness or aloofness from Germandom, then the Armed Forces (Wehrmacht) will deal with them for another two years. Furthermore, if they return after two, three, or even four years, we will immediately put them back into the ranks of the SS, SA or other fit organizations in order to protect them from the slightest relapse from German Will. In this manner, they will not live freely apart from the service of Germany for their entire lives!" - excerpt of Hitler's speech at Reichenberg, December 2, 1938 ("Swing Kids Youth").

Many of the Nazi German public, considered the craze for Jazz and Swing to be a menace, and an obnoxious act of young people. Nazi officials claimed that Swing and Jazz music, were a distinct product of the Jewish media; they worried greatly that it could ruin the blood of the German youth ("Swing Kids Youth"). Hitler was determined, that Swing, Jazz, and Rock-n-Roll music, would never be seen in Germany again.

"(...)One of the most striking appearances among dangerous groups within the Reich is the so-called Swing Youth. They are reported to exist in many different parts of the country….These cliques begin their activities out of a selfish impulse to amuse themselves, but rapidly deteriorate into anti-social criminal gangs. Even before the war, boys and girls from the elite social set in Hamburg would get together dressed in notorious baggy or loose clothing and become entranced under the spell of English music and English dance. The Flottbecker Clique ("Swing Kids" from Hamburg) organized private dance parties attended by 500-600 teenagers during the winter of 1939-40. These lewd affairs included unrestrained Swing dancing. The Authorities rightfully banned such house dances, but the cliques were addicted to the English beat and continued to organize unlawful jamborees full of sexual mischief. The enormous cost of this illicit lifestyle was met by criminal resort to petty theft and music store burglaries. Needless to say, their penchant for the extravagant and self-centered wild life at clubs, bars, cafes and house gatherings comes at the expense of their support for our gallant war effort. They do not appreciate the success of our forces in the field, and even disparage the ultimate sacrifice of our men in uniform. What follows next is the inevitable and clearly discernable hostility toward any military service of their own. Clique members show off by dressing audaciously in British-style clothing. They often wear jackets cut in the Scot slit manner, carry umbrellas, and put fancy-colored collar-studs in their jacket lapels as badges of their arrogance. They mimic the decadent English way of life, because they worship the Englishman as the highest evolutionary development of mankind. Their mistaken ideals of individual freedom (which, in Nazi opinion countered true German freedom to help the greater community by ridding it of pestilence and Jews) leads them to openly oppose the Hitler Youth. One example of these Swing Cliques was a Harlem Club in Frankfurt that held extremely offensive house parties. These Harlem Club parties were frequented by very young and impressionable girls who were seduced into freely participating in random intercourse. The drunken free-sex affairs were typified by alcoholic excesses and dance orgies where teenagers "swung" and got "hot". Because of evacuation methods necessitated by wartime conditions, these cliques have now been scattered from their rooting grounds."

- From the Reich Ministry of Justice, early 1944 ("Swing Kids Youth").

As a way to show their rebellion towards the Nazi's and their Anti-Music methods; the youth of Germany gathered to create Swing Clubs; simply, clubs that were not known by the Gestapo or the Nazis ,there people could listen too, and dance to all of their favorite Jazz, Swing, and Rock-n-Roll classics. The "Swing Kids", were given their name for the type of music that they loved; not only where their Swing Clubs rebellious, but their styles as well. "Swing Kids", usually, for the men had: Hair longer then two inches long (Two inches were what all men were suppose to have in Germany), and outlandish clothing. Their style was taken into being a very, "hippie," look for Germany. Female "Swing Kids", would violate the rule, that long hair must be braided, they almost always wore it out and long; therefore, making them not appropriate for German girls. Many of the "Swing Kids", copied their hair and clothing styles from actors or actresses in movies; so they were very up-to-date on their styles ("Swing Kids Youth").

Hitler sent one of his Hitler Youth Soldier groups to go in and take down a Swing Club, one of the soldiers described the scene :

"The sight of some three hundred dancing people thrashing about was absolutely horrid. No one can describe the dancing because no one danced normally. Indeed, this was the naughtiest of Swing dancing that can be imagined. Sometimes two boys danced with one juvenile girl, and at other times several couples locked themselves into a mass embrace and just hopped around. Many couples hopped together while holding hands and bent over wildly, so that their long hair flew across their faces and whipped their thighs as they spun. You had to worry about the sanity of some of them. The scenes that happened on the dance floor were fit for a lunatic asylum. Even the most hysterical and primitive Black jungle warrior war-dance would have paled in comparison to what happened here. Everyone jumped about like crazy while they mumbled English musical gibberish. The Band increased the tempo faster by the minute. No member of the band was sitting, because they were all getting hotter and wilder as they also succumbed to the jungle beat on the stage. You often saw boys dancing together with other boys, always with two cigarettes dangling from each corner of the mouth."

- Hitlerjugend Patrol Report on a Hamburg Swing Dance, August 2, 1940 ("Swing Kids Youth").

To bring forth the sadness of these fun-loving children and youth of Germany, When the groups of youth were found at the clubs by the Gestapo, Hitler Youth, or the Nazi soldiers, they would be arrested, fired upon, have the building burned down, and the ones that were alive, would be taken to Germany's concentration camps. The young swing lovers under the age of eighteen were sent to either Moringen Concentration Camp, if you were a boy; if you were a girl you were sent to Uckermark Concentration Camp. The adults were deported to Auschwitz, Buchenwald, Bergen-Belsen, Harzungen, Dora-Mittelbau, Neuengamme, Ravensbrück, Sachenhausen . A man, Gunter Discher, who was a boy at the time of being housed in the camp, Moringen as a "Swing Kids" remembers how it was: "The salt mine where we worked had really nice acoustics. One of us played on the cartridges, these were like wooden boxes, and he would play drums with some sticks. We improvised all sorts of things. Sometimes it sounded horrible. Either way, we had successfully gotten through our so-called breakfast break. It was a survival strategy" ("Music and the Holocaust"). Although, not all of the "Swing Kids" survived; their legacy for their rebellion of the Nazi's is a proud one, among people.

At the end of Hitler's reign of terror all throughout Germany, the nation had fallen. Germany, after the death of Hitler in 1945, was forced to surrender the war, a week later. The Holocaust was one of history's most changing events for Germany; because of the death of so many people, they tried to hide it all. All of Germany, claimed that the Holocaust did not happen; but when American soldiers went to rescue the prisoners of the camps at the end of the war, the Americans knew it was a lie. Prisoners, hugged the American soldiers, and blessed them for saving them; Some prisoners were so weak, they could barely stand-Germany had failed to deny the horrible torture they had done to these people. All German Nazi Swastikas were burned, and all things of Hitler's existence burned and destroyed ("Holocaust Timeline: Aftermath").

Works Cited

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10 March 2010 <http://fcit.usf.edu/HOLOCAUST/timeline/after.htm>.

Johnson Larry, Lamb Annette. "The Great Depression". 42 Explore 2. January 1, 1999. Web.

March 9 2010. <http://www.42explore2.com/depresn.htm>.

"Music and the Holocaust ". World ORT, N.D. Web. 10 March 2010.

<http://holocaustmusic.ort.org/politics-and-propaganda/third-reich/swing-kids-behind-barbed-wire/>.

"Nazification of Germany". Florida Center of Instructional Technology. N.D. Web.

February 28 2010 <http://fcit.usf.edy/HOLOCAUST/TIMELINE/nazification.html>.

"No Room for Holocaust Denial". Deutsche Helle. 23 December 2005. Web. . February 28 2010

<http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,1833619,00.html>.

"Nuremberg Laws on Race". N.P. N.D. Web. February 29 2010

<http://frans.mtsv.edu/~baustin/nurmkaws.html>.

O' Brien, Joseph V.. "Nazi Racial Legislation: the Nuremberg Laws". Department of History.

N.D.Web. March 9 2010. <http://web.jjay.cuny.edu/~jobrien/reference/ob14.html>.

Pearson, Clive. "Hitler and the Law". Encyclopedia of Britamica. N.D. Web. February 26 2010

< http://www.britannica.com/bps/additionalcontent/18/30032051/HITLER-AND-THE-LAW-19201945>.

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<http: //history1900s.about.com/od/tp/holocaust.htm>.

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<http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/GERHitler.html>.

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<http://www.return2style.de/amiswhei.htm>.

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<http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/tp/holocaust.htm>.

Vashem, Yad. "Shoan Resource Center". Yad Vashem. N.D. Web. February 28 2010

<http://www1.yadshem.org/odot/prog>.

"World War II." Encyclopedia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. N.D. Web.

09 Mar. 2010 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/648813/World-War-II>.





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