Allergies, are the annoying things that people are
born with, and that at their worst, can be fatal. Rain or shine,
cold or hot, windy or not, allergies exist even when your body
least expects them.
The term "Allergy" was first introduced back in 1906
by a Vietnamese pediatrician Clemens Von Pirquet, when he noticed
that some of his patients were hypersensitive to innocuous
entries such as dust, pollen, and grass. Pirquet called his new
found phenomenon "Allergy" after the Greek term, "Allos" for
other, and "Ergon" for work.
Historically all hypersensitivity to an allergen was classified
as an allergy.
In 1963, with the advancement of technology also came
the advancement of many medical machines. Now, these discoveries
also included the fact that it became clear to scientists that
many different diseases are what cause hypersensitivity to an
allergen. Philip Gell and Robin Coombs discovered four types of
hypersensitivity reactions known as type I to type IV
hypersensitivity. Thanks to Gell and Coombs, the word, "Allergy"
was restricted to immediate also known as "Rapidly occurring,"
What is an Allergy? An Allergy is an
overactive immune system that you are born with. All around the
world there are millions of types of allergies; some that many
would not even believe exists. an abnormal reaction of
body to a previously encountered
introduced by inhalation, ingestion, injection, or skin contact,
often manifested by itchy eyes, runny nose, wheezing, skin rash,
or diarrhea. ("Allergy.")
Interestingly enough, it is possible for you to grow
out of allergies. Most food allergies children grow out of by the
age of five or six. Others, stay dormant in your immune system
until they become awakened by that specific allergen. An example
of this is Asthma. Asthma is a common chronic
inflammatory disease of the airways that is characterized by
recurring symptoms reversible airflow obstruction and bronchial
spasms. Asthma can become un-dormant at any time in the humans
life, this includes during adulthood. Shocking? Not quite. Many
children don't know that they have asthma until they are doing a
sport in the heat of the day, and they drop to their knees, their
throat enclosed, and there airways constricted.
Back to the invention of allergies. Like what
happened with Albert Einstein, people thought that the new
invention that Pirquet had come across was fake; people called
him a liar, and questioned his thoughts, and also deemed him as
crazy. Pirquet worked at his discovery, publishing it in science
journals, eventually people saw that Pirquet, was given the light
he deserved when he was given a scientific achievement award for
his discovery my allergies.
An Allergist is someone, a physician who
studies, and works with patients that have allergies.
("Allergist.") In the United States, doctors who hold
certifications from the American Board of Allergy and Immunology
(ABAI) have formed a program that successfully shows, and teaches
people about allergies, as well as shows them how to safely watch
for symptoms in children; this includes the knowledge of the safe
way to examine symptoms that are shown by the skin, or lack of
breathing. Since the end of 1906 all the way until now, the
information of allergies have grown so much many books have been
created just to inform many people of their immune disorder, and
what is going on inside their bodies.("Allergies")
When dealing with Allergies, the term IgE will be
tossed around more than once. An Immunoglobulin E (IgE) is
an allergy antibody. ("Allergy (Allergies) Symptoms and Causes")
An IgE is found in mammals, and is a monomeric with 4 lg- like
domains (CH1->CH4). IgE's tend to be located in the immune
system of mammals, as well as helps when attacking parasite worms
in the stomach or other parts of the body. ("Immunoglobulin
IgE picks an immune response by binding to FC receptors found on
the surface of mast cells and basophils, and are also found on
esoinophils, monocytes, macrophages, and paletes in humans. Fc
has two types: FcεRI, the high-affinity receptor.
also known as CD23, is the low-affinity IgE receptor. IgE can
up-regulate the expression of both Fcε receptors. FcεRI is
expressed only on mast cells and/or basophiles in both mice and
humans. Aggregation of
and binding of IgE to the FcεRI on mast cells causes
Degranulation is the cellular process that releases antimicrobial
cytotoxic molecules from the secretary vesicles called granules
found inside of some cells. ("Degranulation")
The release of mediators from the cells, while basophiles
cross-linked with IgE release type 2 cytokines like interleukin-4 (IL-4) and
interleukin-13 (IL-13) and
other inflammatory mediators. The low-affinity receptor (FcεRII)
is always shown on B cells; but its expression can be induced on
the surfaces of macrophages, eosinophils, platelets, and some T
cells by IL-4. ("Immunoglobulin E")
Allergies can occur during all times of the year, at
any moment of the day or night. It doesn't matter one bit if it
is Spring or not, your allergies will sneak up on you and bother
Mentioned earlier in this paper, food allergies are
able to be grown out of, as well as all other allergies, but some
are nearly impossible to grow out of. With the research that has
been scrounged together from other scientists, a complete list of
allergies was put together.
Some allergies are almost so insane that people
wouldn't even think that they exist. Around the world people have
allergies to fabric, minerals in water, minerals in soil, even
the pollutants in the air. Sounds ridiculous, but in fact this is
true; the jokes about the, "Bubble boy," aren't funny to children
that are cooped up in their houses all day so that when they walk
outside they don't die from an allergic reaction.
Many people find that the idea of allergies are
unreal; they think that nothing can cause a reaction to something
so small, such as dust molecules, pollen, or pollution molecules
that float around in the air above our heads. See Appendix
D for a graph of allergies in the United States compared to
Europe. It is nearly impossible to make a complete list of
allergies, seeing as everything is a possible allergen; being
Lactose intolerant, means that your immune system will react to
that particular allergen, in this case dairy. ("Allergy")
The most active food allergen still do date, is the
allergy to nuts and trees. According to the Food and Drug
Administration (FDA), this is also true for the blossoming
flowers in spring.
-Segment from an anonymous member of the FDA.
"Milk, eggs, fish, crustacean shellfish (like shrimp), tree nuts,
peanuts, wheat, and soybeans are common allergens in food.
The labeling will list these ingredients or say 'contains'
followed by the name of the source of the food allergen."
The most common question still asked by children mainly is, "Why
am I allergic to peanuts?" the answer to this is simple. Peanut
allergies are the most life threatening allergy of all allergies.
The symptoms can range from minor a minor reaction to a life
threatening reaction (anaphylaxis); and for many, even the
smallest trace of peanut can cause a reaction beyond belief. The
symptoms of a peanut allergy can appear within minutes of being
exposed to the allergen the symptoms include: Skin reactions such
as hives, redness or swelling, Itching or tingling in or around
the mouth and throat, Digestive problems such as diarrhea stomach
cramps nausea or vomiting, Tightening of the chest, Shortness of
breath or wheezing, Runny or stuffy nose. ("Peanut Allergy") In
the case of a peanut allergy, you are almost always rushed to the
emergency room, if you are not taken to the emergency room, or a
hospital, you could die due to lack of air, or too much swelling
inside your body. Allergies of any sort are not anything to be
taken lightly or to joke around about.
In Arizona, allergies and asthma are both extremely common.
Allergies are formed from the flowers on the blossoming Cacti,
and asthma is caused from the thick smog that looms over the town
due to the wind blowing it all the way from Los Angeles
California. Smog is what is caused from the carbon dioxide and
nitrogen that is formed from a cars exhaust pipe. This thick
heavy fog can be seen in the morning around dawn as the sun is
rising. It will appear dark grey or brown, due to the burning of
oil and fossil fuels inside of automobiles, factories, and power
plants. See Appendix B. ("Smog")
The thickness of smog, makes the thick and hard to
breathe, if the body cannot take in clean air, or if it can't
take in air at all, the lungs begin to spasm, causing the human
or organism to, "Gasp," for air. A scientific name for this is
Asthma. Asthma is a common
characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible
airflow obstruction, and
("Asthma") Asthma is in fact a form of allergy, it is sparked by
an allergen, is most causes pollutants in the air, and causes the
body to have a reaction. The medicine most commonly used is an
Inhaler, or an Albuterol Treatment. See Appendix C. Both
of these machines help lower the inflammation in the throat and
air ways, so that the victim of this allergen may breath, as well
as helps slows the heart beat back to normal levels. ("Asthma")
What still remains to be mentioned in this paper is
the treatments of the millions of allergies in the world.
Treatments range from many different things, like mentioned
earlier and inhaler, is one other include: shots, rubbing creams,
juices, liquid medicines, pills, abluterol breathing treatments,
and much more.
To go into a bit of detail, over the counter drugs,
the ones you can buy at CVS, help relieve your symptoms for a
short while, say six hours; but when it gets to the end of that
time, the symptoms are still there, they were just put to sleep.
Using natural remedies, like "How Grandma used to make it,"
relieves all the symptoms and helps stop the bad allergen in its
tracks; this is bad for the allergen trying to attack you, but
good for you.
A great remedy is to take Vitamin C. Vitamin C helps
support your immune system, and keeps it working in tip-top
shape. If you take Quecetin, it's a small supplement you can get
from a doctor, it helps relieve pollen allergies before they
begin, taking one pill a day has been proven to help millions of
people already. (Schneider)
Another remedy that has been proven to work is the
remedy of taking Reishi. Reishi is a supplement made of
mushrooms, proven to also, like Quecetin, stop the symptoms of
allergies before they begin. Both of these pills are one hundred
percent natural and are perfectly safe to take. The down side is
that if you have an allergy to mushrooms, or anything else the
pills are made up of, the pill does not stop your reaction,
therefore, you would still have the allergic reaction.
Shots, the worst thing a person can imagine are a
cure to allergies; though you cry, and wince, you become fully
relieved once the medicine goes into the bloodstream and starts
working its magic to heal you from your painful allergic
The most common medicine used in the needle today is
some salt water saline with a very small amount of Allergens in
it. ("Allergy Shots") this is like what doctors do when a patient
has the chicken pox, they inject dead cells that hold the virus
into the body, and then the immune system builds up an immunity
to it, which will later help the body fend off the newly found
enemy once it returns again.
The most recent of allergies relief by far is the use
of medicine, without needles. In a sense it is, "Needle-free."
The treatment is called Needle Free Allergy Desensitization
(NFAD). NFAD is a non invasion, needle-less technique using
acupunctural points, and manipulation of the spinal cord to
desensitize the individual to the allergen. It is a modified
version of NAET and MT techniques that are still commonly used by
doctors. It works by unblocking the messages being sent to the
brain caused by the allergen, by this, it stops a rash from
forming, or pain in the stomach or head, or any other symptoms,
and allows the body to not have to be forced into attacking the
allergen. This entire process is done using cold lasers so that
it can be pin-pointed into the spinal cord. NFAD can be given to
any patient that is over the age of five, it is safe, and easy;
but of course nothing is free. See Appendix E for a
complete list of symptoms that are eligible for the use of NFAD.
("Need-Free Allergy Relief")
A bump on your arm, does not necessarily mean you
have an allergic reaction, it could simply be a bruise. If the
bumps on your arm or any other place on your body become inflamed
then you have Hives. Chronic hives, also known as
urticaria, are batches of raised, red or white itchy welts
(wheals) of various sizes that appear and disappear. While most
cases of hives go away within a few weeks or less, for some
people they are a long-term problem. Chronic hives are defined as
hives that last more than six weeks or hives that go away, but
recur frequently. Like all annoying bumps, ointments are used to
cure them they stop the burning and iching, and help them go away
within an hour. However, it is always recommended you ask, or
call a doctor to make sure that you are purchasing the right
ointment. ("Hives") See Appendix F for an image of
Hives, however are not the only rash that can appear
on the skin due to an allergic reaction. Other things can show up
such as: Scaly patches of skin, scaly patches of skin caused by
fungi, red itchy bumps that appear on the back or chest. With
Skin, never self-diagnose yourself, when you do this, you could
mix up what you have for something fatal and this can cause you
to go into panic. It's best to see a Dermatologist, they will let
you know the best medicine for your rash so it may heal quickly.
A name for a scaly rash that is not caused by an
infection is known as Psoriases this is when your skin
becomes scaly and itchy; this is also referred to as
Eczema. The interesting thing about Eczema is that it is
not directly connected to allergies, or allergic reactions,
however Eczema may appear when it is triggered by the allergen.
Eczema is hereditary; the first signs of it can begin forming
around the fifth age of life. Many signs include dry cheeks, or
scaly patches of skin on the arms, legs, scalp, or chest. Many of
these signs can be sparked by soaps, clothing detergents, and
least commonly, but it's still common, in food; changing
detergents or your diet also helps Eczema start up a bit.
(Rockoff) Just because you skin itches does not mean you have the
Eczema virus, it could mean your skin is ashy and is asking you
to put lotion on it; always be cautious of what chemicals are in
the lotion. If you body or hands, begin to burn, sting, or itch,
call a Dermatologist, and have them look at you immediately; if
you body begins to swell, such as large bumps appearing on your
arm, go to the emergency room, and have them help you as soon as
The two main ways to relieve allergies have been
covered, this includes NFAD. As mentioned before when speaking of
peanut allergies, allergies are not something to be taken
lightly. Just because you don't like something doesn't mean that
you should say that you are allergic to it, because there is a
person on this world who has an actual allergic reaction to that
thing you don't like, and could be dying right now.
If you see someone having trouble breathing, offer to
take them to the hospital, or if they have their inhaler get it
for them from their bag, or get them some water. Having the fault
of someone's death on your shoulders is a heavy burden, a burden
that no one would want to carry with them for the rest of their
Allergies are never a joke.
Hello dearest reader, I extremely enjoyed writing
this paper for multiple reasons. I learned why I have such
terrible reactions to simple things such as onions, pepperoni,
and many, many spices that I could not list even if I honestly
I found it interesting see as what the allergy to
peanuts actually was, and seeing how much suffering peanut
allergy victims must go through to eat chocolate, and how much of
risk they have every day of being exposed to peanuts.
I wish, just as myself, I wish allergies didn't
exist, and the rate for allergies was not so high in my home
state of Arizona. Smog is gross, I'm not a smoker, nor do I
ever wish to be one, but I can't help but feeling, when I
walk outside in the capital of my state, that I am inhaling
nothing but tar, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide, which all of this
will accumulate and destroy my lungs; this is why I have asthma.
It's a scientific fact.
If I could move some place without allergies? That
doesn't exist. No one is safe from allergies, you can tell
yourself that you would be safe, but even the smallest spice in a
meal can make you be on your death bed.
One last note; always and I mean always keep
your inhaler by your side. I made the mistake of not taking it
with me to bed, by this I mean placing it on my bed side table,
and I woke and couldn't breathe due to the inflammation of my
tonsils. Not pleasant. I had no voice for three weeks, all I
could do was just sit on my bed, and wait for the swelling to go
down so I could drink water without wincing, and before you ask,
I did not have to have my tonsils removed they were just simply
there but puffy.
Enjoy your Earth, keep it clean, a hybrid is not the
best car, well what I saying, no car is the best car. All cars
release poisonous gases into our beautiful Earth; walk people,
it's not that hard. Your hazardous nitrogen, combined with carbon
dioxide is raising the temperature of the Earth; polar ice caps
are melting, as this happens, water levels rise, and cities that
now are beautiful beach stays, are going to be under water, just
like the lost city of Atlantis. I know I sound like a hippy
nagging at you, but all this smog and filth in the air is
dangerous. This is why people have asthma, and bronchitis, this
is why people suffer as much as they do! It's the humans fault!
We need to stop all of this before what happened in the Middle
Ages happens again; in case you don't know of the black plague,
it was a deadly disease that killed thousands thanks to people
coming back from explorations with disease filled rats on
My dear reader, you are reading this paper thinking I
might be crazy for writing about this topic, when in fact I am
passionate about allergies, for I have seen and heard of many
peoples' lives being taken away by a fatal, and much accidental
food eating mistake; don't take this lightly my dear reader, when
unexpected, you could be next.
Like I stated before, no one is safe from allergies.
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