Copyright © 2008 Kevin Markey
AND SO TO? 1995
Game 1 Kasparov 1 Short 0
2 Short 1/2 Kasparov 1/2
3 Kasparov 1 Short 0
4 Short 0 Kasparov 1
5 Kasparov 1/2 Short 1/2
6 Short 1/2 Kasparov 1/2
7 Kasparov 1 Short 0
8 Short 1/2 Kasparov 1/2
9 Kasparov 1 Short 0
10 Short 1/2 Kasparov 1/2
11 Kasparov 1/2 Short 1/2
12 Short 1/2 Kasparov 1/2
13 Kasparov 1/2 Short 1/2
14 Short 1/2 Kasparov 1/2
15 Kasparov 1 Short 0
16 SHORT 1 KASPAROV 0
17 Kasparov 1/2 Short 1/2
18 Short 1/2 Kasparov 1/2
19 Kasparov 1/2 Short 1/2
20 Short 1/2 Kasparov 1/2
Kasparov/Short v Forbes/King/Keane/Speelman
It was while driving down the M4 after my final visit to the Savoy that it came to me. I had been asking the question, what can I do now it's all over? I was thinking of my sponsors Eagle Star who had covered my transport costs, the Citizen the newspaper as part of my chess hobby I write for and my employer's Lloyds bank. Then again there were chess players up and down the country, who hadn't been as fortunate as me. They had to put up with a choice between Carole Vorderman and Peter Snow or worst still both! I wanted to relive my experiences sad, good and funny for my good fortune should be shared. Anyway I thought to myself Keene has made a living out of World Championship Books so why shouldn't I do something?
So their you have it an idea developed without a title so that was the next problem. Ideas flowed such as "All in a game," "It's a funny old game," or "to see the games," corny but not original.
As I came off the M4 on to the Swindon - Wotton Bassett road. Thinking I wouldn't be there at the next World championship, I realised then "And so to? 1995" seemed what I had been looking for.
World chess champion and probable the greatest ever player in the world
Challenger and Britains number one the great "Western" hope
Press Room Team
Ali Mortazavi, Adam Black, Eric Schiller, Skip Shipman & many others
Grandmaster Analysis room
Tony Miles & Michael Adams were the two Chief analysts during my attendance. Additional present were Jenny Goldsmith, (a lady I befriended during my visits) Speelman, King, Forbes, Norwood Korchnoi plus a host of other GM.Dominic Lawson (Nigel Short's Friend) Zoe Tran (Adams, girlfriend) & Prof Nathan Divinsky a Canadian who described events like no other person could
Sadly I never saw Bill Hartson or Carole Voderman in the GM room.
There were many others involved and seen by myself as you will learn.
GAME ONE WHITE KASPAROV BLACK SHORT
Keene introduced the two competitors to a packed Savoy who reserved special applause for the challenger. Then battle commenced, during this game Andrew Martin in the commentary room made a joke that had the audience listening on headphones in stitches. Both players were upset at this & Martin was warned against future comments.
1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 Nf6 5 0-0 Be7 6 Re1 b5
7 Bb3 0-0 8 a4 To avoid facing the Marshall h3 is an alternative as indeed d3 may also be a possible move. 8... b4 9 d3 d6 10 a5 Be6 11 Nbd2 Rb8 12 Bc4 Qc8 (Qd7 seems more appropriate to link both Rooks)
13 Nf1 Re8 14 Ne3 Nd4 15 N.d4 e.d4 16 Nd5 N.d5 17 e.d5 Bd7 18 Bd2 Bf6 19 R.e8 B.e8 (Q.e8 & after 20 b3 Kasparov's white squared Bishop is blocked in 20 Qe2 Bb5 21 Re1 B.c4 22 d.c4 h6 23 b3 c5 24 Bf4(a surprise d.c Q.a5 25 Qg4 Bg5 26 B.g5 Q.g5 27 Q.e5) 24... Qd7 25 h3 Rd8 26 Qe4 h5 27 Re2 g6 28 Qf3 Bg7 29 Re4 Bf8 30 Qe2 Qc7 31 Bg5 Rc8 32 g4 h.g4 33 Bf6 g.h3 34 Qg4 Ra8 35 Q.h3 Bg7 36 B.g7 K.g7 37 Rh4 Rg8 38 Rh7 Kf8 39 Qg4 Ke8
Short had worked this all out long ago, but still took to long making the move, his flag fell & he had not made the required 40 moves in what was probable a drawn position. 40 Qe6ch was sufficient for black.
WHITE SHORT BLACK KASPAROV
Kasparov wore a black suit for this game, for many early games he alternated between white and black, Short however did not share this thought. The pundits were looking for a Short victory in game two, after all hadn't he lost the first game of previous matches and come back to take the second. The realists however were not optimistic. Myself I had believed that Short needed to get a two‑point lead and then hang on, if he was to have any realistic chance of victory.
1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 d6 3 d4 c.d4 4 N.d4 Nf6 5 Nc3 a6 6 Bg5 Nc6 (this is not mentioned in The Najdorf by GMs Geller, Gligoric, Kavalek, & Spassky. With Kavalek now redundant perhaps he will rewrite it. The move played gives black more choice. Eg He can transfer into a Rauzer System as an alternative to normal Najdorf lines.) 7 Qd2 e6 8 0-0-0 Bd7 9 f4 h6 10 Bh4 g5 11 f.g5 Ng4 12 Nf3 h.g5 13 Bg3 (if B.g5 f6 14 Be3 N.e3 15 Q.e3 Bh6) 13... Be7
14 Be2 Nge5 (inviting the reply 15 N.e5 N.e5 16 B.e5 d.e5 when 16 ...f5 rids black of the bad pawn structure)
15 Kb1 b5 16 Rdf1 Rc8 17 N.e5 N.e5 18 Rf2 f6 19 Rhf1 Bc6 20 a3 Bb7 21 h3 Nc4 22 B.c4 R.c4 23 Qd3 e5 (at first sight this looks like a weakening move however Kasparovs King is safe in the centre and can easily move to f7 to free the rook on h8. d5 is threatened, besides which his queen can move to either c8 or d7 with more options. 24 Re2 Qc8 25 Rf5 R.c3 26 b.c3 Qe6 27 Kb2(d5 is now a threat ) 27...Kd7 28 Rf1 Qc4 29 Q.c4 b.c4 30 Ka2 Bc6 31 Rb1 Bd8 32 Rb8 Re8 33 Bf2 Ba5 34 R.e8 K.e8 35 Kb2 Kf7 36 Ba7 Ke6 37 g4 Bd8
38 Kc1(surprisingly black is winning this though it is not clear if he can achieve much progress, he needs to advance his d & f pawn to create a passed e pawn.) 38... Be7
39 Re3 d5 40 e.d5 K.d5 41 Kb2 Ke6 42 Bb6 Bd6 43 h4 g.h4 44 Rh3 e4
45 R.h4 Bf4 46 Rh3 Bg5 47 Bd4 Bd7 48 Rh2 a4 49 Rh1 Bd7 50 Rh2 Kd5
51 Rh5 Draw Agreed
After Nigel plays 52 R.g5 f.g5 the opposite coloured Bishop ending is drawn although Kasparov will win the g pawn.
WHITE KASPAROV BLACK SHORT
Saturday 11th September 1992 and there I was outside the theatre where it was all happening. If you ever get a chance to go to a World Championship match, then my advice is go! This was really the greatest Chess Show on earth. Before the match I was asked if coach loads of people would go from Gloucestershire I replied no? But later was surprised by the interest in the county. At £45 for what was an executive deal it was too expensive for many an enthusiast with meal & programme thrown in. It was later reduced to £20 that to my mind compares favourably to the £45 I paid once to see a cup final. I of course was luckier than most. As a chess correspondent I was entitled to free entry, besides which I approached Eagle Star (Nigel Short's sponsors) who were willing to cover my travelling costs.
On arriving at London's Victoria coach station I headed for the British Chess Magazine shop. I had previously decided to make my visits worth, while visits to chess venues & possible Buckingham Palace were on the cards.
The Savoy Theatre in the Strand is hardly noticeable except for the fact that it has its own side street. Television cameras showed only one view of the building where the Que's built up. The reason for this was the scaffolding surrounding the Savoy apartments & Simpson's did not make attractive viewing. Simpson's is an upmarket restaurant the sight of me unshaven with carrier bag in left‑hand must have been a culture shock to the staff. However they let me find the press room to get my pass. At the top of the stairs I turned left into the press room. A truly amazing sight to the uninitiated like myself. Computers' were everywhere, typewriters' & extra large screens for viewing the game in progress, the hall & of course the channel four TV coverage.
I had problems getting my pass. I had sent my picture in weeks before but they had nothing. Eventually I obtained a new photo and waited while my pass was produced. This was a chance to enjoy a cup of coffee & chat to a photographer from the Express. He was not impressed with Short whom a few days earlier had been reluctant to pose for a photo playing his daughter. The late start that day 4.00 was also bad for getting reports & pictures into the Sunday papers. I also learnt that the photographers had six minutes at the start of each game for their shots.
After receiving my pass, with some time to kill I went for a walk. First to take a better look around the Savoy, then later up the Strand and down to the Embankment. It was while walking along the Strand that one of those amazing coincidence happened. Walking in the opposite direction was three ladies all from Dursley two of whom worked across the road from were I work. I tapped one on the shoulder as she passed by she instantly recognised me her companion described as the "man from Lloyds Bank." After a few words and my chance to show off my press pass we parted they were heading for Buck House.
The Embankment was all new to me, although I had heard stories about it. This was the first time I came across what was later to become a reoccurring theme Homelessness & begging. I felt so sad at what I saw although I couldn't believe it was all genuine. One minute I was among poverty, then two minutes later I was in Simpsons' or the Savoy with its amazing wealth.
The atmosphere in the theatre was hopeful. To say the audience was partisan is an understatement. Kasparov came on to polite applause, while Nigel was our hero our great hope we gave loud and raptures' applause. We wanted Nigel to win. We would give anything to see a Short victory.
I of course could not miss out on a chance to speak to an old friend and sure enough Andrew Faller a former Whitecross school player and adversary was there. A pleasure I always enjoy whenever I go to chess events, meeting friends and opponents from the past.
As play commenced, I put my headphones on for live commentary of the game in progress. Two American Grandmasters Larry Evans & Patrick Wolff were in the box, their style was very much typical of the commentators on an American Football match. They however lacked Andrew Martin's sense of humour. Else where in the theatre Michael Hannigan soon to become British Champion, was analysing, with anyone who cared to join him.
Game Three White Kasparov Black Short
1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 Nf6 5 0-0 Be7 6 Re1 b5 7 Bb3 0-0 8 a4(Exponents of the Marshall may be disappointed that Gary refused the possibility, we do not know however what Nigel would have played against c3. 8 h3 is an alternative way to avoid the Marshall, against the text move 8...d5 9 a.b5 & 10 e.d5)
8... Bb7(This is believed to be better than Shorts choice in game one)
9 d3 Re8 10 Nbd2 Bf8 11 c3 h6 12 Ba2 d6 13 Nh4 Qd7 14 Ng6 Ne7(It appears that this move achieves nothing but wastes tempi and exchanging blacks bad bishop. It does however release f3, following which whites pieces become more active & manoeuvre to more appropriate squares)
15 N.f8 K.f8 16 f3 Rad8 17 b4 Ng6( the a pawn cannot be taken as a) white will regain it by Bb1 it releases the square c4 to whites knight) 18 Nb3 Bc8 19 Bb1 Nh5 20 a.b5 a.b5 21 Be3 Nh4 22 Ra2 Re6 23 d4 Rg6 24 Kh1(Short's threat consisted of Qh3 & N.f3) 24... Re8 25 d.e5 R.e5 26 g4 Rf6 27 Bd4 Ng3 28 h.g3 N.f3 29 B.e5 Q.g4 30 Rh2 N.e1( at first sight Q.g4 is the move until you see Rf1++) 31 Q.e1 d.e5 32 Nd2 Rd6 33 Bc2 Be6 34 Kg1 Kg8 35 Nf1 Qg5 36 Qe3 Qd8 37 Rd2 c6 38 R.d6 Q.d6 39 Qc5 Q.c5 40 b.c5 h5(Short played his last five moves in under a minute. This being all the time he had left. Probable this explains all the exchanges, which from blacks point of view are not desirable) 41 Nd2 Kf8 42 Kf2 Ke7
43 Bb3 Bd7 44 Nf3 Kf6 45 c4 b.c4 46 B.c4 Be6 47 Be2 Bg4 48 Bd1 g6 49 Ba4 Bd7(part a) of white's plan is complete now for part b to bring the knight to b4)
50 Ne1 Ke6 51 Bb3 Ke7 52 Nd3 f6 53 Nb4 f5 54 Ba4 f.e4 55 B.c6(Lessor players would have chosen Ke3 to regain the pawn, the drawback being it allows Ke6 56 B.c6 B.c6 57 N.c6 Kd5)
55... B.c6 56 N.c6 Ke6 57 Ke3 g5 58 K.e4 h4 59 g.h4 1-0
WHITE SHORT BLACK KASPAROV
Game four of their encounter was memorable for two reasons, first it was the only occasion on which the player with the black pieces was victorious. The second and perhaps more interesting point was that the news of Kavelek's departure from Short's camp had just broken.
To the best of my knowledge I have never met Kavelek nor do I expect to. Therefore I cannot comment on him as a person. When the news broke I noticed Speelman's unease on Channel four. The subject was never mentioned in the analysis room even while Dominic Lawson was present. It was revealed that many English Grandmasters had offered their services to Short. It soon became clear that the official line of "family reasons" was just a smoke screen. Short later confirmed what every body new, Kavelek was sacked but did not go into detail. I did learn however that relationships between the two became strained as long ago as Short's match against Gelfand.
To me the whole situation epitomises every thing that was wrong in the Short camp. Kasparov was well organised as one would expect from a champion of eight years, his team of seconds worked well as a team and with the champion. After Short's surprise in game five his team worked on a refutation that he used successfully in game nine. Ray Keene had experience as a second and informed us that in Russia ordinary players would fax their ideas to Kasparov. His chief second would view them and give the best ideas to the champion. I do not believe that Nigel considered this.
Nigel Short suffered from bad public relations; he had no idea how to handle the press. When Kavelek went he could not realistically replace him with Michael Stean an inactive Grandmaster. Speelman & to a lesser extent Hubner were employed by Short because they were his friends, he trusted them. They appeared to be lacking in knowing what they should be doing. Speelman admitted he was not employed to help with opening preparation. My faith in him was not enhanced when he entered the GM analysis room, early in game nine, Short was in difficulties in a position they had not analysed.
Many English Grandmasters were reported as having offered assistance to Short, though I do not know which. If he had accepted this, clearly he would have made himself more popular in the eyes of British chess enthusiasts but he needed to organise his team properly. It may be that, as was suggested by a leading IM that Short was unpopular with the English Grandmasters.
Having been critical of Short, I must add my belief that he will learn the lessons. He may return to play Kasparov again, with at least more realistic chances of victory. Short must learn to make better use of seconds and any advisors employed, this may mean re employing Kavalek. He should also avoid involvement in side issue's Eg. insulting Kasparov over his hairy chest & the complaint over the Sunday Times article.
Game Four White Short Black Kasparov
1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 d6 3 d4 c.d4 4 N.d4 Nf6 5 Nc3 a6 6 Bg5 e6(the first diversion from game two where Kasparov played Nc6 we are about to see the poisoned pawn variation, widely used by Fisher in his world championship match against Spassky 1972) 7 f4 Qb6 8 Qd2 Q.b2 9 Nb3 Qa3 10 B.f6 g.f6(White gains a positional advantage and hopes later to regain his pawn
11 Be2 Nc6 12 0-0 Bd7 13 Kh1(This waiting move can be very useful in some lines of the Narjdorf It also prevents nasty checks at c4 from blacks queen or bishop) 13...h5
14 Nd1 Rc8 15 Ne3 Qb4 16 c3 Q.e4 17 Bd3 Qa4 18 Nc4 Rc7 19 Nb6 Qa3(Nigel could have gained the draw now by simple playing 20 Nc4 and repeating the position, this turned out to be the second game he lost after declining a draw) 20 Rae1 Ne7 21 Nc4 R.c4 22 B.c4 h4 23 Bd3(this move prevents 23...Nf5 & threatens Be4 black's reply stops this and gives him the possibility of Bg7/Nd5 or Ng6 followed by Ke7 & Rc8.Kasparov's white squared bishop may also go to c6.) 23...f5 24 Be2 Bg7 25 c4 h3 26 g3(Bf3 now! Looks more appropriate to me eg 26...b5 27 c.b5 B.b5 28 Be2) 26...d5 27 Bf3(27 c.d5 N.d5 28 Bf3 was the simple idea for white, moves 27 & 28 were considered suicidal by the Grandmasters.) 27...d.c4
28 Re3 c3(c.b3 29 R.b3 Qa4 30 R.b7 allows white threats against the King, however Kasparov chooses an idea where white has nothing for his two pawns)
29 R.c3 B.c3 30 Q.c3 0-0 31 Rg1 Rc8 32 Qf6 Bc6 33 B.c6 R.c6 34 g4 Ng6 35 g.f5 e.f5 36 Q.f5 Q.a2 37 Q.h3 Qc2 38 f5 Rc3 39 Qg4(Qh6 R.b3 40 R.g6ch f.g6 41 Q.g6ch & how long is it before the checks runout) 39...R.b3 40 f.g6 Qc6 0 - 1
Game Five was the only time in the match when opening preparation proved to be successful for Short. In retrospective Qa5 was an obvious move but one that Kasparov was not prepared for at the time. His decision to return to this line in game nine after renewed analysis and Short's demise in that game, emphasis further, I believe the weaknesses in the Short camp.
WHITE KASPAROV BLACK SHORT
1 d4 Nf6 2 c4 e6 3 Nc3 Bb4 4 Qc2 d5 5 c.d5 e.d5 6 Bg5 h6 7 Bh4 c5 8 d.c5 g5 9 Bg3 Ne4 10 e3(10 B.b8 Qf6 11 Nf3 B.c3 12 b