The Gospel Of Barnabas
Opening- True Gospel of Jesus, called Christ, a new prophet sent
by God to the world: according to the
description of Barnabas his apostle.
Barnabas, apostle of Jesus the Nazarene, called Christ, to all them that dwell upon the earth desireth peace and
Dearly beloved the great and wonderful God hath during these past days visited us by his prophet Jesus Christ in great
mercy of teaching and miracles, by reason whereof many, being deceived of Satan, under presence of piety, are
preaching most impious doctrine, calling Jesus son of God, repudiating the circumcision ordained of God for ever, and
permitting every unclean meat: among whom also Paul hath been deceived, whereof I speak not without grief; for
which cause I am writing that truth which I have seen and heard, in the intercourse that I have had with Jesus, in order
that ye may be saved, and not be deceived of Satan and perish in the judgment of God. Therefore beware of every one
that preacheth unto you new doctrine contrary to that which I write, that ye may be saved eternally. The great God be
with you and guard you from Satan and from every evil. Amen.
The angel Gabriel visits Virgin Mary concerning the birth of
In these last years a virgin called Mary, of the lineage of David, of the tribe of Judah, was visited by the angel Gabriel
from God. This virgin, living in all holiness without any offense, being blameless, and abiding in prayer with fastings,
being one day alone, there entered into her chamber the angel Gabriel, and he saluted her, saying: 'God be with thee,
The virgin was affrighted at the appearance of the angel; but the angel comforted her, saying: 'Fear not, Mary, for thou
hast found favour with God, who hath chosen thee to be mother of a prophet, whom he will send to the people of Israel
in order that they may walk in his laws with truth of heart.'
The virgin answered: 'Now how shall I bring forth sons, seeing I know not a man?' The angel answered: 'O Mary, God
who made man without a man is able to generate in thee man with- out a man, because with him nothing is
Mary answered: 'I know that God is almighty, therefore his will be done.' The angel answered: 'Now be conceived in
thee the prophet, whom thou shalt name Jesus: and thou shalt keep him from wine and from strong drink and from
every unclean meat, because the child is an holy one of God.' Mary bowed herself with humility, saying:
'Behold the handmaid of God, be it done according to thy word.'
The angel departed, and the virgin glorified God, saying: 'Know, O my soul, the greatness of God, and exult, my spirit,
in God my Saviour; for he hath regarded the lowliness of his handmaiden, insomuch that I shall be called blessed by all
the nations, for he that is mighty hath made me great, and blessed be his holy name. For his mercy extendeth from
generation to generation of them that fear him. Mighty hath he made his hand, and he hath scattered the proud in the
imagination of his heart. He hath put down the mighty from their seat, and hath exalted the humble. Him who hath been
hungry hath he filled with good things, and the rich he hath sent empty away. For he keepeth in memory the promises
made to Abraham and to his son for ever'.
The warning of the angel Gabriel given to Joseph concerning the
conception of the Virgin Mary.
Mary having known the will of God, fearing the people, lest they should take offense at her being great with child, and
should stone her as guilty of fornication, chose a companion of her own lineage, a man by name called Joseph, of
blameless life: for he as a righteous man feared God and served him with fastings and prayers, living by the works of
his hands, for he was a carpenter. Such a man the virgin knowing, chose him for her companion and revealed to him
the divine counsel.
Joseph being a righteous man, when he perceived that Mary was great with child, was minded to put her away
because he feared God. Behold, whilst he slept, he was rebuked by the angel of God, saying 'O Joseph, why art thou
minded to put away Mary thy wife? Know that whatsoever hath been wrought in her hath all been done by the will of
God. The virgin shall bring forth a son, whom thou shall call by the name Jesus; whom thou shalt keep from wine and
strong drink and from every unclean meat, because he is an holy one of God from his mother's womb. He is a prophet
of God sent unto the people of Israel, in order that he may convert Judah to his heart, and that Israel may walk in the
law of the Lord, as it is written in the law of Moses. He shall come with great power, which God shall give him, and shall
work great miracles, whereby many shall be saved'. Joseph, arising from sleep, gave thanks to God, and abode with
Mary all his life, serving God with all sincerity.
Wonderful birth of Jesus, and appearance of angels praising
There reigned at that time in Judaea Herod, by decree of Caesar Augustus, and Pilate was governor in the priesthood
of Annas and Caiaphas. Wherefore, by decree of Augustus, all the world was enrolled; wherefore each one went to his
own country, and they presented themselves by their own tribes to be enrolled. Joseph accordingly departed from
Nazareth, a city of Galilee, with Mary his wife, great with child, to go to Bethlehem (for that it was his city, he being of
the lineage of David), in order that he might be enrolled according to the decree of Caesar. Joseph having arrived at
Bethlehem, for that the city was small, and great the multitude of them that were strangers there, he found no place,
wherefore he took lodging outside the city in a lodging made for a shepherds' shelter. While Joseph abode there the
days were fulfilled for Mary to bring forth.
The virgin was surrounded by a light exceeding bright, and brought forth her son without pain, whom she took in her
arms, and wrapping him in swaddling-clothes, laid him in the manger, because there was no room in the inn. There
came with gladness a great multitude of angels to the inn, blessing God and announcing peace to them that fear God.
Mary and Joseph praised
the Lord for the birth of Jesus, and with greatest joy nurtured him.
Angels announced to the shepherds the birth of Jesus, and they,
after having found him, announce
At that time the shepherds were watching over their flock, as is their custom. And, behold, they were surrounded by an
exceeding bright light, out of which appeared to them an angel, who blessed God. The shepherds were filled with fear
by reason of the sudden light and the appearance of the angel; whereupon the angel of the Lord comforted them,
'Behold, I announce to you a great joy, for there is born in the city of David a child who is a prophet of the Lord; who
bringeth great salvation to the house of Israel. The
child ye shall find in the manger, with his mother, who blesseth God.'
And when he had said this there came a great multitude of angels blessing God, announcing peace to them that have
good will. When the angels were departed, the shepherds spake among themselves, saying: 'Let us go even unto
Bethlehem, and see the word which God by his angel hath announced to us.' There came many shepherds to
Bethlehem seeking the new-born babe. and they found outside the city the child that was born. according to the word
of the angel. lying in the manger.
They therefore made obeisance to him, and gave to the mother that which they had, announcing to her what they had
heard and seen. Mary therefore kept all these things in her heart, and Joseph [likewise], giving thanks to God. The
shepherds returned to their flock, announcing to everyone how great a thing they had seen. And so the whole hillcountry
of Judaea was filled with fear, and every man laid up this word in his heart, saying: 'What, think we, shall this
Circumcision of Jesus
When the eight days were fulfilled according to the law of the Lord, as it is written in the book of Moses, they took the
child and carried him to the temple to circumcise him. And so they circumcised the child, and gave him the name
Jesus, as the angel of the Lord had said before he was conceived in the womb. Mary and Joseph perceived that the
child must needs be for the salvation and ruin of many. Wherefore they feared God, and kept the child with fear of God.
Three Magi are led by a star in the east to Judaea, and, finding
Jesus, make obeisance to him and
In the reign of Herod, king of Judaea, when Jesus was born, three magi in the parts of the east were observing the
stars of heaven. Whereupon appeared to them a star of great brightness, wherefore having concluded among
themselves, they came to Judaea, guided by the star, which went before them, and having arrived at Jerusalem they
asked where was born the King of the Jews. And when Herod heard this he was affrighted, and all the city was
troubled. Herod therefore called together the priests and the scribes, saying: 'Where should Christ be born?' They
answered that he should be born in Bethlehem; for thus it is written by the prophet:
'And thou, Bethlehem, art not little among the princes of Judah: for out of thee shall come forth a leader, who shall lead
my people Israel.'
Herod accordingly called together the magi and asked them concerning their coming: who answered that they had
seen a star in the east, which had guided them thither, wherefore they wished with gifts to worship this new King
manifested by his star.
Then said Herod: 'Go to Bethlehem and search out with all diligence concerning the child; and when ye have found
him, come and tell it to me, because I also would fain
come and worship him.' And this he spake deceitfully.
The visitation of Jesus by magi, and their return to their own
country, with the warning of Jesus
given to them in a dream.
The magi therefore departed out of Jerusalem, and lo, the star which appeared to them in the east went before them.
Seeing the star the magi were filled with gladness. And so having come to Bethlehem, outside the city, they saw the
star standing still above the inn where Jesus was born. The magi therefore went thither, and entering the dwelling
found the child with his mother, and bending down they did obeisance to him. And the magi presented unto him spices,
with silver and gold, recounting to the virgin all that they had seen. Whereupon, while sleeping, they were warned by
the child not to go to Herod: so departing by another way they returned to their own home, announcing all that they had
seen in Judaea.
Jesus is carried in flight to Egypt, and herod massacres the
Herod seeing that the magi did not return, believed himself mocked of them; whereupon he determined to put to death
the child that was born. But behold while Joseph was sleeping there appeared to him the angel of the Lord, saying:
'Arise up quickly, and take the child with his mother and go into Egypt for Herod willeth to slay him'. Joseph arose with
great fear, and took Mary with the child, and they went into Egypt, and there they abode until the death of Herod: who,
believing himself derided of the magi, sent his soldiers to slay all the new-born children in Bethlehem. The soldiers
therefore came and slew all the children that were there, as Herod had commanded them. Whereby were fulfilled the
words of the prophet, saying: 'Lamentation and great weeping are there in Ramah; Rachel lamenteth for her sons, but
consolation is not given her because they are not.'
Jesus, heving returned to Judaea, holds a wondrous disputation
with doctors, having come to the
age of twelve years.
When Herod was dead, behold the angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph, saying: 'Return into Judaea, for
they are dead that willed the death of the child.' Joseph therefore took the child with Mary (he having come to the age
of seven years), and came to Judaea; whence, hearing that Archelaus, son of Herod, was reigning in Judaea, he went
into Galilee, fearing to remain in Judaea; and they went to dwell at Nazareth. The child grew in grace and
wisdom before God and before men.
Jesus, having come to the age of twelve years, went up with Mary and Joseph to Jerusalem, to worship there
according to the law of the Lord written in the book of Moses. When their prayers were ended they departed, having
lost Jesus, because they thought that he was returned home with their kinsfolk. Mary therefore returned with Joseph to
Jerusalem, seeking Jesus among kinsfolk and neighbours. The third day they found the child in the temple, in the midst
of the doctors, disputing with them concerning the law. And every one was amazed at his questions and answers,
saying: "How can there be such doctrine in him, seeing he is so small and hath not learned to read?'
Mary reproved him, saying: 'Son, what hast thou done to us? Behold I and thy father have sought thee for three days
sorrowing.' Jesus answered: 'Know ye not that the service of God ought to come before father and mother?' Jesus then
went down with his mother and Joseph to Nazareth, and was subject to them with humility and reverence.
Jesus having come to the age of thirty years, as he himself said unto me, went up to
Mount Olives with his mother to gather olives. Then at midday as he was praying, when he came to these words: 'Lord,
with mercy . . . ,' he was surrounded by an exceeding bright light and by an infinite multitude of angels, who were
saying: 'Blessed be God.' The angel Gabriel presented to him as it were a shining mirror, a book, which descended into
the heart of Jesus, in which he had knowledge of what God hath done and what hath said and what God willeth
insomuch that everything was laid bare and open to him; as he said unto me: 'Believe, Barnabas, that I know every
prophet with every prophecy, insomuch that whatever I say the whole bath come forth from that book.'
Jesus, having received this vision, and knowing that he was a prophet sent to the house of Israel, revealed all to Mary
his mother, telling her that he needs must suffer great persecution for the honour of God, and that he could not any
longer abide with her to serve her. Whereupon, having heard this, Mary answered: 'Son. ere thou west born all was
announced to me; wherefore blessed be the holy name of God. Jesus departed therefore that day from his mother to
attend to his prophetic office.
Jesus Miraculously healeth a leper, and goeth into
Jesus descending from the mountain to come into Jerusalem, met a leper, who by divine inspiration knew Jesus to be
a prophet. Therefore with tears he prayed him, saying; 'Jesus, thou son of David, have mercy on me.' Jesus answered:
'What wilt thou, brother, that I should do unto thee?'
The leper answered: 'Lord, give me health.'
Jesus reproved him, saying: 'Thou art foolish; pray to God who created thee, and he will give thee health; for I am a
man, as thou art.'
The leper answered: 'I know that thou, Lord, art a man, but an holy one of the Lord. Wherefore pray thou to God, and
he will give me health.'
Then Jesus, sighing, said: 'Lord God Almighty, for the love of thy holy prophets give health to this sick man.' Then,
having said this, he said, touching the sick man with his hands in the name of God: 'O brother, receive thy health!' And
when he had said this the leprosy was cleansed, insomuch that the flesh of the leper was left unto him like that of a
child. Seeing which namely, that he was healed, the leper with a loud voice cried out: 'Come hither, Israel, to receive
the prophet whom God sendeth unto thee'. Jesus prayed him, saying: 'Brother, hold thy peace and say nothing,' but the
more he prayed him the more he cried out, saying: 'Behold the prophet! behold the holy one of God!' At which words
many that were going out of Jerusalem ran back, and entered with Jesus into Jerusalem, recounting that which God
through Jesus had done unto the leper.
First sermon of Jesus delivered to the people: wonderful in
doctrine concerning the name of God.
The whole city of Jerusalem was moved by these words, wherefore they all ran together to the temple to see Jesus,
who had entered therein to pray, so that they could scarce be contained there. Therefore the priests besought Jesus,
saying: 'This people desireth to see thee and hear thee; therefore ascend to the pinnacle, and if God give thee a word
speak it in the name of the Lord.'
Then ascended Jesus to the place whence the scribes were wont to speak. And having beckoned with the hand for
silence, he opened his mouth, saying: 'Blessed be the holy name of God, who of his goodness and mercy willed to
create his creatures that they might glorify him. Blessed be the holy name of God, who created the splendour of all the
saints and prophets before all things to send him for the salvation of the world, as he spoke by his servant David,
saying: "Before Lucifer in the brightness of the saints I created thee." Blessed be the holy name of God, who created
the angels that they might serve him. And blessed be God, who punished and reprobated Satan and his followers, who
would not reverence him whom God willeth to be reverenced. Blessed be the holy name of God, who created man out
of the clay of the earth, and set him over his works. Blessed be the holy name of God, who drove man out of paradise
for having transgressed his holy precept. Blessed be the holy name of God, who with mercy looked upon the tears of
Adam and Eve, first parents of the human race. Blessed be the holy name of God who just punished Cain the fratricide,
sent the deluge upon the earth. burned up three wicked cities, scourged Egypt, overwhelmed Pharaoh in the Red Sea,
scattered the enemies of his people, chastised the unbelievers and punished the impenitent. Blessed be the holy name
of God, who with mercy looked upon his creatures, and therefore sent them his holy prophets, that they might walk in
truth and righteousness before him; who delivered his servants from every evil, and gave them this land, as he
promised to our father Abraham and to his son for ever. Then by his servant Moses he gave us his holy law, that Satan
should not deceive us: and he exalted us above all other peoples.
'But, brethren, what do we to-day, that we be not punished for our sins?'
And then Jesus with greatest vehemence rebuked the people for that they had forgotten the word of God, and gave
themselves only to vanity; he rebuked the priests for their negligence in God's service and for their worldly greed; he
rebuked the scribes because they preached vain doctrine, and forsook the law of God; he rebuked the doctors because
they made the law of God of none effect through their traditions. And in such wise did Jesus speak to the people, that
all wept, from the least to the greatest, crying mercy, and beseeching Jesus that he would pray of them; save only their
priests and leaders, who on that day conceived hatred against Jesus for having thus spoken against the priests,
scribes, and doctors. And they meditated upon his death, but for fear of the people, who had received him as a prophet
of God, they spoke no word.
Jesus raised his hands to the Lord God and prayed, and the people weeping said: 'So be it, O Lord, so be it.' The
prayer being ended, Jesus descended from the temple; and that day he departed from Jerusalem, with many that
followed him. And the priests spoke evil of Jesus among themselves.
The remarkable fear of Jesus and his prayer, and the wonderful
comfort of the angel Gabriel.
Some days having passed, Jesus having in spirit perceived the desire of the priests, ascended the Mount of Olives to
pray. And having passed the whole night in prayer, in the morning Jesus praying said: 'OLord, I know that the scribes
hate me, and the priests are minded to kill me, thy servant; therefore, Lord God almighty and merciful, in mercy hear
the prayers of the servant, and save me from their snares, for thou art my salvation. Thou knowest, Lord, that I thy
servant seek thee alone, O Lord, and speak thy word; for thy word is truth, which endureth for ever.'
When Jesus had spoken these words, behold there came to him the angel Gabriel, saying: 'Fear not, O Jesus, for a
thousand thousand who dwell above the heaven guard thy garments, and thou shalt not die till everything be fulfilled,
and the world shall be near its end.'
Jesus fell with his face to the ground, saying: 'O great Lord God, how great is thy mercy upon me, and what shall I give
thee, Lord, for all that thou hast granted me?' The angel Gabriel answered: 'Arise, Jesus, and remember
Abraham, who being willing to make sacrifice to God of his only-begotten son Ishmael, to fulfil the word of God, and the
knife not being able to cut his son, at my word offered in sacrifice a sheep. Even so therefore shalt thou do, O Jesus,
servant of God.
Jesus answered: 'Willingly, but where shall I find the lamb, seeing I have no money, and it is not lawful to steal it?'
Thereupon the angel Gabriel showed unto him a sheep, which Jesus offered in sacrifice, praising and blessing God,
who is glorious for ever.
After the fast of forty days, Jesus chooseth twelve
Jesus descended from the mount, and passed alone by night to the farther side of Jordan, and fasted forty days and
forty nights, not eating anything day nor night, making continual supplication to the Lord for the salvation of his people
to whom God had sent him. And when the forty days were passed he was an hungered. Then appeared Satan unto
him, and tempted him in many words, but Jesus drove him away by the power of words of God. Satan having departed,
the angels came and ministered unto Jesus that whereof he had need.
Jesus, having returned to the region of Jerusalem, was found again of the people with exceeding great joy, and they
prayed him that he would abide with them; for his words were not as those of the scribes, but were with power, for they
touched the heart.
Jesus, seeing that great was the multitude of them that returned to their heart for to walk in the law of God, went up into
the mountain, and abode all night in prayer, and when day was come he descended from the mountain, and chose
twelve, whom he called apostles, among whom is Judas, who was slain upon the cross. Their names are: Andrew and
Peter his brother, fishermen; Barnabas, who wrote this, with Matthew the publican, who sat at the receipt of custom;
John and James, sons of Zebedee; Thaddaeus and Judas; Bartholomew and Philip; James, and Judas Iscariot the
traitor. To these he always revealed the divine secrets; but the Iscariot Judas he made his dispenser of that which was
given in alms, but he stole the tenth part of everything.
Miracle wrought by Jesus at the marriage, turning the water into
When the feast of tabernacles was nigh, a certain rich man invited Jesus with his disciples and his mother to a
marriage. Jesus therefore went, and as they were feasting the wine ran short. His mother accosted Jesus, saying:
'They have no wine.' Jesus answered: 'What is that to me, mother mine?' His mother commanded the servants that
whatever Jesus should command them they should obey. There were there six vessels for water according to the
custom of Israel to purify themselves for prayer. Jesus said: 'Fill these vessels with water.' The servants did so. Jesus
said unto them: 'In the name of God, give to drink unto them that are feasting.' The servants thereupon bare unto the
master of the ceremonies, who rebuked the attendants saying: 'O worthless servants why have ye kept the better wine
till now?' For he knew nothing of all that
Jesus had done.
The servants answered: 'O sir, there is here a holy man of God, for he hath made of water, wine.' The master of the
ceremonies thought that the servants were drunken; but they that were sitting near to Jesus, having seen the whole
matter, rose from the table and paid him reverence, saying: 'Verily thou art an holy one of God, a true prophet sent to
us from God!'
Then his disciples believed on him, and many returned to their heart, saying: 'Praised be God, who hath mercy upon
Israel, and visiteth the house of Judah with love, and blessed be his holy name.'
Wonderful teaching giving by Jesus to his apostles concerning
conversion from the evil life.
One day Jesus called together his disciples and went up on to the mountain, and when he had sat down there his
disciples came near unto him; and he opened his mouth and taught them, saying: 'Great are the benefits which God
bath bestowed on us wherefore it is necessary that we should serve him with truth of heart. And forasmuch as new
wine is put into new vessels, even so ought ye to become new men, if ye will contain the new doctrine that shall come
out of my mouth. Verily I say unto you, that even as a man cannot see with his eyes the heaven and the earth at one
and the same time, so it is impossible to love God and the world.
'No man can in any wise serve two masters that are at enmity one with the other: for if the one shall love you, the other
will hate you. Even so I tell you in truth that ye cannot serve God and the world for the world lieth in falsehood,
covetousness, and malignity. Ye cannot therefore find rest in the world, but rather persecution and loss. Wherefore
serve God and despise the world, for from me ye shall find rest for your souls, Hear my words for I speak unto you in
'Verily, blessed are they that mourn this earthly life, for they shall be comforted.
'Blessed are the poor who truly hate the delights of the world, for they shall abound in the delights of the kingdom of
'Verily, blessed are they that eat at the table of God, for the angels shall minister unto them.
'Ye are journeying as pilgrims. Doth the pilgrim encumber himself with palaces and fields and other earthly matters
upon the way? Assuredly not: but he beareth things light and prized for their usefulness and convenience upon the
road. This now should be an example unto you; and if ye desire another example I will give it you, in order that ye may
do all that I tell you.
'Weigh not down your hearts with earthly desires, saying: "Who shall clothe us?" or "Who shall give us to eat?" But
behold the flowers and the trees, with the birds, which God our Lord clotheth and nourisheth with greater glory than all
the glory of Solomon. And he is able to nourish you, even God who created you and called you to his service; who for
forty years caused the manna to fall from heaven for his people Israel in the wilderness, and did not suffer their clothing
to wax old or perish, they being six hundred and forty thousand men, besides women and children. Verily I say unto
you, that heaven and earth shall fail, yet shall not fail his mercy unto them that fear him. But the rich of the world in their
prosperity are hungry and perish. There was a rich man whose incomings increased, and he said, "What shall I do, O
my soul? I will pull down my barns because they are small, and I will build new and greater ones: therefore thou shalt
triumph my soul!" Oh, wretched ban! for that night he died. He ought to have been mindful of the poor, and to have
made himself friends with the alms of unrighteous riches of this world; for they bring treasures in the kingdom of
'Tell me, I pray you, if ye should give your money into the bank to a publican, and he should give unto you tenfold and
twentyfold, would ye not give to such a man everything that ye had? But I say unto you, verily, that whatsoever ye shall
give and shall forsake for love of God, ye receive it back an hundred-fold, and life everlasting. See then how much ye
ought to be content to serve God.
In this chapter is clearly perceived the unbelief of Christians,
and the true faith of Mumin.
When Jesus had said this, Philip answered: 'We are content to serve God, but we desire, however, to know God, for
Isaiah the prophet said: "Verily thou art a hidden God," and God said to Moses his servant: "I am that which I am."
Jesus answered: 'Philip, God is a good without which there is naught good; God is a being without which there is
naught that is; God is a life without which there is naught that liveth; so great that he filleth all and is everywhere. He
alone hath no equal. He hath had no beginning, nor will he ever have an end, but to everything hath he given a
beginning, and to everything shall he give an end. He hath no father nor mother; he hath no sons. nor brethren. nor
companions. And because God hath no body, therefore he eateth not, sleepeth not, dieth not, walketh not, moveth not,
but abideth eternally without human similitude, for that he is incorporeal, uncompounded, immaterial, of the most
simple substance. He is so good that he loveth goodness only; he is so just that when he punisheth or pardoneth it
cannot be gainsaid. In short, I say unto thee, Philip, that here on earth thou canst not see him nor know him perfectly;
but in his kingdom thou shalt see him for ever: wherein consisteth all our happiness and glory.'
Philip answered: 'Master, what sayest thou? It is surely written in Isaiah that God is our father; how, then, hath he no
Jesus answered: 'There are written in the prophets many parables, wherefore thou oughtest not to attend to the letter,
but to the sense. For all the prophets, that are one hundred and forty-four thousand, whom God hath sent into the
world, have spoken darkly. But after me shall come the Splendour of all the prophets and holy ones, and shall shed
light upon the darkness of all that the prophets have said, because he is the messenger of God' And having said this,
Jesus sighed and said: 'Have mercy on Israel, O Lord God; and look with pity upon Abraham and upon his seed, in
order that they may serve thee with truth of heart.
His disciples answered: 'So be it, O Lord our God!'
Jesus said: 'Verily I say unto you, the scribes and doctors have made void the law of God with their false prophecies,
contrary to the prophecies of the true prophets of God: wherefore God is wrath with the house of Israel and with this
faithless generation.' His disciples wept at these words, and said: 'Have mercy, O God, have mercy upon the temple
and upon the holy city, and give it not into contempt of the nations that they despise not thy holy covenant.' Jesus
answered: 'So be it, Lord God of our fathers.'
Here is shown forth the persecution of the servants of God by the
world, and God's protection
Having said this, Jesus said: 'Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, that ye may be my disciples. If then the
world shall hate you, ye shall be truly my disciples; for the world hath been ever an enemy of servants of God.
Remember [the] holy prophets that have been slain by the world, even as in the time of Elijah ten thousand prophets
were slain by Jezebel, insomuch that scarcely did poor Elijah escape, and seven thousand sons of prophets who were
hidden by the captain of Ahab's host. Oh, unrighteous world, that knowest not God! Fear not therefore ye, for the hairs
of your head are numbered so that they shall not perish. Behold the sparrows and other
birds, whereof falleth not one feather without the will of God. Shall God, then, have more care of the birds than of man,
for whose sake he hath created everything. Is there any man, perchance, who careth more for his shoes than for his
own son? Assuredly not. Now how much less ought ye to think that God would abandon you, while taking care of the
birds! And why speak I of the birds? A leaf of a tree falleth not without the will of God.
'Believe me, because I tell you the truth, that the world will greatly fear you if ye shall observe my words. For if it feared
not to have its wickedness revealed it would not hate you, but it feareth to be revealed, therefore it will hate you and
persecute you. If ye shall see your words scorned by the world lay it not to heart, but consider how that God is greater
than you; who is in such wise scorned by the world that his wisdom is counted madness If God endureth the world with
patience, wherefore will ye lay it to heart, O dust and clay of the earth? In your patience ye shall possess your soul.
Therefore if one shall give you a blow on one side of the face, offer him the other that he may smite it. Render not evil
for evil, for so do all the worst animals; but render good for evil, and pray God for them that hate you. Fire is not
extinguished with fire, but rather with water; even so I say unto you that ye shall not overcome evil with evil, but rather
with good. Behold God, who causeth the sun to come upon the good and evil, and likewise the rain. Soought ye to do
good to all; for it is written in the law: "Be ye holy, for I your God am holy; be ye pure, for I am pure; and be ye perfect,
for I am perfect." Verily I say unto you that the servant studieth to please his master, and so he putteth not on any
garment that is displeasing to his master. Your garments are your will and your love. Beware, then, not to will or to love
a thing that is displeasing to God, our Lord. Be ye sure that God hateth the pomps and lusts of the world, and therefore
hate ye the world.'
Jesus foretelleth his betrayal, and, descending from the
mountain, healeth ten lepers.
When Jesus had said this, Peter answered: 'O teacher, behold we have felt all to follow thee, what shall become of
us?' Jesus answered: 'Verily ye in the day of judgment shall sit beside me, giving testimony against the twelve tribes of
Israel.' And having said this Jesus sighed, saying: 'O Lord, what thing is this? for I have chosen twelve, and one of
them is a devil.'
The disciples were sore grieved at this word; whereupon he who writeth secretly questioned Jesus with tears, saying:
'O master, will Satan deceive me, and shall I then become reprobate?'
Jesus answered: "Be not sore grieved, Barnabas; for those whom God hath chosen before the creation of the world
shall not perish. Rejoice, for thy name is written in the book of life.' Jesus comforted his disciples, saying: 'Fear not, for
he who shall hate me is not grieved at my saying, because in him is not the divine feeling.' At his words the chosen
were comforted. Jesus made his prayers, and his disciples said: 'Amen, so be it, Lord God almighty and merciful.'
Having finished his devotions, Jesus came down from the mountain with his disciples, and met ten lepers, who from
afar off cried out: 'Jesus, son of David, have mercy on us!'
Jesus called them near to him, and said unto them: 'What will ye of me, O brethren?' They all cried out: 'Give us
health!' Jesus answered: 'Ah, wretched that ye are, have ye so lost your reason for that ye say: "Give us health?" See
ye not me to be a man like yourselves. Call unto our God that hath created you: and he that is almighty and merciful
will heal you. With tears the lepers answered: 'We know that thou art man like us, but yet an holy one of God and a
prophet of the Lord; wherefore pray thou to God, and he will heal us.
Thereupon the disciples prayed Jesus, saying: 'Lord, have mercy upon them.' Then groaned Jesus and prayed to God,
saying: 'Lord God almighty and merciful, have mercy and hearken to the words of thy servant: and for love of Abraham
our father and for thy holy covenant have mercy on the request of these men, and grant them health.' Whereupon
Jesus, having said this, turned himself to the lepers and said: 'Go and show yourselves to the priests according to the
law of God.'
The lepers departed and on the way were cleansed. Whereupon one of them. seeing that he was healed, returned to
find Jesus, and he was an Ishmaelite. And having found Jesus he bowed himself, doing reverence unto him, and
saying: 'Verily thou art an holy one of God' and with thanks he prayed him that he would receive him for servant. Jesus
answered: 'Ten have been cleansed; where are the nine?' And he said to him that was cleansed: 'I am not come to be
served, but to serve: wherefore go to shine home, and recount how much God hath done in thee, in order that they
may know that the promises made to Abraham and his son, with the kingdom of God, are drawing nigh.' The cleansed
leper departed, and having arrived in his own neighbourhood recounted how much God through Jesus had wrought in
Miracle on the sea wrought by Jesus, and Jesus declares where the
prophet is received.
Jesus went to the sea of Galilee, and having embarked in a ship sailed to his city of Nazareth; whereupon there was a
great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was nigh unto sinking. And Jesus was sleeping upon the prow of the
ship. Then drew near to him his disciples, and awoke him, saying: 'O master, save thyself, for we perish!' They were
encompassed with very great fear, by reason of the great wind that was contrary and the roaring of the sea. Jesus
arose, and raising his eyes to heaven, said: 'O Elohim Sabaoth, have mercy upon thy servants.' Then, when Jesus had
said this, suddenly the wind ceased, and the sea became calm. Wherefore the
seamen feared, saying: 'And who is this, that the sea and the wind obey him?"
Having arrived at the city of Nazareth the seamen spread through the city all that Jesus had wrought, whereupon the
house where Jesus was, was surrounded by as many as dwelt in the city. And the scribes and doctors having
presented themselves unto him said: 'We have heard how much thou hast wrought in the sea and in Judaea: give us
therefore some sign here in thine own country.'
Jesus answered: 'This faithless generation seek a sign, but it shall not be given them, because no prophet is received
in his own country. In the time of Elijah there were many widows in Judaea, but he was not sent to be nourished save
unto a widow of Sidon. Many were the lepers in the time of Elisha in Judaea; nevertheless only Naaman the Syrian
Then were the citizens enraged and seized him and carried him on to the top of a precipice to cast him down. But
Jesus walking through the midst of them, departed from them.
Jesus healeth a demoniac, and the swine are cast into the sea.
Afterwards he healeth the
daughter of the Canaanites.
Jesus went up to Capernaum, and as he drew near to the city behold there came out of the tombs one that was
possessed of a devil, and in such wise that no chain could hold him, and he did great harm to the man.
The demons cried out through his mouth, saying: 'O holy one of God, why art thou come before the time to trouble us?'
And they prayed him that he would not cast them forth.
Jesus asked them how many they were. They answered: 'Six thousand six hundred and sixty-six.' When the disciples
heard this they were affrighted, and prayed Jesus that he would depart. Then said Jesus: 'Where is your faith? It is
necessary that the demon should depart, and not I.' The demons therefore cried: 'We will come out, but permit us to
enter into those swine.' There were feeding there, near to the sea, about ten thousand swine belonging to the
Canaanites. Thereupon Jesus said: 'Depart, and enter into the swine.' With a roar the demons entered into the swine,
and cast them headlong into the sea. Then fled into the city they that fed the swine, and recounted all that had been
brought to pass by Jesus.
Accordingly the men of the city came forth and found Jesus and the man that was healed. The men were filled with fear
and prayed Jesus that he would depart out of their borders. Jesus accordingly departed from them and went up into the
parts of Tyre and Sidon.
And lo! a woman of Canaan with her two sons, who had come forth out of her own country to find Jesus. Having
therefore seen him come with his disciples, she cried out: 'Jesus, son of David, have mercy on my daughter, who is
tormented of the devil! Jesus did not answer even a single word, because they were of the uncircumcised people. The
disciples were moved to pity, and said: 'O master, have pity on them! Behold how much they cry out and weep!'
Jesus answered: 'I am not sent but unto the people of Israel.' Then the woman, with her sons, went before Jesus,
weeping and saying: 'O son of David, have mercy on me!' Jesus answered: 'It is not good to take the bread from the
children's hands and give it to the dogs.' And this said Jesus by reason of their uncleanness, because they were of the
un- circumcised people.
The woman answered: 'O Lord, the dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their masters' table.' Then was Jesus seized with
admiration at the words of the woman, and said: 'O woman, great is thy faith.' And having raised his hands to heaven
he prayed to God, and then he said: 'O woman, thy daughter is freed, go thy way in peace.' The woman departed, and
returning to her home found her daughter, who was blessing God.' Wherefore the woman said: 'Verily there is none
other God than the God of Israel.' Whereupon all her kinsfolk joined themselves unto the law of [God], according to the
law written in the book of Moses.
Miserable condition of the uncircumcised in that a dog is better
The disciples questioned Jesus on that day, saying: 'O master, why didst thou make such answer to the woman,
saying that they were dogs?'
Jesus answered: 'Verily I say unto you that a dog is better than an uncircumcised man.' Then were the disciples
sorrowful, saying: 'Hard are these words, and who shall be able to receive them?'
Jesus answered: "If ye consider, O foolish ones, what the dog doth, that hath no reason, for the service of his master,
ye will find my saying to be true. Tell me, doth the dog guard the house of his master, and expose his life against the
robber? Yea, assuredly. But what receiveth he? Many blows and injuries with little bread, and he always showeth to his
master a joyful countenance. Is this true?'
'True it is, O master,' answered the disciples.
Then said Jesus: 'Consider now how much God hath given to man, and ye shall see how unrighteous he is in not
observing the covenant of God made with Abraham his servant. Remember that which David said to Saul king of
Israel, against Goliath the Philistine: "My lord," said David, "while thy servant was keeping thy servant's flock there
came the wolf, the bear, and the lion and seized thy servant's sheep: whereupon thy servant went and slew them,
rescuing the sheep. And what is this uncircumcised one but like unto them ? Therefore will thy servant go in the name
of the Lord God of Israel, and will slay this unclean one that blasphemeth the holy people of God."
Then said the disciples: 'Tell us O master for what reason man must needs be circumcised?"
Jesus answered: 'Let it suffice you that God hath commanded it to Abraham. saying: "Abraham, circumcise thy foreskin
and that of all thy house, for this is a covenant between me and thee for ever.''
Orgin of Circumcision, and covenant of God with Abraham, and
damnation of the uncircumcised.
And having said this, Jesus sat nigh unto the mountain which they looked upon. And his disciples came to his side to
listen to his words. Then said Jesus: 'Adam the first man having eaten, by fraud of Satan, the food forbidden of God in
paradise, his flesh rebelled against the spirit; whereupon he swore, saying: "By God, I will cut thee!"
And having broken a piece of rock, he seized his flesh to cut it with the sharp edge of the stone: whereupon he was
rebuked by the angel Gabriel. And he answered: "I
have sworn by God to cut it; I will never be a liar!"
'Then the angel showed him the superfluity of his flesh, and that he cut off. And hence, just as every man taketh flesh
from the flesh of Adam, so is he bound to observe all that Adam promised with an oath. This did Adam observe in his
sons, and from generation to generation came down the obligation of circumcision. But in the time of Abraham there
were but few circumcised upon the earth, because that idolatry was multiplied up the earth. Whereupon God told to
Abraham the fact concerning circumcision, and made this covenant, saying: "The soul that shall not have his flesh
circumcised, I will scatter him from among my people for ever." '
The disciples trembled with fear at these words of Jesus, for with vehemence of spirit he spoke. Then said Jesus:
Leave fear to him that hath not circumcised his foreskin, for he is deprived of paradise. And having said this, Jesus
spoke again, saying: 'The spirit in many is ready in the service of God, but the flesh is weak. The man therefore that
feareth God ought to consider what the flesh is, and where it had its origin, and whereto it shall be reduced. Of the clay
of the earth created God flesh, and into it he breathed the breath of life, with an inbreathing therein. And therefore
when the flesh shall hinder the service of God it ought to be spurned like clay and
trampled on, forasmuch as he that hateth his soul in this world shall keep it in life eternal.
'What the flesh is at this present its desires make manifest -that it is a harsh enemy of all good: for it alone desireth sin.
'Ought then man for the sake of satisfying one of his enemies to leave off pleasing God, his creator? Consider ye this.
All the saints and prophets have been enemies of their flesh for service of God: wherefore readily and with gladness
they went to their death, so as not to offend against the law of God given by Moses his servant, and go and serve the
false and lying gods.
'Remember Elijah, who fled through desert places of the mountains, eating only grass, clad in goats' skin. Ah, how
many days he supped not! Ah, how much cold he endured! Ah, how many showers drenched him, and [that] for the
space of seven years, wherein endured that fierce persecution of the unclean Jezebel!
Remember Elisha, who ate barley-bread, and wore the Coarsest raiment. Verily I say unto you that they, not fearing to
spurn the flesh, were feared with great terror by the king and princes. This should suffice for the spurning of the flesh,
O men. But if ye will gaze at the sepulchres, ye shall know what the flesh is.'
Natable example how one ought to flee from banqueting and
Having said this, Jesus wept, saying: 'Woe to those who are servants to their flesh, for they are sure not to have any
good in the other life, but only torments for their sins. I tell you that there was a rich glutton who paid no heed to aught
but gluttony, and so every day held a splendid feast. There stood at his gate a poor man by name Lazarus, who was
full of wounds, and was fain to have those crumbs that fell from the glutton's table. But no one gave them to him; nay,
all mocked him. Only the dogs had pity on him, for they licked his wounds. It came to pass that the poor man died, and
the angels carried him to the arms of Abraham our father. The rich man also died, and the devils carried him to the
arms of Satan; whereupon, undergoing the greatest torment, he lifted up his eyes and from afar saw Lazarus in the
arms of Abraham. Then cried the rich man: "O father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, who upon his
fingers may bring me a drop of water to cool my tongue, which is tormented in this flame."
'Abraham answered: "Son, remember that thou receivedst thy good in the other life and Lazarus his evil; wherefore
now thou shalt be in torment, and Lazarus in consolation."
'The rich man cried out again, saying: "O father Abraham, in my house there are three brethren of mine. Therefore
send Lazarus to announce to them how much I am suffering, in order that they may repent and not come hither."
'Abraham answered: "They have Moses and the prophets, let them hear them."
'The rich man answered: "Nay, father Abraham; but if one dead shall arise they will believe."
'Abraham answered: "Whoso believeth not Moses and the prophets will not believe even the dead if they should arise.
'See then whether the poor are blessed,' said Jesus, 'who have patience, and only desire that which is necessary,
hating the flesh. O wretched they, who bear others to the burial, to give their flesh for food of worms, and do not learn
the truth. So far from it that they live here like immortals, for they build great houses and purchase great revenues and
live in pride.'
How one ought to despise the flesh, and how one ought to live in
Then said he who writeth: 'O master, true are thy words and therefore have we forsaken all to follow thee. Tell us, then
how we ought to hate our flesh: for to kill oneself is not lawful, and living we needs must give it its livelihood.'
Jesus answered: 'Keep thy flesh like a horse, and thou shalt live securely. For unto a horse food is given by measure,
and labour without measure, and the bridle is put on him that he may walk at thy will, he is tied up that he may not
annoy any one, he is kept in a poor place, and beaten when he is not obedient: so do thou, then, O Barnabas, and thou
shalt live always with God.
'And be not offended at my words, for David the prophet did the same thing, as he confesseth , saying: "I am as an
horse before thee: and am always by thee."
'Now tell me, whether is poorer he who is content with little, or he who desireth much? Verily I say unto you, that if the
world had but a sound mind no one would amass anything for himself, but all would be in common. But in this is
known its madness, that the more it amasseth the more it desireth, And much as it amasseth, for the fleshly repose of
others doth it amass the same. Therefore let one single robe suffice for you, cast away your purse, carry no wallet, no
sandals on your feet; and do not think, saying: "What shall happen to us ?" but have thought to do the will of God, and
he will provide for your need, insomuch that nothing shall be lacking unto you.
'Verily I say unto you. that the amassing much in this life giveth sure witness of not having anything to receive in the
other. For he that hath Jerusalem for his native country buildeth not houses in Samaria, for that there is enmity
between there cities. Understand ye?'
'Yea, answered the disciples.
How one ought to love God. And in this chapter is contained the
wonderful contention of
Abraham with his father.
Then Jesus said: "There was a man on a journey who, as he was walking, discovered a treasure in a field that was to
be sold for five pieces of money. Straightway the man, when he knew this, sold his cloak to buy that field. Is that
credible?" The disciples answered: "He who would not believe this is mad."
Thereupon Jesus said: "You will be mad if you do not give your senses to God to buy your soul in which resides the
treasure of love; for love is an incomparable treasure. For he that loves God has God for his own; and whoever has
God has everything." Peter answered: "O master, how can one love God with true love? Tell us."
Jesus replied: "Truly I say to you that he who shall not hate his father and his mother, and his own life, and children
and wife for love of God, such is not worthy to be loved of God." Peter answered: "O master, it is written in the Law of
God in the Book of Moses: Honour your father, that you may live long upon the earth. And further he says: Cursed be
the son that obeys not his father and his mother" God commanded that such a disobedient son should be stoned by
the wrath of the people before the gate of the city. [Why] do you bid us to hate father and mother?"
Jesus replied: "Every word of mine is true, because it is not mine, but God's, who has sent me to the House of Israel.
Therefore I say to you that all that which you possess God has bestowed it upon you: and so, what is more precious,
the gift or the giver? When your father and your mother with every other thing is a stumbling block to you in the service
of God, abandon them as enemies. Did not God say to Abraham: Go forth from the house of your father and of your
kindred, and come to dwell in the land which I will give to you and to your seed? Why did God say this, except that the
father of Abraham was an image-maker, who made and worshipped false gods? [For this reason] there was enmity
between them, such that the father wished to burn his son." Peter answered: "Your words are true. I pray you tell us
how Abraham mocked his father."
Jesus replied: "Abraham was seven years old when he began to seek God. So one day he said to his father: 'Father,
what made man?' The foolish father answered: 'Man [made man]; for I made you, and my father made me.' Abraham
answered: 'Father, it is not so; for I have heard an old man weeping and saying: 'O my God, why have you not given
me children?'' His father replied: 'It is true, my son, that God helps man to make man, but he does not put his hands to
[the task]; it is only necessary that man come to pray to his God and to give him lambs and sheep, and his God will
help him.' Abraham answered: 'How many gods are there, father?' The old man replied: 'They are infinite in number,
Then Abraham said: 'O father, what shall I do if I serve one god and another [god] wishes me evil because I do not
serve him? In any case discord will come between them, and so war will arise among the gods. And if, perhaps, the
god that wills me evil shall slay my own god, what shall I do? It is certain that he will slay me also. The old man,
laughing, answered: "O son, have no fear, for no god makes war upon another god; no, in the great temple there are a
thousand gods with the great god Baal; and I am now near seventy years old, and yet never have I seen that one god
has smitten another god. And assuredly all men do not serve one god, but one man one, and another."
Abraham answered: "So, then, they have peace among themselves?" His father said: "They have." Then said
Abraham: "O father, what be the gods like?" The old man answered: "Fool, every day I make a god, which I sell to
others to buy bread, and you know not what the gods are like!" And then at that moment he was making an idol. "This,"
said he, "is of palm wood, that one is of olive, that little one is of ivory: see how fine it is! Does it not seem as though it
were alive? Assuredly, it lacks but breath!"
Abraham answered: "And so, father, the gods are without breath? Then how do they give breath? And being without
life, how give they life? It is certain, father, that these are not God." The old man was wroth at these words, saying: "If
you were of age to understand, I would break your head with this axe: But hold your peace, because you have not
understanding!" Abraham answered: "Father, if the gods help to make man, how can it be that man should make the
gods? And if the gods are made of wood, it is a great sin to burn wood. But tell me, father, how is it that, when you
have made so many gods, the gods have not helped you to make so many other children that you should become the
most powerful man in the world?"
The father was beside himself, hearing his son speak so; the son went on: "Father, was the world for some time
without men?" Yes," answered the old man, "and why?" "Because," said Abraham, "I should like to know who made the
first God." "Now go out of my house!" said the old man, "and leave me to make this god quickly, and speak no words to
me; for, when you are hungry you desire bread and not words." Abraham said: "A fine god, truly, that you cut him as
you will, and he defends not himself!" Then the old man was angry, and said: "All the world says that it is a god, and
you, mad fellow, say that it is not. By my gods, if you were a man I could kill you!" And having said this, he gave blows
and kicks to Abraham, and chased him from the house."
In this chapter is clearly seen how improper is laughter in men: also the prudence of Abraham.
The disciples laughed over the madness of the old man, and stood
amazed at the prudence of Abraham. But Jesus
reproved them, saying: "You have forgotten the words of the prophet, who says: Present laughter is a herald of
weeping to come, and further, You shall not go where is laughter, but sit where they weep, because this life passes in
miseries." Then Jesus said, "In the time of Moses, know you not that for laughing and mocking at others God turned
into hideous beasts many men of Egypt? Beware that in anywise you laugh not at any one, for you shall surely weep
The disciples answered: "We laughed over the madness of the old man." Then Jesus said: "Truly I say to you, every
like loves his like, and therein finds pleasure. Therefore, if you were not mad you would not laugh at madness. They
answered: "My God have mercy on us. Jesus said: "So be it."
Then said Philip: "O master, how came it to pass that Abraham's father wished to burn his son?" Jesus answered:
"One day, Abraham having come to the age of twelve years, his father said to him: "Tomorrow is the festival of all the
gods; therefore we shall go to the great temple and bear a present to my god, great Baal. And you shall choose for
yourself a god, for you are of age to have a god."
Abraham answered with guile: "Willingly, O my father." And so betimes in the morning they went before every one else
to the temple. But Abraham bare beneath his tunic an axe hidden. Whereupon, having entered into the temple, as the
crowd increased Abraham hid himself behind an idol in a dark part of the temple. His father, when he departed,
believed that Abraham had gone home before him, wherefore he did not stay to seek him.
When every one had departed from the temple, the priests closed
the temple and went away. Then Abraham took the
axe and cut off the feet of all the idols, except the great god Baal. At its feet he placed the axe, amid the ruins which
the statues made, for they, through being old and composed of pieces, fell in pieces. Thereupon, Abraham, going forth
from the temple, seen by certain men, who suspected him of having gone to thieve something from the temple. So they
laid hold on him, and having arrived at the temple, when they saw their gods so broken in pieces, they cried out with
lamentation: "Come quickly, O men, and let us slay him who has slain our gods!" There ran together there about ten
thousand men, with the priests, and questioned Abraham of the reason why he had destroyed their gods.
Abraham answered: "You are foolish! Shall then a man slay God? It is the great God that has slain them. See you not
that axe which he has near his feet? Certain it is that he desires no fellows." Then arrived there the father of Abraham,
who, mindful of the many discourses of Abraham against their gods, and recognizing the axe wherewith Abraham had
broken in pieces the idols, cried out: "It has been this traitor of a son of mine, who has slain our gods! for this axe is
mine." And he recounted to them all that had passed between him and his son. Accordingly the men collected a great
quantity of wood, and having bound Abraham's hands and feet put him upon the wood, and put fire underneath.
'Lo! God, through his angel, commanded the fire that it should not burn Abraham his servant. The fire blazed up with
great fury, and burned about two thousand men of those who had condemned Abraham to death. Abraham truly found
himself free, being carried by the angel of God near to the house of his father, without seeing who carried him; and
thus Abraham escaped death."
Then Philip said: "Great is the mercy of God upon whoever loves
him. Tell us, O master, how Abraham came to [have]
the knowledge of God." Jesus answered: "Having arrived near to the house of his father, Abraham feared to go into the
house; so he removed [himself] some distance from the house and sat under a palm tree, where, being by himself, he
said:"There must be a God who has life and power more than man, since he makes man, and man without God could
not make man."
Thereupon, looking round upon the stars, the moon, and the sun, he thought that they had been God. But after
considering their variableness with their movements, hesaid: "It must be [necessarily] that God does not move and that
clouds do not hide him [as they hide the planets]; otherwise men would be reduced to nothing." Remaining thus in
suspense, he heard himself called by name, "Abraham!" And so, turning round and not seeing any one on any side, he
said: "I am sure I heard myself called by name, 'Abraham. " Then, two other times in a similar manner, he heard
himself called by name, "Abraham!"
He answered: "What calls me?" Then he heard [the voice] say: "I am the angel of God, Gabriel." Abraham was filled
with fear; but the angel comforted him, saying: "Do not fear, Abraham, for you are friend of God When you broke in
pieces the gods of men, you were chosen [by] the God of the angels and prophets such that you are written in the
Book of Life." Then said Abraham: "What should I do [so as] to serve the God of the angels and holy prophets?" The
angel answered: "Go to that fount and wash yourself, for God wishes to speak with you."
Abraham answered: "How should I wash myself?" Then the angel appeared to him as a beautiful youth, and washed
himself in the fount, saying: "Do the same as this, O Abraham." When