MENTALITY OF YOUNG PEOPLE ABOUT INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO INTERNET
R.K.Prajapati* and S.C. Chakrawarti**
* **Research scholar of Awadhesh pratap Singh University Rewa (M.P.)
The computers are growing in popularity very rapidly. Almost everything you can of thing is being run by computer from ongoing records to directly traffic. The information technology industry is growing at an incredible rate. The impact of computers on our everyday life is monumental, through taken for granted. Internet is the world largest computer network of networks, scattered in all over the world. It was created nearly 35 years ago as a project forth U.S. Department of defence. It goal was to create method for widely separated computers to transfer data efficiently even in the event of nuclear attack from a handful of computer and uses in the 1960s, today the Internet has grown to thousands of regional network that can connect millions of users, any single individual company or country does not own this global network. The users of Internet increasing day by day because Internet is allow collect and share any type of information in entire worlds of users due to this reason increasing the interest of young people in using Internet, however the put us in touch with the entire interconnected world with ability to hurt, misunderstand or infuriate through unintended cultural differences (Langford, 2000). In present the young people are dependent on Internet for searching study material, literature, graphics and chatting with friends especially in metropolitan cities, I think in near future people totally dependent on technology. The information technology helps us to the solving mathematical problems, research problems and forecasting the meteorological phenomenon etc.
The internet is having a substantive effect on how people in our society behave and interact. For the first time in our history children are more comfortable and knowledgeable with a technology than are their parents, and there are important considerations in this switch (Topscott, 1998). Telecommunication network and computer technology are leading the change that is transforming our lives and we lack the resource to understand how to cope with ethical change (Stahl, 1999; Barroso, 2001; Gomes, 2002).
History and development of Internet
What began by being in a network, when U.S. Department of defence in decades 1960s feel a computer network which can transfer data efficiently even in the event of a nuclear attack and later in 1962-1969 proposed concept of internet and that time also had been it introduced in a small network. In 1970-1973 developed an Advance Research Project Agency by the U.S. organization of defence, which well known ARPANET, now Internet grew and it continues to grew, in fact the use of Internet has increased exponentially over the past few years. In 1972 established an International working Group, the Vintonvers was the first president of that organization which is in present known as a father of Internet. The users of Internet is increasing day by day end of 1997 more than 100 million people were using the Internet and traffic it is double ling every 100 days (The Emerging Digital Economy, 1998). Parallel to this expansion in utilization has been substantial changes in Internet communication technology. Usenet newsgroup discussion & electronic mail were the predominant communication technologies the earlier days. Today the Internet offers a much wider scope of tools used for information transmission and retrieval, communication and interaction (December, 1996).In fact testimony of the impressive massification is the possibility, to buy an aero plane ticket, rail ticket, of ordering a book from another country, to sell an apartment, to see the schedule of transports chat with friends in entire world, finally an endless list of usefulness jus with click mouse. In 15 August 1995 first time Internet service had been started by Vedesh Sanchar Nigam limited (VSNL) in metropolitan cities in India.
The young people and the Internet
The interest of young people about Internet increasing in present time because we can say that it is the largest library of the world which contain all fields of useful literature past and present and it is provider of all useful facilities to people such as searching literature, graphics, news online, of ordering a book from another country, buy aero plane ticket and put us in touch all over the world at home. In present young people and evenly children are extensive amount of time spend online in Internet surfing. They can lead to depression and other mental health related problem due to lack of meaningful interactions and close relationship with friends and family. Young people who spend hours online and limit their social interactions with their peers and become socially isolated as they lack opportunities to improve their social skills (Bostick, 2005). I believe that this emphasis an actual development fact: adolescents use the Internet much more than children do (Thornburgh and Lin, 2002). However the age of first Internet use is rapidly ascending, being now under 12 years old (Wartella et al., 2005). A recently research published in China daily says that 17% of male and 10% of female youth is dependent of Internet use. The answers were obtained at school, cyber cafes and through Internet questionnaires. The research didn’t reveal the exact number of Chinese addicts, but most of them are in the 13-17 years old age group, and 23, 2% of the high school students are addicted to the internet (China Daily, 2005). One study shows that 70% of 13 and 14 years olds go into chat rooms where they might be exposed to unethical subjects (Jones, 2002). The Users are happier in the virtual than in the real world, and they are frustrated if they cannot access to the web. In conclusion online interaction is just not the same.
The Internet as a new social environment, new cultural tools in which universal adolescent issues such as identity, sexuality and a sense of self-worth are played out in virtual world in ways that are both new and old (Subrahmanyam et al., 2000/2001). However the study indicates we can say that Internet as a source of new methods for developmental research as well as new research environment that requires the development of new methodologies. As a source of new methods, applications for public communication represented in this social section by chat rooms and bulletin boards, providing a locus for observing peer interaction that is usually hidden from the view of adults in general and research in particular.
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