The name "Jasmine" basically refers to some of the many varieties of shrubs, vines (like sambac, pink and confederate) and small trees (like Lakeview). They are all blessed with fragrant white flowers many people and insects enjoy. True jasmines are related to the olive, privet and osmanthus.
Many plants called jasmine are not jasmine but closely resemble the classic flower appearance and fragrance. In the list at the bottom you will see some of the many plant types (Latin names) said to be a jasmine.
True jasmines are native to India, Western China and other parts of Asia including Japan, Borneo, Thailand, and some South Seas islands.
The Pinwheel Jasmine is a fine shrub blooming well in sunny conditions. Most jasmines need bright sun for performance in flowers and leaves. However, a few are well suited to shade and can be used as a small hedge in lower light conditions, still producing some color.
Tolerant of most soils, jasmines don't handle salt air, but are easy to manage with reasonable water available and decent drainage. Fertilize normally, but jasmines are light feeders so go easy but incorporate good soil.
Plants named "Jasmine" locally seen include:
- Jasmine Asiatic - Trachelospermum asiaticum
- Jasmine Carolina - Gelsemium sempervirens
- Jasmine Chalcas - Murraya paniculata
- Jasmine Confederate - Trachelospermum jasminoides,
- Jasmine Crape - Trachelospermum divaricata
- Jasmine Downy - Jasminum multiflorum,
- Jasmine Gracillimum
- Jasmine Lakeview - Murraya paniculata, 'Lakeview',
- Jasmine Minima - Trachelospermum asiaticum 'Minima'
- Jasmine Night Blooming - Murraya paniculata
- Jasmine Pink - Jasminum polyanthum
- Jasmine Pinwheel - Tabernaemontana
- Jasmine Primrose - Jasminium mesnyl
- Royal Jasmine - Jasmine rex
- Jasmine Shining - Jasminium nitidum
- Jasmine Star - Trachelospermum jasminoides 'Star'
- Jasmine Wax - Jasminum volubile
- Jasmine Winter - Jasminum nudiforum
- Jasminum floridum
- Jasminum illicifolium,
- Jasminum pubescens
- Jasminum sambac - Arabian Jasmine
- Jasminum sambac - 'Grand Duke of Tuscany'
- Jasminum sambac - 'Maid of Orleans'
- Jasmine sambac 'Triple Bloomer',
- Jasminum simplicifolium - Jasminum volubile
- Jasminum x stephanense
- Jasminum undalatum
Jasminum sambac is classified under the genus Jasminum under the tribe Jasmineae. It belongs to the olive family Oleaceae.Despite the English common name of"Arabian jasmine", Jasminum sambac is not originally native to Arabia. The habits of Jasminum sambac support a native habitat of humid tropical climates and not the arid climates of the Middle East. Early Chinese records of the plant points to the origin of Jasminum sambac as South and Southeast Asia. Jasminum sambac (and nine other species of the genus) were spread into Arabia and Persia by man, where they were cultivated in gardens. From there, they were introduced to Europe where they were grown as ornamentals and were known under the common name "sambac" in the 18th century. A name which is derived from a misapplication of the Sanskrit name champaka, which refers to the fragrant flowered shrub Michelia champaca.
Jasminum sambac is an evergreen vine or shrub reaching up to 0.5 to 3 m (1.6 to 9.8 ft) tall. The species is highly variable, possibly a result of spontaneous mutation, natural hybridization, and autopolyploidy. Only a few varieties reproduce by seed in the wild. Cultivated Jasminum sambac generally do not bear seeds and the plant is reproduced solely, by cuttings layering, marcotting, and other methods ofasexual propagation.The leaves are ovate, 4 to 12.5 cm (1.6 to 4.9 in) long and 2 to 7.5 cm (0.79 to 3.0 in) wide. The phyllotaxy is opposite or in whorls of three, simple (not