Following Charles's death, his brother, James II, appointed a royal governor for the Dominion, Sir Edmund Andros. Armed with broad authority, Andros arrived in Boston in 1686. Ruling with the aid of an appointed council rather than an elected legislature, he levied new taxes, enforced imperial trade regulations, and raised questions about the validity of land titles granted to towns and individuals under the old charter. Most serious to those hopeful of retaining the congregational form of worship, Andros forced Boston officials to permit Church of England services. In 1689, upon learning of the coup that forced James 11 to flee to the continent, New Englanders eagerly overthrew the Andros regime. The restoration of the old charter government was an interim move until the new king, William III, decided upon a permanent structure. Until then, troubling questions remained about the security of land titles and the status of the Church of England in Massachusetts. Other developments contributed to the malaise. Warfare on the northeastern frontier with Indians and their French allies persisted, bringing a flow of refugees into the Salem area and dramatically higher taxes for all in the province. For Salem Village, the frontier fighting also meant the periodic loss of the labor of some of its young men when they were most needed in the fields. When I use custom research papers, I know I will have excellent drafted papers urgently!