I have to write some definitions on few terms related to tourism
before giving some wide perspective on damage created by
Tour refers to the Journey to various places, coming back
in the end to the place the journey started from!
Tourism refers to the business of providing travel,
accommodation, food, entertainment etc for tourists.
Tourist refers to a person who goes to holiday to visit
places away from the home.
Eco Tourism refers to responsible travel to natural areas
that conserves the environment and improves the welfare of local
The concept of the using of Term "DEVELOPMENT"
Development refers to GROW OR START. I have seen in many
brochures Canopy Development, Eco Development, Green Development,
Forest Development, Tribal area Development, Mangrove Development
etc and list goes unending…
I was thinking all for a while "Any development in the area of
Canopy, Ecology, Green, Forest or Mangrove all these years? I
have only seen shrinking of Greenish belts where all Eco tourism
is rooted" The word "Development" is a hypnotic term that creates
mass hysteria. I have seen Urban Development, Rural Development,
Tribal Area Development which proportionate the Destruction of
Canopy, Ecology, Green, Forest, Mangrove etc. If Birds and
Animals talk, they may use only obscene languages to describe the
masters of Eco-Tourism.
Tourism is a money spinning industry. Tourism is a kind of big
business that erodes a person's financial stability through
advertising. One can use that money for many creative purposes.
Tourism exploits curiosity of a person, Health, Wealth and
Beliefs and someone counts that big benefit and laugh at the
travelers after they are back, by presenting statistics. I have
attended such seminars, for example one of the presenters starts
talking about some statistics regarding arrivals of tourists,
"1000 tourists were there this season, and we expect to
increase the frequency by 50%, what we should do?" Construct
more resorts, roads and pavements through bushes, waterlog areas,
put some lamps inside forests, few seats etc… imagination flies
high. You can assume negative aspects in this simple line itself.
Birds inside bushes are scared; Fishes and other amphibians
disappear, Forest ecology is disrupted… and many more… on long
run hundreds of shopping malls and vehicle parkings arrive
creating a mini urban area.
International Eco Tourism Society quotes in their report
"There are 109 countries with coral reefs. In 90 of them reefs
are being damaged by cruise ship anchors and sewage, by tourists
breaking off chunks of coral, and by commercial harvesting for
sale to tourists."
"Cruise ships in the Caribbean are estimated to
produce more than 70,000 tons of waste each year."
"An average 18 whole golf course soaks up at least 5,25,000
gallons of water a day-enough to supply the irrigation needs of
100 Malaysian farmers"
This is 2006 results from Eco-tourism. I don't know whether
thorough research is going on in Poor, Developing and Developed
nations yearly. Hope very little because money changes anything
These all resulted from Ecotourism:
Introduction of new species by Tourists.
Capturing and Killing of Rare animals for souvenirs.
Intrusion into core areas by researchers and photographers in
search of rare species disturbs habitats.
New construction of Tracks, Road, Lodges.
Extraction of Fuel wood.
Forest fires resulting from Tourists irresponsible behavior.
Vegetation clearing in order to provide better views for
Hunting, Vehicle Accidents, Bigger carnivorous animals are killed
in order to prevent potential tourist injuries and damages to
Alteration of landscapes, leading to destruction and relocation
of Fauna and Flora.
Introduction of Virus and Bacteria's by human causing new
epidemics to animals.
Feeding by humans alters natural behavior in animals and birds.
Particularly monkey and squirrel species are affected.
Over breeding of some small insect species and Floras, that
depends on dumped waste products by humans.
Wildlife population comes under constant stress due to human
presence in day and night.
More business man crowds around the forest area creating more
stress for forest products and directly on all species.
Nocturnal creatures are more affected in daytime. They shift
their location constantly.
Creation of migration barriers.
Some Natural areas are partitioned creating havoc in natural
behavior of large animals.
Irresponsible Tourist Guides creates new crisis in Natural
habitats by leading money motive tourist to new areas for
immediate monetary benefit.
Sensitive animals and birds and other species prematurely die
because of tourist frequency and its leading stress.
Raring of small babies, eggs and cubs becomes a problem for all
Carnivorous species are more effected because of tourist flow and
tourist tracks that threat their food searching behavior.
Over fishing by tourists for food, creating break in food chain.
Boating contaminates water bodies, killing various sensitive
water dependent species.
Reduce Plant density and decrease in biomass.
Reduced plant regeneration.
Mechanical damage on vegetation.
Reduction of deadwood leading to break in foodchain. Insect
breeding is dependent on dead wood where many birds are dependent
on Insect species.
Fresh water contamination. Algal growth in inland water bodies.
Changing water courses.
Soil erosion and soil compaction.
Air pollution by vehicles and boats.
Collection/consumption of firewood.
New organic and inorganic wastes inside and both side of the
If you are responsible what as a Holiday maker or Travelers can
help to restore the Ecology of forests and water bodies:
Avoid Visiting Eco-Tourism Spots as Holiday
Camps or Picnic Camps, unless you are a wildlife photographer
or in research with something from the forest or wildlife
Never rely or stay in Jungle lodges or amenities given by
Tourist departments or Forest departments, once
business is on, they create more lodges inside forests. They are
sniffing money from your pocket.
Avoid exploring core areas. As one person comes interested
others all yells for it creating more tracks and roads towards in
future. Tourist planners are keen to mobilize more tourist
attraction inside jungles.
Avoid fishing and boating.
Avoid buying forest products. Buying creates not restoration
of Ecology but exploitation of entire forests including farming
more demanding things by Tribal creating conflict with forest.
More amenities and money spinning, Tribal behavior changes
causing transition in their culture and outlook. Money can change
behavior creating sociological crisis.
Use Vehicles that have only minimum pollution level.
Avoid Adventurous Games inside sanctuaries and Water ways
inside forests. Most of the Games and clubs inside
Forest creates destruction of ecology inside
For Trekking select outer trek paths of the forests.
For policy makers in Tourism:
Ban Eco-Tourism for rest of life.
Put new strict guidelines to enter into forest areas.
Close all introduced tracks.
Seal all roads leading to forest area with anti-poaching
squads. Equip forest officials with new technology warfare
instruments and equipments, radar and satellite searching
Open Vetnary hospital for rehabilitation and management of
sick animals permanently on outskirts of forests area.
Ban plantations inside forests area permanently.
Leave forest area as it is.
Regulate researchers and set guidelines for them.
Demolish all Jungle lodges and decommission it.