How Is Bipolar 2 Disorder Different From Other Types of Bipolar Disorder?
People with bipolar 1 disorder experience mania -- a severe and elevated mood with erratic behavior. Manic symptoms lead to disruptions in life. Bipolar 2 can be thought of as a milder form of bipolar disorder but that doesn't mean its any easier to live with. Bipolar 2 may create depression or anxiety so great that risk of suicide is increased over those who suffer from Bipolar 1. Bipolar 2 is similar to bipolar 1 disorder, with moods cycling between high and low over time. However, in bipolar 2 disorder, the "up" moods never reach full-on mania. The less-intense elevated moods in bipolar II disorder are called hypo manic episodes, or hypomania. In between episodes of hypomania and depression, many people with bipolar 2 disorder live normal lives.
Symptoms and characteristics of hypomania include:
Some people cycle back and forth between hypomania and depression, while others have long periods of normal mood in between episodes
Depressive symptoms of bipolar disorder can last weeks, months, or rarely years
What causes Bipolar 2 Disorder?
Many researchers believe that some individuals have a genetic vulnerability to mood disorders, which can be triggered by emotional or environmental events. Once triggered, the actual cause of mood and anxiety is commonly believed to be an imbalance of the body's neurotransmitter system. Neurotransmitters such as serotonin, nor epinephrine, dopamine etc. are chemicals that carries messages between nerve cells. Neurotransmitters are involved in the regulation of mood, pain, pleasure, anxiety, panic, arousal, and sleep behavior (the sleep-wake cycle).
Statistics showed that Bipolar 2's had a higher suicide rate and is now being taken more seriously… Bipolar 2 is a very serious condition..
Rapid and loud speech
Moods much better than normal
Continuous high energy/ excess energy
Decreased need for sleep
Tendency to engage in behavior that could have serious consequences, such as spending recklessly or inappropriate sexual encounters.
^All of these Symptoms can cause distress and impair functioning. Its not something you can switch on and off. ^