'The Hattians our Ancestors' Translated & Annotated by

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Submitted: September 30, 2016

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Submitted: September 30, 2016

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  1. The Hattians our Ancestors

 

It was not until a few decades ago did western scholars begin identifying a strong relationship between the founders of the Bronze Age the Hattians, and the proto-NW Caucasian people. Growing evidence suggests astounding phonological, theological, and cultural similarities that submit adequate recognition that the root of both nations is ultimately one.

In Circassian/Abaza-Abkhaz history and folklore, this relationship is known and affirmed since time immemorial, and is considered an integral element of the Circassian/Abaza-Abkhaz ancestry. Folktales, songs, and poems relate a reliable source in determining the recently discovered hypothesis. Moreover, it is impossible to ignore the extensive use of the word “Het”, “Hati”, “Hatu” in Circassian language. Countless names and family names still bear whiteness to the olden correlation. The following is an example:

Hetu-qwey, Het-x, Heti-zchoqwe, Het-yaqwe, Heti-ghw, Hati-shiqw, Hati-zhiqw and so forth, and as an indication to bravery and fortitude, the Circassians still employ the word “Het” in gallantry expressions; Het Zcheighe’e! : Say that you are a Het! (Be brave).

The Circassian allegory narrates that two brothers “Hatchey” and “Kurabshu” were playing together. Unintentionally, Hatchey ripped his brother’s eye. Fearing the strict punishment of Hattian verdict, Hatchey went into hiding, and after some time had passed, he fled by a Greek ship with a group of supporters, crossed the Black Sea, and rested on the Circassian shores in today known as Anapa city. 

Shamsudin Khut, a historical researcher in the Institute of Human Science in the Republic of Adigea explains, “Numerous stories roam among the Circassians narrating how a large group of people coming from The Hattian Empire ended up settling in the NW Caucasus.  The folkloric archive in the Institute of Human Science in the Republic of Adigea has gathered the recordings of eight epics describing the historical occurrence. The title of one of these epics is ‘How did the Adige arrive to the Caucasus’ and it explains that the Hattian influx to the Caucasus was a fortuitous incident”

One of the most famous Circassian heroic epics is called Hatiytxeme ya Pschinalh The Hattians Ballad. This historical epic unfolds true historical incidents that took place more than 36 cenruries ago,

Hetiytu

Lhepqizchxem Yaschischu

Txidezchim Qa'uate

Hetiytim ya pschighueschxueu

Xischxue sch'ibim schi'em

Ts'eri'ueu zeibghu

Ya ghunapqwr Misrim

Hetiytxem naghes

Ramzeisu paschtihim

Ar emidu zawe qeisch

Hatiytu zawel’xem

Ya l’igher medalhe

Ya damexer za’waxe

Ya pqexer pqiyeixew (…) 

 

The Hattites our forbearers

in the ancient world they reside

Narrating ancient history.

The Hattites ostentatious prince

 Dwells behind the great sea

he is renowned and known by all,

to the borders of Egypt

the Hattites reached,

King Ramssees

Refuses to battle.

The Hattite soldiers

Overflow with courage

Their wings are open

Their bodies are powerful (…)

(Sherjes & Hequn, 2000, p 14)

 

Khut additionaly explain that the memory of Kadesh battle has found a place within Circassian songs particularly in the initiation part, where the word Nerina is embedded as a tribute to the admired-by-all Hattian war leader Nerin who lost his life in the battle.

Ekrem Akurgal a Turkish archeologist writes, “The large-nosed soldiers identified as Hitti in the Egyptian temple depiction of the battle of Kadesh show a completely different ethnic type from their (Hittite Indo-European) kings in the same scene” (Akurgal, 2001, p 8).  Given the various hypothesis, the Circassian people will inevitably cherish and glorify the ancestral Hatti correlation. 


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