'Circassian New Year' Translated & Annotated by

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Submitted: September 30, 2016

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Submitted: September 30, 2016

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  1. Circassian New Year

 

The Circassians celebrate New Year every 22nd of March, during which the length of day and night are almost equal. This date also signifies the beginning of spring, where life on earth begins a new cycle, and is an important point to the Circassians because their lives exceedingly matted with earth.

Since dawn of history, 6218 years ago, the Circassians marked this day as their New Year, and it essentially symbolizes triumph of righteousness over evil. It also follows a special celebration and a series of rituals.  A black colored hen or sheep is presented as a sacrifice. The color black essentially denotes darkness and evil, and accordingly the Circassians avow the triumph of goodness over evil. 

The New Year rituals commence with the Jegw, followed by the subsequent prayer:

Our god the supreme one,

Our only god,

Creator of the matching earth and skies,

Creator of the great sun.

From nothingness thou is able to create

O wonderous one.

Sought by all,

Yet thou seek none,

Beseeched by all,

Yet thou beseech none, our god,

One god,

Supreme god!

May this toast bring blessings

Proliferate our fields,

May we eradicate hesitancy,

If sorrow is drawn upon us,

May it be scattered away

May we always remain at the leading edge,

May happiness burgeon upon us,

May heart-aches separate from us,

May our achievements remain integral

May our daughters be virtuous,

May our good son’s be heroic men

May their work be guided by passion,

May they remain diligent towards work

Leadership their trait

Vanguards of celebrations,

Their strength like bold lions and

An undying fire,

May our future generations prosper,

May our elders remain vigorous,

Wise leaders seated on the tables,

And shrewd members for our councils,

Without losing our fervor,

May our deeds always gratify us

Righteousness our path

May the New Year cleanse us,

O supreme god bestow upon us.

 

Afterwards, a woman uses lanolin or any other animal grease to light fire to generate a scent called Zcherime. Thus, pronouncing the following prayer:

 

This Zcherime

(Embodies) the Circassian household

The Circassian nation

May they remain in their homeland

May the millet seed and fire seed survive throughout existence.

May this land hoard our nation

O supreme god grant us!

Subsequently, an eminent and esteemed elderly woman places three pies called Helijei over each other and pronounces the following prayer:

This pie embodies the sun
 May the edges of the sunrays shine upon all.
Praise to our supreme god!

The vessel containing all the melted grease is used to light the New Year’s blaze followed by this prayer:

 Our supreme god!

 Our only god!

 Nobe ghere sch’ire zixoch’
Today we enter into New Year
 the sun’s light and warmth
 May grant us fortune
Praise to our Supreme god!

The Circassian New Year finalizes with a vast Jegw, and fulfilled with a concluding dance called Wij, also known as the spring dance. The subsequent three days after the festivity, The Circassians continue celebrating while paying visits to each other.

Source: http://www.kavkaznews.net/ady/historyadyg.htm

Accessed: December 9, 2009. 

 

 


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