My Masters Degree Dissertation Preliminary Pages

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This is a Masters Degree Dissertation on "A Contrastive Analysis of Pluralisation Processes in Tiv and English

Submitted: February 09, 2017

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Submitted: February 09, 2017

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A Contrastive Analysis of Pluralisation Processes in Tiv and English

 

 

 

By

ZAYOL, Meshach Terfa

NSU/ARTS/MA/ENG/907/12/13

 

Being an M.A Dissertation Submitted to the School of Postgraduate Studies, Nasarawa State University, Keffi in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Award of Master of Arts Degree in English Language

 

 

 

Supervisor

Prof. Adewole A. Alagbe

 

 

 

 

December, 2016

 

 

CERTIFICATION

This work has been read and approved as meeting part of the requirements of the Department of English, Faculty of Arts, Nasarawa State University, Keffi for the award of a Master of Arts (M.A) Degree in English Language.

 

________________________ ___________________

Assoc. Prof. Adewole A. Alagbe Date

Supervisor

 

________________________ ____________________

Dr. Terhemba Shija Date

Head of Department

________________________ _____________________

Prof. Gbenga Ibileye

Internal Examiner Date

________________________ ______________________

External Examiner Date

______________________ _______________________

Prof. M.I. Fodio Date

Dean, SPGS

 

Declaration

I hereby declare that this dissertation has been written by me and it is a report of my research work. It has not been presented in any previous application for M.A. all quotations are indicated and sources of information specifically acknowledged by means of references.

ZAYOL, Meshach Terfa ____________________

NSU/ARTS/MA/ENG/907/12/13 Date

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dedication

This work is lovingly dedicated to SP Yisa Moses Terfa for his financial and editorial assistance. He meticulously provided the methodology for this study.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acknowledgements

I want to first express my gratitude to God for guarding and protecting me throughout my life. I want to sincerely thank my supervisor, Associate Professor Adewole Alagbe whose professional touch and thorough time given to this work has made it a success. My Internal Examiner, Professor Gbenga Ibileye is acknowledged in the same manner for the meticulous time and attention he gave to ensuring that this study became a success. His professional touch is too great to delay acknowledgement. I sincerely thank and acknowledge the exemplary leadership of my Head of Department, Dr. Terhemba Shija. I also wish to thank my Godfather/Mentor – Professor David Ker, Professor Amirikpa Oyigbanu, Associate Professor Jeff Doki, Professor T.Y Surakat, Dr. Joy Aworo, Dr. Salisu Raj, Za-Ayem Agye, and Dr. Maria Ajima.

I similarly wish to acknowledge the Director of Best Schools International – Sir Kingsley Onourah, and the Rector of the same school – Mrs Edna Kingsley Onourah for the hospitality they have given me while I served as the Editorial Consultant of The Quarry Magazine.

I am highly indebted to Mrs Mary Oladeji whose prayers and assistance are too great to escape mention, and Elizabeth Gever is acknowledged in the same capacity. I thank Bette Peter and Chukwudiebere Ositadimma Okagu for their insightful advices. I also wish to acknowledge the entire staff of Best Schools International, Gwarinpa, Abuja.

I acknowledge very specially, with pleasure, my friend Chizaram Blessing Umeugoji who always puts me in prayers. I will also thank Moses Gande, Moses Adagu, Jacob Adagu, Pastor Ernest Oyem, Waseze Peter, Fashamo Dennis, Sesugh Simon, Sesugh Gbande, Msughter Gever – Pyro, Ngohide Gever, Elizabeth Gever, Jighjigh Gever, Mwuese Gever, Ierve Adagu, I am particularly grateful to my friend and co-author – Tersoo Ayangadue who also proofread and made constructive criticisms to the work. 

My parents: Jonathan Adagu, Miriam Ayem Adagu, Joseph U. Gever, and Hilda Shimenenge Gever – these four make my circle just and make me end where I begun.

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract

Linguistic studies have recognized certain procedures from which pluralisation in human languages are achieved. Applicable to the Tiv grammar are affixation, tonation, morpheme-transformation or replacives, morpheme deletion, vowel mutation, morpheme substitution, and others. Unlike English, Tiv nouns take the prefix morphemes ‘i’, ‘a’, ‘u’, ‘m’, ‘mba’ copular as well as the ‘ev’, ‘ov’ and ‘v’ suffixes to form plurals. Data for this research are obtained through oral interviews, library materials, and the intuitive knowledge of the researcher hence he is also a Tiv – English bilingual. Data were also obtained through keen observation of the speech by Tiv speakers especially those featured on Tiv programs on the Radio Benue 1 Makurdi and Ashi waves Katsina-Ala. These speeches in Tiv were compared with speeches in English programs of the aforementioned radio stations and the BBC. Striking contrasting elements were discovered in the morphological process of pluralisation. Through Contrastive Analysis Theory, this study has examined and analysed the morphological processes of English and Tiv. It has observed that differences exist in the pluralisation of both languages. The study has generated specified parameters for pluralisation in Tiv. The study concludes that any Tiv learner of English who attempts to transfer the process of pluralisation from Tiv to English would definitely end up with faulty grammatical constructions because of the disparate and complex nature of the synthetic process of the two languages. Therefore, Tiv English users should pay linguistic attention or interest at these points of contrast.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page....................................................................................................................................i

Certification...............................................................................................................................ii Dedication.................................................................................................................................iii

Acknowledgements...................................................................................................................iv

Abstract......................................................................................................................................v

Table of Contents......................................................................................................................vi

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

  1. Background to the Study……………………………………………………………... 1
  2. The Tiv People.........…………………………………………………………………. 5
  3. The Tiv Language.......................……………………………………………………...7
  4. The Tiv Culture..............................…………………………………………………....8
  5. The English Lange in Nigeria........................................................................................9
  6. The Statement of the Problem......................................................................................10
  7. Research Questions…………………………………………………………………..11
  8. The Aim and Objectives of the Study………………………………………………. 12
  9. The Justification of the Study……………........………………............………...... 12
  10. The Scope of the Study………………………….........…………………………... 13

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1 Preamble...…………………………………………………..……………………………........14

2.2 Contrastive Linguistic Theory………………………………………………………..14

2.3 Conceptualisation of Grammar......................................................................................17

2.4 Morpho-syntactic Features…………………………………………………………....20

2.5 Plural...........………………………………………………………………...………....22

2.6 Pluralisation …………………………………………………………………………. 24

2.7 Morphology…………………………………………………………………………...27

2.8 Morpheme ..………………………………………………………………………….. 29

2.9 Morphological Processes..………………………………………………………….....30

2.10 Theoretical Framework.........…………………………...............................................32

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 Preamble………………………………………………………………………………………. 36

3.2 Sources of Data…………..…………………………………………………………………… 36

3.3 Method of Data Collection……………………………………………………………………. 37

3.4 Method of Data Presentation..……………………………………………………….. 38

3.5 Method of Data Analysis...............................................................................................41

 

CHAPTER FOUR – DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1 Preamble………………………………………………………………………………….42

4.2 Contrastive Analysis of Tiv and English Pluralisation…………………………………. 42

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

 

5.1 Preamble………………………………………………………………………………… 65

5.2 Summary………………………………………………………………………………... 65

5.3 Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………. 69

 

Works Cited……………………………………………………………………………......... 71


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