What does India's Foriegn Policy means to Us?

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Hi everyone. So, this is my first post which is an essay on the topic What soes India's Foriegn Policies mean to Us? By the term "Us", I mean the youth. Again, I would like to mention that the views expressed are very much personal and are not aimed to hurt religious, communal or personal sentiments...

Submitted: July 19, 2017

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Submitted: July 19, 2017



“Vasudhaiva kutumbakam”

The Sanskrit phrase found in Hindu texts such as Maha Upanishad, which means “the world is one family”, has been the philosophy of our country since Vedic times. Our thinking tries to foster an understanding that the whole of humanity is one family. Hence, our foreign policies have always supported the ideals of fraternity and cooperation.

Let me start by discussing what foreign policies are. Foreign policies can be defined as the government's strategy in dealing with other nations or the policies adopted by a sovereign state in its interaction with other sovereign states. There are three main determinants of foreign policy: people (identity, values, aspirations, and skills), history (circumstances, opportunities, and constraints of the past) and geography (location, resources, and neighborhood).

My country, India, is not only a vast country, but the world's most-populous democracy and the fastest growing major economy. With the world's sixth largest military expenditure, third largest armed force, seventh largest economy by nominal rates and third largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity, the country is a regional power, a nascent global power and a potential superpower. It has a growing international influence and a prominent voice in global affairs. It has a history of collaboration with several countries, is a component of the BRICS and a major part of developing world. It was one of the founding members of several international organisations—the United Nations, the Asian Development Bank, New Development BRICS Bank, G-20 and the founder of the Non-Aligned Movement.

India is a neighbouring country for Pakistan, China, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Maldives, and Afghanistan.

The Ministry of External Affairs of India (MEA), also known as the Foreign Ministry, is the government agency responsible for the conduct of foreign relations of India. India has formal diplomatic relations with most of the countries of the world. But despite following the ideologies of fraternity and cooperation, we have witnessed many invasions and wars with China, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.

Two wars with Pakistan, one in 1965 and other in 1971, created tensions between India and Pakistan and the latter changed the political geography of our country.  Despite trying to settle peacefully through the UN on the Kashmir issue created by Pakistan’s aggression, the issue got converted there into an Indo-Pakistan dispute. India tried to get into a peaceful pact with Pakistan twice, once at Tashkent and again at Shimla, but still, we failed to cool things down. Subsequently, Pakistan started using terror as a state policy to try to force India to submit as part of its proxy war strategy. Since 2010, India is trying to make friendly relationships with Pakistan. Our Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi, too tried his best to develop a friendly and peaceful relationship with Pakistan but it seems that all his efforts went in vain and the newspapers carried the news of attacks in the Kashmir Valley by the Pakistani army, ISI, and other terror outfits every day and unfortunately, it continues. Hence, the present-day relations between the two countries aren’t friendly at all. India is the fastest growing economy whereas Pakistan, not able to meet our growth rate, is increasingly getting active in terrorist activities. The surgical strike carried out by the Indian army in POK, according to me, is indeed a tit for tat answer and I believe that the youth also supports the idea of exclusion of Pakistan from world trade and other international organisations. The youth does have agony for the people of Pakistan, but for the terror activities they indulge in and insanity their army and terrorist groups show towards humanity.

Talking about China, the Indo-China disputes arose when China refused to accept ‘imperialist- imposed’ borders and invaded and captured Tibet. India, following its non- violent roots, entered into a peaceful pact with China, known as the Panchsheel Agreement, whereby India accepted Tibet as an autonomous part of China without demanding any tangible quid pro quo and accepted the McMahon line as the boundary. Situation got worse when India offered refuge to the Dalai Lama in 1959 and China broke down the negotiations. Hence, India witnessed a humiliating military defeat in 1962. Chinese occupation of Aksai Chin and claims on Indian territory like Arunachal Pradesh are unresolved. Recently I heard that China has demanded Sikkim and the Chinese army has pitched up their tents on the Sikkim border, refusing to leave. As an answer to the invasion, the Indian army too pitched up their tents and refused to let China annex Sikkim. Seeing this, the Chinese government threatened our country to wage a war but India refuses to budge as we have military support from the US, Russia, and Japan. This is not the first time when China has expressed its intentions of annexing Indian territory after the 1962 war. Since many years, China has been issuing maps that includes over a lakh square kilometer of North- Eastern Indian territory. So, along with Pakistan, China is also serving as a pain in our neck! It is just because of China’s support towards Pakistan that India is not able to exclude Pakistan from international organisations as China has veto power. I remember to have read in a newspaper that around 1953, when India was offered a ‘permanent seat’ or the ‘veto power’ the United Nations Security Council, then the Prime Minister, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru declined the offer and suggested that it should be given to China instead. What an irony it is that the country we trusted and helped to gain the veto power is now trying to invade our country and is ready to wage war!

Our relations with Bangladesh are generally friendly, yet there are some border disputes. The historic land boundary agreement was signed on 6 June 2015, opened a new era in the relations and stopped all the irritants in ties. Although there are a lot of tensions between the two countries regarding share of water of Ganges, terrorist activities, illegal immigration etc., efforts are being made from both the sides to develop friendly relations and have agreed on cooperation for development, trade, scholarships, energy and defence. I believe that we can work with our relationships with Bangladesh and it can become a good friend.

India and Nepal initiated their relationship with 1950 Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship. Although the two countries have border disputes, the two countries work cooperatively for increasing trade and reducing human trafficking. The countries are working together to develop several projects and establish cultural ties.

India also shares an excellent relationship with its other neighbouring countries of Afghanistan, Maldives, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka. There are great prospectives of mutual growth and cooperation in trade and military and establishing socio-cultural ties.

Apart from the neighbouring countries, India is now establishing friendly relationships with the United States, Russia, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Japan and many more countries of the world. Our Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi, is working hard towards the development of our country and is trying his level best to increase the position of our country at the global level. He is trying to establish friendly relations with most of the nations to work cooperatively and resultant, the country is experiencing a great economic boom. There are many opportunities opening for the youth of the country as he is working to increase Direct Foreign Investment in India which would give a shot to employment rate. The opportunities to travel abroad to study and work and expanding which is really a boon for us to give our career a perfect launch.

In short, the foreign policies are very favourable for the country’s youth as we are experiencing expanding opportunities in every field.







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