Differences in crimes and punishments for USA & CANADA

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A crime is an offense committed by an individual or a group of people that merits community condemnation and punishments.

Submitted: December 15, 2017

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Submitted: December 15, 2017



Differences in crimes and punishments for USA & CANADA

 A crime is an offense committed by an individual or a group of people that merits community condemnation and punishments. Crime happens everywhere in the world such as murder, rape, kidnapping etc. Certain offenses considered for crimes in a country but in another country, they are not. In this paper document, in the following lines, Canada and USA will be compared to crimes and punishments.

The differences in crimes and punishment begin on the constitution because CANADA and USA have different constitutions. Since the constitutions of both countries are not the same, the punishments for crimes will also be different.

The criminal law and order are analogous to USA and Canada, but there are some differences.

in the U.S., prosecutors act in the name of “the people” whereas Canadian prosecutors act in the name of “the Crown.” You see, although it is an independent nation, Canadians choose to have the British Queen as their sovereign. Thus, the famous opening line of Law and Order would have to be translated to “In the criminal justice system, the Crown is represented by two separates yet equally important groups: The Mounted Police who investigate crime and the Public Prosecutors who prosecute the offenders.  These are their stories.” The episodes in Law and Order center on a group of New York city cops and prosecutors; many of the storylines involve jurisdictional clashes with neighboring states (like when a suspect flees to New Jersey) or with federal agents. That type of turf battle is much less common in Canada, which has a single criminal code that applies to all provinces, and that is administered by the federal Public Prosecution Service.

USA and Canada are somehow different in their sentences for certain crimes. In USA life sentence to jail is legal and capital punishment is also allowed. Canada, they used to sentence people who committed murders with capital punishment, but for now, they abolished that. Many offenses in Canada that are labeled as "Summary Offence" end in the sentence of 6 months maximum imprisonment and $2,000 in fines from the government.[10] In Canada, the punishment for rape is life imprisonment and a chance of parole after 25 years.[13] The punishment for white collar crimes are conditional sentencing, and that there is no set punishment for this particular crime.[14] The punishment for treason is automatic life imprisonment, in Canada, there are High Treason and Treason but either crime end in the punishment of life in prison.[15] Also in Canada, if you commit the crime of theft you are given a sentence of fewer than two years in prison and fines less than $5,000 [16].

Capital Punishment was abolished in Canada so that is no long an option for sentence. For serious crimes such as murder there is a sentence of jail time, but no matter what degree of murder is you still have a chance of parole after so many determined years. [17] In 1976 the option of Capital Punishment was removed from the Canadian Criminal Code. It was replaced with mandatory life sentences. In 1998 the Canadian Military removed Capital Punishment for the Canadian Nation Defense Act. [18].


Prison conditions in Canada are getting worse every year. Many facilities are overcrowded and now with growing rates of mandatory sentencing, the prisons are going to be even more overcrowded. It is estimated that because of the mandatory crime rates now set in place the Canadian Government will be spending an extra $80 million on prisons alone every year. The once good resources available to inmates to further their education and better themselves through rehab are now very limited resources, the waiting list had become so long that man inmates choose not to even enroll themselves in these programs. Canada's new "tough on crime" act is now making the prisoners even worse than when they first arrived at the prisons, they have a 40% re-conviction rate within two years after leaving prison. The people of Canada want the government to be tough on crime but doesn't want to see their taxes rise along with the conviction rate Retentions. The last execution took place in 2015. [3] However, categorizing the U.S. as homogenously retentions do not accurately reflect the political structure of the nation. Within the limits defined by the Constitution, each State applies its own criminal law, and the federal government is constitutionally barred from requiring the services of the States in applying the federal criminal law. Nineteen (out of 50) states have abolished the death penalty. [4] Although 31 states still retain the death penalty, only 7 of them actually carried out executions in 2014. [5] Twenty-six states have carried out executions during the last ten years; [6] the remaining 7 states, the U.S. Federal Government, and the U.S. Military are de facto abolitionist by U.N. standards. New Mexico, Connecticut, Maryland, and Nebraska abolished the death penalty in 2009, 2012, 2013, and 2015, respectively. [7].


The federal death penalty was not used from 1964 to 2000 but has been used once since 2003. [8] No executions have occurred in the military justice system since 1961, [9] and the District of Columbia has no death penalty.










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