Jane Gray

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Status: Finished  |  Genre: Memoir  |  House: Booksie Classic


What do we know about the besieged good queen in the history of mankind - the nine-day Queen of England Lady Jane Gray. You will read the answer here.

Submitted: February 09, 2018

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Submitted: February 09, 2018

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She sought peace in them; all virtues, like fields,
It is impossible to count up, but it's not enough to lie
The fate was. Her attack -
Forbearance. Her care
Was wise and quiet, like the sky.
Conquering the former, thanks
Guardian, his passions,
She left this world, bearing vain gifts.
But what about waiting for happiness, not taking power under the bridle!
She took the crown to give those people power and rank,
But the burnt and throne gave birth to many routines,
Under the canopy of an invisible spot
They hid good deeds.


William Hoon (1780 - 1842)


Signed by the portrait of Lady Jane Gray Such a girl saw this man, in all his words coincided with reality, some poets equated Jane's mind to Socrates.


Jane was born in her family estate in Bradgate Park in October 1537, and she was in for a difficult childhood. The exact date of her birth is in fact unknown, but it is assumed that she was born somewhat earlier than Prince Edward, the son of King Henry VIII, for whom it was believed she had to get married in order to become Queen of England. Edward was a just and kind king, it was a really very good pair in the history of mankind: "


THOUGH METEOR MELKNET THIS STEAM IN THE MIDDLE TIMES OF THE MIDDLE AGES, AS THE RAY OF LIGHT AND HOPE WILL GIVE PEOPLE HOPE FOR FAITH IN GOOD AND FAITH VERY BEST.


Her parents loved her, but despite this they were brought up in strictness. All her life, Jane has not managed to establish close relationships with her parents, which other children enjoy so much. Perhaps this was because her parents - Henry Gray, the Marquis of Dorset, and Francis Brandon, for the most part cared only about themselves. Jane's father ultimately received the title of Duke of Suffolk. Jane spent most of her childhood in the parents' house with her younger sisters - Katerina and Maria.
When Jane was 9 years old, she was introduced to the court. She was under the guardianship of Queen Catherine Parr, the 6th and last wife of King Henry VIII. Here she continued her studies. Surprisingly, she mastered Latin, Greek, French and Italian. These were truly happy times. She was very devoted to Queen Catherine and entered into her trust. At the age of 17 she wrote:


"Live silently to die, so you can have eternal life." As the preacher says, there is a time for everything - for life and for death, but the day of our death is better than the day of our appearance on God's light. "


When the time comes to say these words, the faith that she brought up in her early years becomes at that moment her most faithful ally.
Here is how the lady Jane Baptista Spinola described, a Genoese merchant who lived in

England in 1553:


"She is very short and thin, but she is beautiful and elegant, she has delicate features and a right nose, a flexible mouth and red lips." The eyebrows are arched and darker in color than her hair, almost red. , they give red in bright light. "


This is one of the few reliable descriptions of Jane's appearance that can be found in the sources of English history.


Such a description reflects her character. While Jane was at court, Catherine Parr was married again, this time for Thomas Seymour, and agreed that Jane would be taken care of by the Seymour. It was common practice for all of England to send children for upbringing in richer and noble families. Jane's parents also hoped that this would somehow contribute to her marriage to Prince Edward. Thus Jane, like her younger sisters Katerina Gray and Maria Gray, was King Henry VIII's grand-niece. She should not have become a queen. The girl was not prepared for this, and no one prepared her for the throne. Henry VIII provided himself with a sufficient number of heirs. From the earliest childhood, she cared more for her own development and perfection than anything else. After the Reformation, conducted by Henry VIII, the church ceased to be a monopolist in education, and women were given the opportunity to engage in not only education and household chores, but also self-education. Of course, only aristocrats could afford it.


Not all of this could be allowed, but among the Englishwomen of the 16th century, researchers numbered a dozen highly educated women (including the daughter of Thomas More, the Chancellor of England). They not only sang, danced, played musical instruments, but also freely read Latin and Greek, spoke Italian and French.
Jane Gray stood out even against their background. She was a very smart girl, a kind of role model: Latin, Greek, French and Italian. She knew them all. She taught them all in her childhood, later adding this list to the knowledge of Spanish and Arabic. It seemed to her that she did not know much, so she mastered the Babylonian, Jewish and Arabic languages.

Reading was one of the few entertainments for Jane. Raised in the strict mores of Puritanism, she practically did not take part in the secular life. In addition, she was distinguished by kindness, lenient morality and religiosity. Jane was brought up in the Protestant faith, and her entire environment was hostile to Catholicism.
Since childhood she has loved astronomy. Jane could sit all day and admire the vast space of the universe, realizing how useless people are before this majestic element - the Cosmos.


But her childhood was not happy, she often had to face her father's despotism and her mother's cruelty. Lady Francis used educational measures very cruel, often resorted to beatings. Devoid of maternal love and care, Jane found solace in art classes, read books and studied ancient languages. Faced with the cruelty of the parents, the young Jane swore to God that when she had children, she would love and protect them and would never beat and scream at them, as it does in her family. Yes, it is possible that education plays a role here, perhaps, so her parents want to raise their daughter in strict standards, perhaps preparing for the throne. Although at the moment there can be no question of the throne, Jane is too young, and she does not get on the first number of the list of succession to the throne. It is clear that neither Lady Francis nor Henry Gray will not give up power, but they can only dream about it. Although, who knows how the future will put everything. Who knows..


In 1546, Jane Gray was sent to the court of Queen Katharina Parr. There she met her royal relatives: Mary, Elizabeth and Edward. Queen Catarina was a kind and caring woman, and years spent under her care, Jane Gray considered the best in her life. Katharina never offended Jane, unlike her parents, especially her mother. On the contrary, the role of the queen was very significant in the life of the young girl Jane Gray: She played with young Jane, helped her learn languages, sew together in the evening, walk in the garden, admiring the stars. In general, the ideal relationship was between them. Jane deeply regretted that her mother was not Catherine Parr.


September 24, 1546.


Early in the morning, as soon as Jane woke up from a restful sleep, she was approached by the maid Katerina and silently said:
- My lady, Her Majesty is waiting for you in the gardenm- Can you make her a company?
- Of course, my lady,- Jane said quickly, "I'm always happy to talk to Her Majesty." Today we have a horse ride.
When Jane went into the garden, she could not help but admire the splendor of nature, the combination of autumn nature and a gentle morning mist, as if she had enveloped the girl from head to foot. As if Jane was swimming in the clouds, somewhere in the mountains.
- Good morning, Jane,- said Katerina,- I'm infinitely glad that you came."
- Your Majesty,- Jane bowed, but the queen pulled her back.
-No, Jane. I'm not just your guardian, we're best friends! We are friends! You can only call me by name.
- No, sorry, but I can not.- I'm used to referring to a person who is above me with respect, according to the status that corresponds to the person.
- Well, as you will be comfortable,- Parr bowed,- Henry is on the hunt today, he's a good husband, a good king, he just needs a special approach to Henry.
- What do you mean, "special approach"? Jane asked again. The child still did not understand anything.
- The time will come, you'll understand,- smiled Katerina,- it's impossible to explain, because you ...
- Baby,- Jane interrupted,- I know, I'm not stupid. I'm still a very small child.
- I did not want to say this, but since you yourself admit it, then yes, you are, say, a young lady! Towards noon Katerina and Jane sat on a horse. A beautiful day, horse riding with your beloved friend: Jane was just happy. It seemed to her that she was in some paradise on Earth, so radically different people. At a time when her parents visited her, Jane became very tense and remained so until her parents left the yard. As soon as her parents left, the young Jane spoke with relief:
- Thank God.


Katerina, of course, much better kept in the saddle, but age! How old is she, and how much is Jane. Jane knew that she was still ahead.
- Your Majesty,- said the girl,- can I speak with you?
- About what you want,- Katerina replied,- I'm always glad to hear from you.
- In the beginning, I want to thank you for everything you do for me,- Jane began, "for all the kindness and affection that you give me!" You're the only one I love!
- You must love your parents, because I did not give you life," said Katerina,
- Unfortunately, I respect my parents, but they are simply impossible to love for daily beatings and bullying.
- You know, I'm absolutely against violence, but maybe they want to educate you." Henry, you know what! .. It is something!
- Henry - just a king, he would not have done it!

- I love my husband,- Katerina reflected,- but you do not know Henry, only by hearsay." He can be cruel and just, in the mood! I had many husbands, but Henry is the fairest. Although I'm his sixth wife, as you know.
- Yes, I heard that he mocked past wives, executed Anna Boleyn.
- Anna Boleyn was framed for power and wealth,- Katerina reflected,- and that makes us cruel."
- Completely agree with you,- Jane looked admiringly at her friend,- And what else do you have to say about Henry?" Or am I asking too many questions?
- Oh no," she shook her head. "At your age, I behaved the same way." With his children you have already met.
- You know, I'm not used to the fact that people are discussing each other behind their backs, but I'll tell you. Edward was very pleased with me, he was kind. And he himself is a handsome and good boy.
- Do you want to marry him?
- What are you? - Jane blushed, - Do not be so .. I ..
"I beg your pardon," the queen apologized, "I'm sorry that I embarrassed you."
- It's not fun." Jane waved her hand. "It happens to everyone.
Catherine smiled, and Jane continued.
- Maria, it seems to me that she is looking for herself, but maybe this is my young age, although I did not feel kindness from her.
- You're right,- Katerina said,- I'm an adult, and I realized that, even from an adult point of view. You're right, my Jane. I have told Henry several times that he is not good at raising his daughters, and His Majesty always tells me that I would not go into my own affairs. He needs only Edward, as heir.
- Why is he like this?" Why are we, women, humiliated? Why can not we be on the throne?
- The question is interesting," Katherine said. "You know, we do not need this, the government is cruel, and we are not like that." All these wars, crusades, these intrigues. I experienced everything in my childhood and youth. Now my health is not the same, I feel that soon the Lord will call me to his ...
- No," Jane exclaimed, "I do not want to lose you!" Do not go, I beg of you!
Tears stiffened in the girl's eyes, but the queen stopped the horse and just hugged the girl, wiping away the tears that rolled down her cheeks:
- Do not cry, such a beautiful face should always smile and do not cry! You are strong, you will survive, I promise you that I will always be with you, and while I'm alive, then let's race. Who rides faster to the court, today reads astronomy.
"Prepare to be the second." Jane briskly shook the horse and gave a huge rift from Queen Caterina's horse. As a result, Jane was waiting for the queen for about a minute at the entrance to the courtyard.
"Well, come on, my lady," Catherine said, "how could you not have fallen from the saddle!" This speed! Well done, Jane!
"I just want to read astronomy," Jane said, "and then you'll check me."
"Okay, I'm happy." Catherine embraced Jane.


October 15, 1546, the court of Henry.


Heinrich's health is already completely destroyed. He practically could not walk by himself, let alone that, to participate in campaigns. He had to seriously think about succession to the throne. Of course, first of all Henry put his only son - Edward, and then his children, first of all, his sons. In the absence of children from Edward for one reason or another, only in this case Henry indicated the names of his daughters - Mary and Elizabeth, and only after them the family of Greeks is sent as a reserve of rescue of the Tudor dynasty.
"I want to preserve my family, my dynasty," Henry said, when he called his children to his bedchamber, "you see, it's my will!" "Edward, my son!"
"You will not die," said Maria, "you can not die!" Such menacing and powerful people do not die!
"We'll all die, my child," Henry stroked his daughter, "I'll die!" But not today, not this year!
- How do you know?
"I can feel it," said Henry,
"I promise you to renew your dynasty," Edward said, "if my health permits,
Henry nodded.
There were days, weeks, months. everything was stable: Jane and Catherine became even closer, Edward liked Jane, they even crossed their views when they met at a banquet in honor of Elizabeth, and danced the first dance. Jane's feelings were ambiguous, but she realized that Edward was not her level: he was the Crown Prince, and who is she? The usual simple Jane, well, from a rich family, and what?
Everything went smoothly until January 1547. Everything changed on the day of January 28.


January 28, 1547, in the bedroom of Henry.


The king's health deteriorated so much that the doctors had already washed their hands, and the Tsar himself, feeling the end, gathered everyone in his chambers. When everyone gathered, including the young Jane, whom Catherine Parr allowed, Henry said: "
It's time, gentlemen! "
"But you still have so much to do." Elizabeth could not help crying, "You ... Father ... do not die."
"Life is already lived," Henry patted his daughter's head, "do not worry. Even if I did not get a wounded leg, the Lord still called me, like every man, to myself!
"You will be transferred to a better world," Jane blurted out, and Henry turned his attention to the girl.

"I love my husband," Katerina reflected, "but you do not know Henry, only by hearsay." He can be cruel and just, in the mood! I had many husbands, but Henry is the fairest. Although I'm his sixth wife, as you know.
- Yes, I heard that he mocked past wives, executed Anna Boleyn.
"Anna Boleyn was framed for power and wealth," Katerina reflected, "and that makes us cruel."
"Completely agree with you," Jane looked admiringly at her friend. "And what else do you have to say about Henry?" Or am I asking too many questions?
"Oh no," she shook her head. "At your age, I behaved the same way." With his children you have already met.
- You know, I'm not used to the fact that people are discussing each other behind their backs, but I'll tell you. Edward was very pleased with me, he was kind. And he himself is a handsome and good boy.
"Do you want to marry him?"
- What are you? - Jane blushed, - Do not be so .. I ..
"I beg your pardon," the queen apologized, "I'm sorry that I embarrassed you."
"It's not fun." Jane waved her hand. "It happens to everyone.
Catherine smiled, and Jane continued.
- Maria, it seems to me that she is looking for herself, but maybe this is my young age, although I did not feel kindness from her.
"You're right," Katerina said. "I'm an adult, and I realized that, even from an adult point of view." You're right, my Jane. I have told Henry several times that he is not good at raising his daughters, and His Majesty always tells me that I would not go into my own affairs. He needs only Edward, as heir.
"Why is he like this?" Why are we, women, humiliated? Why can not we be on the throne?
"The question is interesting," Katherine said. "You know, we do not need this, the government is cruel, and we are not like that." All these wars, crusades, these intrigues. I experienced everything in my childhood and youth. Now my health is not the same, I feel that soon the Lord will call me to his ...
"No," Jane exclaimed, "I do not want to lose you!" Do not go, I beg of you!
Tears stiffened in the girl's eyes, but the queen stopped the horse and just hugged the girl, wiping away the tears that rolled down her cheeks:
- Do not cry, such a beautiful face should always smile and do not cry! You are strong, you will survive, I promise you that I will always be with you, and while I'm alive, then let's race. Who rides faster to the court, today reads astronomy.
"Prepare to be the second." Jane briskly shook the horse and gave a huge rift from Queen Caterina's horse. As a result, Jane was waiting for the queen for about a minute at the entrance to the courtyard.
"Well, come on, my lady," Catherine said, "how could you not have fallen from the saddle!" This speed! Well done, Jane!
"I just want to read astronomy," Jane said, "and then you'll check me."
"Okay, I'm happy." Catherine embraced Jane.

 

King Henry died surrounded by people close to him, but he was happy, because he was forgiven, an innocent girl, an innocent child let him sins: this is important! It is very important. Everlasting memory!


After the death of the king, Edward soon became crowned, becoming one of the youngest kings in the history of England. Jane was very friendly with him, with Catherine Parr, who soon married Thomas Seymour and became pregnant. But he also could not break the friendship between Jane and Catherine.

Catherine Parr died of maternity fever on September 5, 1548. Jane cried for a long time, she thought she would die, she wanted to die, but Catherine's words prompted her to strength and desire for life: "
my child, live! "I am always with you, dear, I love you, you are the closest person to me!
Farewell, soon we will meet! Jane sobbed and Catherine blinked, agreeing, and the Lord called her to her, but the queen heard Jane's last words.
About the daughter of Katherine, nothing is reliably known, the last time Maria Seymour appeared at the age of two in 1550, and therefore completely disappeared from history: she may have died as a child and, perhaps, she lived a happy unknown life. Let's say she lived happily after that! Therefore, I would like something so ...
*** Looking at the success of Lady Gray, her ambitious relatives had an idea - to marry her to the young King Edward VI. They very much trusted the Seymour family in this matter, but everyone had their own interests, therefore the scheme of using Seymour's patronage for Jane's accession to the throne was not crowned with success. Subsequently, Thomas Seymour was a traitor and was executed.
The traitor in those days, and even in those days there was a lot, unfortunately, this is our world, dear Reader. But we are the creators of our own and others' destinies.

 

As the Great Cardiac Surgeon of the World said, Nikolai Amosov:
"THE MEANING OF LIFE SAVING PEOPLE!"


After the death of Thomas Seymour, Jane was taken under the wing of John Dudley.
She never trusted this person and always felt for him some kind of unconscious fear. (And, truth be told, she seemed to feel that this acquaintance would bring her only pain and anguish, she was so clever, she had such a developed intuition that the girl felt that something was approaching ... That something very bad ... Very ..). Fear later was not groundless.


Edward ascended to the throne, and Dudley turned everything over to give his son for Jane Gray, thereby turning Jane into a queen and gaining such power, at the price of risk to her children and such a magnificent and beautiful person as Jane Gray. People like him are just scoundrels, in other words, they were enough, and now, in general, it is better to avoid this topic and be polite in literature, as required by the standards of writing.
As a result, Jane married Guildford Dudley, although she did not like him. The girl somewhere in her heart knew that this was the baron's intrigue, the intrigue of insidious adults, but what could a young girl do 16 years ago against a whole group conspiracy and the intrigues of adult scumbags ... ?? !!! She could not help it, she had nothing to judge and blame for not having her own voice, the crown herself, and so on. Jane never wanted a crown and always believed that power spoils people, money and wealth, which spoil people.

Jane Gray:

"The main drawback of mankind is greed, cowardice, that we become cruel, we are ready to kill each other, but we are people." We must respect other people in the name of the Lord our God and never give up faith in our heart. One of my good friends told me about this, I am very grateful to him for this, because we coincided in many views ... Be generous and just, because not money makes us happy - it just spoils us. Happiness lies in the fact that we live, the happiness lies in the fact that we believe in the Lord and the main happiness in harmony with nature, with you and the family. "Your Jane Gray."
Jane never loved Guildford, she loved only Edward VI, but she was unlikely to be lucky, because Edward did not willingly sign the throne for Jane, and not of his own free will. although this is a controversial issue ... It would have been better if he had not signed the throne for Jane. In this case, she had to live and live a long time. (Of course, in this work we throw aside a fantastic work written by me about the salvation of Jane Voron Iztukanov, because these are just the historical dry facts of the biography.) Of course, many are supplemented by the personal opinion of the author, your humble servant, pr.av.) After the death of Edward Jane Gray, unexpectedly for himself, becomes the Queen of England. The girl was shocked. Not only she was shocked, but also the sister of Edward-Maria, the daughter of Henry VIII from the first marriage, whose crown belonged to her for all inheritance rights. Thus, she unwittingly created an opposition for Maria. Maria remembered Henry's decree about Jane, who he said on his deathbed.

Elizabeth responded more calmly to this. Maria knew that Jane herself was shocked, she knew that Edward did not voluntarily sign the inheritance for the young Jane, but he could not do it. The beginning of the end has begun. However, the control over her actions by John Dudley was too strong, and in July 1553 she became Queen of England. Dudley's true intentions were soon realized by Jane, and it angered her because she was just a pawn with her husband Guilford. From Lady Jane's board it is clear that she was just a puppet to activate John Dudley's secret political plans, as she did not make any political statements during her reign.
Although Jane tried to help people in many ways, she gave the order to distribute the clothes of the late Edward to the poor, she stated that she would solve the problems of latrines, the problems of the poor and promised that when she was crowned, she would distribute most of the royal treasury for the benefit of people ... It was Jane Gray, but she was blocked by adults. By age, the girl had no right to give orders by herself, so she was limited to several local initiatives, such as releasing a certain number of prisoners from prisons (see How much she could) and handing out Edward's clothes to the poor.

Jane said:

"Dear Englishmen, we are all equally equal, and you, when there will be a mutual harmony between the authorities and the subjects, then the era of this revival, the era of prosperity and peace will reign in the country! "I promise that no punishment, no blood will be spilled during my reign, in the name of the Lord God, we are mortal, we can not decide when to live and when to whom to die." Yes, we can make mistakes in life, but the Lord will always lead us along the right path, well, serious mistakes, and the Lord will consider that our physical obol is lost, then He will inevitably call us his spiritual world and grant us eternal life in his abode! First of all, I am a patriot of my Motherland, faithful servant of the Lord and you, the English people, I swear that although at least one poor person or a resident of my country needs something, I always have help for you. "Only the Lord has the right to decide everything for us, we mere mortals do not have the right to kill each other." First of all, I am a patriot of my homeland, faithful servant The Lord and you, the English people, swear that although at least one poor person or resident of my country will need something, I will do everything to maximize or facilitate his life.I live for England and for the Lord, I do not live for myself! "

Such words aroused great discontent among the many barons who, perhaps, served as a gradual betrayal of them to the side of Mary, which heavily bribed them with various proposals and names, simply to overthrow Jane and usurp power for herself, depriving England of the possibility of prosperity!
Now, in chronological order, let's look at all nine days of the reign of Jane Gray ...
 

The first day of Jane's reign


At five o'clock in the evening they announced the death of the king and announced the last will of Henry. Jane was proclaimed queen.
"I do not want to be a queen," Jane just screamed, "my faith does not allow me, I do not want to get into this mud of intrigue, and I do not want people to think about me like everyone else. ... I beg you, I do not want ...
"Go, dear," Henry Gray gently pushed the newly-made queen to the throne.
"No," exclaimed the girl: "I beg you, I do not want to ... I ... no ... This is a mistake ... Guilford ... I do not want to ..."
"You are now the queen, my Jane." Guilford embraced the queen. "Go, try the crown, just try."
Jane resisted as best she could, but in the end she just fainted, and when she woke up, she was already sitting on the throne. the crown approached her.
"Long live Queen Queen Jane," muttered the hall, "Your Majesty, we humbly promise you to remain faithful at all costs, and you can always count on us."
It would seem, such beautiful and confident words, but how despicable everything acted, knowing, knowing well that they were just pushing the girl to death, such a wonderful person, and therefore meanly understand that they only turn their dark affairs: there is no forgiveness for everyone. All the rest will be punished by the Lord God.

After supper, when the queen left for her room, the Marquis of Winchester asked:

"When will you order another crown?"
"For whom?" Jane just looked at the marquise in surprise.
"For Lord Guildford, your spouse," replied the marquis.
"The crown," said 17-year-old Lady Jane, "is not a toy for boys and girls."
She could not make him king: only the parliament had the right to be brought to the rank. Lord Guilford burst into tears and left the room.

Second day

Bad news came from the eastern districts. Lord Robert was not able to capture Mary. Traitor Arundel hastened to inform Mary of the death of the king, and she disappeared. Princess Mary was in a castle in Koenig, on the river Vavenja, proclaimed herself a queen and sent letters to all the counties and cities calling on her faithful people to come to her aid. Maria was aware of the fact that Jane had reached her political principles, but she considered herself a legitimate heir to the throne, according to the will of the late Henry: Edward had no children, and at the will of the king, Mary should enter first on the throne. There was not a word about Jane if Henry pointed Jane, then Mary stepped back. Because she respected her father's will as a king.

At the same time, Jane Gray issued a decree on the distribution of the clothes of the late Edward to the poor, and also distributed most of the coins to the needs of the villagers to help their craft and food. Jane showed herself on the very good side, many in the parliament hated her, for them, members of parliament, such unprecedented and unheard-of self-giving, such unselfish kindness just seemed incomprehensible. Jane was just some kind of Angel in the flesh, I will not be afraid of this word.

Maria simply could escape because she was helped by those guards, the guards whom she bribed. Although all the same, Jane would never have executed Mary and did not execute anyone at all. The third day
On Wednesday morning, when the lords were sitting in the Council with Queen Jane, news was received that Mary was at Kenning's Castle, and many allies were rushing to help her.

All predicted that between the nobles and commoners of England there would be a fierce struggle: the squires and people stood for Queen Mary, as well as the Counts and Dukes of Queen Jane. Lord Dudley at the request of the Council led the army, which was directed against Queen Mary.
"It's not worth the blood," protested Jane's army, "I do not want Mary's death." We were friends before!
"Mary was known," said Lord Dudley. "Children's friendship and rivalry for power are different things."
"But I do not want to talk."
"You are not, but Mary," replied the lord.
- But I do not want death.
"It's not you who kills, but we kill," Dudley said, "these are military matters."
- But I am the queen.
"You're too young and kind, you can not decide for yourself, forgive me,
"I do not want blood," Jane blurted out, but the girl could not help it. She could only pray to her angel - Catherine Parr.
Amazing interpretation, Jane says and does good for people, and people were against her. Maybe that's why people were cruel then and greedy that even in this case they did not believe in the girl's sincerity and just thought that she was doing this for her own benefit but it was not so, the upbringing and faith of Jane were very devout, she just could not live otherwise, because in her heart and mind was the main goal - to help everyone and everyone!

Fourth day

Lord Dudley assembled an army.
Of course, Jane has repeatedly said that she does not want bloodshed. The queen even tried to block Dudley's plans on her own, but she did not have the right to vote, unfortunately she did not have enough years to come of age. Then everything would have been different: Jane had never come to the throne, because she never wanted power, never pursued such goals.
"I order you not to gather troops, I am against any bloodshed," Jane said, speaking to the parliament.
"Tomorrow we leave at dawn, Your Majesty," said Dudley, "I'm sorry, but you have no right to decide military matters."
"I am the queen of England, I swore to the people, I swore before the Lord that I will never shed human blood while I am alive, or while I am in power." I will always be against any act of violence, any wars and any campaigns! You just do not need to fight, but you need to live peacefully, because peaceful life is even the most disgusting, always better than a golden war, even profitable!
From such speeches, everyone simply dully lowered his jaw, and then the laughter of those present, which led Jane to a great disappointment.
Unfortunately, all the attempts of the girl were in vain, and at dawn, the next day, Dudley sent a detachment to Mary.


fifth day



Dudley solemnly arrived from London at the head of the first squad of 600 men with many guns and brilliant soldiers.
"We will return with the victory, with Mary's head," Dudley proclaimed, and Jane simply sobbed and retired to her chambers: she did not want to see anyone. By the way, Jane's aversion to Guildford was manifested in the fact that she never spent the night with him, she did not enter into an intimate relationship with him. She generally tried to avoid both him and his entire family, because she finally realized that she had become a victim of intrigue, but it was too late. And what could she do?
Maria did not wait for the arrival of the detachment, she preferred to flee, and within one day she crossed 40 miles. It looks like she had good informants, she paid well. France helped. They were also interested in the fact that Mary becomes a force in England.
Along the way, she almost fell prisoner to an enemy detachment led by Sir Robert, but a few of her words were enough (I wonder, yes, what were these "slogans", how for you ?!), to get the whole squad to go to her side. (Good words, yes, you agree, and no weapons, such a new method ...)
Many noble noblemen rose on that day to defend Queen Mary.

Sixth day


Lord Dudley went deep into eastern England, the more steadily faced with the resistance of the locals.
Mary was now in the castle of Famling. The following traitors helped, but everything was even worse than previously thought.
Several ships sent to arrest, Maria approached them and whispered a few words. Well, she thought, respect.
Dudley sent fresh troops to London, hurried forward and set off for the night in Cambridge. He pursued his goals: he does not need Jane, because he used it as a puppet. Guildford also dealt with these issues, but he knew the truth and did not like Jane. He even pitied her.


Seventh day



Pembroke and Winchester secretly tried to leave Lady Jane, the first was captured, but the latter managed to escape. The lords left Jane when the rats left the sinking ship. Maria bribed everyone with her promises, but Jane knew that she came to power illegally, she never wanted it to happen, she did not want power, she looked like Catherine Parr, but it was different. It had to be so, Jane told herself, believed in good and justice, I believed that Mary would remember their friendship!
They left because they were cowards, traitors and traitors. All simple people were despised and searched where it is profitable. Jane spoiled her kindness. Unfortunately ..

Eighth day


There was no agreement in the Royal Council. Some were for Jane, the second was just hanging out, and the third immediately headed for Maria. Still there was a category: some were afraid of envy or reprisals from this and that party, so they just ran secretly at night and turned away, where they looked: there were those who fled to France. England was also divided.
Jane was sympathetic, but still most of the people were behind Mary.
People realized that Jane sincerely wanted to help people, so they sympathized with her, but they still spoke openly for Mary, because people were like a pack of slippery, unorganized toads who did not have a voice. (The Middle Ages, what we want ...)


Ninth day


The Royal Council retreated from Jane. Only Kramner and Gray - her father - remained faithful to her. The army also imprisoned treason. On the way to Byrne, Dudley's soldiers burst in and forced him to retreat to Cambridge, where Maria's supporters were already busy.
There he went to his daughter to say the historical phrase: "
Come down, my child. Here you have no place.
Jane, who was sitting on the throne all alone, like an obedient daughter, immediately obeyed.
She did not blame her father, because he and Kramner were faithful to her, so she was grateful to them, of course. She even forgot about her father's despotism: he showed himself at a difficult moment and did not abandon her.
Jane is a very tragic fate, of course ... But she had two other sisters whose fates were no less tragic, although none of them was executed at the age of 17, innocently, because Jane was a very fair and kind girl.
Maria Bloody came to power, and Jane Gray and her family were sentenced to death.


So, on August 3, Maria solemnly moved to London.


John Dudley and his sons were declared state criminals and arrested. The court sentenced John Dudley - the death penalty, cutting off his head. The verdict was issued on August 22, 1553. Lady Jane, her husband Guilford Dudley and the father of the Duke of Suffolk were imprisoned in the Tower and also sentenced to death. Nevertheless, Maria could not sign the verdict of the court for a long time-she knew that a sixteen-year-old girl and her young husband had not seized power yourself.


The Duke was executed on August 22, 1553. His son, who was sitting in his cell next to his wife, cut out his name on the wall all day.


Seven months later, the queen finally decided to sign a death sentence for Jane. Before that, she wanted to turn her into Catholicism, like almost all her relatives during this time. Maria was even ready to postpone the execution. That's why Jane was sentenced to death by Father Fekengem.


However, all his attempts to save her immortal soul were unsuccessful. Lady Dudley understood theological questions, probably better than the priest himself, and wanted only that she should not be prevented from praying. To turn Jane into Catholicism in one day - it was impossible. To save her soul, it was necessary to postpone the execution scheduled for Friday - Fekkengam insisted that the Queen postpone the execution.
Jane and Her soul was as pure as a child, even cleaner. Just the cruelty of people destroyed an unhappy girl, a beautiful person and the most innocent victim in the history of the planet!
Jane was saddened by the delayed death penalty granted to her - she did not want to die, at seventeen no one wants to die, but did not want the queen to give her an extra day of life in the hope of forcing her to give up her faith, Jane met Feckenham very coldly.
Learning about the deplorable result of the interview with the prisoner, Maria was furious. She ordered the preparation of the death sentence and sent for Gray, who was imprisoned inside the country.


Maria could not get Jane to abandon her faith and subjected her to intense spiritual anguish: she ordered the execution of Guilford and his corpse under the windows of the corpse of Jane's camera; she built a block for the unfortunate Jane, given her windows, and forced Henry Gray to attend the execution of her daughter, she forbade the pastor to prepare Jane for death.
Maria really showed herself very cruelly, she is the antithesis of Jane: if Jane is the most kind in history, then perhaps Maria can be attributed to one of the cruelest queens.
The priests whom Queen Mary sent to the Tower of London were the most cruel torturers of Lady Jane; they forcibly broke into it and did not leave her to death. And all this on behalf of Mary, of course.
Early in the morning, before dawn, there was a knock of hammers under the windows: there were carpenters who were building the scaffold on which Lady Jane was supposed to die. Looking into the garden, Jane saw a company of artillerymen and spearmen seeing Guilford, who was led to execution. She sat by the window and waited quietly. An hour passed, a long hour, and then a sound of wheels on the sidewalk. She knew it was a cart with the body of Guildford, and rose to say goodbye to her husband.

A few minutes later Feckenham came for her. Both of her maid of honor loudly cried and hardly dragged their feet; Jane, all in black, with a prayer book in her hands, quietly stepped onto the scaffold, walked along the lawn past the soldiers built in rows, rose to the scaffold and, turning to the crowd, said quietly:
"Good people, I came here to die." The plot against Her Majesty the Queen was a lawless affair, but it was not done for me, I did not want it. I solemnly testify that I am not guilty before God. And now, good people, in the last moments of my life, do not leave me with your prayers. "


She knelt down and asked Feckenham, the only clergyman, whom Mary allowed to be present at Jane's performance: "
Can I say a psalm?
"Yes," he muttered. Then she said in a clear voice:
Have mercy on me, O Lord, according to Thy mercy, according to the abundance of Thy lovingkindms, cleanse me from my iniquities.
After reading, she took off her gloves and a handkerchief, gave them to the ladies in anticipation, unbuttoned the dress and took off the veil. The executioner wanted to help her, but she quietly reassured him, whispered a few affectionate words at last. Then he fell at her feet, begging to forgive him for what he had to do. She whispered to him a few warm words of compassion, and then she said loudly:


"Please finish soon .. I beg you ...!"

She knelt before the block and began to look for him with her hands. An occasional person from the crowd standing next to her took her hands and laid them where they should be. Then she tilted her head to the block and uttered the last words in her life. The main thing is that many of the living do not know when they will say their last words, and Jane knew that this is her last speech in life ...:


"Lord, into your hands I give my Spirit,


and died under the ax of the executioner. Thus ended the life of the "nine-day queen".
The girl was buried in a cemetery in the church of St. Petra in the chain, in the Tower.

ETERNAL MEMORY TO YOU!


Maria. The rules are only five years old, but during this time she managed to earn the nickname "Bloody". All the years of her rule, London prisons were so crowded that all the churches in the city had to turn into prisons. However, Maria's efforts to fight the new faith were wasted. The Queen was childless, and her sister, Elizabeth I Tudor, who was a Protestant, succeeded her on the throne when Mary gave her spirit or spirit to the Lord or the devil.
In principle, this is a completely different story, we will not touch upon it in our biography.
But Maria long postponed the execution of the verdict for Jane, but the politically necessary step forced Mary to sign the death sentence of Jane, who in the original story was executed on February 12, 1554.
Of course, in fantastic literature I used the literary possibilities of the pen and saved Jane Gray (the cycle of novels "Jane Gray and Crows of Idocanns"), but, unfortunately, in life so it is impossible ... And how many more such cases, but Jane Gray personally I consider the most innocent victim in the history of mankind.

EVERLASTING MEMORY. (From the author)
CONCLUDING FACTS ABOUT JANE SEA AND ITS FAMILY:

1. Jane and her sisters belonged to the first generation of Englishmen who were brought up from infancy in the spirit of the Evangelical Reformation. (the notion of Protestantism appeared in England later, in the mid-1550s).
Her whole life was spent among evangelical reformers: probably in her personal life she never touched traditional Catholicism. The religious terror of Henry VIII, which until the end of his life considered the denial of the transubstantiation a deadly sin, did not extend to members of the royal house. Confident Protestant grew up by King Edward VI; the active reformer, translator and publisher of Protestant literature was Katerina Parr (paradoxically, but in 1543-1546 her Catholic circle included the Catholic Mary).
Henry Gray not only encouraged reform scientists, but personally propagated the Protestant doctrine from the rostrum of the House of Lords. The third after the father and spiritual power, Catherine Parr, according to Jane herself, was a radical reformer from Strasbourg who preached at Cambridge in 1549-1551. It was he who inspired the girl with aversion to the Catholic understanding of the sacrament.
2. Jane had a lot of hobbies, she liked to study all the sciences in a row. She liked to read and write, she was a talent not only for her age and her era, but she would have given the heat in our age too ..

3. THE AUTHOR RECOMMENDS THAT THIS WAS THE BIOGRAPHY OF JANE GRAY IN OWN ARTISTIC TREATMENT, WITH YOUR PERSONAL GUIDES, WHICH HAS BEEN BASED ON THE ORIGINAL HISTORY OF THE GIRL. THIS WORK DOES NOT HAVE ANYTHING COMMON WITH MY FANTASTIC ROMAN "JANE GRAY AND CROWN OF ISTUKANS" IN WHICH THE JOURNEY IN TIME IS INVOLVED. Before the meeting in the novel "Jane Gray and Crowd of the Terror." (FROM THE AUTHOR ...)

END.


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