Honor Killing

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Status: Finished  |  Genre: Other  |  House: Booksie Classic


I wrote this article with respect to Pakistan

Submitted: June 08, 2018

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Submitted: June 08, 2018

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“Honour killing is the killing of a relative especially a girl or a women, who has bought dishonour on the family.” (English Oxford Living Dictionary, September 2016). The so called honor killing is known as Karo Kari in Sindh Pakistan. Honor killing is done for many reasons e.g. Breaking or violating the principles and norms of the family, doing love marriage, marriage outside one’s cast or religion, eloping, having extra marital, premarital affair. Honor killing is mostly common practice in rural areas and is associated with female members of the family.
 
Main causes of Honour killing in Pakistan 
Looking at the Karachi honour killing case of a couple who did love marriage. Imtiaz Ali (2017) mention that the bodies of teenage couple were allegedly electrocuted for contracting a free will marriage. Further he mention in the article that initial investigation into the member suggested that the couple were given electric shocks until they died and after that they were buried at a graveyard in Sherpao Colony. The nature of problem according to Imtiaz Ali is that hundred of women are murdered every year but no one take a stand. Further more he states that “The Aurat foundation’s annual reports of 2016 showed 7856 cases of violence against women” and that their is 70% increased in honour killing in past year. Zia Ullah (2010) explains that Pakistani women face all kinds of domestic violence and abuse by the hands of male members of the family and community. Be it father, husband, brother or male relatives. He further explains that almost 1000 women are killed in the name of honour every year. Honour is always associated with females most of the time. “Losing honour by the female members bring disgrace and shame.” Honour killing is often levied against Islam and Muslim. “Honor killing has no sanction in Islam” he says. Talking about honour killing in Pakistan, the author Zia Ullah points out that Pakistani women women faces all kinds of domestic violence and abuse by the hands of male members of the family. Looking at this point, male members like to control everything and everyone around them especially women. Women are killed and murdered and face threat due to choosing their life partner by their own free well. Looking at this statistics of honour killing by Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, Total no. Of cases reported from 2004 to 2016 are 35935 and many more cases that have not been reported. He mentioned the main cause of honour killing is that women are considered that they need men’s supervision, protection and control. And that women are to obey the men. Be it their father, husband or brothers. It is a male dominant society where male child is preferred to a female child and the male child is automatically considered the head of the family.
 
Qandeel Baloch Honour killing case:
Qandeel baloch, a 26 years old media girl popular for posting videos, photos and posts was murdered by her brother in the name of honour. Imran and Taser (2016) in Dawn news article discuss that the model asked for the security three weeks ago prior to her death. It was also mentioned that Qandeel’s brother was threatening her to stop posting such videos and pictures on social media. “It was incident of honor” said officer Sultan Azam. Pahor, Guramani and Khan (2016) explains that gender inequality is the cause of the problem in Pakistan. Women are considered inferior to men. Despite it is dominant social factor of Pakistani society particularly in backward areas of the country. Woman in Pakistan has no respectable place in society. Still, it is dominant believe that woman has been created only to serve man. As a result of this mind set, woman has socially harassed, politically undermined and economically pushed back. “Injustice against woman such as honor killing, acid throwing, domestic violence, harassment at public places and forced marriages are taking place throughout the country. Woman has no free access to get education, to earn for her livelihood, to participate in decision making process at domestic level, to own property, to decide her marriage and to do job” (Pahor et al., 2016).

Riada Asimovic Akyol (2014) shares Parveen’s story and blasted the familiar stereotypes. Considering the solutions, in his book “The Honour Code” he explores the process that ended three abominable practices related to honour. According to Appiah, what ended these practices "wasn't the moral arguments ..., it was the willingness to live by them." Appiah also addresses the continuing custom of honour killings. He emphasises that identity groups live by a certain honour code, "a set of shared norms" that dictates specific demands, or determines one's gain and loss of right to respect. Moreover, a group that, regardless of one's identity, accepts a certain code, pertains to the same "honour world". Such framework conditions an individual's treatment by the community. After drawing lessons from history, reshaping honour is what Appiah suggests as a way to successfully move forward in the ongoing battle against honour killings. In other words, those willing to eradicate honour killings should pursue a strategy of collective shaming: to shed light on how such cases are bad publicity for the country, and demand the government's accountability for keeping Pakistan "a ship permanently poised on the verge of failure". 
Welchman and Hossain (2006) state, that the role of religious right political grouping that invoke religion and religious traditions as the justifications for their activities, including those which seek to marginalize the rights of women or minorities.

Policy:
Muhammad Bilal (2016) in Dawn article “Pakistan pass anti honour killing bills and anti-rape bills” mention that legislation on honour killing will introduce strict and tougher punishments and that will be tougher than the ordinary murder. Further he mentioned “Under the new law relatives of the victim would only be able to pardon the killers if he sentenced to capital punishment”

The authors I read overlook great deal of problem, the main reason of the problem that is family pressure. Many female members of the families are bound to stay at homes. Females face pres,sure throughout their lives. From wearing clothes to opting out from studies and getting married. If a women tries to get her right she is threatened and is killed. A women who want to do job but her parents aren’t allowing her, or women who want to become an actor and her family isn’t allowing. Yet she goes against her family will is mostly the victim of so called honor killing. In Pakistani society women do not have any freedom. She do what her family members tell her to do. She is run by the hands of male. If you see a typical Pakistani woman she is not even independent. Most of women are dependent on their father’s and husband. Its not that women don’t want to become independent they are made dependent forcefully. In some rural parts of Pakistan, the male-dominated jirga, or tribal council, decides affairs and its executive decisions take primacy over state legislation. A jirga arbitrates based on tribal consensus and tribal values among clients. Tribal notions of justice often include violence on client's behalf. 
The Honour killing can be linked with social control theory. The theory says that people refrain from deviant because of factors that control their impulses to break social norms. Basically deviance results from an absence of social control. According to Walter Reckless this type of control can come from interpersonal and legal sources and their two types inter containment and outer containment. As Beccaria said that people should be punished if they violate social control. He argued against marginal deterrence which refers to petty offenses being subjected to same punishment. He also called for fair and certain punishment. The honour killing can also be linked with Social Learning and Differential Association theory. Individuals learn the values, attitudes, techniques, and motives for criminal behavior. Because its is a learned behaviour. People or group motivates you to do it. If you see the honor killing case of Qandeel baloch. His brother in an interview stated that he was motivated by Mufti Abdul Qavi to kill her sister in the name of Islam. Fmaily and relatives have no right to kill any women in the name of honor.

 


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