Rhetoric : PreIslamic

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The development of Rhetoric through Greece and pre-Islamic era

Submitted: January 01, 2019

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Submitted: January 01, 2019

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Literary prose is one of the most beautiful literary styles, it has a 
distinguished presence in the literary scene. Numerous literary prose 
has emerged from ancient times and has significant presence. The 
literary prose has many purposes. One of the most prominent arts of 
literary prose: commandments, rhetoric, letters and others. This essay 
will highlight the art of rhetoric, history and correct forms. 
Rhetoric contains many different definitions, the oldest of which is 
Aristotle's, he defines it as a force that involves convincing people 
as much as possible in all sorts of things. “Rhetoric may be defined 
as the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of 
persuasion” (181) Public speaking is a type of conversation that is 
closely related to the audience who is hearing it, and they’re 
influenced by it. Therefore, one of the most complete and 
comprehensive definitions of rhetoric is that, it is the art of 
addressing the masses to influence them. 
Thus, it is possible to say that one of the essentials of public 
speaking, and the presence of an audience; they have to listen and 

that is one of the elements of persuasion and public appeal. The 
orator must clarify opinion to the public and convince them, and the 
orator must provide evidence in order to deliver the truth. The 
evidence is to prove what is being said,  either Calming the souls of 
the listeners by allowing them to agree based on the common social 
values or provoking them to the direction of what is being said, and 
the orator must take control of their emotions. The art of public 
speaking is an act that involves control of the audience.
Rhetoric in Greece 
The Greeks were interested in speech, and the most important 
philosopher was Aristotle, the leader of the Greek philosophy. The 
Greeks divided the rhetoric into three modes, pathos, ethos and logos. 
It can be said that the rhetoric during the Roman and Greek times has 
improved greatly, as appeared in Greek wars and political debates. 10 
BC the epic poem Iliad Homer narrates about the war, it has a lot of 
references to what could be in the future, rhetoric was used in that 
poem as a form of persuasion and the Greek gods were developed further 
in the late 5th century due to rhetoric. 
It was written in Greece at the end of the fifth century, Phaedrus and 
Gorgias, changed the concept of rhetoric. However, Aristotle was 
highly interested in rhetoric and he studied all of the components 
that makes it up. 

After this era, the arrival of Jesus Christ contributed to the idea of 
rhetoric and developed it further using Aristotle's methods. Which 
lead to millions of followers till this day. Therefore, bishops and 
priests showed up.
Rhetoric pre-Islamic era 
The Arabs in the pre-Islamic era were also interested in rhetoric, and 
their interest was manifested in the use of rhymes at the end of the 
sentences to evoke emotions and engage the audience. The Arabs were 
famous for their defense of themselves through bragging and reviewing 
what they were famous for. Their dialogues were severe even in their 
wars, and rhetoric was the method they use to defend their dignity and 
females, but also their money.
Although the pre-Islamic Arabs took great care of rhetoric; their 
interest in poetry was greater but it was also effected with rhetoric 
just like what happened in Greece. 
The idea of rhetoric started to spread, when it became more important 
than poetry. Poetry became something people with minimal knowledge 
would do, and they started using poetry in degrading others and the 
most foolish person within the tribe would use it to express the 
desires.

For every tribe, there was an orator, who often uses rhetoric to 
encourage fighting, reform, and to rule over princes and kings with 
the intention of influencing the souls by using what is most important 
for that tribe to target emotions, usually it is the protection of 
females or accusations of theft.
Speech is the language of rhetoric, and the art of public speaking is 
the art of persuading people and astonishing them, either by speech or 
by writing.

Speech can also be defined as  how to  overwhelm and 
master hearer's hearing. The orator preached in  mosque / church or 
just simply speaking to the people, whether it is political or not. 
Through the history, people been performing rhetoric by persuasion 
became more successful and not an argument because they lead the 
audience and changed their beliefs in whatever the topic is.

 

 

 

 


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