AK-47. The Preferred Weapon of Our Enemies

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Status: In Progress  |  Genre: Non-Fiction  |  House: Booksie Classic

Submitted: January 11, 2019

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Submitted: January 11, 2019

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AK-47 & AK-47 (M)

 

The Preferred Weapons of Our Enemies

 

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The practice of picking up an enemy’s weapon and using it against them has become quite the norm in any conflict. However, before doing so a proper understanding of how they actually operate is required to avoid the “fumble factor”, something that can easily get you killed on an active battlefield.  

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A Brief History

 

The AK747 must be the most widely distributed and successful military rifle manufactured since World War 2, and in addition has a well-earned reputation for reliability for it certainly works when required to, and above all will keep on working even in the worst of conditions.

The origin:- According to Russian documentation, at the start of WW2 ,1939,  they began experimenting with small caliber rounds resulting in the development of a short 7.62 mm round, and in 1944, Mikhail Kalashnikov set about designing a carbine to fire it. At first, this came to nothing but undeterred he persisted and eventually designed the rifle that became the successfully robust AK-47. The most successful military rifle manufactured since World War 2, and probably the most widely distributed.

It is know that the Soviets had been experimenting with small caliber cartridges before 1939, and the appearance of the German 7.92-mm Kurz- cartridge, together with the MP44 assault rifle, in all likelihood led them to develop the 7.62 x 39 mm - M1943 round.

Their first weapon chambered for the small caliber round was a Simonov rifle, which appeared in the late 1940’s but the Kalashnikov design was simpler and easier to manufacture; moreover, it was in the ‘assault rifle’ style, whereas the Simonov was a fully stocked weapon more in the style of a bolt-action weapon.

The Kalashnikov, being smaller and handier to operate, allowed the Soviet army to get rid of its vast stock of submachine guns and settle on a standard weapon which performed the roles of rifle, sub-machine gun and light automatic all in one weapon.

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Making ready

 

The Kalashnikov rifle is an aesthetically ugly weapon, engineering design wise, but it certainly is a tough, reliable, and simple to operate weapon.

Picking it up one finds the balance is not particularly good, but snap a rounds charged magazine into place, pull back the cocking handle, release it, and the weapon is loaded, and ready for some heavy-duty action.

After the loading, choose the preferred firing mode by pressing the combined fire selector down one notch from safe to select automatic fire, or to its lowest position for single round shots.

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Making safe

 

To make the weapon safe, push up the combined fire selector and safety catch and a long spring-loaded arm on the right side of the receiver will make the weapon safe by locking the trigger, but it is still possible to pull back the bolt far enough to check if a round is in the chamber.

From a fighting point of view, the selector tends to be rather noisy, and more than one operator of a Kalashnikov has attracted some unwelcome attention from their opposition by allowing the selector to announce his presence. Moreover, it is almost impossible to operate if you are wearing Artic-style gloves or mitts, but that in itself is but a minor defect.

 

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Basic Specifications

Magazine;- box style, 30 rounds.

Weight loaded;- 3.15 kg.

Cartridge;- 7.62mm

Length;- 876mm

Rate of fire (cycling);- 600 rounds per minute.

 

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Aiming

Simply take aim across the rear sight notch and the foresight blade, and if doing so in low light there are luminous spots on each sight to help with aiming.

Firing

Squeeze the trigger and fire.  The recoil is easy to control, but when used in the automatic fire role the rifle as with most basic build automatics, tends to climb away from the point of aim if the burst of fire is too long. So when used in an assault role, short-controlled bursts of fire will be more effective.

Up to 300 meters range you should be able to hit a figurine target, but beyond that, accuracy falls off quickly and that is down to the general standard of manufacture, and the AK’s loose tolerances. However, it certainly works when required and will keep on working.

 

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How the Kalashnikov works

 

The AK-47 is a gas-operated weapon, using a rotating bolt inside a bolt carrier. Over the barrel lies the gas cylinder with a loose piston rod. When the rifle is fired, some of the gas behind the bullet enters the gas cylinder and drives the piston backwards. The rear end of the piston emerges over the top of the chamber and strikes the heavy bolt carrier knocking it back.

The bolt, lying inside the carrier, has a peg that protrudes into a curved slot in the carrier, so that as the carrier moves back it drags this slot across the peg, causing the entire bolt to rotate. This unlocks the lugs 0n the bolt from corresponding recesses in the back end of the barrel and as the carrier continues backwards under the impetus given by the piston it pulls the unlocked bolt back, extracting the empty cartridge case and ejecting it.

As the carrier and bolt go back they compress the return spring, and at the end of the carrier and bolt movement, the spring drives them back. The bolt face collects a fresh cartridge from the magazine, drives it into the chamber and stops; the carrier still moving forwards causes the bolt to rotate so that the lugs lock into the barrel. The weapon is now ready to fire the next round, as the carrier moving backwards cocked the internal hammer readying it for release by pressing the rigger.

 

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AK-47 – AK-47 (M) Basic Field Strip

 

Remove the magazine, (either the original metal or the later orange colored plastic type), by pressing the magazine release catch forward, and then check that the chamber and feedway are clear of a round.

Press the end of the return spring guide into the end of the receiver using your thumb, this allows the removal of the receiver.

Push the return spring forward to clear the end of its housing and remove it rearwards.

Pull the cocking handle to the rear and remove the bolt carrier and bolt, then separate the bolt and carrier.

Open the gas parts by rotating the gas-cylinder lock which is located on the right hand side of the rear sight block. The weapon is now ready for cleaning and light oiling.

 

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