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World History one of my favorite subjects starting in high school, I was pleased when asked to render Augustus - Emperor of Rome for a special project for the company i worked 35 years as artist. rendering it. I learned much about Augustus and became interested in the period 500 BC to when the Roman Empire fell.

Submitted: April 29, 2019

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Submitted: April 29, 2019





Article and Cover Painting by Virgil Dube’ - Copyright 2019


AUGUSTUS - ROMAN EMPEROR - this color pencil drawing I copied from the bronze statue of Augustus of Prima Porta about thirty years ago was not only a privilege but also a wonderful artistic experience when Nick Crews, my boss at the Art Director at the Independent Life, assigned me the project for some major company promotion. 

Beside art and science, my favorite class in high school was world history. From time to time over intervening years I’ve dabbled reading articles featuring old world and ancient subject matter. My interests besides prehistory before and after the Ice Age that includes ancient man (anthropology), is mostly from 500 BC through the conquests of Alexander the Great and the rise and fall of the Roman Empire. It’s always intrigued me a fan of world history the impact Emperor Constantine the Great, also known as Constantine I ruling between 306, and 337 AD the year he died, adopted the expanding religion Christianity and made such impact on the cultural world by moving the Empire to and forming Constantinople resulting in the Holy Roman Empire and propagating his religion.

The dating of the incredibly detailed Prima Porta statue is widely contested because there is a representation on the breastplate signifying the Roman eagles' return by the Parthians in 20 B.C. It is thought to be a copied bronze original cast from marble, the sculptor assumed to be Greek, his identity unknown. This original bronze, along with other high honors, was given to Augustus by the Senate in 20 BC and set up in a public place. The marble statue was later found in the villa of his wife, Livia.

Pax Romana, meaning ‘Roman Peace’ in Latin, was a period of comparative tranquility that existed throughout the Mediterranean region from the reign of Augustus to the reign of Marcus Aurelius (161 –180 AD). Augustus laid the foundation for this stretch of harmony and relative peace, which also extended to North Africa and Persia. The Roman peoples was largely free from large-scale conflict for more than two centuries, despite continuous wars of imperial expansion on the Empire's frontiers and the year-long civil war known as the ‘Year of the Four Emperors’ over the imperial succession (69 AD, was a year in the history of the Roman Empire in which four emperors ruled in succession: Galba, Otho, Vitellius, and Vespasian). The empire protected and governed individual sectors, and permitted each province to make and administer its own laws while accepting Roman taxation and military control.

Roman statesman and military leader, Augustus was the first emperor of the Roman Empire established as a republic, reigning from 27 BC until his death in AD 14 at age 75. His status as the founder of the Roman Principate, name sometimes given to early Roman Empire to about 284 AD, has consolidated an undying legacy as one of the most effective and controversial leaders in human history. Subsequently, the Greeks and Roman Empire in their entirety were models to set in place the rise of the modern western world, and Democracy.

I hope you enjoyed my article, the color pencil drawing copied from a better than two thousand year old statue of an impactful man on human history for which I was given opportunity to render as an artist ... Virgil Dube’.

© Copyright 2019 Virgil Dube. All rights reserved.

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