Biography Mario Buda Mass-Murderer

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Status: Finished  |  Genre: Mystery and Crime  |  House: Booksie Classic
Bio of a, Anarchist, communist, Galleanist, terrorist, mass murderer and propaganda of the deed/propagande par le fait active in the U.S. 1917-1920.
It is possible that Buda was a simultaneous psychopath (knows right and wrong but doesn't care) and sociopath (no remorse about killing strangers), though this combination is statistically unusual.

Submitted: September 21, 2019

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Submitted: September 21, 2019

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Mario Buda

 

Birth 13 Oct 1884 Savignano sul Rubicone, Provincia di Forli, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Death 1 Jun 1963 Savignano sul Rubicone, Provincia di Forli, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Burial Cimitero di Savignano sul Rubicone, Savignano sul Rubicone, Provincia di Forli, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Mario Buda nickname Nasone ("Big Nose") alias "Mike Boda".

Anarchist, communist, Galleanist, terrorist, mass murderer and propaganda of the deed/propagande par le fait active in the U.S. 1917-1920.

It is possible that Buda was a simultaneous psychopath (knows right and wrong but doesn't care) and sociopath (no remorse about killing strangers), though this combination is statistically unusual.

Rap sheet:

1899 Arrested for robbery.

c. 1900 Arrested for disturbing the peace.

1907 Emigrated to New York.

1911 Returned to Italy.

1913 Emigrated to Boston, Roxbury section, Massachusetts and blended in with the large romagnoli community there at that time.

1913 Buda met Nicola Sacco (1891-1927) during the strike in Hopedale, Massachusetts.

1916 Met Bartolomeo Vanzetti (1888-1927) in Plymouth, Massachusetts. He began to attend the anarchist group of these two who were followers of Luigi Galleani (1861-1931), and also devoted his free time to the organization of free Italian anarchist schools, where Italian immigrants were taught the rudiments of anarchism.

Also in 1916, he was arrested in Boston for taking part in a demonstration against the US intervention in WW1.

During the proceedings against him, he refused to take the oath on the Bible, and was sentenced to five months in prison.

Also in 1916, the Preparedness Day Bombing in San Francisco resulted in 50 people being killed or wounded; Buda's participation could be neither proved nor disproved.

1917 Buda met with ten other anarchists (including his friend Carlo Valdinoci (?-?). On 24 November 1917 a "sophisticated" time bomb was placed near the Italian Evangelical Mission Church, North Astor Street, Third Ward, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The device was discovered and brought to the Central Police Station (northeast corner of North Broadway and East Wells Street) where it detonated, causing the death of the following:

Officer Francis M. Caswin/Frank Caswin plainclothesman

Desk Sergeant Henry Deckert (born 1889)

Detective Frederick William Kaiser (born 19 March 1878), Spanish-American War vet, Corporal, Company E

4th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry

Detective David G. O'Brien

Detective Charles Seehawer

Edward J. Spindler (born 1882) telephone operator

Officer Stephen H. Stecker (born 26 December 1880)

Detective Albert H. Templin/Al Templin (born 3 August 1878)

Civilian Catherine Walker "in the police station making a complaint against her boyfriend."

Detective Paul J. Weiler (born 28 January 1879)

THIS WAS THE WORST LOSS OF POLICE LIVES UNTIL 9/11.

The act was thought to be retaliation for the killing of two Bay View Italians on 9 September 1917 during a hostile exchange between a group of local Italians and former-priest-turned-Methodist Rev. Agostino Antonio Fulvio Giuliani D.D. "Rev. August Giuliani D.D." (1881-1929).

1917 to escape the draft after the US entry into the war, he went with Sacco and Vanzetti and others to Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico, which at this time had a vibrant community of Italian anarchists. During this time, Buda made a living as a laborer in a laundry room, sharing his salary with other anarchists.

On 11 September 1920, Sacco and Vanzetti were charged with robbery and murder in South Braintree, adding to the highly-charged atmosphere simmering from the promulgation of anti-anarchist laws (e.g. Immigration Act of 1918) and the deportation of Luigi Galleani.

On 16 September 1920 an unidentified man traveled to Wall Street with a horse-drawn cart, and stopped between the headquarters of the J.P. Morgan Bank (23 Wall Street) and the New York Stock Exchange (intersection of Wall Street and Broad Street). The cart was loaded with 100 pounds of dynamite and 500 pounds of cast-iron sash weights. The man detonated the bomb with a "remote control device" at 12:01pm. The bank and other buildings were severely damaged but remained intact; 38 people died and another two hundred were injured.

The following manifesto, in red ink, was found in a mailbox on the corner of Broadway and Cedar Street:

REMEMBER

WE WILL NOT TOLERATE

ANY LONGER !

FREE THE POLITICAL PRISONERS

OR IT WILL BE

SURE DEATH FOR ALL OF YOU

American Anarchist Fighters

The investigation was headed by William James Flynn (1867-1928), director 1919-1921 of the Bureau of Investigation, the forerunner of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Attention was turning to Buda, based on the testimony of a blacksmith who had rented the horse which was used to pull the explosive wagon.

Buda, however, was able to avoid detection and left New York to embark on a trip back to Italy.

There does not seem to be any reliable list of victims. Here are the exceptions:

Carolyn M. Dickinson/Carrie Dickinson (born 1878)

Charles Axel Lindroth (born 30 March 1895) from Brooklyn. WW1 vet 106th Machine Gun Battalion, 27th Division.

The most prominent person wounded was Junius Spencer Morgan III (1892-1960).

Continuing his rap sheet:

Late September 1920: Fled to Providence, Rhode Island where obtained a passport from the Italian consulate there in the name of Mike Boda.

October 1920 left for Naples aboard a French passenger ship.

Late November 1920 back home in Savignano.

1921 Arrested as a suspected accomplice in the murder a police officer 1921.

1922 Fled to Switzerland where he spent two months. During a search of his home, incriminating letters from American and Italian anarchists were found.

1927 Arrested and sentenced to 5 years in prison on the island of Lipari, Aeolian Islands, Tyrrhenian Sea off the northern coast of Sicily.

1932 Transferred to a prison in Ponza, Pontine Islands, Tyrrhenian Sea.

Buda was incredibly slippery and cunning and outwitted the system at every turn.

1928 Edward Holton James/Ned James (1873-1954) the socialist, fascist, rabidly anti-Catholic journalist had this to say about Buda in an admiring interview:

"Stubborn, proud and assertive, Mario Buda is described by some comrades in the struggle as a particularly taciturn individual, serious, introverted, totally in control of his own emotions, and at the same time as an extremely staid, polite, tranquil man...calm, and quiet, but blindly proud of his convictions".

"In 1955, Mario Buda allegedly admitted to his nephew that he had built and detonated the Wall Street bomb. He had even remained at the scene after the explosion, but was neither interviewed nor arrested."

Buda died a free man.


© Copyright 2020 Ralph Monclar. All rights reserved.

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