Eora, Courmangara or This Place, Watsons Bay and South Head

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Status: In Progress  |  Genre: Non-Fiction  |  House: Booksie Classic
A History of Watsons Bay, known as Courmangara by the Birrabirragal people of the Dharug nation, prior the invasion and settlement of Sydney Harbour by the English in 1788. The first section is the Birrabirragal history of country. Only one chapter completed and awaiting approval by indigenous people before completing.
The second section is a social history from 1788 to 1970 and being posted as written.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Submitted: September 23, 2019


Introduction
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Creation

Submitted: September 23, 2019


The creation of the Austrlian continent as recorded by indigenous people 60,000+ years ago and passed down using their "memory code" and as explained by Geologists in the 20th and 21st centuries.
This chapter leads to the specific creation of the Sydney Basin.
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Time of Burran (Kangaroo) Gadalung Marool - Hot and Dry (January-March)

Submitted: September 23, 2019


The behaviour of the male kangaroos becomes quite aggressive in this season, and it is a sign that the eating of meat is forbidden during this time. This is a health factor; because of the heat of
the day meat does not keep, and the likelihood of food poisoning is apparent.


The blooming of the Weetjellan (Acacia implexa) is an important sign that fires must not be lit unless they are well away from bushland and on sand only, and that there will be violent storms and
heavy rain, so camping near creeks and rivers is not recommended.
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Time of Marrai'gang (Quoll): Bana'murrai'yung - Wet Becoming Cool (April-June)

Submitted: September 23, 2019


The time of the year when the cries of the Marrai'gang (Quoll) seeking his mate can be heard through the forests and woodlands, and when the lilly pillys ripen on the trees.


However, when the lilly pillys start to fall, it is time to mend the old warm cloaks from last cold season, or make new ones, and begin the yearly trek to the coastal areas.
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Time of Burrugin (Echidna): Tugarah Tuli - Cold and Frosty (June-July)

Submitted: September 23, 2019


This is the time when the male Burrugin (echidnas) form lines of up to ten as they follow the female through the woodlands in an effort to wear her down and mate with her. It is also the time when
the Burringoa (Eucalyptus tereticornis) starts to produce flowers, indicating that it is time to collect the nectar of certain plants for the ceremonies which will begin to take place during the
next season.


It is also a warning not to eat shellfish again until the Boo'kerrikin blooms.
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Time of Wiritjiribin (Lyrebird): Tugarah Gunya'marri—cold and windy (July-August)

Submitted: September 23, 2019


The lyrebirds' calls ring out through the bushland as he builds his dancing mounds to attract his potential mates. It is the time of the flowering of the Marrai'uo (Acacia floribunda) which is a
sign that the fish are running in the rivers.


At the end of this time the Boo'kerrikin (Acacia decurrens) flower, which indicates the end of the cold, windy weather, and the beginning of the gentle spring rains.
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Time of Ngoonungi (flying fox): murrai'yunggory— cool, getting warmer (september-october)

Submitted: September 23, 2019


The time of the gathering of the flying foxes. A magical time of the year when the flying foxes gather in the darkening skies over D'harawal Lands. They come in from the north-east, the north, the
north-west and the west, and swirl over the Sydney area in a wonderful, sky-dancing display just after sunset, before setting off for the night-time feeding grounds to the south.


But it is also a very important ceremonial time for the D'harawals, which begins with the appearance of the splashes of the bright red Miwa Gawaian (Telopea speciosissima) in the bushland.
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Time of Parra'dowee (Eel) November-December Goray'murrai—Warm and wet

Submitted: September 23, 2019


This season begins with the Great Eel Spirit calling his children to him, and the eels which are ready to mate make their way down the rivers and creeks to the ocean.


It is the time of the blooming of the Kai'arrewan (Acacia binervia) which announces the occurrence of fish in the bays and estuaries.
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1788 Invasion

Submitted: September 23, 2019


The arrival of the first fleet and contact with indigenous people.
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1790-1799

Submitted: September 24, 2019


The eastablishment of a signal pole and tower and keepers cottages as a permanent settlement on Souyh Head
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