The United States of Federalism

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Status: In Progress  |  Genre: Non-Fiction  |  House: Booksie Classic

Every form of government requires philosophical reasoning. Democracy values right to choose. Tryanny values power. This opinionated college essay explores the philosophical reasoning behind Alexander Hamilton's The Federalist. Why should we value the freedom to choose? Find out in this short college essay!

The United States of Federalism


 

America ideally aims to function under a fair government. Our government values the power to choose. However, democracy also values the rules of law to function. Under democracy, we can have both. Federalism is a prime example. Federalism is the foundation of democracy (and is still used today). Democracy functions best under federal and state constitutions. Therefore there are legal and political reasons why federalism, and the power to choose works.  Democracy also includes lawful protections, such as checks and balances (that maintain a fair government). This avoids a totalitarian government. In fact, tyranny is the result of a totalitarian government who functions based upon lack of distribution of power. As you once stated, “Give all the power to the many, they will oppress the few. Give all the power to the few, they will oppress the many” ( Hamilton, 1).  I agree. 

Democracy thrives on state and federal constitutions. This is the power of choice. Checks and balances also prevents uneven distribution of power. Article One, Section Seven of the United States Constitution is a good example. The president has executive power to sign a bill, or reject it. However, Article One, Section Seven of the United States Constitution allows the Senate and House of Representatives, to override by a two-thirds vote. Therefore, it is obvious that democractic societies value choice (as opposed to a single government). 

Democracy also values protection  from the government’s political prejudice. This is why the power to choose is vital. When the government exercises too much control, it can violate the rights of others. This violates the power to choose. In America, states also have their own constitution. Therefore protections (such as federalism, and checks and balances) prevent the government from stealing taxes. As seen in The United States v.s Estate of Romani, it was determined that the federal government stole an estate’s taxes (based upon Pennsylvania law).  The government’s political prejudice does not exclude taxes. In Texas v.s The United States of America, multiple states sued the federal government. This was due to cutting insurance rights under the Affordable Care Act. The court decided that the government's cuts to lawful protections were unconstitutional. It is obvious that there are numerous instances when democracy (and the power to choose) has prevented political prejudice from the federal government. Therefore the best way to  govern is best under choice, and state and federal constitutions. 

Although democracy protects from a tyrannical government, it lacks uniformity. There are consequences to the power of choice in government. For instance, protections such as federalism become dysfunctional. It is difficult to govern if we can not maintain uniformity, unlike under a central government. Today,  there are seventeen states that have not legalized marijina. If our government was centralized, political issues such as legalizing marijina would be easy to solve. Therefore the power of choice can sometimes be a weakness. Therefore A critic could argue that the power to choose hurts the government. 

However, there are many benefits to the power of choice that outweigh a few cons in a functioning government. In a democracy, our priority is to keep the government fair, and avoid tyranny. Tyrannical government lacks diversity in opinions. Lack of diversity of opinions lack fairness in the government. Therefore the power to choose, does just that. Lawful protections such as checks and balances, the court system, and federalism allow a government to remain fair. 
 

 Works Cited

 

“A Quote by Alexander Hamilton.” Goodreads, Goodreads,

www.goodreads.com/quotes/456021-give-all-the-power-to-the-many-they-will-oppress.

 

"Article I, Section Seven". Constitutionallawreporter.Com, 2020, https://constitutionallawreporter.com/article-01-section-07/. Accessed 29 Feb 2020.

 

“United States v. Estate of RomaniI, 523 U.S. 517 (1998).” Legal Information Institute, Legal Information Institute, 29 Apr. 1998, www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/96-1613.ZS.html.

 

“Texas v. United States.” Constitutional Accountability Center, www.theusconstitution.org/litigation/texas-v-united-states/.



 


Submitted: March 01, 2020

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