Chapter 7: 1B1A William Henry Neale and Ann Coles Levet and family, Carisbrook and Pyramid Hill

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Status: In Progress  |  Genre: Non-Fiction  |  House: Booksie Classic

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1B1A  William Henry Neale and Ann Coles Levet and family, Carisbrook and Pyramid Hill

William Henry Neale was born on the 27th June 1826, in Coventry Warwickshire. He died at Pyramid Hill on 6th July 1891.

Ann Coles Levet was born on 26th December 1820 at Silver Street OR Newland Street Baptist, Kettering, Northamptonshire, England.  Died 1885 at Durham Ox aged 65.

They emigrated to Victoria on the ship “South Sea” arriving in February 1853 when Ann Elizabeth Neale was one year old.  William Fuller Neale was born in 1856 at Alma, a town along the Maryborough – St Arnaud Road, west of Maryborough. Alma began as a gold-mining settlement and was named after the Battle of Alma in the Crimean War. It was surveyed in 1860, the Post Office opening on 1 July 1861.

It appears that William Fuller Neale died in 1858, probably at Carisbrook, and a new son born in 1862 was also named William Neale.  It is highly likely that his full name was William Levet Neale. He married Mary Jane Chenery in 1885.

The above information was discovered despite many errors in documentation recorded by the authorities regarding immigration and by people using etc.  The Neale name on the immigration records is “Neal” and baby Ann’s name as Elizabeth.

The Neales settled in Carisbrook, where they opened a bakery.  William was immediately connected with community, and began a life of civic duty, serving on various committees and boards for the rest of his life. He was active in the church, local council, the Australian Natives Association and the Tragowel Irrigation Board.

The first public record of William Henry Neale is in 1858:


Before His Honor Judge Macobey. (R. Smithee, Esq, J.P., and G. Agar Thompson, Esq., I' M., were also on the Bench.) Mr. McCreight prosecuted for the Crown. USE OF THE KMFE. Isaac Chadwick was charged with stabbing a Matthew Crawley at Peters diggings. The following jurymen were empaneled—Wm. Rumbie (Foreman) Michael Harrington, Francis Chapman, William Neal, Samuel Attwood, Daniel Pennington, Edward Hackford, James Hughes. John Stewart, John Wing, Andrew Madny, and John Lock. Mr. Truwhitt appeared for the prisoner, who pleaded not guilty. The Crown Prosecutor said he was hound to object to Mr. Truwhitt appearing for the prisoner in the Court, as Judge Forties had formerly decided not to allow Attorneys to appear when Counsel were present Mr. Truwhitt insisted that be was entitled to practice. Unless four Barristers were present to open a Bar he had the right of audience. His Honor: If the Bar did not oppose, he would not object to a Solicitor acting for the prisoner. Mr Truwhitt: If the Court will assign counsel to defend the prisoner, he had no objection. Mr. Prendergast said it would be invidious on bis part to make any objection, but he would be happy to defend the prisoner if be received instructions. Mr. Tufton Smith said as ancient curia he begged to state that he was allowed to defend a prisoner in Melbourne under similar circumstances. * Mr. Pmndergast then took the defense in hand, instructed by Mr. Truwhitt.

The particulars of this case appeared at the time of the examination at the Police Court Prisoner was having a dispute with a storekeeper named Pearman, whose store be was trying to enter, Crawley interfered and stepped in between them, when the prisoner stabbed him in the breast. The defence was that the prisoner had reasonable fears that injury was intended him from those with whom he was disputing, and that the knife was used in self-defence.  The jury returned a verdict of guilty, with a recommendation to mercy. Sentence, twelve months’ hard labour in Castlemaine goal.

Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser, Friday 4 January 1867, page 3


An adjourned general meeting of the Carisbrook Council was held in the Town Hill, yesternight when were present: The Mayor H Clarkson, Esq, in the chair, and Crs Neale, Smith, Ponsford, Crooks, and Pennington. 

Around 1873, Robert Crawford moved to Carisbrook to train as a baker at the Neale’s bakery. In 1875, Robert Crawford at 20 years of age married Ann Elizabeth Neale who would have been 23.By 1878, the Neales and Crawfords had moved to Durham Ox.  It was reported that:

Kerang Times and Swan Hill Gazette, Friday 4 October 1878, page 2 The new bakery; has: been. opened, and the bread and articles in the confectionery line. are quite equal to anything produced in the large towns. Mr Neale has supplied want that has been felt for some time, and his enterprise will I hope meet with due re-ward.

By 1883, William Henry Neale was fully active in the new community.  It is assumed that through his activities with the Methodist church, he became friends with the reverend De Garis and together they served on the foundation board of the Tragowel Plains Irrigation and Water Supply Trust.  This appears to be the first record of the beginning of the movement:

Kerang Times and Swan Hill Gazette, Friday 15 June 1883, page 3 DISTRICT NEWS. (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT Durham Ox, June 13.: A meeting of the committee of the North-western Water Conservation and Irrigation League was held at the -Court House on Monday afternoon. The committee mustered in force and some additions were made thereto. The president of the league presided. The secretary reported progress, and read replies from the Bishop of Melbourne accepting gladly the position of patron. From the Department of Water Supply, to the effect that the Hon the Minister had the appointment of a Royal Commission under consideration, From Messrs Moore and Yeo, Ms,P., accepting the position of visepresidents. Mr E. S. Maxwell, who was present and enrolled as a member of the league, referred to the action taken by the shire council agent a petition to the Government on the subject of irrigation.

The Rev E. C..De Garis, one of the rice-presidents of the league, moved, and Isard seconded, that this league heartily approves of the action of the Shire Council of Swan Hill in undertaking the work of obtaining signatures to a petition urging on the Government immediate consideration of the necessities of the district in the matter of water supply for the purposes of irrigation. &c., and promises to further the object of the petition as far as possible. Moved by Mr Sheridan. and seconded by Mr Bill, that on account of the attitude assumed by.

Mr Gordon on the subject of irrigation, it is resolved that the -Government be respectfully requested to take steps to obtain the best engineering skill available for the purpose of devising and executing a national scheme of water supply for the purpose of irrigation. Moved by Mr Biramley, and seconded by Mr Isard, that the Hon the Minister of Water Supply be respectfully requested to furnish the league with information respecting cost, capacity, extent of water shoud, water courses into which it might flow, how utilised, and revenue derived from the Barner's Creek reservoir, with a view of ascertaining, if available, as a supplementary supply to the Loddon in the summer months. Moved by Mr Neale, seconded by Mr Ault, that as the construction of a weir at the head of the Serpentine Creek would supply water for irrigating by gravitation thousands of acres of land north of the Durham Ox, it is resolved that Messrs Bramley, Sheridan, and the mover attend the next meeting of the Loddon United Water Trust as a deputation from this league to urge the trust to, expedite the construction of the weir. Moved by Mr Furnell, J.P., and seconded by Mr A. Smith, that as -no scheme of water supply will meet the necessities of the arid districts of the colony which does not provide for irrigation, this league respectfully but earnestly protests against the waste of the resources of the country on work designed for supplying water for stock at domestic purposes only, and nrres. in the Hon the Minister of Water Supply the expediency of stopping or postponing all works which cannot be utilised as a national irrigation scheme. Moved by the president, seconded by Mr Bromley, that in consideration of the fact that the present Water Conservancy Act is unsatisfactory in its working, and the objects proposed to he accomplished by it are not equal to the requirements of the arid districts, in the opinion of this league it is imperative on the Hon Minister of Water Supply to defer the introduction of an Amending Bill until the practicability of a national scheme of water supply for irrigation be considered. Moved by Rev E. C. De Garis, seconded by Mir Ault, that the secretary communicate with the several irrigation leagues for the purpose of arranging a conference of leagues. and to suggest that Saudhurst would be a suitable place, and early in July a suitable time for the purpose. Rev E. C De Garis moved that the secretary write to the councils of the various shires in the arid districts to obtain certain information in furtherance of the objects of the league. The whole of the foregoing resolutions were carried unanimously, and, with a vote of thanks to the chairman, the meeting closed.

DE GARIS, ELISHA (ELIZEE) CLEMENT (1851-1948), irrigationist, was born on 17 September 1851 at St Martin, Guernsey, Channel Islands, first child of Elisha (Elizée) De Garis, carpenter, and his wife Mary, née Roberts. The family came to Australia in 1854 and settled in Adelaide and later Naracoorte where Elisha senior flourished as a builder. Elisha junior was educated at the Collegiate School of St Peter, Adelaide, then in 1872 went to Melbourne to study architecture with the firm of Crouch and Wilson. In 1876 he joined the Wesleyan Methodist Church as a home missionary and was ordained four years later. At the time of his marriage on 2 February 1881 to Elizabeth, daughter of John Buncle, he was serving at Charlton; in 1882 he was ordained as the minister at Durham Ox and Kerang.

The plight of the drought-stricken farmers in his circuit moved De Garis to advocate the irrigation schemes of Hugh McColl. With his architectural training, flair for journalism and implacable determination he emerged as a formidable yet disinterested leader of the irrigationists. As irrigation correspondent for the Melbourne Daily Telegraph he helped to persuade Alfred Deakin to see the Chaffey brothers in the United States of America. De Garis was founding chairman of the Tragowel Plains Irrigation and Water Supply Trust, the first set up under the 1886 Act. From 1883 he had been prominent in the Central Irrigation League, serving it as chairman for four years. He edited his own newspaper the Australian Irrigationist for two years before it merged with the Weekly Times. Fired with ideals of self-help he created the Associated Australian Yeomanry, a farmers' distribution co-operative.

A commissioner of the Melbourne Centennial International Exhibition, by 1888 De Garis had emerged as a lobbyist and publicist of singular flair, his talents overflowing the constraints of the ministry. In 1886 the Wesleyan United Conference had voted him a probationer to free him from his pastoral duties, but by 1887 he could no longer resist the lure of the temporal world and renounced the cloth. He served as a lay preacher for the rest of his life and was a member of Methodist conferences until his ninety-fifth year.

In a book titled “These Verdant Plains”  (1971) by Michael Sharland, on page 67 there is mention of a Crawford and William Neale being commissioners on the Tragowel Plains Irrigation and Water Supply Trust.  William Neal was also a lay preacher, baker and grazier.  I don’t believe that the Crawford on the board was James or Robert, although Robert was later very active in securing votes and supporting the scheme, when he lived in Karang.

It appears that by 1884, the Neales had moved to Pyramid Hill.  It is highly likely that they took up grazing land to take advantage of the new irrigation scheme.

Kerang Times and Swan Hill Gazette, Tuesday 25 November 1884, page 2

THE SCHOOLS' PICNIC. When the ceremonies for the opening of the Kerang railway were being initiated it was mooted that some amusement should be provided for the children of the district, many of whom had never seen a railway train. The matter was taken up by the Board of Advice, and Mr C. E. Albrecht, on their behalf, entered warmly into all the arrangements. The Railway Department were communicated with, and a train, to convey the school children to Pyramid Hill, free of charge, was promised, a very liberal reduction also being made in the fare for adults travelling with the children by that train.

Some difficulty was experienced in fixing a date for the excursion, the promoters wishing to hold it on the 12th or 13th instant, whilst the Department, doubtless not aware of the inconvenience which would have been experienced by many heads of families and adults wishing to be present with the children, decided to issue the tickets for Friday, the 14th November (sale day). Upon this being explained to the Department they kindly consented to alter the date, and. at the suggestion of Mr Albrecht, fixed it for yesterday (Constitution Day), when the picnic, so anxiously looked forward to by young and old, came off under most favorable circumstances.

On Saturday evening, a special train, consisting of twenty carriages, arrived at the railway station, for the purpose of. conveying the excursionists to the scene of the picnic. Yesterday as early as 7a.m., the children. and their friends from the northern portions of the district, began to flock into the township, and by ten o'clock the town assumed the appearance of a second railway opening day.

At 9.30 a.m. the children assembled at the station and took their seats in the first train, it starting punctually to time. A second train left about twenty minutes after, which stopped at the intermediate stations and picked up contingents of picnickers from the Macorna and Tragowel districts. On. arriving at Pyramid Hill it was found that although all the vehicles which could. be obtained were in attendance to convey the children to the scene of their day's enjoyment they were inadequate to seat half the number of excursionists, and the remainder had to walk from the station to the scene of the picnic. On reaching the spot chosen -- the foot of the mount, adjacent to Watson's Hotel, a site well adapted for picnicking purposes -preparations for lunch, were set in motion, and very soon could be seen the smoke of the camp fire and the steam from the simmering billy, Mr Neale supplied the wants of the Kerang and Macorna schools, whilst the others provided their own necessaries.

After lunch various games were indulged in, cricket and racing being the principal. Mr A. Ellis took the races in hand and, with his customary tact, amused a large number of the children. Those whose ambition soared higher ascended the mount, and although many failed, in the attempt to reach the summit a large number could be seen on the crowning cap of the pyramid, and they were well rewarded for their exertions in ascending its rough and rugged sides-a feat which was not accomplished, in many instances, without a rent in the lower garments of the ladies.

The scene from this elevation was an animated and lively one, the number of people present being about 1500. About 4 p.m. a move was made for the station, and an hour later the first train. started on the return journey, the second following shortly after.  Kerang was reached and the children deposited on the platform without the slightest mishap having occurred to mar the day's enjoyment. The children were: evidently delighted with their day's amusement, and it will be remembered by many of them when grown to manhood and womanhood as the day on which they had their first ride in a railway carriage.

The weather, with the exception of a slight dust storm, was all that could be desired. The thanks of all who took part in the outing are especially due to Mr C. E. Albrecht, for his indefatigable exertions in bringing the picnic to such a successful issue. The railway arrangements, under the supervision of Mr Spall, were complete, and the inhabitants of Kerang and district may congratulate themselves in having secured as their station master, an affable and efficient officer.

It is sad to find that there were no newspaper reports about the death of Ann Coles Neale ne Levet.  Like too many pioneer women, their lives were un-reported and apart from an “Album” given to her by her husband we have nothing to remember her by.  On the flyleaf of the Album, William Henry Neale has written:

Ann Coles Neale

Presented by her

Affect. Husband

Feby – 15th


It doesn’t appear that she ever wrote in the Journal, however a number of friends did.  They were primarily religious in nature and I can find nothing personal to indicate what she was like as a woman.


An entry was written by her daughter Ann Elizabeth Crawford ne Neale.

AE Crawford


June 3rd


In remberance

Of Dear Mother


In the year of Ann’s death, William continued to attend meetings to progress the planning of the irrigation scheme.  Finally in mid-1886, the scheme began:

Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : Saturday 3 July 1886, page 8

Yesterday His Excellency the Governor, accompanied by the Chief Secretary and the Minister of Lands, and a number of members of Parliament, journeyed by special train to Pyramid Hill, and his Excellency cut the first sod of the irrigation works to be carried out by the Tragowel Plains Irrigation Trust. His Excelleney received an enthusiastic reception on his arrival. He was presented with an address from the council of the Gordon Shire. A drive of two miles took the visitors to the scene of the ceremony, which was performed in the presence of a large concourse of persons. The sod was turned on to 1 channel.

The scheme is intended to serve an area of 80,000 acres, and is to cost £105,000, exclusive of the regulating basin it is proposed to construct at Eddington. The water is to be drawn from the River Loddon, and the trust 'has received authority to divert half the flood-waters of that river. After the ceremony a banquet was held. His Excellency the Governor warned the farmers not to be too sanguine, but, at the same time, expressed' the belief that if the scheme were properly carried out it would confer great benefits on the district.

Mr. Deakin spoke ardently on the subject of irrigation, and predicted that whatever alterations were made in the details of his bill, its main principles would be left undisturbed, and the bill would be passed by Parliament The visitors left Pyramid-Hill on the return journey at  o'clock p.m.

For one year, from June 1884 until May 1885, W. Neale ran an identical advertisement in the “Kerang Times”.  It stated that he had taken over “Coventry Bakery” in Karang and proposed “by supplying a good article, to retain the confidence of the public”.  This coincides with Robert and Ann Crawford’s family moving from Durtham Ox to Karang. 

It is almost certain that Robert Crawford operated this bakery, because William Neal snr. was living at Pyramid Hill, as was William Neale jnr.  In April 1886, Robert Crawford was advertising that he had taken over the bakery from W. Neale.

Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), Monday 25 October 1886, page 2


There was an Assembly Ball last night at Mr Watson's Pyramid Hall, which proved to be a great success, there being seventy couples present, the catering being done by Mr W. Neale, baker and confectioner, of Pyramid Hill, and the music was conducted by Mr Finster, of Sandhurst.

Our Pyramid Hill constable, Mr French, captured a Queensland native, named Pompey, last night, for whom a warrant was issued for stealing a chestnut horse, saddle and bridle from Mr W. A. Pender, squatter, Grantville, Western Port, on the 27th ultimo. Mr French, having got information that Pompey was at Stormy Point, between Pyramid and Durham Ox, went in search of him in the evening and got him, he having been working for Messrs Hay Bros. Mr Bolam, their manager here, can scarcely believe Pompey guilty, and is sorry to part with him.

Kerang Times and Swan Hill Gazette Friday 23 December 1887, page 11

An accident of a serious nature, which might have proved fatal, befell Mr. W. Neale, of Loddon Vale, on Monday evening last. It appears that. as he was in the habit of doing, Mr. Neale had ridden over to the Gladfield post office, and when about to return, and in the act of remounting his horse, it became restive, started plunging, and threw its rider over its head. Mr. Neale was picked up in an insensible condition by some men who saw what had happened, and the residence of Mr. Twigg, where he remained in a state of unconsciousness for some time, but through the kindness and attention of Mr. and Mrs. Claricoates, he at last regained consciousness, and was conveyed by them to his own residence. Mr. Neale is much cut about the head and face, and also received a nasty bruise in his sides, caused no doubt by a kick , ^ ^_.^*,:--,.^y-^, The rest of the article is illegible

Bendigo Advertiser, Friday 13 July 1888, page 3


Shooting Match. —The triangular match between Kerang, Durham Ox and Pyramid, was held today at the Pyramid Butts at 200, 409 and 500 yards. The match occupied the whole of the day, and concluded by the Kerang team taking first place with. 636 points, the Durham Ox team took second place with a total of 551 points, and the Pyramid team third with a total of 541 points. The Pyramid team expected that they would have won the second place, but fate was against them, as one of their best shots from some cause which cannot be explained, missed the target seven times in succession at the 500 feet range, and from this cause the Pyramid team had to be satisfied with third place. A very enjoyable day was spent. The only thing that could be complained of was the weather which was very gusty with misty rain. Mr, W. Neale provided the luncheon on the ground.

With the irrigation scheme in place, the government released more land for grazing and William Neale jnr. was successful in obtaining land near his fathers.

Bendigo Advertiser, Monday 6 May 1889, page 3

LAND NOTIFICATIONS. The following notifications, appeared in last Friday's " Government Gazette - W. Neale junior, Lodden

An active member of the Methodist church, William must have attended events throughout the district.  While his second wife Elizabeth Dunn was a local woman, they married in Geelong. 

Kerang Times, Friday 8 August 1890, page 2 MARRIAGES. NEALE - DUNN - At the Wesleyan Church, Geelong, by the Rev. A. R. Edgar, Wm. Neale, senior, of Pyramid Hill, to Eliza, relict of the late William Dunn, of Korrak Korrak.

On Monday 22 Jun 1891 it was announced that William had won a contract to supply the Pyramid Hill “Prison Rations”.  I’m assuming that this would involve supplying bread and other produce from his bakery.  Unfortunately, within weeks, he died.

Bendigo Advertiser, Thursday 9 July 1891, page 3 PYRAMID HILL.  (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.)

Tuesday, 7th July. 1891

SUDDEN DEATH - Yesterday afternoon Mr. W. Neale, baker, of Pyramid Hill, whilst attending to a batch of bread in the oven, took suddenly sick, and in about half an hour he died. A post mortem was held to-day by Dr. Deravin in the presence of Mr. J. M'Kay, J.P., when the doctor gave it as his opinion that Mr. Neale died of syncope and fatty degeneration of the heart. Mr. Neale was an old resident of this district, having been one of the early selectors on the Loddon, and was one of the first water commissioners of the Tragowel Irrigation Trust. He retired some two years ago from the trust, and rented his farms, and came to Pyramid, where he has continued to carry on his original business of a baker. He leaves a wife and grown up family, who are doing for themselves, also a large number of friends, who will be sorry to hear of his death, he being highly respected as a just and honorable man.


Kerang Times, Friday 10 July 1891, page 2 In Memoriam. — The services in the Wesleyan Church on Sunday next will have rather a painful interest connected with them. For the first time for a very long while the friends of the late Mr. Wm. Neale were expecting to hear him preach again and Mr. Neale actually made arrangements to be present on that occasion, but his work on earth is done. The Rev. W. Johns will officiate in his stead and at night will preach a funeral sermon.

The Pyramid Hill Advertiser, July 10, 1891


In the Wesleyan Church on Sunday night next, a funeral sermon will be preached in connection with the lamentable death of our esteemed townsman Mr. William Neale.  At the request of the friends of the deceased Mr E Holloway J.P. has consented to officiate on that occasion.  A more appropriate arrangement could not be maid; the preacher and the deceased have been companions as lay preachers for a number of years.  No doubt there will be a large number at the service.  Many who are now connected with the different churches remember well how in the early settlement on the plains but for the services conducted by these honoured lay workers opportunities of the public worship would have been few indeed.

The Pyramid Advertiser, July 17, 1891


At the Pyramid Hill Wesleyan Church on Sunday evening last, a special in memoriam service was held in consequence of the death of Mr. W. Neale, which was recorded last issue.  Mr. Edward Holloway preached and during his discourse referred in feeling terms to the sudden demise of his late co-worker, and testified to his great usefulness as a religious worker and his value as a friend.

He took for his text the thirteenth verse of the fourteenth chapter of Revelations-“and I heard a voice from heaven saying, Write, Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: Yea saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them.””-And observe that the death of a friend or a relation was meant to teach a lesson, and it was the duty of everyone to pray that the nature of that lesson might be revealed to them.  It has truly been said that every man considers all men mortal but himself, and therefore did not prepare for the future state as he should.  For twenty-seven years, Brother Neale has preached the gospel and laboured in the interest of the church doing everything freely for the sake of Christ.  There was no need for preparation in the last hour for their beloved friend lived consistently righteous life.  His was a career that spoke volumes.  The attendance of the service was very fair considering the very unpropitious weather.  Appropriate hymns were selected, and the pulpit was draped.



Kerang Times, Tuesday 15 December 1891, page 2 On the motion of Mr. Roberts (instructed by Messrs 'Connelly and Tatchell, of Kerang) Mr. Justice Molesworth on Thursday last granted letters of administration of the estate of Wm. Neale, late of Pyramid Hill, baker, to Elizi Neale, widow of said deceased. Amount of estate, £2845 13s. 7d.

Over several decades there were any newspaper reports such as:

“Not the least attractive was the supper room, where refreshments, to please the most fastidious, were laid out in splendid style by Mr. W. Neale, Pyramid Hill. The room, being neatly decorated, well lighted, and the tables groaning under the weight of edibles of all descriptions, was a welcome retreat after a few hours of the whirl, excitement and heat of the dance.”

Bendigo Advertiser, Saturday 24 September 1892, page 4

 (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT) Thursday, 22nd September.

THE WEATHER lately has been all that the farmers could desire, and there is every reason to believe that we will have a bountiful harvest this year.

R.C. BAZAAR.-The bazaar, which was held lately, will be the news of relieving the debt on the presbytery by some £450. This speaks well for our scattered district.

PRESENTATIONS. -On Tuesday evening, ex-Councilor A. M'Gillivray, who lately retired by effluxion of time from the Gordon Shire Council, was entertained at a banquet and presented with a very handsome gold locket, inlaid with a fine diamond, by a number of his neighbors and supporters.  While he was a counselor, Mr. G. W. Greenwood occupied the chair and Dr. Deravin the vice chair. Some 40 persons sat down to the table to partake of the good things provided by Mrs. Neale. After ample justice had been done to the eatables, the toasts began, with songs between, and a very enjoyable evening was spent.

Kerang Times, Tuesday 7 July 1891, page 2

Obituary. - Mr. William Neale, an old, well-known and respected resident of this district died suddenly yesterday at his residence at Pyramid. Mr. Neale was one of the first selectors on the Duck Swamp run, then owned by Hurtle Fisher, Esq. He has carried on the baking and confectionery business successfully at several of the townships about here, and on Sunday night had just arranged all his work for yesterday morning, when he retired apparently in the very best of health. It is likely that the effect was heart disease. He was Mr. Crawford's father-in-law, and was only married to his second wife about a year ago.

The Kerang Times, Tuesday 26 June 1894 p2

Pyramid Hill., from our correspondent

The half -yearly meeting of the Pyramid Hill branch of the A.N.A. was held on the 20th inst, at the Victoria Hall. The election of office bearers resulted as follows: — President, Mr. Berchdolt; Cice-President, Mr M.P. Cogan : secretary, Mr. W. Walden ; assistant secretary, Mr. S. E. Sampson ; treasurer, Mr, J. Baker ; committee, Messrs. R. Gregory, T. Bird, J. Murray. E. Martin, and J. Bad. It was decided to place £25 in the Post Office Savings Bank on deposit. The receipts for the evening amounted to £13 17s 2d. A brilliant gathering assembled at the Victoria Hall on Tuesday evening on the occasion of a " Welcome Home" to the R'v. Father Madden, who recently did a grand tour- through America, Ireland, England, France, Switzerland, Italy thence to Colombo and home. The chair was occupied by J. H. Kelly, Esq., J.P., and the vice-chairman was Dr. Deravin. The toast of " The Guest" was proposed by the chairman, and in responding Father Madden described the leading features of his tour in a graphic manner, and mentioned that he considered Victoria was superior to any of the places he had visited. The other toasts were " The Queen," " Agricultural Interests," " Ladies," and " Press." Songs and recitations were rendered by several gentlemen, and the proceedings throughout were highly enjoyable. The catering was creditably carried out by Mrs. Neale. The Pyramid Hill Draught Club journeyed to Durham Ox on Monday night, and were beaten by three games. The match was well contested.

Finally, an article that paints a picture of what life was like in Carisbrook in the 1860s, and includes mention of the Neales bakery.

Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser, Friday 14 August 1914, page 1

EARLY CARlSBROOK. REMINISCENCES OF THE SIXTIES. (Paper read by Mr W. Durbridge before the Carisbrook Rechabites.) My first recollections of Carisbrook date back fifty years, when I went to school in the building now doing duty as the Church of England Sunday school. It was not so large in those days, but some few years afterwards another room was added to the end and used for the infants, as the main room was getting too small for the increased attendance. It was then called the common school, and I think we each paid the teacher 1s 6d a week for teaching us.

This teacher's name was Murphy. He was very fond of his beer during school hours, and many a time we boys had to take his jug over to the Shamrock hotel-(now named the Britannia)-then kept by a Mrs Gosling. This was the only thing we could not play tricks with, for if we did, he would know who was the culprit. He was very fond of using his ruler on our hands or anywhere else if he could get a crack at us; and what pranks we used to play on him! It was his custom to sit on a fairly high stool with a high desk in front of him so that he could look all over the school. One of our favorite tricks was to get a piece of cobbler's wax and stick a needle or pin in it and then fasten it to the seat of his high stool. When he sat down, he would soon jump up again and nearly always bring the stool with him. And didn't he make it warm for any boy whom he could find had set the trap. But I don't think he ever discovered who was the guilty one. He seemed to forget all about it afterwards, but I suppose that was because he was nearly always partly muddled with beer. We were nearly always playing some trick on him, but this one was a favorite, as we all liked to see him jump.

In those days we used to play cricket, marbles, etc., on the site where the Church of England now stands, after the church was built. The favorite place was where Mr Bruhn's butcher's shop is. It was always a nice smooth piece of ground, and so made a grand place for marbles. During the winter months we used it for skating or sliding, and a grand slipping place it was. But what pictures we looked after getting a buster or two.

We had two cricket grounds. One was behind the fire brigade station, or else where Hugh Hinks' shop is, and we used the wall of the hotel as our longstop. In the early days the Chinamen, when the creek was low in summer, used to dam the water back and cart and wash the dirt from the bottom of the creek for gold, and I believe they did well at it. There was very little water at Maryborough rush, so the diggers carted their washdirt to Carisbrook creek and washed it, and no doubt would lose a lot of gold, and this is what the Chinamen were after. They had a large camp on the banks of the creek at the back of the property now owned by Mr L. Bland. We boys used to stand on the bridge and pelt the Chinamen, and as soon as they got wild, they would make after us with shovels and bamboo sticks. We thought it great fun, and this went on daily for a long time until they used to fire a gun after us. Then we left them alone for a good while, but now and again we would throw stray stones at them. When they finished washing the creek out, they left.

About this time Mr Murphy, our school master, left for another school, and a Mr Hamilton came in his place. Soon after this I left and went to the Grammar school at Castlemaine. Ah! I wonder where all the boys and girls are now who attended the school in those days. There are very few of them in Carisbrook at present. What glorious times those were- the best of our lives, but we did not think so then.

I will try now to tell you about the buildings, etc., in different parts of the town. Most of the old ones have disappeared. There used to be a building right opposite the Methodist Sunday school room, which was once used as a bank. Afterwards it was used as the Rechabite lodge room, and during 1871 I first joined the I.O.R. here. Mr H. C. Clarkson was Chief Ruler, and a Mr Hill secratary. I went through several offices while there, the last one as assistant secretary, which I gave up when I left the district. The temperance movement was in full swing before that through the Band of Hope, which was held every Saturday in the Church of England Sunday school. There used to be great singing, recitations, etc., and the place was crowded every evening.

Then there was the Working Men's Talbot and Maryborough Total Abstinence League. I had the pleasure of dropping across an old minute book with the minutes of the first meeting held on November 26th, 1869, held in the Wesleyan Church, Craigie. There were representatives present from Talbot, Maryborough, Amherst, Carisbrook, Majorca, Alma, Chinaman's Flat, and Cockatoo, consisting of Messrs Copeland, Jennison, Sandback, for Talbot ; Messrs Fisher, Rawlings, Dyer, for Amherst; Messrs Young and Pearce for Craigie; Messrs H. C. Clarkson, H. Clarkson, W. Neale, and J. Crossley for Caris brook; Messrs E. Stubbs, Hesketh, J. Thompson for Chinaman's Flat; Messrs Clark and Lockyer for Cockatoo; Messrs J. Carlyon, Lightfoot, Bansgrove, and Woodland for Maryborough ; and Messrs Barr, Ferber, Stamp, and J. Gearing, junr., for Majorca. The delegates met fort-nightly at the different places, and meetings were at first well attended, but, according to the minutes, this league seemed to have died out about the middle of 1872. There were many other well-known names on the minutes whose owners, attended the meetings at different times, so you see in those early days the temperance cause was well to the fore.

I can well remember a very large temperance picnic held in Mr Price's paddock at Four Miles Flat, on the other side of Craigie, at which the Rechabites from all parts was well represented. We marched from Carisbrook with the Carisbrook brass band leading, and a great crowd in attendance. The profit, after paying all expenses, was well over £100. Mr " Coffee" Jones delivered a great address on the temperance cause. He was a splendid speaker and was well worth listening to. Afterwards he was a member of Parliament. I don't know exactly just how he came to be called " Coffee" Jones, but I fancy he used to manufacture this commodity.

In those early days there was a large flour mill owned by a Mr Webb, but it was not built by him. This turned out a very large quantity of excellent flour yearly. It was afterwards burnt down. Then Mr. W. Neal's baker's shop was next to the house, where the Rechabites used to meet, and a very good business was transacted there. This shop has disappeared.

Next door were the old assembly rooms, where the Carisbrook brass band practiced, and which was a great place for travelling showmen. I can well remember the renowned Billy Barlow, who used to give a whole entertainment himself, and very good he was too. One time he was living in Mr O'Kelly's house at Woolbrook--(the old place is still there)-and many a time I have been over there to see him. It was there he composed his famous song. ' The bluetailed fly." I often saw him practice this, and highly interesting it was to note the way he could imitate a fly. One would almost swear it was a fly the man had caught. We boys used to think it great fun watching him.

Next to the assembly rooms was the Nag's Head hotel, which in the early days did a roaring trade, and was the stopping place for Cobb and Co. coaches. This place has also been pulled down. There was another hotel on the corner (called the Bridge Inn) kept by a Mr Haylock, one-time Mayor of Carisbrook. I can remember Messrs J. Bowman and McKean, who had been re-turned to Parliament, making a great speech there. A barrel of beer was on the footpath for any and everybody to drink from, and what a host of customers that barrel had!

Opposite was Kirk's hotel where Cobb and Co. used to stop in later years. This place was burnt down. The site is where Mr Shebler's black smith shop now stand. On the other corner was the Railway hotel (kept by a Mr Pennington), but I think it had a different name in those days.

There was another hotel called the Tullaroop, on the other side of the creek. I believe it was kept by a Mr Hudson. You will notice after going up the hill from the bridge that the metal road has a turn in it to the left. This was done so that the coaches could pull up at the hotel. Before the present bridge was built there was a small, low bridge across the creek just beside it, and you can see to this day some of the old piles standing in the water.

There was a large black-smith's shop next to the Railway hotel, kept by a Mr Metcraft, and next was Mr Sweet's butcher's shop, now occupied by Mr Downs. Opposite this was another blackemith's shop kept by Jimmy Parker, besides several other shops of various kinds between it and the Bridge Inn.

On the other side of Parker's shop was a butcher's shop kept by Mr Harry C. Hart, and next was the Carisbrook hotel, kept by Mrs O'Kelly, a great place for playing " fortyfives." I can well remember a small fruit shop, kept by Mr W. Saville, on the corner where Mr Cambridge's large store now stands. Cambridge's shop in those days was on the opposite side of Green-street, just where there is now a large red gum tree growing.

Mr Peacock used to have a baker's shop next to Cambridge's store, but the place has been pulled down. Next was Mr Crooks' butcher shop and Mr Smith's store. The corner where the post office now is was a great place for us boys to play cricket and marbles. Next to this was a large brick cottage where lived Mr Dowie (father of Mr A. H. Dowie). Further down Bucknell-street was the Town Hall, which was built by Messrs Powell and Williams. The post office in those days was situated in one of the side rooms where the free library now is. The free library , in those days was part of the present Council Chambers.

A little further on was the court house, a fine large blue stone building. The police station was then situated in the police paddock behind the State school. There were a fine lot of buildings then, but they have been shifted away. The gaol was built of logs (now to be seen in Bucknall-street next to the railway bridge). The sons of the late Constable Dooley and myself were great chums, and were nearly always together, so we had the free run of the police station. Constable Conn lived in a large brick building situated on the banks of the creek. A fine woman his wife was, and I remember she used to wear a large crinoline. It would take up the whole footpath, and when we wanted to pass her, we had to run into the gutter. If a fellow was courting a girl in those days, he could not get his arm round her waist for the crinoline. There were not many buildings, on the creek side of Bucknall street in those days down as far as opposite the courthouse, but a good many lower down.

Opposite the courthouse was a large brewery, now occupied by Mr Highdale ,as a dwelling. Lower down was another large brewery called " The Standard." This was a fine brick building, but, like all the others, has now vanished. Lower down the creek used to be a large vegetable garden, and next was Mr D. Crooks' tannery, not much of which is to be seen to -day. Then there was a sodawater factory over on the flat near the cricket ground, a place now occupied by Mr Ben. Howell. In Green-street there was another butcher's shop between the Carisbrook hotel and Cambridge's shop. Further along was Mrs M'Donagh's' news agency and fancy goods shop. On the opposite side of this street was the Shamrock hotel (now called the Britannia), which was owned and occupied by Mrs Gosling.

Further along was a large draper's shop, which was afterwards a butcher's shop, run by a Mr Ponsford. There were several small shops along this street-a saddler's shop kept by: Mr John Hunter, and another occupied by Mr Rogers (who afterwards removed- and opened a shop in High-street; Maryborough). Mr Hill had a chemist shop, after wards occupied by several other traders; finally, it was burnt down. Past the school Mr. H.C.Clarkson had a wheelwright's shop; and next was Mr C. Laird's blacksmith's shop.

Opposite was the large brick building, used at that time as a market, which I think was held every month. The numbers on the walls around the building re-presented the stall-holder's number. There used to be great crowds attend on market days. The pig yards used to be along the fence where the fire brigade building now is. I remember the time when the Prince of Wales - (afterwards King Edward V11 .) was married, and what a great to do there was that day. They roasted a bullock on a spit at the back of the market and afterwards hoisted it on the shoulders of several men and carted it round the town to the Town Hall, where it was cut up and a large amount of it eaten.

The two large oak trees in front of the Town Hall were planted at the same time. Then there were three large fruit gardens, which were open to the public on Sundays. The largest was Mr.Nutall's, up towards Craigie, now occupied by Mr Stubbs. There used to be great crowds visit this garden every Sunday.

There was always a booth where drinks of all kinds were sold, and many a one would spend his week's earnings. One paid 1s to go into the garden and could eat as much as desired, without being allowed to carry any away. However, plenty got away all the same. "A man was posted at the gate to watch every one as they passed out to see that they did not take any fruit away. I saw him once tap two women very hard on their crinolines, as they had something very hard there. He made them drop the fruit, which they had tied up in a bag under their crinolines. Another dodge was to get a small child under the crinoline and walk in. So, it is evident the crinoline came in very handy sometimes.

Then there was Kirk's garden, nearer Carisbrook, where he built a two-storied brick building, and was used as a place to sell liquor and fruit. This place is now owned by Mr . S. Cole. The building stands to-day in the middle of a paddock, which at that time was a forest of fruit trees and grape vines, and was one of the finest gardens in the district. The third garden was at Newmarket, where one could get a fill of wine and grapes. At that time there was a large number of fruit gardens around Carisbrook -- Attwood's, Macaboy's, Cambridge's and several others, but of nearly all those only a few old trees are left to-day. Neither are the hotels so numerous now, for at that time there were 14 hotels and shanties in the borough of Carisbrook.

Submitted: March 23, 2020

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