The Value of Mangroves in Conservation

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Status: In Progress  |  Genre: Non-Fiction  |  House: Booksie Classic


The Value of Mangroves in Conservation

Global Cooperation is Vital


 

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An estimated 10-15% of coastal carbon capture happens by just 0.5% of the world’s coast coverage by Mangrove forests. Mangroves are salt-tolerant plants found in the world’s tropical and subtropical coastlines in intertidal areas.They are being diminished, since their value is not always recognized. 


 

Between the 1980 and 1990, 35% were lost, and the loss has been reduced to 4% between 1996-2016. They have value, mangroves are systematically converted for aquaculture, agriculture, urban development and other unmanaged

harvests in much of the tropics.

 

Local resource managers lack the details and funding toward conservation, restoration as they are not able to tap into resources they need for small projects.

 

The meshed, webbed roots, are used for fish hatcheries, enabling humans to make a living through fisheries. These ecosystems also provide habitat for invertebrates (shrimp and crab), reptiles (snakes to crocodiles), birds (kingfishers to hawks), primates (macques and lemurs) and even Bengal tigers. 

 

Mangroves provide communities with food, cooking and building materials, and also contain places of spiritual and cultural significance. Mangroves also prevent shoreline erosion. They protect communities from the frequent intensity and frequency of cyclones, hurricanes and typhoons. They break up the force of a storm surge and prevent damage along coastlines. 







 

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They keep smaller mangrove areas from losses by between 5.5 and 6.5 months of economic activity, and in larger mangroves, the losses are down to between 2.5 and 5.5 months. For poorer areas such as Haiti, and Bangladesh, Madagascar,  this makes an extreme difference to their economy. 

 

The loss of mangroves affected by the polluted freshwater flowing to the coast.

Communities have changed to shrimp farming on the coasts, but even that requires some destruction of mangroves to provide room for them.

The protection of mangroves will reduce longer term deterioration of low-lying areas inland. In Bangladesh, they will prevent rice agriculture from flooding by seawater. 

 

By use of satellites, scientists are able to provide imagery and field measurements to study these mangrove ecosystems.  They have been able to provide accurate, reliable, up-to-date and locally relevant information or the extent and change in the mangroves in the extensive mangroves. 

 

Larger communities have not been able to tap into ecosystem services (PES) programs and the wealth of blue carbon initiatives and climate finance available.

We need global research that can be applied to all areas for planning and economic calculations by government and financial institutions.

This should be integrated with seagrass systems, coral reefs and other coastal lifeforms that capture carbon and prevent extreme storm damage. 

 

…………………………………………………………………………………………..

Shirley Langton 2021






 


Submitted: February 15, 2021

© Copyright 2021 Shirley M. Langton. All rights reserved.

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