The Junkers 87 Stuka

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Status: In Progress  |  Genre: Non-Fiction  |  House: The Collectors House


The Junkers 87, or better known as the Stuka was one of the prime dive-bombers in nearly all fronts of combat during WWII. A plane that was utilized by Luftwaffe of the German Forces mainly but also was in use from such Air Forces as Bulgaria and Romania. This quite well known aircraft had many variants throughout the war beginning with the base model which could carry up to three bombs on the wings and fuselage. Two 50kg bombs on mounted wingpoints and either a 500 or 250 kilogram bomb under the fuselage depending on the mission. Now what made this plane so recognizable wasn’t the seemingly mediocre bomb armament. Nor was it the four 7.9mm guns in the wings. No, what made this plane so easily recognizable also happened to be it’s greatest downfall that was actually removed in later models due to being easy to spot were trumpets of sorts placed within the main gear legs which upon diving to a certain speed would activate an instantly recognizable horn. 
 The sound most certainly fulfilled it’s intended mission during the beginning of the war, and that was fear. For a long while when you heard this sound grow you also most certainly knew you or someone near you was about to perish. These horns, better known as the “Jericho Sirens” were entirely intended to instill fear into the enemies of the German people. This ultimately led to this version's downfall however because after a time it became just too easy to find the enemy and also have time to hide from any bombs. Later models would be seen to remove these and instead lead to an upgrade in the engine, fuselage and weapons both onboard and those that were carried.
 Instead of the four 7.9mm guns many of them upgraded to just two 20mm cannons which were seen to be more accurate and also cause more damage in the outcome of a dogfight. Plus being an attacker type aircraft the 20mm cannons were more able to penetrate ground armor below. Speaking of just the gun portion many later models such as the D and G had wing mounts on which the manufacturing plants could add two 37mm cannons for anti-armor, four 20mm cannons or for the ultimate hail mary of devastation twelve 7.9mm machine guns for anti-infantry. All of these options led to a major impact against the Allied Powers in WWII but also posed a problem of low ammo-quantity within the aircraft and also a major lack of speed and maneuverability which were a key factor in many losses. Which is why they upgraded many of the guns in the rear turrets and added minor armor into the canopy and windows to help pilots get home.
 The other upgrades went to its ability to carry bombs in which they could either be bigger than the 500KG bomb or hold more smaller KG bombs. The biggest bomb ever dropped from a Junkers 87 was a 1000KG bomb capable of a large amount of destruction to anything it managed to hit. Now that being said the accuracy of their payloads to their targets is not that great. In its history the most accurate bomb drop from a stuka would mean you’d be 50m above a target(which for those who are unaware is extremely close to the ground) and yet you would only hit about 50% of the time. It could likely vary a bit with how experienced the Luftwaffe pilot is but a lot of the fault was with the aircraft. Nevertheless this aircraft proved to be one of the best and most well known aircraft of WWII and would continue to serve from before the war ever occured in terms of all out world war, all the way until the end. Even when Germany had jet fighters prowling the skies, the Stuka remained in the air. A well valued and combat proven vessel of destruction. 
This has been a brief overview of what has to be one of the most influential aircraft this world has ever known. I hope that in reading this you’ve learned something and hold onto it. I hope that you’ll take an interest in the subject and delve into our history. Something in which many neglect to learn these days believing it is unnecessary to know our history and saying it is a pointless subject. Little do these people know the vital role history plays for us in our coming future. If we didn’t know our history and the devastation war causes we likely would have seen a nuclear war long ago. We may even well be extinct along with many if not all living species on this planet. If you’d like to know more on this subject or any other for this matter drop it into the comments and if I don’t know it as well as I should I’ll brush up on it and make an informational post about it. Thanks much and have a good one


Submitted: March 21, 2021

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