Some Philosophies which I like

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Status: In Progress  |  Genre: Non-Fiction  |  House: Booksie Classic

This is a collection of ideas of the Philosophers which have fascinated me.

Plato’s Allegory of the Cave

This is a beautiful idea. There is a dark cave and in it are blind men; there is a bright light emanating from the outside and the men are groping for light. What Plato meant was beside the world of the senses there is an ideal world of forms.

Hegel’s idea of Thesis Anti-thesis and Synthesis

Hegel has said that in every philosophical proposition there is a Thesis, an antithesis and synthesis. Let me illustrate this by an example. The harsh treaty of Versailles imposed on Germany is a thesis. The rise of Hitlerian dictatorship became the result and it is an anti-thesis. The outbreak of World War II can be considered as the synthesis. I would like to show another example. The capture of India by the British invoked a colonial rule and that’s a thesis. The coming of Mahatma Gandhi as freedom struggle Messiah is an ant—thesis. The liberation of India from British yoke is a synthesis.

The Signifier and the Signified by Roland Barthes

Roland Barthes is famous as a post-structuralist philosopher. He has introduced to Philosophy, the concept of the signifier and the signified. The signifier is a visual idea and the signifier is an abstract idea. For example, if I say Dove is peace, Dove becomes the signifier and peace becomes the signified. If I say God is Truth, God becomes the signifier and Truth becomes the signified. If I say, rose is passion, rose becomes the signifier and passion becomes the signified.

Derrida’s Deconstruction

The Philosopher Derrida introduced deconstruction to the realm of Philosophy. Deconstruction as an idea means, texts privilege some and marginalize others. Deconstruction aims at a critical reading of texts. Let us take an example from Apartheid. Apartheid in the textual realm privileged the Whites and marginalized the blacks. From deconstruction, I have developed the idea of binary fusion. Binary fusion is s state in Philosophy where texts neither privilege nor marginalize anyone. Let’s take an example from Blues Music. Blues music has emerged from Black culture and it has become a universal legacy. Blues music as a text neither privileges nor marginalizes anyone. Another example would be Jazz, a musical style developed by the Blacks which has won worldly acclamation. Another example can be taken from History and History can be made into binary fused text as Her-story.

The Philosophy of Existentialism

Existential heavy weights are Sartre and Camus. Sartre’s existential philosophy is one of angst and it says: existence precedes essence. However, I would love to intrude into Sartre’s space and rephrase existential philosophy as the celebration of life. Camus’s existential philosophy compares the state of man to that of the mythical creature Sisyphus. Sisyphus is a Greek Tragic hero who is forced to roll a boulder only to find to his shock that it rolls down again. Sisyphus is forced to repeat this meaningless and monotonous chore. I would like to reword Camus philosophy by saying existences is the preciousness of life. Existence is the celebration of life. Meaning of life as a process undergoes Cathartic affirmation and negation. Existence in life can be made positive by making creative choices. Existence is the celebration of both angst and joy.

Julia Kristeva’s Semiotic and Symbolic Texts

Julia Kristeva has introduced the philosophical concepts of Semiotic and the Symbolic. A semiotic text is the one which is non-grammatical and avoids punctuation. Semiotic texts are prevalent in dance, music and also streams of consciousness narratives. A symbolic text adheres to the rules of grammar and flows as a linear patter. Examples of symbolic texts come from legal and medicinal texts.

Freudian Id, Ego and Super Ego

Freud has contributed the ideas of Id, Ego and Super Ego to literature and Philosophy. Id is the primary seat of passions. Ego is the language, culture and traditions imbibed from society. The super-ego is the laws of the society. A creative intellectual is the one who deifies the ID, glorifies the Ego and subverts the super-ego.

Ideas from Jung

Jung is an interesting psychoanalyst who has introduced the ideas of Animus and the Anima and the idea of archetypes.  Animus is the feminine side of masculine personality and the anima is the masculine side of feminine personality. Archetypes are universal symbols of the collective unconscious and they can be historical stereotypes like the father figure, the mother figure, the wizard and the witch. They can also be abstract geometric patters like drawing of the Mandala.

Submitted: July 20, 2021

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