Chapter 1: "The Alphabets of Christian Theology"

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The Alphabets of Christian Theology

 

Copyright © 2015 by Rev. George Pryor TH.M. All rights reserved.

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No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any way by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the author except as provided by USA copyright law.

This novel is a work of fiction. Names, descriptions, entities, and incidents included in the story are products of the author’s imagination. Any resemblance to actual persons, events, and entities is entirely coincidental.

The opinions expressed by the author are not necessarily those of Tate Publishing, LLC.

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Published by Tate Publishing & Enterprises, LLC

 

127 E. Trade Center Terrace | Mustang, Oklahoma 73064 USA 1.888.361.9473 | www.tatepublishing.com

Tate Publishing is committed to excellence in the publishing industry. The company reflects the philosophy established by the founders, based on Psalm 68:11,

 

“The Lord gave the word and great was the company of those who published it.”

 

Book design copyright © 2015 by Tate Publishing, LLC. All rights reserved.

 

Cover design by Samson Lim Interior design by Manolito Bastasa

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Published in the United States of America

 

ISBN: 978-1-68207-480-0

 

  1. Religion / General

 

  1. Religion / Theology 15.07.29

 

 

 

 

BIOGRAPHY

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Rev. George A. Pryor III

 

I am a retired, partially disabled pastor and a veteran. I have been an Ordained Reverend for over 40 years, and have served churches as youth leader, church counselor, and senior pastor. Served eight years in the United Stated Air Force, which included one tour of duty in Vietnam. I received an AA Degree from American River College in Sacramento, Calif., an AA in Christian Education from Charles Harrison Bible College in Sacramento, Calif., and

 

Th.B. & Th.M. Degrees from American Bible College in Pineland, Fla. Over 60 articles that have been written by me and published on the Internet. Many of them can be found at this link: http://tinyurl.com/kbdx4mw. My email address is: revgap@gmail.com.

 

I have been married to Dorthy (Yes, it is spelled cor-rectly. That’s the way she chooses to spell it.) for 52 years.

 

We have two children who go by the names of Pat and

 

George, along with two grandchildren. Jeramy (Yes, it’s spelled that way.) and Chantel. No spelling question here, but she is 18, need I say more?

 

 

 

 

DEDICATION

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I dedicate this book to my lovely wife Dorthy, who has hung in there with me for 52 years, and to my son George

 

IV. They have stood by me and have encouraged me, so I could again be used by God, even after surviving two major strokes within a four- year period. They have encouraged me and told me over and over that I, with the help of the Lord, could do it, if it was His will for me; and that they thought it was within His will for me to see my dream of publishing a book come true. My last dedication is to my God. He has given me the physical strength and scriptural knowledge to complete the task that will help many to develop a closer walk with Him. To God be the Glory.

 

 

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

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All Scripture quotes are from the

 

KJV unless noted otherwise.

 

Any bold or underline was added by me.

 

I start by defining theology. The word theology is a com-bination of the Greek word ‘theos,’ which means deity, or God, and the English word ‘ology,’ which means, the study of. The basic definition of theology is the study of God. This little book is not intended to be a Theology dictionary but to be a highlight of important words and or phrases of Theology.

 

The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language defines theology as:

 

  • The study of the nature of God and religious truth; rational inquiry into religious questions.

 

  • A system or school of opinions concerning God and religious questions.

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msMost people only think of Christianity in relation to theology. The fact is that all major religious groups have their own theology, i.e., Christian, Jew, Catholic, Mormon, Islam, Jehovah’s Witness, etc.

The concept of theology dates back to ancient Greece. Philosophers like Plato and Aristotle used theology when discussing their gods.

 

Christian Theology is the unique branch of Christianity that embraces the total theme of the Bible in an exegetical approach and has its own unique words and phrases. Many of these are taken directly from Scripture and explained in-depth. The others are to be found nowhere in the Holy Canon but they define and explain a biblical truth that is definitely taught in Scripture. An example of one of those words is rapture, which means to be snatched or carried away in joy, love or ecstasy. This teaching is found in 1 Thessalonians 4:16–17 that says: “For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the arch-angel, and with the trump of God; and the dead in Christ shall rise first.

 

“Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.

 

My purpose for writing is to highlight what I believe are the key theological words and phrases arranged accord-ing to the 26 letters of the English alphabet. This is not

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msintended to be a theology dictionary. There are more words for each letter of the alphabet, but I believe that familiar-ity with these words and phrases is vital to be confident in your faith and, more importantly, to be a strong defender of the truth that is presented in God’s word. You will find that some words and phrases are taken directly from Scripture.

 

Others will clarify truths that are taught in the pages of Scripture. Still others will expose error that is propagated by heretical teachings

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER I

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THE ALPHABETS: A–I

 

 

A.

 

Apostasy

 

Apostasy is the falling away from the truths of the Christian faith. It is a revolt against the truth of God’s word by a believer. It can also describe a group or church organization that has “fallen away” from the truths of

 

Christianity, as revealed in the Bible and adopted their own version of it. They are said to be apostate. I honestly feel the

 

Catholic Church falls into this category. I cite two reasons why I feel that way: 1 They have added works and sacra-ments as requirements to be saved and; 2- Their dishonor of the Second Commandment, which says: “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.” (Exodus 20:4). They have their

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msown list of the 10 Commandments. They eliminate No. 2 of the 10 listed in Exodus 20 and make two command-ments out of No. 10. This action gives the Catholic Church

 

10 Commandments.

 

Apologetics

 

Apologetics is a unique word that confuses many who hear it for the first time.

 

It has nothing to do with apologizing. The Christian has nothing to apologize for, but there are many things that need explaining and defending; and that is exactly what apologetics is all about. It equips the Christian to be obedi-ent. In I Peter 3:15 it says: “ But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear:”

 

It also equips one to easily spot heretical teaching or positions like the first A and B highlighted here, along with others that will be covered as we progress through the alphabet. You can refute them based on the truth of the

 

Bible. Paul admonishes us in Eph. 4:14–15 that this should be done in love. His actual words are: “ That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive; but speaking the

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\mstruth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ:

 

Atonement

 

Atonement theologically speaks of God’s acting in human history to reestablish the original relationship between God and man by dealing with sin. To atone means to make amends, to repair a wrong done. Biblically, it means to remove the guilt of man. The Old Testament atonements offered yearly by the high priest were temporary, and fore-shadow the real and final atonement that was to be made by Jesus. Jesus’ atonement was adequate for the sins of the whole world. In 1 John 2:2 it says: “And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.” This atonement is made effective by the exer-cise of the saving faith, which is granted to unbelievers by God. In Rom. 5:1; Eph. 2:8–9 & Titus 3:5 it says: “Therefore being justified by faith we have peace with God through our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ; for by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast; Not by works of righteousness that we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;

 

Man is a sinner and cannot atone for himself. In Rom. 3:23 &5:8 it says: “For all have sinned, and come short of the glory

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msof God; but God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us .” It was the love of the Father that sent Jesus to die in our place for our sins. In 1

 

John 4:10; 1 Pet. 3:18 & 2:24 it says: “Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins; for Christ also hath once suf-fered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit; who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.” Because of the atonement, our fel-lowship with God is restored. In Rom. 5:10 it says: “For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.” For more see Reconciliation under R.

 

B.

 

Baptismal Regeneration

 

Baptismal regeneration is the belief that water baptism is essential to salvation, that it is the means where forgive-ness of sins is made real to the believer. This is heresy. It is the wrong and most misunderstood purpose and power of water baptism. Paul said that he came to preach the gospel, not to baptize. In 1 Cor. 1:1:17 it says: “For Christ sent me

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msnot to baptize, but to preach the gospel: not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of none effect.” If baptism was an essential to salvation, then Paul would have included it in his standard practice and preaching of the salvation message of Jesus, but he did not. We are complete in Christ and water baptism is only a symbol of that com-pleteness. In Col. 2:10 –12 it says: “And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power.

 

11 In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ.

 

12 Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. ” The one and only real requirement to be saved is found in Ephesians 2:8–9, which says: “For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast.”

 

Born Again

 

This term was created from what Jesus said to Nicodemus in Jn. 3:5.

 

The new birth is enjoyed by a Christian upon his con-version and regeneration. It is a work of the Holy Spirit within a believer. It is related to faith in Christ. It means that the person is no longer dead in sins (Eph. 2:1), no

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\mslonger spiritually blind (1 Cor. 2:14 ), and is now a new creation in Christ Jesus (2 Cor. 5:17). And can now under-stand spiritual things (I Cor. 2:16).

 

C.

 

Communicatio Idiomatum

 

The Communicatio Idiomatum is Latin for the Communication of the Properties. It is the theological posi-tion that the properties of both the human and the divine natures of Jesus are attributed to the one person of Christ. An example of this would be in John 17:5, where Jesus, the man, says; “ And now, glorify Thou Me together with Thyself, Father, with the glory which I had with Thee before the world was.” We see here that Jesus who was born on earth says

 

He had glory with the Father before the world was. This is because the one person of Christ has two natures: God and man. Jesus is the Divine Word made flesh. In John1:1 .14 it says: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God; and the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father) full of grace and truth.” We see in the single person of Christ both the attributes of divinity and humanity. You will see its English version in the H sec-tion as Hypostatic Union.

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msComma Johanna/ Comma Johanneum And sometimes referred to as Johannine Comma

 

It focuses on the 13 words that come after the first comma in the verse, such as in 1 John 5:7, which appear in some early printed Greek texts (notably those of Erasmus), later versions of the Latin Vulgate, and in the King James

 

Version of the Bible. See these words below underlined in italics in the KJV and the same verse from the newer ESV, NIV and The NASV.

 

7 “For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. And there are three that bear witness in earth, the spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one.” (1 John

 

5:7–8), KJV

 

7 “For there are three that testify: the Spirit and the water and the blood; and these three agree.” (1 John 5:7–8), ESV

 

7 And it is the Spirit who bears witness, because the Spirit is the truth.

 

8 For there are three that bear witness, the Spirit and the water and the blood; and the three are in agreement. (I Jn 5:7– 8) NASV

 

The preceding explanation is a bold attempt to discredit the Biblical doctrine of the Trinity and (1 Jn. 5:7) is usually used as the main support verse. The attempt fails because the doctrine of the rinity has numerous verses of support

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msboth in the Old and New Testaments and here are some of them.

 

In The Old Testament, “LORD” is distinguished from

 

“Lord.” In Genesis 19:24, it says: “Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the

Lord out of heaven;” In Psalms 2:7, 12, the Lord has a Son and it says: “ I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee; Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.” The Spirit is distinguished from the “LORD” in

 

Numbers 27:18, it says: “And the L ord said unto Moses, Take thee Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom is the spirit, and lay thine hand upon him;” and from “God.” In Psalm 51:10–12 it says: “Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.

Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me. Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free spirit.” God, the Son, is distinguished from God, the Father. In Psalm 45:6–7 it says: “Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre. Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: there-fore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.”

 

In the New Testament, John 14:16–17 is where Jesus speaks to the Father about sending a Helper, The

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msHoly Spirit and it says; “And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you forever;

 

Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.” This shows that Jesus did not consider Himself to be the Father or the Holy Spirit. Consider also all of the other times in the gospels where Jesus speaks to the Father. Was He speaking to Himself? No. He spoke to another person in the Trinity, the Father.

 

Each member of the Trinity is God: The Father is God In John 6:27; Romans 1:7; 1 Peter 1:2 it says: “Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed; to all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ; elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.” The Son is God: as stated in John 1:1, 14; Romans 9:5; Colossians 2:8–9 that says: “In the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was God; And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth; Whose are

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msthe fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen; Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.” “For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bod-ily.” In Hebrews, the Father recognizes the Son as God

 

(Hebrews 1:8) and says: “But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. ” and John again recognizes The Son as God and the giver of eternal life in (1 John 5:20) that says; “And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son, Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life; The Holy Spirit is also recognized as God. In 1 Corinthians 3:16; Acts 5:3–4 it says: “ Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?”; But Peter said, “Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land? Whiles it remained, was it not thine own? And after it was sold, was it not in thine own power? Why hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart? Thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God.”

 

The One who indwells is the Holy Spirit as stated in John 14:16–17; Romans 8:9; Acts 2:3–4a: “And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you forever.

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msEven the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost.”

 

Paul recognizes all three in his salutations in II Cor. 13:14 that says: “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen.”

 

Peter and Jude agree with him (1 Pet. 1:2; Jude 20–21) and they say: “Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.; But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost. Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.

 

As a Trinitarian believer you should be aware of the comma Johannean argument, but NOT be weakened in your faith by it. As you can see, it is a solid Biblical doctrine. More will be seen about the Trinity under alphabet letter T.

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msD.

 

Depravity

 

Moral corruption, a state of corruption or sinfulness. Total depravity is the teaching that sin has touched all aspects of the human: body, soul, spirit, emotions, mind, etc. This teaching is based on Scriptures like the following; in Jeremiah 17:9; 1 Cor. 2:14a; Romans 3:10–18 it says: “The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it? But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him. As it is written, there is none righteous, no, not one. There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.

 

“Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips: Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness. Their feet are swift to shed blood.

 

“Destruction and misery are in their ways. And the way of peace have they not known. There is no fear of God before their eyes.

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msE.

 

Eternal Life

 

This is life everlasting in the presence of God. “This is eternal life, that they may know Thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom Thou has sent” ( John 17:3). There are two senses in which this is used. First, as Christians we pos-sess eternal life. In 1 John 5:13, it says: “And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and

 

Jesus Christ.” It is obvious that we are not now in heaven or in the immediate presence of God. Though we are still in mortal bodies and we still sin, but by faith we are saved (Rom. 4:5; Eph. 2:8), which says: “But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God.” We pos-sess eternal life as a free gift from God (Rom. 6:23), which says: “For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.” Second, eternal life will reach its final state at the resurrection of the believers when Christ returns to earth to claim His church. And we will receive Glorified Immortal bodies (1 Cor. 15:51–54), and it says: “ Behold, I show you a mystery. We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed.

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\ms“In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incor-ruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written. Death is swallowed up in vic-tory.” cf. (Isa. 25:8). It is then that eternal life will begin to be experienced in its complete manifestation.

 

F.

 

Fall, The

 

This two-word term was created by theologians to explain the simple truth that Adam and Eve sinned. They broke the law of God and lost the intermit fellowship that they had with Him. There is an old proverb that describes them completely and it is: “The guilty flees when no one pursues.” This is a spin off or paraphrase of Proverbs 28:1, which says wicked instead of guilty. I would not go as far as to call our ancestors wicked but they were definitely guilty.

 

God came down to visit and they ran and hid. Sin has a way of making one afraid of our merciful and loving God. Since Adam represents all of humankind, when he sinned, all of humanity fell with him cf. (Rom. 5:12).

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msFree Will

 

Free will is the freedom of self-determination and action, independent of external causes. It is the ability to make choices. A choice is free if it is consistent with a per-son’s desires and nature. The natural nature of man is to hate God. It is stated in (Rom. 3:10–11a): “There is none righteous, no, not one. There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God.” Free will is of two main types: compatibility and libertarianism (more research is needed if you desire to understand the difference).

 

G.

 

Grace

 

Grace is unmerited favor. It is God’s free action for the benefit of all. Grace is the product of God, which is given by God because of who God is not because of who we are.

 

It is the means of salvation through the exercise (Eph. 2:8– 9). Humanity deserved to be lost in the death of sin (Rom. 6:23a), but because God loved His creation, He graciously intervened and provided a way of redemption through His only begotten Son (Rom. 6:23b).

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msGnosticism

 

Gnosticism is a theological view that was in existence during the time of Jesus, and prevailed strongly after the resurrection of Jesus as the New Testament canon was being compiled. Generally speaking, Gnosticism taught that sal-vation is achieved through special knowledge (gnosis). This knowledge usually dealt with the individual’s relationship to the transcendent Being. It denies the incarnation of God as the Son. In so doing, it denies the true power and value of the atonement and the source of all knowledge. If Jesus is not God, He could not atone for all of humanity and we would still be lost in our sins.

 

This view is definitely in error, according to clear teach-ing from Scripture. Such as (Isa. 44:24–25; Rom. 11:33; II Pet. 1:2–3) that say these words: “Thus saith the Lord, thy redeemer, and He that formed thee from the womb, I am the Lord that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself.

“That frustrateth the tokens of the liars, and maketh divin-ers mad; that turneth wise men backward, and maketh their knowledge foolish. O, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!; Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord, according as his divine power hath given unto us all things

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msthat pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him.

 

H.

 

Holy, Holiness

 

A quality of perfection, sinlessness, and inability to sin that is possessed by God alone. As Christians, we are called to be holy. In 1 Pet. 1:16 it says: “ Because it is written, be ye holy; for I am holy.” This does not refer to our nature.

 

It is a command of our practice and thought. We are to be holy in obedience as in 1 Pet. 1:15, which says: “But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of con-versation.” God has made us holy through His Son, Jesus. In Eph. 1:4; 1 Pet . 2:9 it says: “According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love. But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should show forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.” It is a quality or condition of being at one with God. All Christians should strive to achieve this.

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msHypostatic Union

 

This is the union of the two natures (Divine and human) in the person of Jesus. Jesus is God in flesh. In John 1:1 & 14; 10:30 –33; 20:28; Phil. 2:5–8; Heb. 1:8, it says: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father) full of grace and truth. I and my Father are one.

 

31 Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him.

 

32 Jesus answered them, “Many good works have I showed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me?” 33 The Jews answered him, saying, “For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God. 5 Let this mind be in you, which was

 

also in Christ Jesus.”

 

6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God?

 

7 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men.

 

8 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. “But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.” He is fully God and fully man (Col. 2:8–9) that says: “Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit,

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msafter the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ. For in him dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily.”

 

Scripture just verified that, He has two natures: divine and human. He is not half God and half man. Therefore, there is a “union in one person of a full human nature and a full divine nature. Note: This is very similar to The Communicatio Idiomatum, which was discussed under C.

 

Second Note: Jesus has two natures, but only one personal-ity. He can NOT be classified as a schizophrenic. The her-etics and false teachers will try this one, but you now know it’s NOT true.

 

Hermeneutics

 

This fancy sounding word is the study of Scripture translation and interpretation. It is a good subject to have at least a basic understanding of that will strengthen your faith in the accuracy and dependability in the copies of God’s word that we have available to us today.

 

Hamartiology

 

 

Hamartiology is the study of the doctrine of sin. It encompasses topics such as the fall of Adam and Eve, degrees of sin, original sin and human accountability for sin.

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msHell

 

This little four-letter word confuses most people includ-ing believers because it has dual meanings.

 

Let me start with the description of hell as used in the Bible. It refers to the grave as in (Psalms 16:10) and in most cases it refers to the abode of the Devil/Satan and the tem-porary holding place for the departed spirits of unbelievers.

 

The context will determine its use. Jonah described the belly of the great fish as hell. (Jonah 2:2), which says: “I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the Lord, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I, and thou heardest my voice.” It is not the lake of fire. The lake of fire is a different location that I believe is deeper down in the heart of the earth. The grave, hell and the lake of fire are all in the heart of the earth and each has its own identified space. The grave is where bodies are placed after death and can be an above-ground tomb, or more commonly, 6 feet in the earth. The spirit leaves the body at death and will either go to its temporary abode in hell or in paradise. Up until the resurrection of Jesus both were in the heart of the earth separated by a great gulf as stated in Luke 16:22–26 that says: “And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham’s bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried.

 

And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msAnd he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.

 

But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented.

 

And beside all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed: so that they which would pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to us that would come from thence.”

There is a passage in I Peter 3:18–19 that has caused some confusion and misunderstanding that Jesus went to

 

Hell and suffered for us. Luke 16:19–26 makes it very clear that both hell and paradise (Abraham’s bosom) were in the heart of the earth at the time of Jesus’ death. Those on one side could see and communicate with those on the other side but could not pass over. In Luke 16:26 Jesus went to Paradise after He had finished His suffering on the cross. In I Pet. 2:24 it says: “Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.” That is where He promised the thief on His right that He would take him. Luke 23:43 says: “ Verily I say unto thee, today shalt thou be with me in paradise.” There He preached across the gulf to the ones in Hell and let them know that they were there because they chose not to listen to the prophets of old, as stated by Abraham (Luke 16:29–31) that says: “Abraham

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\mssaith unto him, ‘They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.’

 

And he said, ‘Nay, father Abraham: but if one went unto them from the dead, they will repent.’

 

And he said unto him, ‘If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.’” Jesus let them know that this is where they would remain until they were cast into the lake of fire for their final abode (Rev. 20:10–15) KJV: “And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.

 

“And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.

 

“And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.

 

And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.

 

And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.”

 

Jesus relocated paradise when He rose in Eph. 4:8a-10; II Cor. 12:4; Rev. 2:7 that says: “Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive. How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msit is not lawful for a man to utter. He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; to him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.” Hell remained in the heart of the earth and enlarged itself as stated in (Isa. 5:14–15 that says: “Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it.

 

And the mean man shall be brought down, and the mighty man shall be humbled, and the eyes of the lofty shall be humbled:

I.

 

Impute, Imputation

 

Impute means to reckon to someone the blessing, curse, debt, etc. of another. Adam’s sin is imputed to all people (Rom. 5:12–21), therefore, we are all guilty before God.

 

Our sins were put upon, imputed, to Jesus on the cross where He became sin on our behalf as stated in 2 Cor. 5:21 that says: “For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.”

 

This was the fulfillment of the prophecy that Isaiah gave in Isaiah 53:4 –6 that says: “Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted But he was wounded for our transgres-

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\mssions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.” Let us lift our voice in Praise with King David as he stated it in Psalms. 32:2 that says: “ Blessed is the man whose sin the Lord does not count against him and in whose spirit is no deceit.” (NIV). Understanding imputation is very important.

 

Imputation is the means of our salvation. Our sins were put upon, imputed, to Jesus on the cross. Our sins were “given” to Jesus. When He died on the cross, our sins, in a sense, died with Him. The righteousness that was His through

 

His perfect obedience to the Father in His complete obe-dience to the Law is imputed, given, to us. In short, our sins were given to Jesus. His righteousness was given to us.

 

Technically speaking our sins were imputed to Jesus. His righteousness was imputed to us.

 

Intelligent Design

 

The theory of intelligent design (ID) holds that cer-tain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause rather than an undirected process such as natural selection. ID is thus a scientific dis-agreement with the core claim of evolutionary theory that the apparent design of living systems is an illusion that can be adequately explained by only natural causes. This short explanation just scratches the service of this issue. I must

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\mssay that it is the side that every sincere professing Christian should be on.

 

To believe otherwise is to say that God is a liar and He informs in His Word that it is impossible for Him to do that. Cf. In Heb. 6:18 Paul cited a strong source of evidence that surrounds us each day and that is crea-tion itself cf. (Rom. 1:20). The scientific world is gradually coming into the knowledge of the truth that true believers already know. If interested, you can find a very eye-opening video on you tube at this link: http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=-Ibc8sD5sgw

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER II

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\ms

THE ALPHABETS: J–R

 

 

J.

 

Justify, Justification

 

To be justified is to be saved, made righteous. It is a divine act through which God liberates and individual to be and become all that he or she is meant to be, allowing the indi-vidual to act fully and completely in the image and likeness of God. It is a lifelong process. For Christians, justification is made possible through the life, death and resurrection of Jesus. Justification is a gift of grace. In Rom. 3:24, 5:1 it says: “Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: Whom God hath set forth to be a propi-tiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; therefore, being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.” It is not an achievement

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msor accomplishment of the individual. Those who are justi-fied may be expected to act with the same loving kindness, regard for the poor, and love of peace that Jesus so power-fully exhibited.

 

When God sees the Christian, He sees him through the sacrifice of Jesus and sees him without sin.

 

K.

 

Kingdom of God, The

 

The kingdom of God is a focal point in the teaching of Jesus. For Jesus, “the kingdom of God” or “the kingdom of heaven,” begins in the life of the individual who exhibits the love and justice of God. It was this immediate sense of the reality of the “kingdom” that Jesus had in mind when he said that “The kingdom of God is come unto you.” (Matt. 12:28). The notion also refers to the end of time when God’s reign will be complete. The kingdom of God and the kingdom of heaven appear to be variations of the same idea. Some people will split hairs with you and say there is a difference, which is unimportant. Don’t get caught up into majoring on the minors. Entrance into the kingdom of God is by a new birth. In John 3:5, it says: “Jesus answered, ‘Verily, verily, I say unto thee. Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.’” I must insert a special

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msnote here. The water that is being referred to is the water in the womb of the mother that a baby is born out of. It does

 

NOT refer to water baptism. Repentance is also required.

 

In Matt. 3:1 –2), it says: “In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea. And saying, ‘Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.’” In order to do this, the divine call must be made. In 1 Thess . 2:11–12, it says: “As ye know how we exhorted and comforted and charged every one of you, as a father doth his children. That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory.”

 

L.

 

Liberalism

 

In Christianity, “liberal” is a word used of those who acknowledge the significant role of human reason, sci-ence, the arts, and other fields of research in the pursuit of truth, and the attempt to frame and express the faith while taking such sources of knowledge seriously. Conservative

 

Christians see this as a threat to the faith and urge, instead, reliance upon the Bible as the exclusive source of truth, even though there are numerous passages in the Bible itself that point to nature and human reason as valuable and impor-tant. These sources, however, should be judged by the truth of God’s word and not in the reverse.

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msThe result of liberalism is often a denial of essential biblical doctrines such as the Trinity, the deity of Christ, His virgin birth, His resurrection, and salvation by grace through faith in Jesus alone.

 

M.

 

Millennium

 

This word literally means 1,000 years. In the study of end time’s doctrines (eschatology) the millennium is the duration of Christ’s rule over the earth. In Revelations

 

(Rev. 20:4), it says: “And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.

The big debate among believers includes when the mil-lennium will take place and what it actually is. The terms that have arisen out of this debate are pre-millennialism, amillennialism, and postmillennialism. Pre-millennialism teaches that the millennium is yet future and that upon

 

Christ’s return, He will set up His earthly kingdom. Amillennialism teaches that the millennium is a figu-

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msrative period and that Christ’s rule began when He first became human. Post-millennialism teaches that through the preaching of the Word of God, the world will be con-verted and will then usher in Christ and the kingdom of God. There are good Bible-based arguments for each posi-tion and at least two of them are wrong. Paul said in I Cor.

 

12:14 that we now see through a glass darkly and know in part, but when Christ comes back it will all be clear. This was not an exact quote, but a paraphrase of what that verse says.

 

N.

 

Naturalism

 

The belief that all of human experience and events in the time- space continuum can be explained as a function of causes, which are purely natural and open to scientific understanding and explanation. This eliminates God from the picture. This can get you killed when you ignore the omniscient God of this universe

 

O.

 

 

The letter O enjoys the privilege of hosting three of the main spiritual attributes of God as described by theolo-

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msgians. These are His being omniscience, omnipresence and omnipotence. God knows all things; He is present everywhere at the same time and He possesses all power.

 

Knowing and understanding these truths should make a believer keenly aware that they cannot fool God; they can-not hide from God and that He is able to deliver in all situ-ations that we face in life. We must believe that and not let the enemy deceive us to the point that we doubt it.

 

Occult

 

Occult means “hidden.” It covers practices that are not approved of by God and religious authorities, for example, astrology, casting spells, consulting with spirits, magic, sor-cery, witchcraft, Quija boards, tarot cards, astrology charts and contacting the dead, séances, etc. In Isaiah 47:13; Deut.

 

18:10–12 a, it says in order as listed: “Thou art wearied in the multitude of thy counsels. Let now the astrologers, the stargaz-ers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from these things that shall come upon thee. There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch, or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer. For all that do these things are an abomination unto the Lord.”

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msP.

 

The following is heresy straight from the pit of hell Pre-Adamites

 

Pre-Adamites is the teaching that there was a race of people before Adam and Eve, who lived in the Garden, and that the fall of Satan caused a widespread destruction of the world. The result of this destruction was so vast that the world needed to be re- made with Adam and Eve being the first of the new order. This teaching attempts to make

 

God a failure and a liar, which He states that He cannot be.

 

In Heb. 6:1718a, it says: “That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie.

 

Q.

 

Quran, The

 

The Qur’an/Koran is the Holy Book of Islam and the religion’s most sacred writing. Muslims consider it the actual word of Allah (their god), and not the words of

 

Muhammad to whom it was given. Muslim tradition states that the angel Gabriel visited Muhammad and gave him the words directly from Allah. These words were Allah’s

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\mswords of wisdom, truth, and commandments to His crea-tion. The Qur’an (which means recitation) was revealed in the Arabic dialect used by the Quraish tribe of Mecca of that time. This dialect became the formal Arabic of the

 

Islamic nations due to the distribution of Qur’anic scrip-tures throughout the Islamic empire. In the Arabic the Qur’an is poetic in style with rhymes, meter, and shifts in line lengths. Those who speak the language say it is a beau-tiful work.

 

The Quran is divided into 114 chapters, called surahs. The word surah means “row.” Today the Koran is arranged with the longer surahs first and the shorter ones after, with the entire book is divided into 30 approximately equal lengths.

 

R.

 

Reconcile, Reconciliation

 

Reconciliation is changing for the better a relationship between two or more persons. Theologically, it refers to the change of relationship between God and humanity made possible in the life and work of Jesus.

 

We are now able to have fellowship with God. In 1 John

 

1:3, it says: “That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly

 

C:\\Users\\Dad\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\msour fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ. And these things write we unto you, that your joy may be full.” Before Jesus came we could not have fellowship with

The Father. We are reconciled to Him through Jesus His

 

Son. In Rom. 5:1& 10–11, it says: “Therefore, being justi-fied by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ; for if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER


Submitted: September 29, 2015

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