Monument Valley: A Breathtaking View

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The textures seen in the valley were formed over after the erosion happened on the sandstone.

Submitted: January 20, 2015

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Submitted: January 20, 2015



The monument valley lies in the Colorado plateau, (Navajo: Tsé Bii? Ndzisgaii, meaning valley of the rocks) is one of the most beautiful places to visit in the United States. This place is characterized by the vast expanse of sandstone buttes. It is simply mesmerizing to watch these structures in the vast expanse standing majestically. The view is simply breath taking. The highest sandstone butte is around a 1000 feet in height.

These structures were made overtime due to the erosion process, located on the Arizona-Utah state line, near the Four Corners area. The valley lies within the range of the Navajo Nation Reservation and is accessible from U.S. Highway 163.The floor is largely siltstone of the Cutler Group, or sand derived from it, deposited by the meandering rivers which carved the valley. The valley's bright red hue comes from iron oxide exposed in the weathered siltstone. The darker blue-gray rocks in the valley get their color from manganese oxide. The textures seen in the valley were formed over after the erosion happened on the sandstone.

The uplift caused the surface to expand and crack. Wind and water caused erosion on the land, and the cracks deepened and widened into gullies and canyons, which eventually converted into the nature’s art which you see today. Natural forces continue to slowly shape the land The buttes are clearly stratified, with three main layers. The lowest layer is the Organ Rock Shale, the middle is de Chelly Sandstone, and the top layer is the Moenkopi Formation capped by Shinarump Conglomerate. The valley includes large stone structures including the famed "Eye of the Sun".

 The weather resembles that of a desert with extremes of winters and summers. The summers although are mellowed due to the high altitude. The summers experience an average of 90 °F (32 °C) annually; summer highs rarely exceed 100 °F (38 °C). Summer nights are comfortably cool, and temperatures drop quickly after sunset. The winters are cold with some snow fall as well although the snowfall is not as significant and the snow melts quickly.

The area includes Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park as well. It is a 17 mile stretch across this land, approximately a 2-3 hour drive for tourists. Some regions like Mystery valley and Hunts Messa can only be visited by guided tours. This is an immensely popular tourist destination because of the scenic beauty and the serenity which can be experienced in this location. This one of the most famous tourist places created by nature and its popularity can be judged by the swarming tourist population. If given the opportunity you must visit this place with the most breath taking view possible. For more information visit at:

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