Info on Cystic Fibrosis

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Information on Cystic Fibrosis

Submitted: April 14, 2010

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Submitted: April 14, 2010

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Disorder: Cystic Fibrosis
Sources:
 http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/cf/cf_what.html
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/cf/cf_summary.html
Disorder is located on Chromosome #: 7
Symptoms: One of the first signs of cystic fibrosis is that the parents might notice that their baby's skin is salty when they kiss it, or that the baby doesn't ‘pass stool’ when first born. Also, sinusitis, an infection of the air-filled spaces behind your eyes, nose, and forehead is a good sign. Frequent fits of bronchitis and pneumonia are also signs.
 · Liver disease due to inflamed or blocked bile ducts.
· Diabetes.
· Gallstones.
When it can be diagnosed: Most States screen newborns using a genetic test and/or a blood test. They may also see if the parents are carriers before the baby is born too.
Groups at risk: About 1,000 new cases of CF are diagnosed each year.  It is most common in Caucasians, but is also common in Latinos and Native Americans, especially the Pueblo and Zuni. It is less common in African Americans and Asian Americans.
Treatments:
· Aerobic exercise that makes them breathe harder helps loosen the mucus in their throat and lungs so that they can cough it up.
· Their doctor may prescribe antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medicines, and mucus-thinning medicines.  They help treat/prevent lung infections, swelling. It opens up the airways, and thins the mucus.
· Chest Physical Therapy or just pounding on their chest and back for a while with their hands or a machine so it will loosen the mucus in their lungs.
Cures: It has no cure.
Autosomal or Sex-linked: Autosomal
Dominant or Recessive: Recessive
Additional information: It is an inherited disease of your secretory glands, including the ones that make mucus and sweat.
As treatments for CF continues, the life expectancy for those who have it goes up. Today, some people who have CF live up to their forties, fifties, and older.


 


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