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Submitted: May 05, 2015

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Submitted: May 05, 2015






Er, hai? Hari tu ada seorang kawan menyuruh saya menolongnya membuat kajian tentang ‘Why Allah Allows Evils and Suffering’ jadi hari ini saya nak share di sini kajian tersebut. Points yang saya tampilkan di bawah inshaAllah daripada sumber yang sahih.




Why Allah Allows Evils and Suffering in the Earth




1. Allah wants to observe patience of the believers.



Daleel :


Allah said, “And We will surely test you with something of fear and hunger and a loss of wealth and lives and fruits, but give good tidings to the patientwho when disaster strikes them, they say, ‘Indeed we belong to Allah , and indeed to Him we will return.’ ” [Al-Baqarah, 2 : 155-156]




2. Allah has placed a physical law and a moral law in this universe. Allah allows suffering to occur when one or more of these laws are broken. (The evils and suffering are because of us)


 The physical law is based on cause and effect. Sickness comes if one does not take care of one’s health or is exposed to infections. A car accident occurs when one is not alert, or drives in a careless manner, or if the cars are not checked, roads and freeways are not made and kept in right shape, or the traffic laws are not right or not properly enforced. Study of causes and effects is very important to facilitate safeguards. Even here we should keep in mind that Allah often saves us and He does not let us suffer from every negligence. How many times it happens that we are not careful and still we reach safely to our destinations. The way people drive in some cities, it is a miracle that more accidents do not happen and more people do not suffer.

Daleel :



“(Allah) Most Gracious! It is He Who has taught the Qur’an. He has created man: He has taught him speech (and Intelligence). The sun and the moon follow courses (exactly) computed; and the herbs and the trees both (alike) bow in adoration. And the Firmament has He raised high, and He has set up the Balance (of Justice), in order that you may not transgress (due) balance. So establish weight with justice and fall not short in the balance. It is He Who has spread out the earth for (His) creatures." (Ar-Rahman:1-10)



3. Allah sometimes allows some people to suffer to test others, how they react to them.


When we see a person who is sick, poor and needy, then we are tested by Allah. Allah is there with that suffering person to test our charity and faith.



Daleel :



In a very moving Hadith Qudsi (Divine Hadith) the Prophet, peace be upon him, said:


“Allah will say on the Day of Judgment, ‘O son of Adam, I was sick and you did not visit Me.’ He will say, ‘O my Lord, how could I visit You, when you are the Lord of the Worlds.’ Allah will say, ‘Did you not know that My servant so-and-so was sick and you did not visit him? Did you not know that if you had visited him, you would have found Me there?’ Allah will say, ‘O son of Adam, I asked you for food and you fed Me not.’ He shall say, ‘O my Lord, how could I feed you and you are the Lord of the Worlds?’ And Allah will say, ‘Did you not know that My servant so-and-so was in need of food and you did not feed him? Did you not know that if you had fed him, you would have found that to have been for Me?’ ‘O son of Adam, I asked you for water and you did not give Me to drink.’ The man shall say, ‘O my Lord, how could I give You water, when You are the Lord of the Worlds?’ Allah will say, ‘My servant so-and-so asked you for water and you did not give him to drink water. Did you not know that if you had given him to drink, you would have found that to have been for Me.’ (Muslim, Hadith no. 4661)



4. Allah wants to forgive our sins.


Daleel :


Allah said, "And know ye that your possessions and your progeny are but a trial; and that it is Allah with whom lies your highest reward.” [8:28]

Hadrat Aa'isha (Radiyallahu anha) also narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alaiyhi wassallam) said, “When the sins of a person become so much that his good deeds are unable to wipe them out, then Allah Ta'ala lets grief overcome him in order to forgive his sins.” (Musnad Ahmad)

Similarly, Hadrat Abu Hurairah (Radiyallaahu anhu)  reports that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alaiyhi wassallam) said, “When Allah Ta'ala wishes good for a person, then he becomes afflicted with sickness (or hardship).” (Sahih Bukhaari)
Hadrat Abdullah bin Mas'ood (R.A.) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alaiyhi wassallam) said, “Whenever a Muslim experiences any hardship like sickness (etc.), Allah Ta'ala wipes away his sins just as a tree sheds its leaves during autumn.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

Hadrat Abu Hurairah (R.A.) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alaiyhi wassallam) said, “Afflictions continuously fall upon the lives, wealth and children of those men and women who have Imaan as a result of which, their sins keep falling off from them until such time that they (die and) meet Allah in the state that none of their sins remain.” (Tirmiizi, Maalik)

Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alaiyhi wassallam) has also said, “(Sometimes) a very high rank (in Allah's sight) is decreed for a Mu'min which he could never have attained by virtue of his deeds, so Allah Ta'ala lets him experience some hardship, whether it be physical, material (financial, etc.) or concerning his children. Then, He makes him patient and lets him attain the position decreed for him.” (Ahmad, Abu Dawood)

Hadrat Abu S a'eed Khudri (R.A.) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alaiyhi wassallam) said, “When a Mu'min experiences any fatigue, disease, sorrow, grief, hurt or distress, even to the extent that if a thorn has to prick him, Allah Ta'ala wipes away some of his sins for that.” (Sahih Bukhaari)


5. Allah wants to test us whether we are trying to enter the Heaven or Hell.


If God were to send all persons to Paradise or Hell according to His own knowledge without put­ting them to test for their beliefs and deeds, then those sent to Hell could rightly complain that why were they being punished without any sin on their part while others enjoyed bliss of Paradise without any good deed in their credit? So in order to uphold the principle of justice and fairness, it was necessary for God to test all persons before sending them to Hell or Paradise.



6. Allah wants us to return to the obedience of Him.


Daleel :


Allah said, “We sent messengers before you [Prophet] to many communities and afflicted their people with suffering and hardships, so that they might learn humility. If only they had learned humility when suffering came from Us! But no, their hearts became hard…” (Qur’an, 6:42-43).



7.  Affliction is necessary to experience its opposite feelings of joy and achievement.

The appreciation of ease and comfort could only exist and be appreciated if the feelings of hardship also existed and were known or experienced.

Daleel :


Allah said: “With hardship comes ease. Indeed, with hardship comes ease.” (Qur’an, 94:5-6)



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Jadi banyak hikmah kita diuji. Semoga kita sentiasa tabah apabila digoda oleh syaitoooon dan diuji dengan musibah agar keredhaan Allah Subhanahu Wata’ala dapat dicapai. Syukran kerana membaca. Adios.

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