Critical Thomism

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Status: In Progress  |  Genre: Non-Fiction  |  House: Anthony Ziuimmerman

Submitted: April 24, 2016

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Submitted: April 24, 2016

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Throughout the history of philosophy there have been two dominant forms of philosophy,  Idealism and Realism.Plato, Kant, and Hegel are examples of idealism, while Aristotle and Aquinas, are examples of Realism.  However, with the Critical Realist philosophy of Bernard Lonergan, the two types of philosophy were merged into a type of  Idealist Realism. The Critical Thomism discussed here is also a type of Idealist Realism.

Now, let us first discuss Idealism for a moment.  Idealist philosophjy provides that reality is ultimaately Ideal.  As Plato said with his allegory of the cave, the real world is illusion and only the ideal forms in the World of the Forms, are valid, and, there is a form for everything.  Christians have said that the Forms are locatged in the Mind of God.  Idealsim also has an Epistemologyor phlosophy of knowledge.  Kant is creditied for saying that we can only really know ideas, and that we have no direct acess to things in the world without ideas.  This is known as the noumenal-phenomenal distinction.

Now, let us consider realism.  Realism argues that knowledge exits independently of any particular knower.  In other words, contrary to Bishop Berkeley, a particular tree exists independent of an observer.Thus, the tree exists independently from any ideas.

Lastly, Critical Thomism is a halfway hoiuse between idealsism and realism.  Thus, critical Thomism states that we know reality best through the related cogntive operations of Experience, Understanding and Judgmeent.  Experiience relates to realism, while understanding relates to idealism, and both are integrated with judgment.

 


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