“Fear in the absence of fact has been used throughout history to manipulate opinion.” Jacob Deakins states in his essay Guns, Truth, Medicine and the Constitution. Do the citizens of the US
know what they would be risking if they gave up their right to bear arms?Do gun control laws reduce violence or take away weapons from honest citizens and leave them in the hands of dangerous
criminals? The United States should not enforce a gun ban because less people will be able to be protected in hostile situations and it violates the second amendment of the Constitution.
In each state and in each city, laws and regulations are different. One state can have a gun control ban while the other doesn’t. Handguns, nondetectible (plastic) guns, and bullets that can
penetrate protective vests have been banned in some cities and states, while others only require owners to obtain gun licenses or register weapons with local police. As of today, Washington D.C.
has the toughest gun laws in the country. The law bans a gun to be kept in a household that is loaded and available for the defense of the home, but 77% of their 169 murders were shootings.
Long-guns, on the other hand, can be owned but for sporting purposes only. It’s obvious why Washington D.C. has the toughest gun laws in the country; important political leaders are there nearly
every day and to risk their lives isn’t one the country isn’t willing to take. Even if the Justices of the Supreme Court decide there is an individual right to bear arms, the gun laws in D.C. will
still be upheld. Otherwise, different states and cities are free to enforce their own gun regulations. New Jersey doesn’t allow the possession of firearms at education institutions without written
authorizations from an institutional governing officer such as the chief of police, whereas Utah has a law that allows concealed weapons on campuses. In California and Arizona, public institutions
have enforced armed police with assault rifles in California and Arizona. Gun regulations on campuses or not, it is required that colleges notify their students and staff of certain reported crimes
that occur on or near their campuses as of the signing of the federal Clery Act which was designed to do so. In December 1998, it was required that federally licensed gun dealers were to check
their customer’s backgrounds in a national computerized database before they sold their firearms to them. Because of this new regulation, the buyers of handguns no longer had to have a five-day
waiting period where law enforcement officials were required to conduct a background check for criminal records on buyers. 12,709, 023 background checks were reported in 2008 which is 14% higher
from 2007. In general, five-day waiting period or not, potential sources of weapons-related violence and other important information are easily identified in background checks. In our neighboring
country Canada, it’s mandatory for background checks and safety courses for gun owners. Like cities and states, gun laws differ in countries. Gun ownership requires a license from the police in
some European countries and in Great Britain, the possession virtually all handguns were outlawed after the murders of 16 children and a teacher in Dunblane, Scotland. Among 32 countries in firearm
homicide rates, the US ranked 8th and first in combined death rates from firearms related murders, suicides and accidents accounting for about 45% of all gun deaths reported among the 36 richest
nations in the world, according to the NCDC (National Centers for Disease Control). Compared to other industrialized countries, gun violence in the US tends to be much higher than others.
“A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a Free State, the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.” The second of amendment of the Bill of Rights in the
Constitution of the United States clearly states that the people can keep and bear arms and that this right cannot be infringed. In the Heller v. District of Columbia, Heller, who works as guard at
federal buildings in D.C., is permitted to carry a concealed weapon while he is at work, but has to turn it in at the end of his workday before he goes home. Heller had noticed a bullet hole in his
window and front door in his Capitol Hill home. He and six other residents decided to argue that in order for the safety for the citizens of Washington D.C., concealed-gun laws should be enforced
and the gun control ban of D.C. infringed their second amendment rights. The White House press secretary was James S. Brady was shot and wounded along with former-President Ronald Reagan in March
1981, Congress enacted the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, also known as the Brady Bill, in 1993. But, in June 1997, the Supreme Court had ruled that background checks were an
unconstitutional incursion on states’ sovereignty which followed as the Brady Bill’s central provision being struck down. Another Act that was passed based on assassinations was the Gun Control
Act. Because of the assassinations of Martin Luther King JR. and John F. Kennedy, Congress passed the federal Gun Control Act which prohibited interstate mail-order sales of manufacturers,
importers and dealers. Like the federal laws that prohibited the private possession of submachine guns and sawed-off rifles in the 1930s, California prohibited the manufacture, sale, or possession
of semiautomatic assault guns which were prohibited in 1989, which made California the first state to enforce prohibition. The same year California enforced its prohibitions, Florida was the first
state to provide criminal prosecution of a gun owner who stores or leaves a loaded gun where any child can easily access it. By the late 1990s, 15 states had passed laws known as the child access
prevention laws. The widest combination of gun control restriction of any state was enacted in New York. In April 2000, a new round of handgun regulations was enforced in Massachusetts. Three
incidents that have occurred over time that the government has been trying to prevent are probably the core reasons along with many others why more citizens want to enforce looser guns ban and
control laws. Twenty years ago, a man with a previous history of arrests, mental illness and problems with alcohol spray fired 106 rounds of ammunition at Cleveland Elementary School in Stockton,
California, killing five students and wounding twenty-nine other students along with a teacher. Then, there is the Virginia Tech massacre which was believed to be the worst mass gun homicide in US
history. The gunman at the VA tech massacre showed a history of mental disturbances but was still eligible to purchase two guns. On December 5, 2007 during the Omaha mall shooting, the mall’s “gun
free” zone had also applied to the mall security guards so no one was able to fight force with force. These three examples exhibit that if one single person besides the shooter himself had a gun,
the result of the gunman’s violent intentions could’ve been less tragic.
According to the National Opinion Research Center, gun owners and the public at large mostly support laws that would require tamper-resistant guns, mandatory registration of handguns, background
checks on private gun sales, mandatory gun-safety courses for gun-buyers and child-proofing all new handguns. Would this mean that gun control would lessen the criminal rate in cities and states?
According to original research, violent crime, suicides or gun violence are not reduced by gun control. About 1570 murders, 4117 rapes and 60, 000 aggravated assaults would have been avoided
annually if states without right-to-carry laws had allowed people to carry concealed weapons in 1992. Based among hunters and target shooters, 80% of respondents in a poll say that they expect
purchasing firearms will become more difficult. With the fear of poor household protection, a gun ban that might be enforced and the economic crisis, more and more people are beginning to purchase
firearms. In the month of December 2008, there was a 24% increase in firearm background checks. 200 million firearms are privately owned in the US; 40% of them are handguns. 38% percent of
households and 26% of individuals have owned at least one gun. Unsurprisingly to the public, the risk of dying by homicide in gun owners is 40% to 170% and the risk of dying by suicide in gun
owners is 90% to 460%, so in households with a gun, suicides, homicides and gun accidents are more likely to occur. From 1995 to 2005, the overall homicide rate remained between 6.0 to 6.1 deaths
per 100,000 population and of the these gun-related homicides, most have occurred around large metropolitan areas. So, in the future, if more gun-related laws are to be enforced, what should the
government look out for? Gun related homicides have increased by 31% among black men aging from 25-44 and 12% among white men in the same age range, therefore should gun owners take into
consideration on who their customer genrally is? Concerning college and other educational campuses, what should be the firearm regulations be in the future? Knowing college and university students,
some take to drugs and alcohol that can be easily accessed on off-site college facilities such as fraternity houses. If firearms are present along with drugs and alcohol, the outcome would most
likely not end well at all. People on campuses should be educated about their rights and responsibilities when it comes to the ownership and use of weapons, even if they’re allowed on campuses or
not. Finally, if guns were to be banned in the US, think of the alcohol prohibition. The government had decided to enforce a prohibition of alcohol in the 1920s. How did this turn out? Citizens had
begun commiting more crimes in order to get their hands on the no-longer-legal alcohol. In 1933, the prohibition act was abolished due to the amount of Americans violating federal law to obtain
alcohol. If guns were banned, would the result be the same as it was when the prohibition act was enforced, and if so, how many people will be hurt in the process?
When it comes to all of the factors stated above, it is important that we keep the rights of the US citizens that are stated in the Constitution in mind. Though guns are still a lethal weapon no
matter what, they can prevent many mass homicides if just one person in a crowd of prey of a shooter has the courage to stand up and shoot their violent predator. With the statistics given, would
a gun ban be safer or more dangerous in a community? The United States should not enforce a gun ban because less people will be able to be protected in hostile situations and it violates the
second amendment of the Bill of Rights in Constitution.
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