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The Indian nation with its 1.2 Billion people is also the biggest democracy in the world. The democratic polity is far more complex than the Western democracies. The nation is living with its inherent age old problems of caste, language and religion. India is a new liberal economy a policy which has been adopted since the last two decades. It has been facing tremendous challenges in many fronts. The socio-economic problems, forced displacement of tribal people from their ancestral forst lands which are also great mineral reserves that has given rise to an armed rebellion in the form of a Maoist-Naxalite movement are new security challenges before the government. The sessionist movements in some of the border areas of India and hostility from its neighbouring nations are difficult hurdles before this nation in development. India has however maintained a policy of 'Not to strike first' since historical times. With all these odds India has been very proactive in carrying out its responsibilities in helping the International community with its limited available resource. This is despite 80% of its own population have been living with poverty. The country has recently pledged to give US$10 Billion to the European Union which is facing deep economic recession. To help rebuilding the war torn Afganistan and its development, India has announced to give US$2 Billion. India has been always in the fore front in the UN Peace keeping mission.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has been trying to do his best for his country facing many odds including political compulsions within a coalition government. This is besides his political position within his own Congress Party which has a High Command vested with almost all political power.
The TIME magazine has portrayed the Indian Prime Minister as an 'under-achiever'. This is a wrong assessment and people of India reject it.
The timing of the comment is significant. When the Western economies are struggling with deep economic recession, India could manage itself to remain stable. The West has been trying hard to enter into the retail business, insurance sector and also to sell its nuclear appartus to India, but facing too much resistance from the Indian policy makers and the people at large.
Whereas the Indian Prime Minister is not responsible for the failure of the West, the TIME is sticking the latter's failure label over Manmohan Singh describing him as a 'under-achiever'.

Submitted: July 11, 2012

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Submitted: July 11, 2012




BY : DR TUSHAR KANTI NAYAK. 11 July 2012, Wednesday.
Those who have been Presidents of the United States often acknowledged that to work as Prime Minister of the biggest democracy in the world having over a billion people is a more difficult job. Manmohan Singh has been in the job during two successive tenures each time heading governments formed by coalition political parties. Each of the coalition partners have been struggling for their own survival in a matured democracy with overwhelming aspirations by the people from the government. To satisfying the need of the electorate (rather alluring them) each of the political parties have different agenda.Some play the card of language (Tamil for example), some play the card of casts (for example the OBC refers to the Other Backward Casts, SEBC referring to the Socio-economically Backward Casts, Dalits or the oppressed communities who have been socially ostracised and called the 'untouchables' by the so-called upper caste in the Hindu religion etc). The Left parties play the card of anti-capitalism, anti-imperialism and the Prime Minister's own party Congress plays the card of religion especially Muslim (to project itself as a defender of this religious minority community from oppression and discrimination by Hindu radical parties and organisations). Apart from all these attempts for survival in the political arena, the government has to project itself in doing something  for the poor people which constitute nearing 80% of the population who are also the regular voters in any election. Casting vote in any election has not been compulsory for citizens in this democracy. The educated people living in urban areas rarely go for casing vote in an election.
It is a political compulsion for any government in power to create some programme for benefitting the poor people without whose support no party could win an election.
There are still difficult problems for the Prime Minister who has been labelled as a 'under-achiever' by the TIME magazine.
Tackling the Maoist-Naxalite movement which is an armed rebellion by the native population of India (also called the Tribals who have been living in the subcontinent since ages well before the Aryan and Dravidian settlers arrived here). The tribals are living mostly in the forest lands which incidentally are also having lot of mineral deposits. The neo -liberal economy in India has boosted the growth of metal industry, therefore the demand for minerals has been huge in recent times. For mining and other requirements of the industry, the tribals are being forced out of their ancestral lands. As such the tribal communities are the poorest in this country and the tribal areas are underdeveloped like any poor African nation. There are no communication facilities to tribal villages. Basic amenities like electricity, provision for drinking water, education, health care are not available in most tribal areas. Tribal communities survive mostly working as labourers in farms of land owners and selling their own produce such as turmeric,ginger,maize etc. Their farm produce are also taken away tactically at throw away prices by people living in the plains. The revolt by the negelected tribal community has been labelled as the biggest internal security threat by the Prime Minister which most people in the country do not like to accept. 
The sessionist movements in some of the border states such as Kashmir and those in the north-east regions of India have been there since the time of independence. The relationship of India with its neighbours have been always at the odds also ever since that  time. It has fought several wars with Pakistan and one with China. Both these two neighbours are always creating hurdles in the path of progress of India. The terror attack in the financial capital Mumbai in 2009 has forced the government to reenforce the external security arrangement.
India because of its geography has been there in the world map of natural calamities. It is regularly facing cyclones and floods and these are having their negative impact over the country's economy. At the time of writing India is facing a severe flood in its north-east state of Assam which has affected millions of people and also taken away hundreds of human lives besides causing other damages.
With so much of difficulties India has always been playing an active role in its responsibilities towards the international community. Recently it has pledged to give US$10 Billion to the cash starved European Union. This, Manmohan Singh has done despite opposition from certain quarters in the country. India's charitable work in Afganistan, Africa, and many other needy nations need to be appreciated. In a recent international conclave over Afganistan India has annonced to give US$2 Billion to Afganistan for developmental work.
India has been playing a very active role in the UN Peace Keeping operation around the world. 
Whosoever becomes Prime Minister of India in recent times is burdened with plenty of challenges. Manmohan Singh is also not a free man in the political arena. He is appointed to the post by the Congress Party's President Mrs Sonia Gandhi. It is therefore natural that Mr Singh is first accountable and answerable to his political boss. Just not that, while taking decisions Mr Singh has to also satisfy Mr Rahul Gandhi who is son of Mrs Sonia Gandhi, and also considered as the future leader of the Congress Party.
Considering all of the above, it is wrong on the part of the TIME magazine to label Mr Mamohan Singh as a 'under-achiever'. There is hardly anybody there to accept it other than his political opponents in the country and all the Western nations who are now facing diificult times due to the economic recession.
Starving economies of the West are trying hard to capture certain sections of Indian economy such as retailing business, insurance sector, and so on.
While India is starving with electrical energy, the West is using the opportunity to sell its nuclear technology, reactors, Uranium to India for setting up of nuclear power plants. However after the recent nuclear power plant disaster in Fukushima in Japan following a devastating earth quake and Tsunami, people in India are building up pressure over the government to stay away from building nuclear power plants.
Manmohan Singh is Prime Minister of India and he has been trying to do his best for his country facing all odds. He is not responsible for the economic sufferings of the West. The Western nations must learn how to save money and relinquish the habit of living with credit. There has been an old saying in India "Runam Kritwa Ghrutam Pivet" which means eating butterfat with borrowed money. Those who practise such things suffer in the long run and have to a price for the same.
TIME is trying to label the failure card of the West over Manmohan Singh which people of India reject.

© Copyright 2018 Dr Tushar Kanti Nayak. All rights reserved.

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