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Oral hygeine is very important during pregnancy to avoid omplications.

Submitted: September 13, 2012

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Submitted: September 13, 2012



Taking care of oral hygiene is very necessary during pregnancy. Pregnant women are always concerned whether they should go for the dental treatment or not. Oral examination is always recommended during pregnancy as your teeth and gums are vulnerable to infections. Gum diseases have been linked to preterm birth. If you are pregnant, it is very important to tell your dentist so that your dentist can guide you properly or whether you can undergo dental treatment or not. Always tell your dentist the name of all medicines you are taking because certain drugs can affect the development of child’s teeth and should not be given. Pregnancy causes hormonal changes that increase the risk of swelling gums and bleeding. This is due to increase in progesterone level. These changes are referred to as pregnancy gingivitis.  It is advisable for pregnant women to brush at least twice a day with ADA approved fluoride toothpaste and to floss each day. This can prevent pregnancy gingivitis. Frequent eating of sugary snacks can increase the chance of developing gingivitis.  Many women experiences nausea or reflux during pregnancy due to which there is a chances of erosion of teeth which makes the teeth sensitive

However, dental treatment should be avoided specially during first and third trimester. First trimester is the most crucial period during which organogenesis takes place. If dental treatment is require second trimester is ideal and beginning of the third trimester, as prolong sitting during third trimester decreases the blood flow to the pelvic area and lower extremities of mother which eventually decreases blood pressure and ultimately loss of consciousness. Because of this, it is highly recommended that you visit your dentist before you get pregnant that will reduce the risk of dental problems during pregnancy.

Elective dental treatments such as teeth whitening should be avoided until the birth of the baby. Some medicines are harmful for the growth and development of fetus. Antibiotics such as Penicillin and Cephalosporin are safe whereas some antibiotics such as Tetracycline should be avoided because it causes birth defects such as depression of bone growth and enamel hypoplasia. Analgesics such as Ibuprofen and Aspirin should not be given during pregnancy.

Dentist usually recommends, delaying the routine x-ray during a dental checkup until after the birth of baby. However if emergency dental treatment is required then patient should wear protective apron with a collar to protect the baby from any radiation.

© Copyright 2018 DrShireen Nazir. All rights reserved.

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