THE INFALLIBILITY OF THE BIBLE ACCORDING TO THE QUR'AN (PART 1)

Reads: 740  | Likes: 0  | Shelves: 0  | Comments: 0

More Details
Status: Finished  |  Genre: Non-Fiction  |  House: Booksie Classic
There is a common held belief among Muslims that the Bible has been changed or has become corrupted. Because of this erroneous conviction, most Muslims no longer accept the present Bible as the Word of God. Unless this misconception is cleared, a meaningful dialogue with Muslims will not be possible. The objective of this article is to use the Qur’an – Islam’s own sacred book – to prove the integrity of the Holy Bible.

Submitted: August 20, 2012

A A A | A A A

Submitted: August 20, 2012

A A A

A A A


THE INFALLIBILTY OF THE BIBLE ACCORDING TO THE QUR’AN (PART 1)

There is a common held belief among Muslims that the Bible has been changed or has become corrupted. Because of this erroneous conviction, most Muslims no longer accept the present Bible as the Word of God. Unless this misconception is cleared, a meaningful dialogue with Muslims will not be possible. The objective of this article is to use the Qur’an – Islam’s own sacred book – to prove the integrity of the Holy Bible. We know for sure that it is Jehovah God and not Allah who revealed the Holy Bible. However, in order to explain to Muslims what the Qur'an says about the integrity of the Bible, we have to go along – at least for the duration of this article – with the Qur'an’s claim that the Holy Bible was sent to mankind by Allah.

The Qur’an says that the Torah, the Psalms and the Gospel were all given by Allah. In other words, they are the Words of Allah.

Torah (The Law) – The Arabic word for Torah is Taurat or Tawrat

Surah 5:44: “Lo! We did reveal the Torah, wherein is guidance and a light…” (Pickthall)

Surely We revealed the Taurat in which was guidance and light…” (Shakir)

Psalms The Arabic word for Psalms is Zabur or Zaboor

Surah 4:163: “We have sent thee inspiration, as We sent it to Noah and the Messengers after him: we sent inspiration to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes, to Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon, and to David We gave the Psalms.” (Yusuf Ali)

“…and to Dawood (David) We gave the Zaboor (Psalms).” (Hilali-Khan)

Gospel – The Arabic word for Gospel is Injil or Injeel

Surah 5:46: “And We caused Jesus, son of Mary, to follow in their footsteps, confirming that which was (revealed) before him in the Torah, and We bestowed on him the Gospel wherein is guidance and a light, confirming that which was (revealed) before it in the Torah - a guidance and an admonition unto those who ward off (evil).” (Pickthall)

And We sent after them in their footsteps Isa, son of Marium, verifying what was before him of the Taurat and We gave him the Injeel in which was guidance and light.” (Shakir)

Surah 3:3: “…He sent down the Law (of Moses) and the Gospel (of Jesus) before this, as a guide to mankind.” (Yusuf Ali)

All these Qur'anic verses explicitly acknowledge that the Torah, the Psalms and the Gospel are the Words of Allah. And the Qur’an adds that both the Torah and the Gospel contain “guidance and light.” Thus, Allah himself testifies in the Qur'an that there is guidance and light in the Torah and the Gospel for all “mankind.” A careful consideration of Allah’s purpose in sending the Torah and the Gospel to mankind can help us discern why it is both vital and necessary for the integrity of these Scriptures to be maintained.

Since Allah sent the Torah and the Gospel as guidance and light for mankind,” he would by no means allow that guidance and light to become corrupted. To do so would result in the opposite of his intended purpose for the Torah and the Gospel. It would now lead people into spiritual darkness and into sin. For Allah to send the Torah and the Gospel with the command to obey them but then to later allow them to become a false guide through corruption would result in his leading astray untold millions of sincere believers. This is especially true when the command to obey the Torah and the Gospel can still be found in the Qur'an today. We will begin by acquainting ourselves with certain terms used in the Qur'an.

(1) PEOPLE OF THE BOOK: The People of the Book (Arabic: ‘Ahl al-Kitab) is a term used to designate pre-Islamic believers. The only two faiths that are mentioned in the Qur’an as People of the Book are the Jews and Christians. (Source: Answers.com)

Surah 5:68: Say (O Muhammad SAW) “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! You have nothing as regards guidance till you act according to the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel).” (Hilali-Khan)

Surah 5:68 (71): “O People of the book! Ye have no ground to stand upon unless ye stand fast by the Law, the Gospel, and all the revelation that has come to you from your Lord.” (Yusuf Ali)

As the above references show, the Jews and Christians are known as the “People of the Book.”

(2) BIBLE (Arabic: Al-Kitab) According to the Arabic–English Dictionary, the term Al-Kitab is translated as the following: (1) Bible (2) Holy Writ (3) Holy Scripture (4) Scripture (5) Book.

Surah 5:68: Say: “O followers of the Bible! You have no valid ground for your beliefs - unless you (truly) observe the Torah and the Gospel, and all that has been bestowed from on high upon you by your Sustainer!” (Asad)

Surah 5:68: “Qul Y?' Ahla Al-Kit?bi Lastum`Alá Shay'in ?attá Tuq?m? At-Tawr?ata Wa Al-’Inj?la…” (Transliteration)

Can you notice the words Al-Kit?bi (Bible), At-Tawr?ata (Torah) and Al-Inj?la (Gospel) in the above transliteration?

Surah 10:94 (95): “And if thou (Muhammad) art in doubt concerning that which We reveal unto thee, then question those who read the Scripture (that was) before thee. Verily the Truth from thy Lord hath come unto thee. So be not thou of the waverers.” (Pickthall)

Surah 10:94: “Fa'in Kunta F? ShakkinMimm? 'Anzaln? 'Ilayka F?s'ali Al-Ladh?na Yaqra'?na Al-Kit?ba MinQablika…” (Transliteration)

The Arabic term, Al-Kitab is translated as the following in the various English translations of the Qur’an: Book(s), Scripture(s), Bible and Revelation(s). Let us now consider the testimonies of the Qur'an that prove why the Bible has not changed in the course of time and cannot be changed.

TESTIMONY NUMBER ONE

Surah 10:64: “No change can there be in the words of Allah. This is indeed the supreme felicity.” (Yusuf Ali)

None can change the Words of Allah. This is indeed the Supreme Triumph.” (Pickthall)

If there can be no changing to the Words of Allah and if the Bible, which contains the Torah, the Psalms and the Gospel, is the Word of Allah – as testified by the Qur’an – then there can be no changing to the Bible. This proves that each time a Muslim claims the Bible to be corrupted, he is proving the Qur’an to be false. Allah says, no one can change” his Word. If the claim of corruption is true, it must then be asked, what happened to this guarantee of Allah in the Qur’an.

Islamic scholars dishonestly teach that the Jews and the Christians corrupted their Scriptures. Since the Qur'an itself testifies that the Torah, the Psalms and the Gospel are the Words of Allah and the Words of Allah are unchangeable, then it is impossible for any man to change them. If the claim that the Jews or the Christians altered the Bible were true, then they must be more powerful than Allah. Not only would this prove Allah powerless but also the Qur’an’s testimony to the authenticity of the Hebrew (Jewish) and the Christian Greek Scriptures would be false. To believe in the corruption of the Holy Bible is to reject the teachings of the Qur'an. God surely has the power to preserve his Word. But why do Islamic scholars resort to such lies?

Many verses of the Qur'an testify to the authenticity and integrity of the Scriptures of the Jews and the Christians. As such, the Bible has to be perfect at the time of the Qur'an’s revelation. Since the Qur'an testifies that God’s Word cannot be corrupted, it rules out the possibility for the Bible to become corrupted at a later point in time. However, when later generation of Muslims ventured into neighboring Christian lands, they found that the teachings of the Bible were contrary to the version that Muhammad had taught them. There can be only two possible responses to this discovery. Muslims had to either accept that their Prophet had erred or to believe on the presupposition that the Bible itself had been changed. Unfortunately, they chose the latter course. Therefore, Muslims base their belief on a presupposition and then seek “evidences” to justify it. Thus, before a Muslim even picks up a Bible, he is led to believe it is no longer an authentic book.

A serious study of the evidences proves that the Muslim’s assumption of Bible corruption is based purely on conjecture. When the evidences are honestly and objectively considered, the only conclusion that can be reached is that the Bible is a remarkable book that is both authentic and intact. We will now continue with our discussion by considering further evidences provided by the Qur'an itself that emphasizes the Bible’s integrity. We will then discuss the evidences that exist for the Bibles textual history in the oldest manuscripts available to us. We shall see just how strong the evidences are in favor of its authenticity. The following Qur'anic verse gives further proof that God’s Word cannot be changed.

Surah 6:115 (116): “Perfected is the Word of thy Lord in truth and justice. There is naught that can change His words. He is the Hearer, the Knower.” (Pickthall)

Perfect are the words of thy Lord in truthfulness and justice; no man can change His words; He is the All-hearing, the All-knowing.” (Arberry)

For Muslims to claim that the Bible has been corrupted means that the above Qur'anic verse is false. This Qur’anic verse states very plainly, without any clause or qualification, that none can change the “Word of Allah.” In other words, under no circumstance can anyone or anything change the Scriptures of Allah. And this means that it will remain unchanged for all eternity. This Qur'anic verse also states very clearly that Allah is “All-hearing” and “All-knowing.” This means he is listening and he knows and he is watching over his Word. So who changed the Torah, the Psalms and the Gospel without the knowledge of Allah? Therefore, either the Qur’an is right and Allah’s Word cannot be changed, or the Qur’an is wrong and the Torah (Taurat), the Psalms (Zabur) and the Gospel (Injil) have been changed. It cannot be both ways.

This is not just an issue about the integrity of the Bible but also an issue about Allah himself. If Allah is unable to protect his own inspired Word – the Holy Bible – how could he be trusted with the protection of his worshippers? Muslims say that God is Great (Akbar) and Powerful (Al Qawie) and yet at the same time they believe that he is unable to protect his own Word. To claim that this verse applies only to the preservation of the Qur’an is to distort the meaning of this verse. This Qur'anic verse states very clearly that it is the “Kalimah of thy Lord” (Word of thy Lord) that will remain unchanged. As noted, the Qur'an itself testified that the Bible (Al-Kitab) which consists of the Torah and the Gospel is the divine Word of thy Lord.” When Allah says nothing can change his words, it means not a single word in any of the Scriptures of Allah can be changed. To say Allah’s words were changed in the Bible but not in the Qur'an would make the above Qur'anic verse a preposterous lie because it shows that some of the words of Allah can be changed. This would mean either Allah is lying or the Muslim scholars are.

Additionally, take note of the declaration in this Qur'anic verse, “Perfected is the Word of thy Lord in truth and justice.” At the time when this verse was revealed, the Qur'an was still in the process of compilation. Would it not be a little premature to testify before the Qur’an is even completed that it is already the “Perfected Word of thy Lord”? The Qur’an was very much incomplete when this verse was revealed and it is impossible to see how this verse can be used to prove its exclusive preservation. This is the language of hypothesis and presupposition.

TESTIMONY NUMBER TWO

Surely, if the earlier Scriptures comprising of the Torah and the Gospel had been changed, the Qur’an would have warned us to refrain from either reading or consulting these “corrupted books.” However, when we look into the teachings of the Qur’an, we do not find this to be the case. In fact, we find the opposite to be true. The Qur’an encourages us to read and study the Bible.

Surah 3:93: “Say: Produce the Torah and read it (unto us) if ye are truthful.” (Pickthall)

Say: “Bring ye the Torah and study it, if ye be men of truth.” (Malik)

But more than that, the Qur’an also states that if Muslims have doubts about the Qur’an, they should go to the people of the Book, meaning Jews and Christians, to clear their doubts.

Surah 10:94: “If thou wert in doubt as to what We have revealed unto thee, then ask those who have been reading the Book from before thee: the Truth hath indeed come to thee from thy Lord: so be in no wise of those in doubt.” (Yusuf Ali)

But if you (Muhammad) are in doubt as to what We have revealed to you, ask those who read the Book before you. Verily the Truth from thy Lord hath come unto thee. So be not thou of the waverers.” (Pickthall)

Although Allah was addressing Muhammad in this verse, the command given here applies to all Muslims. It is directing them to seek clarification from those who read the Bible when they have serious doubts about the Qur'an. In other words, it is telling them to consult the Bible to clear any doubts that they may have regarding the Qur'anic revelation. Thus, instead of warning Muslims to refrain from reading or consulting the Bible, the Qur'an encourages them to seek guidance from it and especially so at a critical time when their faith is undermined by doubts and uncertainties.

Hence, as long as the Qur'an exists and Muslims read it, the Bible should be at hand to help them clear any disbelief that might arise with reference to the Qur’an. It would be completely absurd for Allah to command doubters to seek guidance from a people whose Scriptures had become corrupted. If the claims of corruption by Muslims scholars are really true, would it actually make any sense for Allah to direct Muslims to seek guidance from the ones who study the Bible when they are in doubt? In order for Muslims today to obey this directive from Allah – to consult the Bible – it would be absolutely necessary for the Bible to remain pure. Thus, the above Qur'anic verse is yet another existing proof that the Bible is the uncorrupted Word of God.

TESTIMONY NUMBER THREE

Surah 18:27: “And recite (and teach) what has been revealed to thee of the Book of thy Lord; none can change His Words, and none wilt thou find as a refuge other than Him.” (Yusuf Ali)

And recite what has been revealed to you of the Book of your Lord, there is none who can alter His words.” (Shakir)

Once again, Allah says, none can change or alter his Words.” In their desperation to prove the Bible wrong, some Muslim apologists state that the above verse applies only to the integrity of the Qur'an. The foolishness of such reasoning can be easily illustrated. Imagine, a man who owns three houses saying that nothing could destroy his houses. Suppose, in time a storm destroyed two of his houses. Now, would the claim that nothing could destroy his houses be true? It does not matter if it is House No 1 or House No 2, as long as a single house is destroyed, his claim will be false. And this is the false claim that Muslims in their desperation is attributing to Allah. To insist that he meant only House No 3 is both foolish and unreasonable.

To say that the Bible has become corrupted is to believe that Allah had lied in the Qur'an. And this would also make the Qur’an false when it states that God’s Word cannot be changed. When Muhammad became a prophet (610 C.E. – 632 C.E.) he received the Qur’an from Allah over a period of 23 years. This means that the Bible, which was in existence at that time, could not have been corrupted. Otherwise, the Qur’an cannot make the bold claim that Allah’s Word cannot be changed. The question that we like to ask Muslims is that since the Qur’an says that the Bible is from Allah and Allah’s words cannot be changed, so when did the Bible become corrupted.

TESTIMONY NUMBER FOUR

Note carefully that in the following Qur'anic verse, Allah gave his pledge to the Apostles and the Messengers who came before Muhammad that “there is none that can alter the Words of Allah.” Here, Allah is giving evidence that the Scriptures, which were revealed before the Qur'an, cannot be altered.

Surah 6:34: Rejected were the Apostles before thee: with patience and constancy they bore their rejection and their wrongs, until Our aid did reach them: there is none that can alter the words (and decrees) of Allah. Already hast thou received some account of those Apostles.” (Yusuf Ali)

Messengers before you were also denied but they were steadfast in the face of the denial and injury they suffered until Our help arrived. There is no changing the Words of Allah. And news of other Messengers has come to you. (A. Bewley)

Allah promises that the “Words of Allah,” which were given to the Apostles before the time of Muhammad, cannot be altered. Would not this assurance to the Apostles apply primarily to the Scriptures that Allah transmitted to them by inspiration? If a single spoken word of Allah cannot be altered, how much more will this be true regarding his written inspired Word? The Scriptures given to the Apostles before Muhammad is not the Qur'an but the Holy Bible.

When Allah says none can alter the Words of Allah, it means nothing, no one, nobody, not a soul can change his Word. Now, if at the same instance some Muslim scholars, apologists, imams, muftis and your Muslim neighbors were to tell you that Allah’s earlier Scriptures has been changed by some humans, who do you choose to believe? Do you believe the Qur'an is true in its statement that nobody can change the Words of God?

For Muslims to believe that the Bible was changed by certain people amounts to a denial of the teachings of the Qur’an. And to deny the teachings of the Qur’an means that they are no longer Muslims. Muslims cannot deny the Holy Bible and continue to remain as Muslims. To attack the Holy Bible is to attack the standing of the Qur'an which validates the authority, authenticity and infinity of the Holy Bible.

According to the Qur’an: (1) No one can change the Word of Allah. (2) The Bible, which consists of the Torah, the Psalms and the Gospel, is the Word of Allah. (3) So, no one can change the Bible. Since the Bible is the Word of Allah, then it will be protected and kept pure throughout history by the power of Allah as promised in the Qur'an. In addition, the Qur'an states the following fact regarding the importance of believing in the Bible for the attainment of salvation:

Surah 2:4: And those who believe in what is sent down to you, and what was sent down before you (such as the Torah, Gospel and Psalms, and the Scrolls of Abraham); and in the Hereafter they have certainty of faith. (Ali Ünal)

The Bible was completed more than 500 years before the arrival of the Qur’an. For example, if someone wrote a book today that contradicts a historical document written at the time of an event that took place in 1650 C.E., the person who wrote the second book would have to provide the necessary evidences to prove that the older document was false. He also has to prove that his newly forwarded facts are true. The document written at the time of the event would not have to prove itself against a latter document. This is true to the principles of the science of history. Also, merely proving that the older document was not accurate does not by default mean the newer document is true.

TESTIMONY NUMBER FIVE

Surah 15:9: “We have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption).” (Yusuf Ali)

The above Qur'anic verse confirms that Allah will guard his Word (Message). Muslims assert that this verse applies only to the integrity of the Qur'an. They have failed to comprehend the purpose of this verse in the Qur'an. Allah is stating a principle here. He is saying that since he is the originator of “the Message,” he will assuredly guard it.” Who then is the originator of the Torah and the Gospel? The Qur'anic verses, which follow immediately, provide added proof that “the Message” mentioned here apply to more than just the Qur’an.

Surah 15:10-11: “We did send apostles before thee amongst the religious sects of old: But never came an apostle to them but they mocked him.” (Yusuf Ali)

Surah 15:10-11 include the apostles who were sent earlier by Allah. Thus, the reference to the apostles that were sent before Muhammad suggests that Allah’s promise to guard “the Message” from corruption includes the Scriptures that he gave to those who were sent before Muhammad. Thus, the context supports the view that Allah’s pledge to protect includes the Scriptures that were given to the prophets before Muhammad. Additionally, this Qur'anic verse does not say exclusively that only the “Qur’an” will be guarded, but rather “the Message” will be guarded. The Arabic word for “Message” is “Zhikri.” That this protection from corruption is also extended to the Bible can be seen by the fact that the earlier Scriptures are considered as the Message (Zhikri) of Allah. Consider the following examples:

Surah 21:105: “Before this We wrote in the Psalms, after the Message (Zhikri) (given to Moses): My servants the righteous shall inherit the earth.” (Yusuf Ali)

Surah 16:43: “And before thee also the apostles We sent none but men, to whom We granted inspiration: If ye realise this not, ask of those who possess the Message (Zhikri).” (Yusuf Ali)

Surah 21:7: “Before thee, also, the messengers We sent were but men, to whom We granted inspiration: If ye realise this not, ask of those who possess the Message (Zhikri).” (Yusuf Ali)

All these passages confirm that the Hebrew and Christian Greek Scriptures are the Messages of Allah. As such, they are included in the pledges made by Allah to preserve his Messages. To believe in the corruption of the Bible means to believe in the failure of Allah to guard his Messages. This means Allah is guilty of breaking his divine promise of ensuring their preservation.

Contrary to the lies propagated by Muslim scholars, if God’s standards are consistent, then this promised preservation will be applied to all his divine Books equally. Allah cannot guard just one of his Books and leave the others to be tampered with. No one would trust a God who protects some of his Books and allows some to become corrupted. This is especially true when it is reinforced by the Qur’anic statement, “None can change the Words of Allah. This is indeed the Supreme Triumph.” Since the Bible contains the “Messages of Allah, can anything or anyone change these Messages in the Holy Bible? The Bible was completed almost six hundred years before the arrival of the Qur'an. Therefore, if Christians or Jews altered Allah’s Word, then Muslims must accept the fact that Allah lied in the Qur'an when he testified, “We will assuredly guard it from corruption.”

TESTIMONY NUMBER SIX

Surah 2:136: “Say (O Muslims): ‘We believe in Allah and that which is revealed unto us and which was revealed unto Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac and Jacob, and the tribes and that which Moses and Jesus received, and that which the prophets received from their Lord. We make no distinctions between any of them, and unto Him we have surrendered.” (Pickthall)

If the claim of corruption is true, then why are Muslims told to believe in the earlier Scriptures? Every Muslim reader, in the past and in the present, is commanded by Allah to make this “Declaration of Faith” that is stated in the above verse. It is important to note that Surah 2 (Al-Baqarah) is a Medinan Surah. This means that even more than a decade after Muhammad began to receive his revelations, Muslims were still commanded to believe in the Hebrew and Christian Greek Scriptures. Therefore, contrary to the belief of many Muslims, this Qur'anic verse proves that the Scriptures given to the Jews and Christians were never abrogated by the arrival of the Qur'an. The fact that the commandment to believe in the Hebrew and Christian Greek Scriptures were given even after the Qur’an came into existence, proves that the Torah and the Gospel remained as the authentic Word of Allah during the lifetime of Muhammad. Thus, Allah confirmed the integrity of the Holy Bible in the Qur’an.

Since this “Declaration of Faith” to believe in the earlier Scriptures includes the command to make “no distinctions” between the various Scriptures of Allah, then the amount of faith that Muslims have in the Qur’an must likewise be shown to the Torah and the Gospel. But, how can Muslims continue to obey this command today when they are taught by their religious leaders that the Bible in our possession is corrupted? To believe in the former Scriptures, as commanded by Allah, one has to know and understand the contents of these Scriptures. They must be read to be believed and accepted as the Word of God. This is only possible if authentic copies of the Torah and the Gospel are within the reach of every sincere Muslim who wants to obey Allah. As testified in this Qur’anic verse, the commitment to believe in the Torah and the Gospel is laid upon every single Muslim by Allah. Since this is a standing order in the Qur’an, can any Muslim continue to believe in the validity of this Qur'anic verse if the Bible is no longer the Word of God today? Can Muslims expect Allah to demand them to believe in something that has become corrupted? To reject the Bible as the Word of God would then lead to a rejection of this “Declaration of Faith” in the Qur'an. In turn, this means a rejection of Allah by Muslims.

To deny the Bible today as the Word of God will without fail lead to the denial of the Qur’an. The above Qur’anic verse will only have any real meaning if Muslims stop their baseless claim that the Holy Bible in our possession is corrupted. Muslims strongly argue that the Qur’an must be perfect because Allah would preserve his Word unfailingly. Yet, if the Torah and the Gospel are the Scriptures of Allah, how dare Muslims accuse Allah of failing to preserve them? If Allah failed in the preservation of his Word in the first (Torah) and second (Gospel) instances, why should Muslims trust him with the third (Qur’an)?

Since it is Allah who orders Muslims to declare that they “make no distinctions between any of them,” can we then expect Allah to make the very same distinctions that he forbids? To believe in the integrity of Allah, one has to also believe in the integrity of all Scriptures of Allah. This means that the Bible will be equally preserved by Allah without distinction. If the claim of corruption is true, it would then mean that Muslims who are living today will no longer able to follow the commandment given in the above Qur’anic verse. And this would actually mean that this Qur'anic verse is no longer valid – one verse in the Qur'an is now useless. Can Muslims then claim that the Qur’an is the eternal word of God when some of its instructions that were practiced before are no longer possible now?

The “Declaration of Faith” encompasses the Six Pillars of Faith in Islam:

(1) Belief in Allah (2) Belief in His Angels (3) Belief in His Books. (4) Belief in His Messengers. (5) Belief in the Day of Judgment (Resurrection) (6) Belief in Divine destiny.

TESTIMONY NUMBER SEVEN

Surah 3:84: Say: “We believe in Allah, and in what has been revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and in (the Books) given to Moses, Jesus, and the prophets, from their Lord: We make no distinction between one and another among them, and to Allah do we bow our will (in Islam).” (Yusuf Ali)

Muslims, who restrict the protection of Allah to the Qur’an only, should contemplate the words of the above Qur'anic verse carefully. This Qur'anic verse is emphatically pointing to the fact that it will be impossible for Muslims to “believe in Allah” without believing in the “Books of Moses, Jesus, and the prophets.” Notice, the Qur'an makes no distinction between the various Books of Allah. This means that they are all held to be equally true. And needless to say, they must be equally preserved. Otherwise, this verse in the Qur'an will make no sense to Muslims today.

A true Muslim is obliged to believe not only in the Qur'an but also in the previous Books of Allah. Will he be able to do so if the original message in the Bible is now lost or corrupted? For anyone claiming to believe in the earlier Books revealed by Allah, he or she must accept them as the uncorrupted Word of God. As required by Allah and enshrined in the Qur'an, can any Muslim stand today before the judgment seat of Allah and truly testify that he believes in these Books when he has failed to read the previous Scriptures and value them as the Word of God? Does not a failure to do so amounts to a rejection of the Islamic “Declaration of Faith”? This, in turn means a rejection of Islam. You cannot be a Muslim and at the same time reject the Holy Bible.

We can be confident that Allah’s protection encompasses all of his Holy Books. It will be improper for the one telling Muslims not to make any distinction between his Books, to do so himself. Thus, we can be certain of the impartial preservation of all the revealed Scriptures by Allah. If he preserves one, he will preserve the other. That is why Allah commands Muslims to “believe in the Books given to Moses, Jesus, and the prophets.” In other words, they can accept the Bible that we have today as the uncorrupted Word of God.

TESTIMONY NUMBER EIGHT

Now, carefully read the following requirement placed upon every Muslim by Allah:

Surah 2:285: “The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from His Lord, and so do the believers. Each believes in Allah and His Angels, His Books, and His Messengers, we do not differentiate between any one of His Messengers. They say: ‘We hear and obey. (We ask) Your forgiveness Lord, and to You is the arrival’.” (Qaribullah)

Muslims are required to believe in all the Books of Allah. By stating “Books” (plural) and not “Book” (singular), this Qur'anic verse proves that Allah, Muhammad and the Qur’an did not support the idea that the earlier Books were corrupted. Can Muslims today say, “We hear and obey,” to the call to believe in all the Books if they fail to believe in the Bible? To deny the Torah and the Gospel is to deny the Books of Allah. Again, the rejection of the Holy Bible by Muslims would lead to a denial of their religion by them.

Muslims, who believe that the previous Books are changed, are placing themselves in a spiritually unacceptable position by the very condition laid out in the above Qur'anic verse. This is because any declaration of faith in the previous Scriptures by such ones will only be an outward display of piety. And that is hypocrisy. To sincerely believe in the Bible, one must accept it as the uncorrupted Book of Allah. To believe in the corruption of the Bible is to believe that Allah is demanding the fulfillment of a requirement that is absolutely impossible to be fulfilled today.

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 300:

Narrated By Abu Huraira: One day while Allah's Apostle was sitting with the people, a man came to him walking and said, “O Allah's Apostle. What is Belief?” The Prophet said, “Belief is to believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Apostles, and the meeting with Him, and to believe in the Resurrection.”

Sahih Bukhari is the most authentic Hadith in the Muslim world. Just think, will Allah expect Muhammad and Muslims to believe in the previous Books if they are corrupted or if they are no longer in existence? By this misguided belief that the previous Books are corrupted, Muslims have taken it upon themselves to make it virtually impossible for them to fulfill a fundamentally vital requirement in Islam – the requirement to put faith the Holy Bible. Muslims have failed to realize the full implication of their action in rejecting the Holy Bible as the uncorrupted Word of God. When they reject the Bible, they are in truth rejecting Allah and his requirements.

Some mislead themselves by saying, “We believe, but in the previously existing uncorrupted Bible.” Does this statement make any sense? To illustrate, let us say Abdullah was an honest cop before you were born. By the time you were born, he turned bad and became corrupted. During the course of your entire life, you only know him only as a bad cop. Does it make sense for you to say that you believe (present tense) in him but in the honest cop he was before? When someone turns bad, the good is gone. For Allah to tell you today through the Qur’an – in the present tense – that you as a Muslim should believe in all his Books, it can only mean one thing, they are still good and valuable even today. Thus, the Bible that we have today must be authentic. Otherwise, it would mean that Allah is commanding you to believe in something that has gone bad.

Now, we will look further into the claims of some Muslim scholars who contend that the requirement to believe in the previous Scriptures does not apply to the present Bible but to the once uncorrupted Hebrew and Christian Greek Scriptures that existed before but are now lost. Some other Muslims say that the Bible contains some true and authentic words of Allah, but it is not totally authentic. They claim that some of its passages were lost and it underwent many alterations and additions. When Muslim scholars assert such baseless accusations against the Holy Bible, they do not attack the Christians, but Allah himself. Attacking God’s Word is an attack on God himself. Their remarks are faulty for many reasons.

Firstly, for Allah to order all Muslims to declare their belief in the previous Scriptures, which he revealed to the Jews and the Christians, makes no sense if what these scholars say is true. How can the Qur'an continue to command present-day Muslims to make such a “Declaration of Faith” in a lost text? Can Muslims honestly claim that they believe in the previous Scriptures and in the same hypocritical breath say that the previous Scriptures are now lost or corrupted?

Additionally, if the previous Scriptures are truly lost or corrupted, how can Muslims truly say that they believe in something that they have no knowledge of? Would not this be a classic example of blind faith? Are these Muslim scholars now accusing Allah of demanding blind belief from his worshippers?

Since the entire world of Islam is unable to produce a single copy of the hypothetical “previously existing authentic” Scriptures, how are Muslims going to submit to Allah’s command to believe in them? Therefore, Muslims are left with no choice but to accept the Bible that is in the possession of the Christians today as the uncorrupted Word of God. The other option is to reject Allah, the Qur'an (especially Surah 3:84 and Surah 2:285) and the mandatory Islamic “Declaration of Faith.” In short, they can choose to leave Islam.

Secondly, how can they get lost when Allah himself said to Muhammad:

Surah 5:48: “And unto thee have We revealed the Scripture with the truth, confirming whatever Scripture was before it and a watcher over it.” (Pickthall) [1]

Surah 5:48 (51): “To thee We sent the Scripture in truth, confirming the scripture that came before it, and guarding it in safety.” (Yusuf Ali)

And We have revealed to you the Book with the truth, verifying what is before it of the Book and a guardian over it.” (Shakir)

In this Qur'anic verse Allah tells Muhammad that the purpose of the Qur'an is not only to verify (confirm) the Bible but also to “guard it in safety.” Thus, not only will Allah protect his Word from corruption, but the Qur'an itself is duty-bound to protect and guard over the earlier Scriptures in safety. It can be seen that the Qur’an was sent to stand as a “guardian” or “watcher” over the Bible. The Arabic meaning of the word “watcher” (Muhaimin) can also be rendered as “one who safeguards,” “stands witness,” “preserves” and “upholds.” Thus, if the original contents of the Bible are lost or corrupted, then it means that the Qur’an has failed in its duty as a protector of Allah’s Scriptures. This Qur'anic verse also proves that the Bible must have remained pure and unadulterated at the time when this verse was revealed. Otherwise, it would mean that Allah has appointed the Qur’an to act as a guardian over corrupted Scriptures. Once again, it can be said that to deny the purity of the Holy Bible is to deny Allah’s power.

We can see that both Allah and the Qur’an are said to be Protectors and Guardians of the Hebrew and Christian Greek Scriptures. This clearly contradicts the view that the revelations given to the Prophet of Islam allegedly abrogated the Bible. If this is true, there would be no need for the Qur'an to act as a “guardian” or “watcher” over the Torah and the Gospel in such a determined way. Muslims must remember that it is Allah who assigns the Qur'an with this sacred duty of protection of the previous Scriptures. Thus, if the Holy Bible is changed in any way, it not only means that the Qur'an has failed in its duty but it also means that Allah is a liar and both he and the Qur'an are not to be trusted. It also means that Allah had failed to foresee the Qur'an's failure.

Thirdly, since Muslim scholars admit that an original authentic copy of the Bible existed before, can they then enlighten us on the following questions? “Who changed this once existing uncorrupted Word of Allah that Allah himself guaranteed that none could change?” “Would not Allah’s pledge to protect his Scriptures apply essentially to these original authentic Scriptures?” “Why did Allah fail to protect these once existing, authentic Scriptures?” “If an original uncorrupted Bible existed before, how is it possible for humans to change the Book of Allah?”

Are not these scholars accusing Allah of deceiving his worshippers by saying something that is not true? Are not such ones also accusing Allah with failure to protect the once existing uncorrupted Torah and the Gospel? Are they not also preventing sincere Muslims from fulfilling the requirements to believe in all the Books of Allah? In their desperation to prove the Bible wrong, these scholars are inadvertently insulting Allah and betraying their Muslim brothers.

As for those scholars who say that the Bible contains only partial truths and not all of it is the authentic words of Allah, Allah gives the following warning to them in the Qur’an.

Surah 2:85: “Then is it only a part of the Book that ye believe in, and do ye rejects the rest? But what is the reward for those among you who behave like this but disgrace in this life? - And on the Day of Judgment they shall be consigned to the most grievous penalty. For Allah is not unmindful of what ye do.” (Yusuf Ali)

What, do you believe in part of the Book, and disbelieve in part? What shall be the recompense of those of you who do that, but degradation in the present life, and on the Day of Resurrection to be returned unto the most terrible of chastisement? And God is not heedless of the things you do.” (Arberry)

This verse was revealed as a warning for all those who commit the grave error of accepting only some parts of Allah’s Word. It clearly states that the “most terrible of chastisement” is awaiting those who “believe in part of the Book, and disbelieve in part.” “The Book” or “Al-Kitab,” as it is known in Arabic, is literally what the term “Bible” means. Most Muslims do not realize the seriousness of their action in not accepting the complete text of the Holy Bible. To avoid Allah’s wrath, Muslims must accept the complete Bible (Al-Kitab) as the Word of God. We must ask Muslims the following questions: Who has given them the divine right to decide which to choose and which to reject from the verses of the Bible? Are they now acting as God? Do Muslim scholars have an “authentic” Bible to compare with the one we have in our possession so as to know which parts of our Bible are authentic and which parts are untrue?

Surah 4:136: “O ye who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and the scripture which He hath sent to His Messenger and the scripture which He sent to those before him. Any who denieth Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Day of Judgment, hath gone far, far astray.” (Yusuf Ali)

The Qur’an very clearly says that anyone who denieth His Books hath gone far, far astray.” Notice, it does not say Book but Books. Since no Books were given after the Qur'an, then it must be referring to the Books that were revealed before the Qur'an. The Qur'an recognizes only four major Books – the Torah, Psalms, Gospel and the Qur'an. Out of the four, the three Books mentioned here are found in the Bible. This means if a Muslim believes in the Qur’an but not in the Holy Bible, he is truly a disbeliever and a grievous penalty” is waiting for him. If you as a Muslim believe that the above two Qur'anic verses (Surah 2:85 and Surah 4:136) are Allah’s eternal Words, then carefully reassess what you have been taught to believe. Ask yourself:

  • “How can Allah tell me that if I deny his Books, I have gone far, far astray if his Books are no longer in existence?”

  • “How can Allah tell me that if I deny his Books, I have gone far, far astray if his Books are corrupted?”

  • “How can Allah prepare for me a grievous penalty if I deny his Books when they are no longer in existence or are corrupted?”

Just think! Can Allah can hold you accountable for rejecting his Books if they are lost or corrupted? He can only hold you accountable if they are preserved and kept free from corruption. To claim that God allowed the corruption of all his other Books with the exception of the Qur’an will only create more problems for Muslims. How can it be possible for the Qur’an to speak of the Bible with such respect and reverence and yet accuse it of corruption?

TESTIMONY NUMBER NINE

Surah 6:89: Those are they to whom We gave the Book, the Judgment, the Prophethood; so if these disbelieve in it, We have already entrusted it to a people who do not disbelieve in it.” (Arberry)

These were the men to whom We gave the Book, and authority, and prophethood: if these (their descendants) reject them, Behold! We shall entrust their charge to a new people who reject them not.” (Yusuf Ali)

This Qur'anic verse is speaking of Jews who were given the Book and the Prophethood. The Prophets to whom Allah gave the Book were faithful men of earlier times who were chosen and guided by Allah. In the preceding few verses of this Qur’anic text, a list of the names of these faithful men is given. It included names such as Abraham, Isaac, Moses, Jesus and the names of other Biblical characters. These faithful men were given the Book, the Judgment and the Prophethood. They died faithfully long before the time of Muhammad. So when Allah told Muhammad, “if these disbelieve in it,” he was referring to their descendants” who were the contemporaries of Muhammad. Yes, if they were to reject the Bible, the Judgment and the Prophethood, then Allah will “entrust their charge to a new people who reject them not.”

Here, Allah is giving his pledge, a guarantee that the Bible will always be entrusted to the care of those who believe in it as the Word of God. In this verse, we can see Allah’s determination to protect his Word – the Holy Bible – from falling into the wrong hands. He will act to ensure their safety, so that they will always remain pure. He will, without fail, secure his Word from the dangers of corruption by disbelievers. Thus, we can be certain that Allah will fulfill his promise to protect and preserve the Bible at all times. As such, it will only be entrusted to a people who will protect his Scriptures from contamination. This Qur'anic verse proves once again that the Holy Bible that was available at the time of Muhammad was pure and unadulterated. Otherwise, it would be absurd for Allah to persistently ensure the protection of the Scriptures that has already become defective. Those Muslim scholars who deny the trustworthiness of Holy Bible are in fact denying the trustworthiness of Allah.

TESTIMONY NUMBER TEN

Muhammad is ordered to make the following pledge:

Surah 42:15: “I believe in whatsoever Allah has sent down of the Book (all the holy Books, this Qur’an and the Books of the old from the Taurat (Torah), or the Injeel (Gospel) or the Pages of Ibrahim (Abraham))” (Hilali-Khan)

And say to them: “I have given credence to all the Books Allah has sent down and in all of them do I believe.” (Al-Muntakhab)

If the Qur’an were to teach that some of Allah’s Word had been changed or abrogated, then the above verse could never have been written in it. For Muhammad to submit to Allah’s commandment in the above verse, his adherence cannot be restricted to the Qur'an only but to all the other earlier Books of Allah. The order given to Muhammad to “believe in all the Books” proves that the Holy Bible was available to Muhammad just as it was originally revealed by Allah. Yes, the authentic Hebrew and Christian Greek Scriptures not only existed but were also available during the time of Muhammad. Further proof of this is shown in the following Qur'anic verse. Please read the verse carefully.

Surah 32:23: “We did indeed aforetime give the Book to Moses: be not then in doubt of it’s reaching (thee): And we made it a guide to the Children of Israel.” (Yusuf Ali)

And certainly We gave the Book to Musa, so be not in doubt concerning the receiving of it, and We made it a guide for the children of Israel.” (Shakir)

When Allah says, be not then in doubt of it’s reaching thee,” it is obvious that Allah was speaking of the unchanged, identical copies of the Book of Torah that he gave to Moses. If the Book of Moses were to reach Muhammad with changes in it, it will certainly be dishonest for Allah to say, “be not in doubt concerning the receiving of it.” If uncorrupted copies of the Torah that were written centuries before the Gospel were available to Muhammad, then we can be sure that authentic copies of the Gospel must also be available to him. Qur'anic evidences prove consistently that preserved copies of the Torah and the Gospel were available during the time of Muhammad. Like their Prophet, Muslims should accept the Bible as the pure Word of God. PLEASE PROCEED TO PART 2. (Link to PART 2 is provided on the left column of this page).

Endnotes

[1] Al-Baidhawi explains that “watch over it” means, “The Qur’an is the protector of all the sacred books to preserve them from any kind of change.” [Qazi Nasiruddin Abusaeed Abudullah bin Umar al-Baidhawi (1300 A.D.) wrote a well known commentary on the Qur'an, originally called “Anwar-al-tunzeel” but now known as “Tafsir-e-Baidhawi”]


© Copyright 2017 EMIR FEROZ KHAN. All rights reserved.