Frankenstein school assesment

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Status: Finished  |  Genre: Non-Fiction  |  House: Booksie Classic

This is an home assessment task that I handed in school. Please read or skim through an d comment what you think of it! :)

English Assessment


Essay: Who is the real villain?


Frankenstein is a story in the genre of gothic literature, written by Mary Shelley in 1818. Mary Shelley was only eighteen years of age at the time. Mary Shelley had published the book anonymously, this was because, during the period of 1818, men were known to be more superior to woman; they would publish books, be the high ranked lawyers etc. Women were hardly noticed; publishing this book anonymously meant that nobody knows whether or not it was a man or woman, if at the front was a woman’s name they would usually ignore it. Later on as several years had passed, she finally revealed her identity as the author. She wrote Frankenstein, which is now known to be the birthplace of gothic literature. The story was both written and set in Switzerland. Shelley was on a holiday with her partner in Switzerland; while being there had a dream about the story which gave her the idea to write Frankenstein. Before she had written Frankenstein, the French revolution took place; the less fortunate thought by overtaking the rich, they would lead to more contented and peaceful lives. Nevertheless, it turned out much the opposite and caused bloodshed and violence to be the solution. The story of Frankenstein relates to The French Revolution because, in the story Victor creates the monster which he intends to love, and be a great new remarkable invention. However as soon as lightning struck at the monster and he took his first breath, Victor wanted to murder it, destroy it, abandon it, he wanted to abolish this so-called amazing invention that he had finally accomplished after six years… why? Because, he hadn’t thought his plan through; he only thought about the advantages (him becoming a famous scientist etc.); Victor- although being a character- and the less-fortunate from the French Revolution, made the same immense mistake, this also teaches us to think about what we do before we do it. We need to think several times about whether there will be any faults or anything that could possibly go wrong, before we let the advantages convince our hearts and brains completely.

 In this essay I will be debating both sides according to my opinions on who I think is the true villain in the story of Frankenstein, I will decide between Victor Frankenstein and the Monster. A villain is a character who is the enemy of the main character; the person- character- who causes trouble and mischief throughout the story. This character is also known as the antagonist, (the antonym: ‘protagonist’).

When we watch movies or read fictional books, we tend to enjoy the villains being in the story; even if we do not like to admit it. Having villains in the story is something we like because, we as being the audience feel different emotions (e.g. panicky, sympathy, delightful etc.); this shows that the movie/ book is good. If there is nobody in a story whether in a movie or book that plays the antagonist, then there is nothing to be curious about in the story, you might as well just skip to the denouement. A story is not a story without an antagonist. It makes the whole scene boring and unentertaining. So villains, thank you (!)! 

When people talk about Frankenstein (the story in general), there is commonly a confusion over who Frankenstein is. One of the reasons is because, in the story, occasionally there are scenes found where Victor (he is Frankenstein) acts like a monster, and evil nature seems to grow up inside him, which causes people to think he is the monster, because of this evil in him. In addition it may be because if you search ‘Frankenstein’ on the World Wide Web also known as ‘www’ or look at any books if preferable; you will notice that the image that appears is most commonly the monster. This may be another reason for why Frankenstein and The monster are the same in some people’s eyes.


Victor Frankenstein is the villain…


One of the reasons why I think that Victor plays the villain is because; Victor judges books by their covers (metaphorically). In the story when Victor gave life to the monster he craved to abandon it straight away. He reveals this when he mentions “Oh dear God, this is my doing” …further on in his speech… “Why did I ever start this cursed thing?” This implies that he wanted to create the monster to show the world how much of an awesome scientist he is, but he wanted the monster to look good in order to shine in the spotlight. He is calling it ‘cursed’ because it doesn’t look human enough, that is why he abandoned it, leaving it to find a deserted house. He may be a good gifted scientist; however, a good scientist does not abandon their invention, especially when the invention has not ever been accomplished before.

Furthermore, at the beginning of the story when Frankenstein is telling Clerval that he is creating a man from dead body parts, fresh from the grave, he states, “It’s the excitement Clerval” this piece of speech suggests that Victor takes pleasure in dissecting dead human body parts. This proves that Frankenstein does not have a heart and only for things that are beneficial to him and pleasure him. This also shows that he does not care about law and wouldn’t care to commit crimes, because digging up dead corpses was surely illegal. He obviously did not care the slightest , for who this dead person he was digging up might have been, imagine how the family of the dead person would feel if they knew there was a random man experimenting on their loved ones corpses. And surely, he would not have wanted anybody to dig up the grave of his dear beloved brother William.

Additionally, later on in the story he speaks to himself after the departure of the monster demanding for a bride. He says: “…and yet he was right”. He is admitting that the monster was right, so it’s as though he is admitting or accepting the position of the villain, as he is saying the monster is right. He has finally given up hope in his beautiful experiment that turned out rather ugly and admitting that his creation is right, not him.


Moreover, later on in the play when the monster and Victor finally encounter again, it seems from the text that the monster is trying to convince Agathe that he is a good person and pure-hearted even if it may not seem the case. He says: “Friend, not hurt, not kill…” this reveals the passion that the monster has to create love and unity with himself and humans. It also makes the audience feel sympathy for the monster as he explains how he was being tortured. After this speech it shows that the monster may look as though he is a monster, but he is of the ones who desires peace, and may not be as egotistical as he is described. This implies a clear vision that Victor Frankenstein had not tried to see the good side of the monster, even though later on in the story when Victor and the monster meet again, Victor still denies believing in him. On the other hand Victor is not all to blame, as the only reason it might have been that Frankenstein denies believing him because, he suspects the monster as the murderer of his treasured William; because of his wife’s (Elizebeth) recent dreams about the monster strangling dear William by the lake. 

In addition, the monster later on speaks, “When a human see’s a living creature its first impulse is to destroy it…” this reveals what the monster thought about humans (us). Frankenstein says this because, where ever he migrated to, whatever street, village, town etc. he would get tortured, both physically and mentally. Men would shoot their pistols at him, women would scream, children would run away, rocks and stones would be thrown at him as he staggered along pavements. His life was therefore at risk and under a lot of threat. Even when he tried talking to people keeping his distance all the same, he would get shot in the leg, people were even trying to hunt him down to kill him. The monster deserved better, however hard he tried and longed for a happy ending, it was clear that that happy ending was far out of reach. Although this is a story, this point that the monster had made still refers to people even today in the modern 21st century environment. For example today, we step on ants, there’s poaching still, scientists using animals for experiments, and many, many more. Is this not all what the monster had assumed? The monster may have only been a character, but this may be something Mary Shelley was trying to get through to the audience, this is one of the key morals of the whole story. We all as humans judge things too quickly, before we know the inner truth.  


The Monster is the villain…


One of the things that the monster does in order to make him the villain, is he believes in revenge too strongly. In the story he threatens Victor by saying “Why don’t I kill you now? Why don’t I snuff your life out like a candle…?” This suggests that the monster has passion in killing, and he is impatient and threatens people to get what he desires. Somebody that threatens people in such way is truly a villain, if you want justice and peace a better way to say it is in a more respectful and appropriate; for example, If you don’t let me have some justice then I’ll reveal myself to your wife, tell her everything you did, creating me, you even know I killed your son, Frankenstein, it’s your choice please, just this one thing I’m asking for… This is more respectful towards Frankenstein; it shows that the monster does have a little respect and patience in him. However, he chooses to let his tongue slip and speaks in the wrong, insolent manner.

Furthermore, Frankenstein’s monster is carrying on with his speech he utters, “I killed your brother, and I laughed!” These are words even a child wouldn’t dare express. It shows that the monster is sadistic, (i.e. he takes pleasure out of other peoples sufferings). It is quite like cursing William, as if to say, Woe be unto William! He laughed after killing a child! How is a child to know how to handle such a scandalous stranger who randomly decides to approach a boy in order to have company? Why would you want company from a human when you have been rejected by so many others? He should’ve thought twice and about what could go wrong.

Additionally, the monster says to Frankenstein, “I will see you freeze, and starve and suffer…  Frankenstein your sufferings are just beginning…” This is more like a warning than a threat. It’s as though the monster is keeping Frankenstein aware of what may lay beyond in his future. It might not even be that the monster is threatening him, it may be the monster warning him telling him to act now before his misery’s take over his future completely. On the other hand, it does say I will see you freeze, and starve and suffer… So it may also be that he is threatening Victor after all, as he mentions ‘I will see you’ it shows the sadistic personality he has in his heart. When he states ‘your sufferings are just beginning’ This might mean that he has more threats to threaten Victor with, and he is going to make him go through more pain, even after watching his brother and wife being killed.

The one thing that the monster does most to make him the villain is that he threatens people and he has a really strong sadistic side to his heart, as well as us feeling pity for the monster.


So… Who is the villain?


In my opinion according to the quantity of the results of the evidence identified, that Victor Frankenstein is the villain. I think this because, he wouldn’t have such threats and such creature to deal with, and it isn’t the monsters fault for having a life. It is Victors for giving him life. He has responsibilities over the monster which he should have thought about (i.e. whether he could cope with so much on his shoulder); but he chose not to and chose to go for the huge risk.


Your advice to take from the story…


It is not about being a great scientist it’s about, the love and what your heart truly goes for, and whether your brain thinks it’s suitable.

After all, Frankenstein did go for the hard path so the hard path it is for him to handle. It’s all about your decision and intentions. If you have the right intention your invention will be the right invention, if you have the wrong intention your invention will be the wrong invention. So as long as you are fully satisfied with what you are doing.




  • Have positive and good intentions…
  • Don’t judge a book by its cover…
  • Think more about what others feel…
  • Don’t meddle with God…




Submitted: July 26, 2013

© Copyright 2022 FahimaHaque13. All rights reserved.

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Add Your Comments:


Criss Sole

Frankenstein is actually one of my favourite novels, and I was glad to see you wrote about it. You posed some very good arguments and I agree with your conclusion. Very well written.

Sat, July 27th, 2013 4:48pm


thank you it was for my english assignment last year, i'm glad you liked it :)

Sun, November 3rd, 2013 12:05pm


thank you very much... your more than welcome to steal a few ideas if you wish, that's what writers do ;)

Thu, October 3rd, 2013 9:31pm

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