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Status: Finished  |  Genre: Other  |  House: Booksie Classic



The Two-day Seminar on Curriculum Planning and Design was spearheaded by Dr. Natividad  R.  Mamaoag, graduate professor of  Caraga State University. One of the important objectives of  the said seminar is to abreast the graduate students to modern advances and trends about curriculum planning and design.

The entire plenary sessions were dynamically facilitated by our guest speaker, Dr. Merlea A. Cabalquinto, from Cebu Normal University. She felicitously discussed all the ideas including current reforms on curriculum.

The activity started with group brainstorming on what are the common ideas of curriculum by constructing a concept web.  All group outputs were reported and feedbacks were made by Dr. Cabalquinto to elucidate some ideas that are not clear.

Curriculum is a systematic group of courses or sequence of subjects required for graduation or certification in a major field of study. It is also a body of prescribed educative experience under the supervision of an educational institute, designed to provide an individual with the best training and experience to fit him for the society of which he is a part and qualify him for a profession.

Curriculum theory and practice consists of three approaches; the theoretical, the practical and the productive. An approach which centered on theory is focus on syllabus and only concerned with content. While the concept of curriculum as product refers to technical exercise where the objectives are set, drawn up, applied and the outcomes (products) measured.

Curriculum as a process is what actually happens in the classroom and what people do to prepare and evaluate.

Curriculum as praxis pertains to dynamic interaction of action and reflection. At its center: informed, committed action.

Curriculum goals provide the general guidelines for determining the learning experiences to be included in the curriculum.

In the field of education, graduate education is one of the more effective means of improving the capacities of related to doing research that will improve educational theory and practice in the many different aspects of the educational process.

Foundations of curriculum are anchored on philosophy, psychology, sociology and history. These have been used by curriculum design and development teams to decide on making goals, content, organization and process.

Curriculum development involves four phases; curriculum planning, curriculum design, curriculum implementation and curriculum evaluation.

Curriculum planning is the phase where the decision about philosophy and aim of education are made.  Curriculum design is the way curriculum is conceptualization selection and organization of content and learning activities. Curriculum implementation is actualizing the curriculumentities. Curriculum evaluation determines the extent to which the curriculum has been successful.

In dualistic model, curriculum and instruction are as two entities. Curriculum is what is taught instruction while instruction is how it’s taught.

There are some factors that influence the curriculum implementation; factors related to the teacher, student and instructional environment.

Curriculum evaluation is important to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of curriculum and to identify how an intended curriculum is enacted.

Trends and innovations in education are absolutely essential to cope with the changing society and challenges of our times.

Competency-based approach is one of the innovations. It is research-supported approach to define set of related behaviors that impact job performance, which can be measured against established standards and can be improved through training and development.

Mother-Tongue Based / Multilingual Education is the newest implemented  innovation in the primary level. In order that the academic language proficiency (CALP)  be fully developed, children need to develop concepts on the basis of what they already know in their mother tongue. If CALP is well-developed, a child is likely also to develop higher abstract thinking in any language.

Furthermore, deep learning is described as the transformational in which the point is not simply intellectual development but also physical, emotional, aesthetic, moral and spiritual growth.

Spiral approach, advocated by Jerome Bruner is where the concept of K - 12 curriculum is anchored. Bruner believes that students continually build upon what they already know.

It is a sequencing strategy which focuses on successive experience building upon preceding one but more broadly and deeply. Learners master a topic gradually in several passes and the movement continues until mastery is reached for all topics.

Implementation of k-12 curriculum has gained many issues, feedbacks, doubts and confusions. Aside the fact that Philippines has one of the shortest basic education systems in Asia Pacific, enhancing the quality of basic education in the Philippines is also critical  and compels immediate action. It is viewed that 10 year basic education is insufficient.

Every graduate of the Enhanced K to 12 Basic Education program is an empowered individual who has learned, through a program that is rooted on sound educational principles and geared towards excellence, the foundations for learning throughout life, the competence to engage in work and be productive, the ability to coexist in fruitful harmony with local and global communities, the capability to engage in autonomous critical thinking, and the capacity to transform others and one’s self.

This educational reform program is the best solution to attain accessible and quality education for global competitiveness.

K to 12 will facilitate an accelerated economic growth and strengthenmutual recognition of Filipino graduates and professionals in other countries. A better educated society provides a sound foundation for long-term socio-economic development.

In conclusion, the seminar-lecture session was very relevant, comprehensive and reflective. It has call forth  my thoughts about the urgent need of educational reforms to ascertain good future of our learners as they geared towards self-fulfillment and societal development

Submitted: April 06, 2014

© Copyright 2021 Hazel Balan. All rights reserved.

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