On March13, our brothers in the Catholic made history by electing the Pope. Alastair Jamieson and Ian Johnston from NBC News reported that Argentine Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio was elected the first non-European pope in more than 1,000 years on Wednesday, signaling the beginning of a new era for a church combating scandal and internal strife.
The new pontiff named himself after the humble Catholic friar St. Francis of Assisi. Jorge Mario Bergoglio was born on 17 December 1936 and is the 266th pope of the Catholic Church. A native of Buenos Aires, Argentina, he was ordained as a priest in 1969. He served as head of the Society of Jesus in Argentina from 1973 to 1979. In 1998, he became the Archbishop of Buenos Aires and in 2001 a cardinal. Jorge Mario Bergoglio was born in Buenos Aires, one of the five children of Mario José Bergoglio, a railway worker born in Portacomaro (Province of Asti) in Italy's Piedmont region, and his wife Regina María Sívori, a housewife born in Buenos Aires to a family of northern Italian (Piedmontese-Genoese) origin.
Ordained as a priest in December 1969, Bergoglio began serving as Jesuit provincial of Argentina in 1973. He later returned to his alma mater, the Philosophical and Theological Faculty of San Miguel, where he served as rector (1980-86) as well as a professor of theology.
In June 1992, Bergoglio was named titular bishop of Auca and auxiliary of Buenos Aires, and in February 1998, he became archbishop of Buenos Aires, succeeding Antonio Quarracino. Three years later, in February 2001, he was elevated to cardinal by Pope John Paul II, named the cardinal-priest of Saint Robert Bellarmine. In 2005, he was named president of the Bishops' Conference of Argentina, serving in that position until 2011.
He has spent most of his life championing the cause for the poor. At a meeting of Latin American bishops in 2007 Bergoglio said "We live in the most unequal part of the world, which has grown the most, yet reduced misery the least" and "the unjust distribution of goods persists, creating a situation of social sin that cries out to Heaven and limits the possibilities of a fuller life for so many of our brothers". On 30 September 2009, Bergoglio spoke at a conference organized by the Argentina City Postgraduate School (EPOCA) at the Alvear Palace Hotel titled "Las deudas sociales de nuestro tiempo" ("The Social Debts of Our Time") in which he quoted the 1992 "Documento de Santo Domingo"by the Latin American Episcopal Conference, saying "extreme poverty and unjust economic structures that cause great inequalities" are violations of human rights. He went on to describe social debt as "immoral, unjust and illegitimate."
Bergoglio has been one of the outspoken Bishops who have condemned a number of vices that are robbing society morals. Bergoglio affirmed the Church teaching of the "intrinsic immorality of homosexual practices. He has opposed same-sex marriage, including having unsuccessfully opposed legislation introduced in 2010 to grant legal recognition for same-sex marriages in Argentina, calling it a "real and dire anthropological throwback". Bergoglio also encouraged his clergy and laity to oppose both abortion and euthanasia, describing the pro-choice movement as a "culture of death", and had opposed the free distribution of contraceptives in Argentina.
The new pope is believed to be a pope who will bring unity in the Catholic Church. CBSnew's report that As soon as Benedict announced his resignation, the Italian press erupted with tales of scandal, infighting and sexual misconduct supposedly revealed by the Church own investigation into the so-called "Vatileaks" scandal. A report by three cardinals appointed by the pope to look into the theft of documents by his personal butler, and their subsequent publishing by an Italian journalist was widely reported having contained information on purported sex scandals inside the Vatican. Lurid tales of a "gay lobby" of homosexual clerics were splashed across newspapers and on TV (http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-202_162-57571068/catholic-church-in-the-spotlight-for-all-the-wrong-reasons/).
Our Kenyan brothers on March 9, 2013, also ushered in a new President. The elections in Kenya have been described as peaceful. Uhuru Kenyatta is a Son of the founding President Mzee Jomo Kenyatta. As a child born to a rich and powerful family, Mr Kenyatta went to one of the best schools in Nairobi before attending Amherst College in the US where he studied Political Science and Economics. Indicted by ICC on charges of crimes against humanity in connection with 2007 post-election violence - which he denies.
In July 1990, together with four other sons of prominent politicians, he issued a statement urging the then-ruling party, Kenya African National Union (Kanu), to open up the political space.
He is ranked by Forbes Magazine as the 23rd richest person in Africa with an estimated fortune of £330m ($500m). He is fast becoming a media mogul, the Kenyatta family owns TV channel K24, The People newspaper and a number of radio stations. The family also has vast interests in the country's tourism, banking, and construction, dairy and insurance sectors. They also own huge parcels of land in the Rift Valley, central and coastal regions of Kenya. It is the land question that haunts Mr Kenyatta and the rest of his family wherever they go in Kenya.
His initial entry into politics came through his election as the chairman of his hometown branch of the ruling party, KANU, in 1997. This came with the tacit approval of President Moi. At the time, many saw the election as a calculated move to prepare Uhuru for bigger things.
In the general election held the same year, Uhuru contested the Gatundu South Constituency parliamentary seat, once held by his father. It was assumed he would sail through. But that was not be: Uhuru lost to Moses Mwihia, a little-known Nairobi architect. After losing the election, Uhuru's friends say that he was extremely upset and that he vowed to quit politics altogether.
He hurriedly retreated to the family business empire that includes five-star tourist hotels, airlines and commercial farming. Little did Uhuru know that President Moi was still intent on propelling him onto the national political scene.
May I say bye-bye to late Hugo Chávez. Late Hugo Chávez was a President of Venezuela from 1999 until his death in 2013. He was formerly the leader of the Fifth Republic Movement political party from its foundation in 1997 until 2007, when it merged with several other parties to form the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV), which he led until his death. Hugo Chávez was born on 28 July 1954 in his paternal grandmother Rosa Inéz Chávez's home, a modest three-room house located in the rural village Sabaneta, Barinas State. The Chávez family were of Amerindian, Afro-Venezuelan, and Spanish descent. His parents, Hugo de los Reyes Chávez and Elena Frías de Chávez, were working-lower middle class schoolteachers who lived in the small village of Los Rastrojos.
The United States-based Time magazine included Hugo Chávez among their list of the world's 100 most influential people in 2005 and 2006. In a 2006 list compiled by the British magazine New Statesman, he was voted eleventh in the list of "Heroes of our time". In 2010, the magazine included Chávez in its annual The World's 50 Most Influential Figures. His biographers Marcano and Tyszka believed that within only a few years of his presidency, he "had already earned his place in history as the president most loved and most despised by the Venezuelan people, the president who inspired the greatest zeal and the deepest revulsion at the same time.
Chávez was known for being outspoken and dogmatic throughout his presidency, refusing to hold back any of his opinions or criticisms. He insulted oil executives, church officials and other world leaders, and was particularly hostile with the United States government, which, he believed, was responsible for the failed 2002 coup against him.
Chávez also objected to the war in Iraq, stating his belief that the United States had abused its powers by initiating the military effort. He also called President George W. Bush an evil imperialist.
Chávez discovered that he had cancer in June 2011, following a surgery to remove a pelvic abscess, and from 2011 to early 2012, he underwent three surgeries to remove cancerous tumors.
Following his years-long battle with cancer, Hugo Chávez died on March 5, 2013, at age 58, in Venezuela. He was survived by his wife, Maria Isabel Rodriguez, and five children: Rosines, María Gabriela, Rosa Virginia and Hugo Rafael.
May his soul rest in peace.
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PhD. Candidate in Public Policy and Administration (Policy Analysis) – Walden University,USA. Read More kelvinesiasa.blog.com
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