FISHING AS THE MAIN SOURCE OF INCOME OF THE FATHERS IN TAMBACAN, ILIGAN CITY: HOW THEIR INCOME SUPPORT THEIR FAMILY?

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Fishing is a sport at the same time a livelihood of some families in Barangay Tambacan, Iligan City, Lanao Del Norte, Philippines.

Submitted: February 13, 2015

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Submitted: February 13, 2015

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FISHING AS THE MAIN SOURCE OF INCOME OF THE FATHERS IN TAMBACAN, ILIGAN CITY: HOW THEIR INCOME  SUPPORT THEIR FAMILY? 

MERIAM PASIGNAJEN SOMBRENO-TELERON

DepEd, Iligan City

Iligan City, Lanao Del Norte, Philippines

March 1984

 Introduction

A barangay or barrio is a settlement of 30 to 100 families located primarily along the cost and rivers.  The basic goal of every family is to live harmoniously and happily.  A happy family is achieved when members willingly do considerations, sharing and understanding.  But most of all, parents need to understand their children and their desire for them.  Success therefore of the parent’s desire with their sacrifice to earn a living is also a success to their children.  The success and responsibility of the family rest upon the father.  As a head of the family, he has great responsibilities.  He should be a good provider of his family not only a loyal companion to his wife and a patient counselor to his children. 

However, success of the father’s success to his family is not guaranteed by being loyal to his family alone.  The income is an important matter.  A father should see to it that he can provide all the basic needs of his family.  Focusing our attention to the typical condition of the families in which income is from fishing.  Fishing like farming is a form of primary production.  It involves the recovery of food and other valuable resources from bodies of water, is one of the oldest employment of mankind ( Benton, 1768).

Considering the present situation of our economy today, we know that the cost of living is still increasing, specifically, the price of the gasoline which greatly affect the fathers whose source of income is from fishing.  The high cost of living of living in the Philippines comes as great surprise to most foreigners when compared to the U.S., the cost of household help, medical treatment are lower, but food is slightly more expensive, and rent, utilities, and gasoline are considerably higher (Washington D.C. Interbank for Reconstruction and Development, p. 89, 1976).

The income of the fishermen therefore, will depend upon the amount of the gasoline they purchase, and as well the methods and tools used in fishing.  The existence of the low income is distressing in itself because of the deprivation it implies.  When absolute level of income are very low, the most elementary aspiration for human existence and improvement are frustrated ( Kendleberger, 1977).

Fishing is the common source of livelihood and oldest employment among the people who live in this community.  Fishnets, hooks and line are the most common fishing tools used by the fishermen.  Fathers provide the needs of their families mostly from the income of fishing.  Only few of them have other source of income. 

This study sought to establish the actual conditions of the fishermen and how their income can support to the needs even the basic one to their families.  The researcher is confident enough that she could present a fine result and could be tested accurately using the central tendency measures and chi-square.  Furthermore, she is proud enough to handle this study for she also belongs to a family of fisherman.

The researcher chose this title because she wanted to know the present condition of the fisherman, whether they have a problem in fishing and in providing the needs of their families.  It is then the hope of the writer to provide the explanation regarding the situation that affects their income.

Related Literature

History of Fishing

Fishing is a sport or recreational activity dates from pre-historic times. Earlyman in search of food found that he could devise means of catching fish, first by seizing them with his hands, then successively by spearing them with pieces of baited bone attached to strips of leather or lines woven from hair.  One day he discovered that such activity yielded fun and excitement along with food and sport fishing was born (Encyclopedia Britanica, 1977).

Implications of Income Distribution on Poverty

(Perloff and Wingow, 1968) it is obvious that there can be no single international definition of poverty by which to judge the standard of living of any particular country .  The definition must be based on what society considers as a basket of consumption goods that provides a minimum acceptable standard of living.  This is provided by a basket of food that meets dietary requirements; education to prepare members of the family to earn a living and cope with both the physical and social environment, and clothing, and medicare and shelter necessary for physical comfort.  The concept of adequacy or decency of standard of living is implied in a no. of government regulations, suchas in its choice of tax-exempt income and other policy measures.

 

The Income and Expenses of the Household

Household is an economic-producing and consuming unit.  It produces goods and services.  Some of these are brought and consumed by others while the rest are used by the family itself.  With the money from the sale of goods and services which it produces the goods and services produced by others are purchased.  Its producing activities are necessary to sustain its consuming activities.  They endeavor to at least make the family’s income equal to expenses.  The level at which the trends meet is an indication of the family’s level of living.  The ultimate goal of consumption is to provide satisfaction to the consumer.  Low income families tend to have a higher marginal propensity to consume than high income families.  It is true that low income families spend all their income, the larger the family the higher the consumption.  This suggests that more children provide greater reasons for consumer expenditures.

Various studies support the inverse relationship between the number of children born to a couple and their income level.  There instances within the higher income group in which family size is positively correlated with income.  The lowest income groups were also observed to exhibit very low levels of family size.  But, however, even the family is small or big, their consumption expenditures will depend much to their income.

It is easy enough to state that Filipinos do not get enough to eat.  How much do the people themselves feel if enough and how many of them feel that food consumption meets their own standards? 

This statement may be answered by group of people who were under a research study in a certain community or fishing village.

Findings and Conclusions

Most of the fisherman encountered problems and difficulties in fishing especially when bad weather stays long.  For this reason many fishermen are tired and their families are suffering.  Because they could not meet their daily needs, this accounts for their low income if such disasters occur long.  The fact that these fishermen were also affected by the factories, the material wastes and other waste disposal may cause the water or fishing are polluted.  So, they have only a very little fish catch. 

Based on the findings of this study, the writer has concluded the following:

The income of the fishermen is not enough to support their families.

 

 

 

 

 

 


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