Malaria

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This piece is from an English class, that I have written.

Submitted: December 04, 2011

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Submitted: December 04, 2011

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Nakaisha Ali

Professor Dean Huffaker

English Comp. 121

23 November 2011

Malaria

Can one envisage the thought that mosquitoes can claim the lives of so many people?  Statistics have shown that there are 300-500 million human beings suffering with the disease.  True fact, Malaria disease in pregnant women can lead to still births. In turn,visualize a family that has just given birth to their precious bundle of joy, all ten fingers and toes accounted for, strong lungs, a nice healthy heart rate; however, not even these factors matter at times.  Unfortunately, Malaria does not discriminate. Malaria has devastated families by ripping their innocent child violently away.  Some never get to tell their children how much they love them before they have to prepare their funeral.  (Seed) Every, 45 seconds, a child dies from Malaria.People may wonder just what Malaria is?  Malaria is a blood infectious disease that is contracted from the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito. 

Educating ourselves about the disease is a sure way that we can all stay informed about the disease.  What are the symptoms of Malaria?  What are some of the available treatments of Malaria?  How am I, the author indirectly affected by Malaria?  How can Malaria be prevented?

Most people that are infected with the parasite usually show signs as soon as 6-14 days after the bite.  Some of the symptoms of Malaria include but not limited are, Anemia, bloody stools, shaking, chills, headache, fever, Jaundice, muscle pain, nausea, and sweating.These are the more mild signs that the infection could be present.  In dealing with the more fatal symptoms it gets a lot more complicated; coma and convulsions that can lead to death are very pronounced.  Plasmodium is the parasite that causes illness, which invades the liver.  There are four types of Malaria.  The most prevalent type is Plasmodium Falciparum this type is the most terminal one of them all.  True fact (Wikipedia), stated that ninety percent of individuals that faced their demise had this type of Malaria.  Another, form of Malaria is Plasmodium Ovale.  This type of Malaria is one of the least detrimental forms of the disease.  Plasmodium Ovale is prominent in the country of Senegal.  Malaria Vivax is popular in countries outside of Africa.  This form is troublesome in the Middle East.  Countries such as, India, Iran and Romania are some of the areas with high reports of the disease.  Lastly, Plasmodium Malariae mimics the form discussed earlier, Plasmodium Falciparum.  Malaria Malariae responds well to the medication Chloroquine; Malariae, can live in a person for up to thirty years. 

(CDC), Dr. William E. Collins, reported that Chloroquine remains to be one the most effective Malaria drugs.  There are no known reports that suggest that Chloroquine usage can often times become resistant in various Malaria patients.  Among, some of the treatments available for Malaria entail some pretty grueling treatments such as, Arteminsin this medication is widely used in patients that have the more serious type of Malaria.  This medication is intravenously administered.  Another way scores of people receive their drugs is intramuscularly.  The name of this medication is called Quinine or Artesunate.  Artesunate is the superior to Quinine.  Cholorquine is the brand of medication that is safe for children and adults alike. Chloroquine is also used in patients who have been diagnosed with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, also known as (SLE).  Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is an autoimmune disease that affects all of the human body systems. 

Seven years ago in August, I was diagnosed with (SLE).  I was numb I did not think that I was going to live.  The pain that I was in felt so unbearable at times.  I thought this must be what a slow torturous death felt like.  My joints, hair loss, rapid weight loss, and the fatigue, were the absolute worst.  I went to the doctor because I suspected that I had inherited Rheumatoid Arthritis. To my surprise my RA factor was negative.  The doctor informed me that she referred me to a Rheumatologist.  My doctor let me know under no uncertain circumstances that I had something autoimmune going on. 

During my first visit with the Rheumatologist, he discussed some the treatments that he wanted to implement.  I was new to this whole life changing aliment.  I was curious about the medicines that he wanted me to take.  He thoroughly explained all of the medications that I needed to start right away.  Of those medications he prescribed Hydroxychloroquine. 

Hydroxychloroquine was originally made for Malaria patients.  It is an anti-malarial drug.  Travelers going to countries such as Africa are advised to take this drug in hopes of them not contracting the disease.  Another way that I am indirectly associated with Malaria is through the love of my life.  My boyfriend is native of Lagos, Nigeria.  Nigeria is located in West Africa. He let me know very early in our relationship that he had Malaria.  My guy told me what he experiences when ever his Malaria flares up.  He said that his whole body sometimes is full of pain.His stomach gets nauseated, along with him getting unusually cold a lot. One day, he saw me taking my medicine and that is when I discovered that he takes Chloroquine too.  We both have our own individual side effects from the Chloroquine.  For example, I often deal with nausea, dizziness, and frequent vision changes.  My guy on the other hand, deals with horrible itching on the entire surface of his body.  He only takes Chloroquine when his Malaria flares.  I have to take it twice a day every day.  No one really knows why anti-malarial drugs work so well in combating (SLE).  I am just very happy that it does.  So, how can we all help to prevent Malaria, or at least keep the death toll from drastically climbing?

Malaria can be prevented most effectively, by spraying insecticides.  In doing so, we can eventually wipe out the Malaria disease.  As the Anopheles mosquito will not be able to continue to claim the lives of millions.  Another way, to help aide in the efforts to put an end to this epidemic is by providing bed nets for residential homes.  Bed nets help protect families from being bitten while they sleep.  The nets are sprayed with insecticides; bed nets can provide a sufficient amount of protection to those that are within the vicinity of the net as well.  Lastly, we all can join the fight by donating money to the cause. Providing monetary aide will ensure that high risk areas get the much needed bed nets for all households and also to further the research efforts to find a cure for this vicious disease.

In closing, I have addressed what Malaria disease is, the symptoms of Malaria, the treatments used for the disease, how I, the author is indirectly affected by Malaria, and lastly, how Malaria can be prevented.  We must all do our part in staying educated about this and the many other diseases that affect us indirectly or directly.  Let us be proactive in helping to find a cure.  After all, we cannot afford to sit here and not do something about this issue, know can we? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

 

"CDC - Malaria." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web. 21 Nov. 2011. <http://www.cdc.gov/malaria>.

Malaria No More | Dedicated to Ending Malaria Deaths. Web. 27 Nov. 2011. <http://www.malarianomore.org>.

 

Montenegro, Maywa. "Malaria: Five New Weapons." Editorial. Seed 11 June 2009. Web. 21 Nov. 2011.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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