Muang district Bokeo province is the most district where variety of ethnic group of people live in apart from Pha oudom and Pak tha districts. Khmu, Hmong, Lahu, Muzer dam, Muzer kao and Akha are the major ethnic groups in the district. Muang also belongs to one of the most 48 poorest district in the Lao PDR.
One of the ECCD program activities is to provide the community preschool construction with latrine attached. One of the process to implement this activity is to have the community contribution for instances laboring, support local resources (sand, rocks, wood…etc) as this will be their valued contribution and promote the community ownership. This activity is to support the national policy regarding accessing as this will increase number of children enroll in the community and improve the existing preschool class conditions as there were very weak and poor and can be danger for children.
The significant of the process is the community members pay their attention and interest to the activity and highly valued of the supporting especially parents and youth in the community. ECCD Plan Laos experienced interview some of the women contributed in classroom landscaping said that “I always come and help constructors when a village chief announced through Tolakong (Loud Speaker) and my daughter will attend beautiful school class and enjoy interacting with friends once this construction is completed” Mrs. Vue, Kui ethnicity women in Huaytha village said.
During the Annual Program Participatory Review (APPR) 2012 conducted in Muang district, there were 3 different ethnic villages selected to implement such as Muser Kao(White), Khmu, Hmong and Akha. What discovered from this experience was to understand the attitude and perspective about Plan program implemented such as ECCD, BEP, WASH…etc It is noticed that most of the feedbacks from the community members and children are about the changes of sanitation and hygiene improvement for instance children understood washing hands through 7 steps, drink boiled water, cooked food, establish toilets at home and stop practicing open defecation behavior and understand the negative impact once existing behavior is not changed and improved. In term of tangible support from Plan, the community members and children knew what Plan had supported in the recent years for instance provision of school materials for preschools and primary schools and infrastructure improvement and they utilized them for schooling. From the implementing of APPR, it is observed that the child interaction and socialization themselves in particular ethnic groups are practically different which is very value in initiating out possibly and appropriately methods and tools to support the program the most effectiveness.
To reduce the negative behavior change in supporting holistic child development of the community and care givers themselves in particular ethnic groups in Maung district, it is very important to discover the most appropriate innovative ways to make their existing thoughts and views more positively and believe as it is very needed to make their minds opened and interest, so that they will be courage to apply those recommended into practices in living. ECCD Plan Laos highly values what have been practiced by the community in term of cultural believe and traditional practices. Therefore, what ECCD Plan Laos is focusing in this term is to strengthen what is a positively practiced and improve what need to be adjusted and better given for the better future of children in order for them to realize their full potential and enjoy their lives in the positive and friendly environment as well as their better world for living.
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