Between Water and Poverty by oladokun sulaiman

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Article discuss the value of water, and how it influence humanity and poverty

Submitted: April 26, 2008

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Submitted: April 26, 2008

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state of the planet- fact about water and poverty

\"100\"\"magnify\"

Water cover about ¾ of the earth’s surface, the total amount has been estimates as 1,400 million cubic km, - enough to cover the planet 3000 meter deep,. Almost all this is (95%) is the oceans, of the five percent hat is fresh 4% lies in the polar, region. that make that all the water in the lake, underground and rivers, moisture in the atmosphere, soil vegetation to amount to 1%.out of this 1% that’s is liquid fresh water, 98 percent in I the form of groundwater, half of which may lie ore than 1,000 meters below the surface, only 0.1 percent is in the river. groundwater is not available everywhere , and it provide half the flow of rivers and steam.

Civilization has ground up along rivers, lakes, ocean, the great rivers of the world, like Amazon, Mississippi, Ganges Rhine Danube Niger, and Nile influence the lives of millions, not only their very existence but also their political, art, and science, for example, the influence of water n the art can be see in orchestra composition such as Johann Strauss, blue Danube, in science the growth of mathematics in Egypt was linked to the ebb and flow of the Nile.




River basin are precious natural resources, agricultures the greater user of water, it consumed about 80% of all global water. the demand for ,irrigations is increasing and pressure is mounting to feed the world growing population .water is often not available where and when is need and time due to awareness of limited nature of land and wateris bringing awareness that water is finite resources to be conserve, and protected. Only area of chronic shortage is fresh water respected as giver of life. Elsewhere water is generally treated as inexhaustible resources, free to be wasted.




You take a look at the statistics of water and poverty:




The Grim Statistics of Water




Annual child deaths due to dirty water and poor sanitation and hygiene: 2.2 million

Number of people without easy access to safe water: 1.1 billion (85% rural)

Number of people without easy access to decent sanitation: 2.4 billion (78% rural)

Number of undernourished people: 842 million (75% rural)

Number of people living on less than two dollars a day: 2.7 billion (75% rural)

Number of people displaced by dams: 40–80 million

Percent of world's food grown on rain–fed lands: 60–70%



Comparative Costs of Solutions



Annual cost of bringing 100 million small farming families out of extreme poverty by 2015 with low–cost water technologies: $2 billion

As percentage of annual investment in large dams in developing countries the 1990s: <10%

Average cost of drinking water, per person, from community–built rainwater harvesting schemes in Alwar, India: $2

Estimated cost for drinking water, per person, from the notorious Sardar Sarovar dam project: $200

Cost of conventional irrigation in Africa: $5,000–$25,000 per hectare (ha)

Cost of irrigation through Sardar Sarovar dam and canals (India): $3,800/ha

Cost of treadle pumps and wells: $117/ha (India/Bangladesh); $233/ha (Africa)

Cost of Nepal drip irrigation kits: $250/ha



Energy and the Poor

Number of people without electricity in their homes: 1.6 billion (80% rural)

Number of people relying on traditional biomass fuels for cooking and heating: 2.4 billion

Number of people killed annually from health problems associated with open–fire cooking: 2 million

Percent of total energy consumption used for domestic cooking in sub–Saharan Africa: 60%

Cost of an improved cookstove in China (not subsidized): $10–12

Estimated number of such stoves distributed in China by 2000: 180 million

Number of rural families worldwide using clean biogas digesters to convert manure into cooking/heating gas: 16 million

Percent of South Africa's urban energy use that could be offset by solar water heating: 18%

Sources-World Resources 2005: The Wealth of the Poor – Managing Ecosystems to Fight Poverty; World Population Data Sheet 2005;WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme;FAO "Counting the hungry: latest estimates";





Making Water Infrastructure Work for the Poor
Stories of making poverty history, has been around for a long timee, i can tell frankly , most aid workers are sincere that is why is not working -- and those who provide are are not sincerer either..without sincerity what do we have.




Early human civilization better use facilities by nature in soil , inland water , waterpower .thenmode technology replace renewable nature with non renewable nature which require more energy and produce ore waste. today because of awareness of what we have done , the trend is moving back to using renewable means to sustain the planet .with population growth threatening outturn of food, new cheaper source of energy are in urgent need and harnessing natural resources for human need takes an importance which is difficult to exaggerate. Water properly managed river basin can augment food water supplies, improve transportation, provide energy and develop industry.


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