Short history: Peaches are from Chinese origin. They go back to the 10th century B.C. and are often found on illustrations from that time. The Chinese have developed an incredible amount of peach of races. The peach got it's name around 300 B.C. The greek philosopher Theophrastus thought it came from Persia and named this lovely fruit to that country. In the first century the fruit is mentioned by Romans who wrote that they imported the fruit from Persia. It is supposed that the peach reached Europe around the year 0. In England they don't show up before 1650 A.D. Strange enough, the nectarine is never mentioned in descriptions from the time Before Christ. Nectarines are first mentioned in America in 1720 when they grew between the peach trees in Virginia. A.J. Downing registred 19 nectarine races in America in 1857. Today many types of nectarines are cultivated. Habitat: Not known in a truly wild situation, it is possibly derived in cultivation from P. Davidiana Edible parts: Fruit - raw, cooked or dried for later use. The fruit is often used in ice creams, pies, jams etc. When fully ripe, the fruit of the best forms are very juicy with a rich delicious flavour. Wild trees in the Himalayas yield about 36.5kg of fruit a year. The fruit of the wild form contains about 5.2% sugars, 2% protein, 1.6% ash. Vitamin C content is 2.3mg per 100g. The fruit is a good source of vitamin A. Fruits of the wild peach are richer in nutrients than the cultivated forms. The size of fruit varies widely between cultivars and the wild form, it can be up to 7cm in diameter and contains one seed. Flowers - raw or cooked. Added to salads or used as a garnish. They can also be brewed into a tea. The distilled flowers yield a white liquid which can be used to impart a flavour resembling the seed. Seed - raw or cooked. Do not eat if it is too bitter, seed can contain high concentrations of hydrocyanic acid. A semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed. The seed contains up to 45% oil. A gum is obtained from the stem. It can be used for chewing.
Propagation: Seed - requires 2 - 3 months cold stratification and is best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible. The stored seed is best given 2 months warm followed by 3 months cold stratification. Protect the seed from mice etc. The seed can be rather slow, sometimes taking 18 months to germinate. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow them on in a greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter and plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July/August in a frame. A very low percentage. Softwood cuttings from strongly growing plants in spring to early summer in a frame. Layering in spring. Cultivation: Not known in a truly wild situation, it is possibly derived in cultivation from P. davidiana. Descriptions: Peach is a herbalinfusions that is called 'tisanes' or herbal teas.Peach is a plant that can be called as Prunus persica while peach called as persica.Peach is a medcinal plant that is medicinal wise originated from China.It's native is Iran.It has leaves that are lenceulate,long,broad and pinnately veined.Peache's flowers are produced in early spring before the leaves solitary or paired.Tha flowers are pink and it has 5 petals normally.It's yellow or specifically calling whitish flesh's are delicated with aroma.Its skin will be either velvetly or smooth in different cultivars.Peaches are like cherries ,plums and apricots. Classifications: Peaches are of prunus species.It is from prunoideae subfamily.Rosaceae is its family,It is of plantae kingdom.Peaches order is Rosale.Its genus is prunus and subgenus is amygdalus.Species called as p.persica and according binomial called as prunus persica.
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