Dyslexia is a learning disability where the cognitive ability to read, write and understand language is affected. No official definition has ever been reached for it because it encompasses a number of different deficits and difficulties rather than just one condition.
Some of these other deficits are as follows:
Many dyslexics will have at least two of these other deficits, if not more. The term Dyslexia came from the greek 'Dys' meaning Difficulty and 'Lexis' meaning Language.
A lot of people don't know that Dyslexia can affect a persons ability to play a musical instrument, their concept of time when doing a given task and even hinder their ability to walk in a straight line. One of the myths of Dyslexia is that when reading they write words backwards and mix letters up, this only occurs in a fraction of Dyslexic people, not all of them.
The difference between Dyslexia and other learning disabilities is that there is no set level, there are different types of dyslexia and unlike other learning difficulties Dyslexic people have their good days and bad days, some days they'll be better because of their approach to the task. It can be worsened by tiredness, stress, anxiety and nervousness. Such as in cluttering, if someone is nervous talking in front of others and they notice that others have noticed their mistakes during speech their stress levels will increase and it will worsen as they continue to speak until they start to panic.
There is no Cure for Dyslexia, it can be helped with appropriate educational assistance, early intervention is helpful and in about 50% of cases, crucial. One of the best approaches to helping a dyslexic is to acknowledge that the objective in helping improve a dyslexics reading is not to 'read like a non-dyslexic does', but to find a different method of extracting the information in the text being read.
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