Facts About Mental Disorders

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Status: Finished  |  Genre: Non-Fiction  |  House: Booksie Classic
It's good to know about everything.

Submitted: April 03, 2017

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Submitted: April 03, 2017



Some common mental disorders such as; anxiety disorder, eating disorder, and schizophrenia, are good to know about. Being aware of the different kinds of mental illnesses will make you more confident when talking to the different amounts of people. As well as that, there’s a significant number of treatments and symptoms each one of the disorders follows.

Anxiety disorder, is a very common mental illness. If you, for instance, get anxiety because of an upcoming test, that wouldn’t be considered a disorder nor abnormal. However, when a person constantly experiences anxiety and it reflects on his/her daily schedule and life, then that’s a disorder and it can get even worse. This type of illness can be very risky to deal with. Additionally, there are other names and types given to this disorder. For instance, it can be called- panic disorder. A panic disorder would be about having spontaneous panic attacks and some of its symptoms are; sweating, pounding heart, choking, or an accelerated heart rate. Another example of an anxiety disorder is- Social Anxiety Disorder. This disorder includes those people that are afraid of the society. Usually, these people are scared to be judged, excluded, or they are just afraid to hurt someone else’s ideas or looks. Some of this social phobia’s symptoms is being lonely, when exposed to people they are expected to blush, sweat or even feel nauseous. Common treatments are psychopharmacological and cognitive–behavioral therapy. Furthermore, the doctor may use The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth addition (DSM-5), which is where to make diagnosis.

Eating disorder, happens when (usually) a teen or a young adult is experiencing a low-self esteem and is constantly doubting the way he/she looks like. Therefore, these people start eating less, so to thinking that their body weight or shape is not good enough. As well as the anxiety disorder, an eating disorder has different types of it. For example, there is something called, anorexia nervosa- happens when either gender has a sick view of how their body should look like, refuses to have a healthy nor normal diet, and many think they are overweight. In addition, this disorder can lead to brain damage, bone loss, and infertility. Also, there is a disorder called, bulimia nervosa- when any gender starts fasting, or overeats then forces the food out through the process of throwing up or too much exercise, and paranoia that his/her body’s shape or size isn’t good enough. This disorder can cause heart and gastrointestinal problems. Some of the causes of the eating disorder could be genetics, bad self-esteem, a thought of your body to be ugly, or nutritional deficiencies. Furthermore, some of the common symptoms would be suddenly switching from overeating and fasting, depression, being obsessed over the amount of calories in food, cutting food into tiny pieces, hiding food, and avoiding friends/family/society. The way a doctor would diagnose is based on the eating habits as well as symptoms.  Also, the doctor or a mental health provider will most likely give you an exam or a test to help him/her with a diagnosis. The treatment usually includes a team of doctors in different areas such as; medical providers, mental health providers, and dietitians. The process of healing is usually taken through psychotherapy and nutrition education and medication.

Schizophrenia, this mental disorder happens when a male or female has a hard time telling the difference between what is real and what is not. Also, he/she may not think very clearly, and have a normal or an adequate reaction. The development of symptoms usually takes time, sometimes months and years. However, some of them would be; trouble concentrating or sleeping, hard time keeping up with friends or work, depression or anxiety, odd and bizarre behavior, and hallucinating. Diagnosis of schizophrenia includes dismissing other mental illnesses through physical exams and psychiatric evaluation. The way that kind of person is treated could be through antipsychotic medications. Some, seek support in therapies.

The mental disorders, and many more, should tell you a lot about the outside world. Now that you know some of the symptoms and diagnosis you will be able to tell a difference. These sicknesses have something in common, they are all happening to a human being. Since there are a lot of people surrounding you, whether it’s school or collage, try to avoid those sharing the symptoms listed above. 

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